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4208 results about "Water reservoir" patented technology

Method and system for integrated reservoir and surface facility networks simulations

Integrated surface-subsurface modeling has been shown to have a critical impact on field development and optimization. Integrated models are often necessary to analyze properly the pressure interaction between a reservoir and a constrained surface facility network, or to predict the behavior of several fields, which may have different fluid compositions, sharing a common surface facility. The latter is gaining a tremendous significance in recent deepwater field development. These applications require an integrated solution with the following capabilities: * to balance a surface network model with a reservoir simulation model in a robust and efficient manner. * To couple multiple reservoir models, production and injection networks, synchronising their advancement through time. * To allow the reservoir and surface network models to use their own independent fluid descriptions (black oil or compositional descriptions with differing sets of pseudo-components). * To apply global production and injection constraints to the coupled system (including the transfer of re-injection fluids between reservoirs). In this paper we describe a general-purpose multi-platform reservoir and network coupling controller having all the above features. The controller communicates with a selection of reservoir simulators and surface network simulators via an open message-passing interface. It manages the balancing of the reservoirs and surface networks, and synchronizes their advancement through time. The controller also applies the global production and injection constraints, and converts the hydrocarbon fluid streams between the different sets of pseudo-components used in the simulation models. The controller's coupling and synchronization algorithms are described, and example applications are provided. The flexibility of the controller's open interface makes it possible to plug in further modules (to perform optimization, for example) and additional simulators.

Trailer mounted mobile apparatus for dewatering and recovering formation sand

An apparatus for removing formation sand from an oil storage tank. The apparatus is mounted to a truck towable trailer so that it may be transported to remote sites. Mounted to the truck towable trailer is a container adapted to accept and dewater a sand-water slurry pumped from the oil storage tank. The slurry is formed by injecting high pressure water from a water reservoir mounted to the truck towable trailer into the approximate centre of mass of the formation sand by way of a pipe having a nozzle generating a spherical spray pattern within the slurry. The pipe is forced into the slurry by way of a two counter-rotating drive wheels in frictional contact with the pipe. Included in the apparatus is a bifurcated conduit adapted for attachment to the storage tank drain port adapted for the injection of high pressure through one branch of the conduit and withdrawal of slurry from the other branch and into the container by way of a slurry pump. The dewatering of the slurry takes place by a plurality of screen filters mounted to the bottom, side and front inside walls of the container. Oil and water extracted from the slurry is recycled back into the storage tank for later removal and treatment. All pumps and conduits are mounted to the truck towable trailer so that the apparatus is self-contained.

Membrane electrolyzer and hemodialysis system using the same

A sorbent hemodialysis system includes a dialyzer configured to receive a flow of clean dialysate from a reservoir and to output an unclean dialysate flow. The system also includes a sorbent component having a urease section and a sorbent section through which the unclean dialysate flow from the dialyzer passes, wherein the sorbent component removes urea from the dialysate. The system further comprises a membrane electrolyzer that receives at least a portion of said clean dialysate flow and separates the dialysate flow into an acidic component flow and a base component flow. A mixing conduit combines the base component flow from the membrane electrolyzer and an output dialysate solution from the urease section of the sorbent component to separate the dialysate solution into an ammonia gas amount and ammonia liquid amount. A gas vent is used to vent the ammonia gas amount, and the sorbent section with a suitable amount of zirconium phosphate (ZrP) removes the ammonia liquid amount from the unclean dialysate flow before flowing the clean dialysate to the reservoir. The system can further include a second mixing conduit upstream of the sorbent section of the sorbent component, the second mixing conduit combining the acidic component flow and the ammonia liquid amount in the dialysate solution to increase the pH of the dialysate solution to about 7.5 prior to returning to the reservoir.

Device for improving water quality of laminated mixed oxygenated water

The invention discloses a device for improving water quality of laminated mixed oxygenated water. The device comprises an elevating cylinder, an aerating chamber, a gas storing chamber, an air releasing pipe, a guide plate, a perforated plate, a micro-pore aerator, a powerless automatic switching device and an anchoring pier, wherein the elevating cylinder is vertically arranged in water; the aerating chamber and the gas storing chamber are formed at the middle position of a reservoir; the micro-pore aerator is arranged at a position close to the bottom of the reservoir; a full-layer mixed oxygenation function and an isothermal layer mixed oxygenation function are integrated organically; and a telescopic cylinder for adjusting the height of the device is arranged between the aerating chamber and the micro-pore aerator, so that the stability of the entire device is improved. Through improvements on a multifunctional water pumping aerator, full-layer mixed oxygenation and isothermal layer mixed oxygenation are performed respectively by using the device for improving water quality of laminated mixed oxygenated water according to the water quality improving requirement, so that the problem of water quality pollution in the reservoir can be solved at lower energy consumption, and the aim of organically unifying two functions, the water quality improving benefit and the economic benefit is fulfilled.

