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Controller for Non-Volatile Memories and Methods of Operating the Memory Controller

A non-volatile memory system (3) is proposed consisting of a first non-volatile flash memory (5) having a plurality of blocks, each block having a plurality of pages, each block being erasable and each page being programmable, and a second non-volatile random access memory (23) having a plurality of randomly accessible bytes. The second non-volatile memory (23) stores data for mapping logical blocks to physical blocks and status information of logical blocks. Each logical block has an associated physical page pointer stored in the second non-volatile memory (23) that identifies the next free physical page of the mapped physical block to be written. The page pointer is incremented after every page write to the physical block, allowing all physical pages to be fully utilized for page writes. Furthermore, a method of writing and reading data is disclosed whereby the most recently written physical page associated with a logical address is identifiable by the memory system without programming flags into superseded pages, or recording time stamp values in any physical page or block of the first non-volatile memory (5). Furthermore, a method is provided for a logical block to be mapped to two physical blocks instead of one to provide additional space for page writes, resulting in reduction in page copy operations, thereby increasing the performance of the system.

End-to-end identification method for scene text with random shape

The invention discloses an end-to-end identification method for a scene text with a random shape. The method comprises the steps of extracting a text characteristic through a characteristic pyramid network for generating a candidate text box by an area extracting network; adjusting the position of the candidate text box through quick area classification regression branch for obtaining more accurate position of a text bounding box; inputting the position information of the bounding box into a dividing branch, obtaining a predicated character sequence through a pixel voting algorithm; and finally processing the predicated character sequence through a weighted editing distance algorithm, finding out a most matched word of the predicated character sequence in a given dictionary, thereby obtaining a final text identification result. According to the method of the invention, the scene texts with the random shape can be simultaneously detected and identified, wherein the scene texts comprisehorizontal text, multidirectional text and curved text. Furthermore end-to-end training can be completely performed. Compared with prior art, the identification method according to the invention has advantages of obtaining advantageous effects in accuracy and versatility, and realizing high application value.

Electronic payment system for financial institutions and companies to receive online payments

The present invention provides an a electronic payment system for bank, financial institutions, portals and companies to receive payment from their customers for one or more payees. The electronic payment system allows payer (consumer or business) to use any funding method (bank account, credit / debit cards or any other business or personal account or method associated with one or more banks) accepted by the payee to initiate a payment and the payment transaction is routed to the appropriate payment processor based on payee's preferences. The electronic payment system also provides a instant payment delivery notification to the payer directly from the payee. The system also creates a unique payment tracking number which can be used by all parties associated with the transaction to track a payment's status and other attributes associated with the payment. The electronic payment system also provides a rule based payment management system for the payees to use for managing the processing and posting of the payments. The system also allows for payees to manage their payments received and post to various receivable systems based on rules defined. Additionally, the system allows payees to create rules for other aspects of payment processing. The system also allows for much simplified electronic bill delivery system which uses biller's existing infrastructure to create bill data for distribution to 3rd party consolidators.

Method and apparatus for using an array of grating light valves to produce multicolor optical images

A multicolor optical image-generating device comprised of an array of grating light valves (GLVs) organized to form light-modulating pixel units for spatially modulating incident rays of light. The pixel units are comprised of three subpixel components each including a plurality of elongated, equally spaced apart reflective grating elements arranged parallel to each other with their light-reflective surfaces also parallel to each other. Each subpixel component includes means for supporting the grating elements in relation to one another, and means for moving alternate elements relative to the other elements and between a first configuration wherein the component acts to reflect incident rays of light as a plane mirror, and a second configuration wherein the component diffracts the incident rays of light as they are reflected from the grating elements. The three subpixel components of each pixel unit are designed such that when red, green and blue light sources are trained on the array, colored light diffracted by particular subpixel components operating in the second configuration will be directed through a viewing aperture, and light simply reflected from particular subpixel components operating in the first configuration will not be directed through the viewing aperture.

Improved method of RGB-D-based SLAM algorithm

InactiveCN104851094AMatching result optimizationHigh speedImage enhancementImage analysisPoint cloudEstimation methods
Disclosed in the invention is an improved method of a RGB-D-based simultaneously localization and mapping (SLAM) algorithm. The method comprises two parts: a front-end part and a rear-end part. The front-end part is as follows: feature detection and descriptor extraction, feature matching, motion conversion estimation, and motion conversion optimization. And the rear-end part is as follows: a 6-D motion conversion relation initialization pose graph obtained by the front-end part is used for carrying out closed-loop detection to add a closed-loop constraint condition; a non-linear error function optimization method is used for carrying out pose graph optimization to obtain a global optimal camera pose and a camera motion track; and three-dimensional environment reconstruction is carried out. According to the invention, the feature detection and descriptor extraction are carried out by using an ORB method and feature points with illegal depth information are filtered; bidirectional feature matching is carried out by using a FLANN-based KNN method and a matching result is optimized by using homography matrix conversion; a precise inliners matching point pair is obtained by using an improved RANSAC motion conversion estimation method; and the speed and precision of point cloud registration are improved by using a GICP-based motion conversion optimization method.

Auto-focusing method and device

An auto-focusing method and device are presented for determining an in-focus position of a sample supported on a substrate plate made of a material transparent with respect to incident electromagnetic radiation. The method utilizes an optical system capable of directing incident electromagnetic radiation towards the sample and collecting reflections of the incident electromagnetic radiation that are to be detected. A focal plane of an objective lens arrangement is located at a predetermined distance from a surface of the substrate, which is opposite to the sample-supporting surface of the substrate. A continuous displacement of the focal plane relative to the substrate along the optical axis of the objective lens arrangement is provided, while concurrently directing the incident radiation towards the sample through the objective lens arrangement to thereby focus the incident radiation to a location at the focal plane of the objective lens arrangement. Reflected components of the electromagnetic radiation to a location objective lens arrangement are continuously detected. The detected reflected components are characterized by a first intensity peak corresponding to an in-focus position of said opposite surface of the substrate, and a second intensity peak spaced in time from the first intensity peak and corresponding to an in-focus position of said sample-supporting surface of the substrate. This technique enables imaging of the sample when in the in-focus position of the sample-supporting surface of the substrate.

A method of 3D contour measurement of a workpiece on a conveyor belt based on line laser scanning

The invention discloses a method of 3D contour measurement of a workpiece on a conveyor belt based on line laser scanning. The method comprises the following steps of obtaining camera internal and external parameters through camera calibration, carrying out filtering and laser light strip center position initial extraction through an image preprocessing step, carrying out sub-pixel precision refinement on the center coordinates of a light bar, obtaining a light plane equation through the laser light plane calibration and finally carrying out reconstruction and measurement of the three-dimensional contour information of a workpiece to be measured. The workpiece 3D contour measurement brought forward by the invention has the following advantages: a high measurement precision which means thethree-dimensional contour information of the workpiece to be measured can be accurately obtained through the laser light bar extraction with sub-pixel precision and 3D reconstruction; a fast measurement speed which means real-time measurement of 3D contour information of the workpiece to be tested can be realized to improve the efficiency of industrial production site operations; and low hardwarecosts which is realized in a hardware implementation mode in which laser is combined with a monocular camera. Accordingly, the technical method of the application has advantages such as being in a non-contact mode, high in measurement precision, fast in speed and low in cost, and can be applied to an industrial automation production process to realize accurate measurement of the 3D contour information of the workpiece on the conveyor belt.
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