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2569 results about "Nucleic acid molecule" patented technology

High speed parallel molecular nucleic acid sequencing

A method and device is disclosed for high speed, automated sequencing of nucleic acid molecules. A nucleic acid molecule to be sequenced is exposed to a polymerase in the presence of nucleotides which are to be incorporated into a complementary nucleic acid strand. The polymerase carries a donor fluorophore, and each type of nucleotide (e.g. A, T/U, C and G) carries a distinguishable acceptor fluorophore characteristic of the particular type of nucleotide. As the polymerase incorporates individual nucleic acid molecules into a complementary strand, a laser continuously irradiates the donor fluorophore, at a wavelength that causes it to emit an emission signal (but the laser wavelength does not stimulate the acceptor fluorophore). In particular embodiments, no laser is needed if the donor fluorophore is a luminescent molecule or is stimulated by one. The emission signal from the polymerase is capable of stimulating any of the donor fluorophores (but not acceptor fluorophores), so that as a nucleotide is added by the polymerase, the acceptor fluorophore emits a signal associated with the type of nucleotide added to the complementary strand. The series of emission signals from the acceptor fluorophores is detected, and correlated with a sequence of nucleotides that correspond to the sequence of emission signals.

Lipid nanoparticle based compositions and methods for the delivery of biologically active molecules

The present invention relates to novel cationic lipids, transfection agents, microparticles, nanoparticles, and short interfering nucleic acid (siNA) molecules. The invention also features compositions, and methods of use for the study, diagnosis, and treatment of traits, diseases and conditions that respond to the modulation of gene expression and/or activity in a subject or organism. Specifically, the invention relates to novel cationic lipids, microparticles, nanoparticles and transfection agents that effectively transfect or deliver biologically active molecules, such as antibodies (e.g., monoclonal, chimeric, humanized etc.), cholesterol, hormones, antivirals, peptides, proteins, chemotherapeutics, small molecules, vitamins, co-factors, nucleosides, nucleotides, oligonucleotides, enzymatic nucleic acids, antisense nucleic acids, triplex forming oligonucleotides, 2,5-A chimeras, dsRNA, allozymes, aptamers, decoys and analogs thereof, and small nucleic acid molecules, such as short interfering nucleic acid (siNA), short interfering RNA (siRNA), double-stranded RNA (dsRNA), micro-RNA (miRNA), short hairpin RNA (shRNA), and RNAi inhibitor molecules, to relevant cells and/or tissues, such as in a subject or organism. Such novel cationic lipids, microparticles, nanoparticles and transfection agents are useful, for example, in providing compositions to prevent, inhibit, or treat diseases, conditions, or traits in a cell, subject or organism. The compositions described herein are generally referred to as formulated molecular compositions (FMC) or lipid nanoparticles (LNP).

Asymmetrical adapters and methods of use thereof

A pair of asymmetrical, partially double-stranded oligonucleotide adapters are provided wherein the pair of adapters comprise a first asymmetrical oligonucleotide adapter comprising a single-stranded 3′ overhang and a second asymmetrical double-stranded oligonucleotide adapter comprising a single-stranded 5′ overhang and at least one blocking group on the strand of said second asymmetrical oligonucleotide adapter that does not comprise the 5′ overhang. Also provided are a pair of double-stranded Y oligonucleotide adapters and a pair of double-stranded bubble oligonucleotide adapters and methods of using said asymmetrical adapters for amplification of at least one double stranded nucleic acid molecule, wherein the amplification produces a plurality of amplified nucleic acid molecules having a different nucleic acid sequence at each end are also described. Also provided is a method for exponentially amplifying one strand in a double-stranded nucleic acid molecule. Also provided are methods for preparing libraries of paired tags using COS-linkers. Also provided are cleavable adapters comprising an affinity tag and a cleavable linkage, wherein cleaving the cleavable linkage produces two complementary ends. Methods of using the cleavable adapters to produce a paired tag library are also described.
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