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12765 results about "External combustion engine" patented technology

An external combustion engine (EC engine) is a heat engine where a working fluid, contained internally, is heated by combustion in an external source, through the engine wall or a heat exchanger. The fluid then, by expanding and acting on the mechanism of the engine, produces motion and usable work. The fluid is then cooled, compressed and reused (closed cycle), or dumped (open cycle). In these types of engine, the combustion is primarily used as a heat source, and the engine can work equally well with other types of heat source.

Separator for separating oil mist from the crankcase ventilation gas of an internal combustion engine, and functional module and internal combustion engine comprising a separator

A separator for separating oil mist from the crankcase ventilation gas of an internal combustion engine, especially of a motor vehicle. The separator includes a gas purification chamber inside which a rotatably mounted centrifugal rotor is arranged. The gas purification chamber has a crude gas inlet, a pure gas outlet, and an oil outlet. The crankcase ventilation gas can be conducted into a radially internal zone of the centrifugal rotor via the crude gas inlet, while pure gas that is liberated from oil mist can be discharged from the gas purification chamber via the pure gas outlet, and oil separated from the gas can be discharged from the gas purification chamber via the oil outlet. The separator further includes a rotary drive for the centrifugal rotor. The rotary drive is disposed in a drive chamber of the separator, can be operated using pressurized lubrication oil of the internal combustion engine, and is connected to the centrifugal rotor by means of a shaft extending from the drive chamber into the gas purification chamber, from which the drive chamber is separated. The rotary drive is formed by at least one thrust nozzle which is connected to the shaft and to which the pressurized lubrication oil of the internal combustion engine can be fed. The separator includes at least one part of a base that forms the separation between the gas purification chamber and the drive chamber and extends into the drive chamber, the part of the base being fitted with a seat for a bearing of the shaft. The bearing is located at a distance from the centrifugal rotor.
Owner:HENGST WALTER

Drive arrangement for a motor vehicle

A hybrid drive arrangement for a motor vehicle including an internal combustion engine (1), which is connected or can be connected in a wheel-driving manner, via a first torque transmission path (11, 13), to a driving wheel (15) of the motor vehicle. An electric machine (19), which is operable at least as a motor, is fed from an electrical energy source (7, 29) of the motor vehicle and is connected or can be connected in a wheel-driving manner, via a second torque transmission path (21, 23, 13), to the driving wheel (15). Arranged in the first and/or the second torque transmission path are coupling elements (11, 23) which, in a first operating state, permit the driving of the motor vehicle by the wheel-driving torque of the electric machine (19), operated as a motor, without mechanical torque support from the internal combustion engine (1), and which, in a second operating state, permit the driving of the motor vehicle by the internal combustion engine (1), without mechanical torque support from the electric machine (19). Depending on the driving speed of the motor vehicle, an electronic driving control system (31) activates the first operating state, at least in a first range of driving speeds including standstill of the vehicle, if the driving speed is less than a predetermined speed limit, and activates the second operating state, at least in a second range including the maximum speed of the vehicle, if the driving speed is greater.
Owner:ZF FRIEDRICHSHAFEN AG
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