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3575 results about "Continuous operation" patented technology

In telecommunication, continuous operation is an operation in which certain components, such as nodes, facilities, circuits, or equipment, are in an operational state at all times. Continuous operation usually requires that there be fully redundant configuration, or at least a sufficient X out of Y degree of redundancy for compatible equipment, where X is the number of spare components and Y is the number of operational components.

Upgrading and recovery of heavy crude oils and natural bitumens by in situ hydrovisbreaking

A process is disclosed for the in situ conversion and recovery of heavy crude oils and natural bitumens from subsurface formations using either a continuous operation with one or more injection and production boreholes, which may include horizontal boreholes, or a cyclic operation whereby both injection and production occur in the same boreholes. A mixture of reducing gases, oxidizing gases, and steam are fed to downhole combustion devices located in the injection boreholes. Combustion of the reducing gas-oxidizing gas mixture is carried out to produce superheated steam and hot reducing gases for injection into the formation to convert and upgrade the heavy crude or bitumen into lighter hydrocarbons. Communication between the injection and production boreholes in the continuous operation and fluid mobility within the formation in the cyclic operation is induced by fracturing or related methods. In the continuous mode, the injected steam and reducing gases drive upgraded hydrocarbons and virgin hydrocarbons to the production boreholes for recovery. In the cyclic operation, wellhead pressure is reduced after a period of injection causing injected fluids, upgraded hydrocarbons, and virgin hydrocarbons in the vicinity of the boreholes to be produced. Injection and production are then repeated for additional cycles. In both operations, the hydrocarbons produced are collected at the surface for further processing.

Turbine fracturing equipment

The invention discloses turbine fracturing equipment. The turbine fracturing equipment comprises a transporting device, a turbine engine, a reduction gearbox, a transmission mechanism and a fracturingpump, wherein the output end of the turbine engine is connected with one end of the reduction gearbox; the other end of the reduction gearbox is in transmission connection with the fracturing pump; the transportation device is used for bearing the turbine engine, the reduction gearbox, the transmission mechanism and the fracturing pump and comprises a chassis; the chassis is provided with a transporting section, a bearing section and a lapping section which are connected in sequence; when the turbine fracturing equipment is in a working state, the bearing section can be contacted with the ground; and when the turbine fracturing equipment is in a transporting state, the bearing section does not make contact with the ground. The turbine fracturing equipment has the beneficial effects that the equipment adopts the design of linear connection and a special chassis, so that the gravity center of the turbine fracturing equipment is doubly reduced, and the stability and the safety are well ensured; the structure is simpler, and the investment cost and the operation cost are reduced; the collapse risk of the whole fracturing site is reduced; and the turbine fracturing equipment is good intransmission property and is suitable for long-time and bulky load continuous operation conditions.

Thermodynamic power generation system

A power generation system that includes a heat source loop, a heat engine loop, and a heat reclaiming loop. The heat can be waste heat from a steam turbine, industrial process or refrigeration or air-conditioning system, solar heat collectors or geothermal sources. The heat source loop may also include a heat storage medium to allow continuous operation even when the source of heat is intermittent. Heat from the heat source loop is introduced into the heat reclaiming loop or turbine loop. In the turbine loop a working fluid is boiled, injected into the turbine, recovered condensed and recycled. The power generation system further includes a heat reclaiming loop having a fluid that extracts heat from the turbine loop. The fluid of the heat reclaiming loop is then raised to a higher temperature and then placed in heat exchange relationship with the working fluid of the turbine loop. The power generating system is capable of using low temperature waste heat is approximately of 150 degrees F. or less. The turbine includes one or more blades mounted on a rotating member. The turbine also includes one or more nozzles capable of introducing the gaseous working fluid, at a very shallow angle on to the surface of the blade or blades at a very high velocity. The pressure differential between the upstream and downstream surfaces of the blade as well as the change in direction of the high velocity hot gas flow create a combined force to impart rotation to the rotary member.

Method for extracting alkali metal from salt lake brine and seawater through membrane extraction-back extraction

The invention discloses a method for extracting high-value alkali metal from salt lake brine or seawater through membrane extraction-back extraction. The method is implemented through continuous operation and comprises the following steps of: fixing an ion exchange blend membrane in a membrane component, allowing an organic solution containing an extracting agent to contact salt lake brine or seawater which contains alkali metal ions by a first ion exchange membrane, and allowing alkali metal ions to pass through the ion exchange membrane and be combined with the organic solution containing the extracting agent to obtain metal complex; then transmitting an organic solution of the metal complex to a second ion exchange membrane and allowing the organic solution of the metal complex to contact a back extraction solution by the second ion exchange membrane, and allowing the metal ions to pass through the ion exchange membrane to enter the back extraction solution; during membrane extraction-back extraction, and circulating feed liquid, the back extraction solution and the organic solution containing the extracting agent on one side of the first ion exchange membrane, on one side of the second ion exchange membrane and between the first and second ion exchange membranes; and performing back extraction until a certain concentration of the back extraction solution is reached, and separating lithium, rubidium or caesium precipitates to obtain the final product. The invention provides a high-efficiency, low-cost and feasible route for industrial production of alkali metal salts.
Owner:何涛 +1

Automated instrument for nucleic acid extraction and mass spectrum sample application

The invention discloses an automated instrument applied to nucleic acid extraction and continuous operation process of a mass spectrum sample application chip in biomass spectrometry analysis of a nucleic acid sample. The automated instrument comprises three main devices, namely, a nucleic acid extraction and purification device, a nucleic acid liquor relief distributing device and a mass spectrum chip sample application device, wherein nucleic acid in body fluid is extracted by using a magnetic bead method, a mechanical arm is utilized to complete a nucleic acid extraction action, the extracted nucleic acid is dispensed onto a sample board through a dispenser, a pipettor is used for transferring the sample board onto a chip sample application instrument, and the mass spectrum and relatedinformation of the nucleic acid are obtained through laser sampling of a mass spectrometer, so that the nucleic acid is analyzed rapidly, directly and continuously. The automated instrument is high-precision in controlling the volume of dispensed liquor, high-cleanliness in controlling the quality of the dispensed liquor and high-efficiency in meeting sample application requirements of large-batch samples; meanwhile, the samples are uniformly distributed under the control of a computer program, volume errors and possible foreign pollution caused by manual operation are avoided, and the speed and efficiency in sample application are increased at the same time.
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