Seed coating agent special for direct seeding rice

InactiveCN101310582AEfficiently regulate changes in moisture contentRegulating changes in moisture contentSeed coating/dressingDiseaseAdditive ingredient
The invention discloses a seed coating agent specially used for direct seeding rice, which is characterized in that the seed coating agent mainly contains the following ingredients by weight: 2 to 8 percent of super absorbent resin, 1 to 5 percent of oxygenates, 0.1 to 0.5 percent of sparrow and rat destruction agent , 0.5 to 2 percent of bactericide, 0.5 to 2 percent of pesticide, 0.02 to 0.2 percent of plant growth regulator, 3 to 10 percent of trace element fertilizer and the margin is special type mineral clay. The powder raw materials are crushed to more then 100 meshes and are mixed evenly, the mixture is coated on the surfaces of rice seeds by a seed-coating method for direct sowing, thus clay sacculus integrating 'a small water reservoir, a small oxygen reservoir, a small drug storage and a small fertilizer storage' are formed around the rice seeds and at the roots of seedlings; the seed coating agent has the effects of preserving and providing water, ventilating and providing oxygen, promoting seedling emergency, preventing diseases and killing pests, preventing mice and destructing sparrows, strengthening seedlings and roots and increasing production. The seed coating agent is also characterized by low dosage, low cost, simple and convenient operation, and the like, thereby being applicable to coating rice seeds which are directly sowed both on flooded paddy fields and dry paddy fields.

Self-watering planter employing capillary action water transport mechanism

The self-watering assembly is used in combination with a conventional planter having flow hole apertures formed within a base thereof. The assembly includes a set of water-permeable flow hole inserts each including a portion of capillary material such as spandex. The flow hole inserts are inserted into a flow hole of the planter for direct contact with soil positioned therein. The flow hole inserts are sized and shaped to securely fit within the flow hole preventing soil from falling out of the flow hole and preventing roots from growing through the flow hole. Additional capillary material, also formed of spandex, couples an interior of a water reservoir to the capillary material of the water-permeable inserts. By using spandex as the capillary material, sufficient capillary flow may be achieved to properly water even medium to large sized plants. By employing water-permeable inserts for insertion into the planter wherein the inserts have capillary material mounted therein, water can be more effectively drawn into the soil of the planter as compared to many self watering planters wherein the planter merely rests on capillary material. Also, upon removal of the planter from the water reservoir, the inserts typically remain mounted within the flow holes of the planter such that soil from the planter is prevented from falling out of the planter via the flow holes. Entirely conventional planters may be employed thereby reducing overall costs which permit the customer a wide choice of planter shapes and sizes.

Optimization method for joint flood dispatching of cascade reservoirs coupled with flood control and power generation

The invention discloses a cascade reservoir combined flood scheduling optimization method coupled with flood control and power generation, which can coordinate flood control and power generation goals in flood scheduling, and adopt corresponding models for different standard floods, timely power generation pre-discharging and closing gates and staggered peaks, reducing flood seasons It is useless to abandon water to maximize the benefits of cascade reservoir flood control and power generation. The technical solution is: judge the level of the flood according to the real-time hydrometeorological information and flood forecast results. When the average inflow flow during the flood period is greater than the full flow of the power station, it will be judged as a major flood, otherwise it will be judged as a small flood; according to the different levels Different models are used to optimize the scheduling of different control objectives; under each different flow, constraint settings and control objectives, a number of different flood control schemes are obtained, which constitute a set of flood control schemes corresponding to a flood, as the basis for decision-making, if In the flood control scheme set, it is necessary to modify the inflow flow, so the simulated flood control calculation under various inflow conditions is repeated.

Yellow River upstream cascade hydroelectric station operation design and optimized dispatching method as well as equipment

The invention relates to a method for united operation design and optimized dispatching of a Yellow River upstream cascade hydroelectric station, which comprising the following steps of: measuring daily average reservoir level and downstream daily average tail-water level of each power station through a water level sensor; measuring discharged flow of each power station through an ultrasonic flowmeter; establishing a cascade reservoir united optimized dispatching model through a cascade hydroelectric station united optimized dispatching model module; computing and analyzing a cascade hydroelectric station united optimized dispatching path through a dispatching path computation and analysis module; carrying out unified operation design on a cascade hydroelectric station group system through a cascade hydroelectric station group system unified operation design module; and carrying out unified dispatching on the cascade hydroelectric station group system through a cascade hydroelectric station group system unified dispatching module. The invention is simple, clear and practical with high pertinence, can enable average annual energy output of a Yellow River upstream cascade power station group after the power stations in Laxiwa and Jishi valley are put into operation to be increased by about 470 million degrees, and the water supply guarantee rate of Lanzhou cross section to reach95 percent, and has remarkable technical economic benefit.
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