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1900 results about "Mutant" patented technology

In biology and especially genetics, a mutant is an organism or a new genetic character arising or resulting from an instance of mutation, which is generally an alteration of the DNA sequence of the genome or chromosome of an organism. The term mutant is also applied to a virus with an alteration in its nucleotide sequence whose genome is RNA, rather than DNA. In multicellular eukaryotes, a DNA sequence may be altered in an individual somatic cell that then gives rise to a mutant somatic cell lineage as happens in cancer progression. Also in eukaryotes, alteration of a mitochondrial or plastid DNA sequence may give rise to a mutant lineage that is inherited separately from mutant genotypes in the nuclear genome. The natural occurrence of genetic mutations is integral to the process of evolution. The study of mutants is an integral part of biology; by understanding the effect that a mutation in a gene has, it is possible to establish the normal function of that gene.

Gene editing method for knocking out rice MIRNA393b stem-loop sequences with application of CRISPR(clustered regulatory interspersed short palindromic repeat)-Cas9 system

The invention relates to construction of rice transgenic materials and aims to provide a gene editing method for knocking out rice MIRNA393b stem-loop sequences with application of a CRISPR(clustered regulatory interspersed short palindromic repeat)-Cas9 system. The gene editing method comprises steps as follows: gRNA target sites are selected for cloning and GG linking, enzyme digestion is performed after amplification, and a product is linked with a pGREB 32 vector; escherichia coli competent cells are transformed; plasmids with a correct sequencing result are used for transforming agrobacteria, transgenic plants are obtained through mediated transformation of rice calli, and transgenic positive lines are obtained; the T0-generation mutant plant seeds are collected for seeding, and the T1-generation plants are subjected to homozygote screening; homozygous lines which are discovered to be negative through MIRNA393b expression are rice mutants completely losing the MIRNA393b stem-loop sequences and MIRNA393b stem-loop sequence expression. According to the gene editing method, MIRNA stem-loop sequences can be effectively knocked out, and loss-of-function mutants of different members in the same MIRNA family can be prepared; the mutant plant propagates to obtain a large number of seeds and is an ideal material for acquiring rice MIRNA393b gene functions successfully.
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