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13671 results about "Waste heat" patented technology

Waste heat is heat that is produced by a machine, or other process that uses energy, as a byproduct of doing work. All such processes give off some waste heat as a fundamental result of the laws of thermodynamics. Waste heat has lower utility (or in thermodynamics lexicon a lower exergy or higher entropy) than the original energy source. Sources of waste heat include all manner of human activities, natural systems, and all organisms, for example, incandescent light bulbs get hot, a refrigerator warms the room air, an internal combustion engine generates high-temperature exhaust gases, and electronic components get warm when in operation.

Multi-source fluid waste heat recovery and comprehensive utilization system

The invention discloses a multi-source fluid waste heat recovery and comprehensive utilization system which comprises a high-temperature heat exchanger, a heat source end heat exchanger group, a heat source end small-cycle system, a direct heat exchanging device, a heat energy storage device, a use end heat exchanger group, a waste heat utilization system, a heat pump system and an intelligent control system, wherein the intelligent control system is connected with the high-temperature heat exchanger, the heat source end heat exchanger group, the heat source end small-cycle system, the direct heat exchanging device, the heat energy storage device, the use end heat exchanger group and the heat pump system through control cables respectively. According to the system, two independent internal circulations are set, so that dirt and impurities in water can be prevented while the temperature of a heat source end of a heat pump is guaranteed, independent physical and chemical treatment of circulating water can be performed, and the water quality of the heat source end is guaranteed; and besides, mutual contact between the heat pump and liquids containing different components is isolated through internal circulations, the cleaning and maintaining times are reduced, and the stability and the reliability of operating of the heat pump are guaranteed.

Inflatable fresnel lens solar concentrator for space power

A novel, high-efficiency, extremely light-weight, inflatable refractive solar concentrator for space power is described. It consists of a flexible Fresnel lens, flexible sides, and a back surface, together enclosing a volume of space which can be filled with low pressure gas to deploy the concentrator on orbit. The back surface supports the energy receiver/converter located in the focal region of the Fresnel lens. The back surface can also serve as the waste heat radiator. Prior to deployment, the deflated flexible lens and sides are folded against the back surface to form a flat, low-volume package for efficient launch into space. The inflatable concentrator can be configured to provide either a line focus or a point focus of sunlight. The new inflatable concentrator approach will provide significant advantages over the prior art in two different space power areas: photovoltaic concentrator arrays and high-temperature solar thermal conversion systems. Photovoltaic concentrator arrays using the new inflatable lens will be much lighter than prior space concentrator arrays. In addition, for photovoltaic concentrator arrays, the new inflatable lens will eliminate the need for a fragile glass superstrate to support the lens, substantially improving robustness of the lens. Solar thermal concentrator arrays using the new inflatable lens will be much lighter than prior art space concentrators which used parabolic mirrors. In addition, for solar thermal applications in space, the new inflatable lens will eliminate the need for high surface accuracy, which has been a significant problem for prior art concentrators.

Domestic garbage transformation technique, system and apparatus without conventional fuel for combustion supporting

The invention provides a process, a system and equipment for converting household garbage without support combustion of the prior fuels, which relates to a process and equipment for processing garbage. The process is characterized in that the household garbage is sent into a gasification furnace or an incinerator after separating, dehydrating by rolling compaction and air-drying treatment; garbage fuel is converted in the furnace by a mode of gasification or incineration, and is subjected to baking, pyrogenation, gasification and carbon residue burn-out in the furnace; the converted synthesis gas is used for cleaning energy; waste heat of incineration is absorbed by heat-exchange equipment for reclamation; garbage rolling liquid is sent into a digesting machine for anaerobic fermentation so as to produce biogas, the biogas is used as auxiliary fuel of the incinerator, and the digested residue and residual liquid are used for fertilizing crops; and inorganic substances separated from the garbage are used as raw materials to manufacture bricks, and clinker discharged from the incinerator or the gasification furnace is used for producing cement or fertilizer. The process, the system and the equipment comprehensively utilize the garbage so as to achieve complete dissolving treatment, and the equipment has a simple structure and low investment cost, and is easy to popularize..

Illumination module

An illumination module is disclosed, which is comprised of a plurality of light sources, a plurality of light source substrates of high thermal conductivity, and a reflecting member for reflecting light. The plural light source substrates are arranged at positions corresponding to each other so as to form a polygon periphery of the illumination module, whereas the inner surface of the polygon periphery is enabled for at least one of the plural light sources to fit therein. The reflecting member is placed at the center of the module where it is corresponding to each of the plural light source substrates so as to reflect the light emitting from the light sources fitted thereon. In addition, a lens with light refraction ability is disposed at the light emitting end of the illumination module so as to enable the light illumination module to have light condensing/diffusing capability. Moreover, each light source substrate further comprises: a plurality of heat dissipating fins, being arranged at the outer surface thereof; and a assistant heat dissipating device; wherein the working range of the operation power and the luminous flux of the illumination module can be increased by the combined function provided by the heat dissipating fins and the assistant heat dissipating device. The assistant heat dissipating device can further comprise: a fan, being arranged at the bottom of the illumination module; and a heat pipe device, being fitted onto the light source substrate, for conducting waste heat to the heat dissipating fins to be dissipated.
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