The invention discloses a seedling substrate for vegetables, belonging to the technical field of soilless culture. The substrate formula comprises the following components based on volume ratios: 10-40% of fermented vinegar dreg, 5-30% of fermented cassava dreg, 5-30% of plant ash, 5-30% of perlite, 5-30% of vermiculite and 10-25% of turf. The water content of the substrate is not bigger than 50%, and the total porosity of the substrate is 65-95%, and the total nutrient content of the substrate (N+P2O5+K2O) is 3-5%, and the grain diameter of the substrate is 0.1-4.9 mm, and the volume weight of the substrate is 0.2-0.8 g/cm3, and the gas-water ratio of the substrate is 1: 2-4, and the EC (elastic coefficient) value of the substrate is 1-3 and the pH value of the substrate is 5.8-7.5. The seedling substrate for soilless culture for vegetables mainly uses organic wastes as raw materials, and produces seedling substrate by high temperature fermentation treatment, and changes wastes into wealth, and turns harm into good. The invention has a low production cost, a light weight and complete nutrients such that it is suitable for growth and development for vegetable seedlings, and is a good substrate for soilless culture industrialized tray seedling for vegetables.