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390 results about "Sulfate-reducing bacteria" patented technology

Sulfate-reducing microorganisms (SRM) or sulfate-reducing prokaryotes (SRP) are a group composed of sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) and sulfate-reducing archaea (SRA), both of which can perform anaerobic respiration utilizing sulfate (SO₄²⁻) as terminal electron acceptor, reducing it to hydrogen sulfide (H₂S). Therefore, these sulfidogenic microorganisms "breathe" sulfate rather than molecular oxygen (O₂), which is the terminal electron acceptor reduced to water (H₂O) in aerobic respiration.

Method for restoring mine entironment

A method of repairing mine ecological environment comprises the treatment of mine environment contamination, wherein the tailings, the barren rock, the smelting slag, the waste water from ore cleaning, the waste water from smelting, the acid mine drainage and the ore yard leachwater which are generated from mine development are collected into the tailings storage, at the same time, sludge and organic matter capable of being degradated by microbiology are added therein, and then the tailings storage is given an anaerobic environment artificially, so that, under the action of microbiology and sulfate reducing bacteria, sulfur ion is generated and the pH value of the tailings storage is increased, a plurality of heavy metal ions are cured and settled by sulfur ion to avoid migration, a biomembrane layer-sulfate reducing bacteria reducing-induction biomineralization precipitation composite geochemical barrier is generated in the tailings storage. The repairing of mine ecological environment is realized by the treatment of mine environment contamination. The present invention can be used for tailings storage pollution prevention in tour, and can be used for closing the repairing of mine ecological environment, or can be used for designing new tailings storage by using the technology of the present invention.

Method for treating heavy metal-containing acidic waste water and recycling heavy metal with biomass fixed bed

The invention discloses a method for treating acidic waste water containing heavy metal and reclaiming the heavy metal through a biomass fixed bed, which is characterized in that dry solid biomass capable of being decomposed by microbes is granulated and filled into a container with a supporting layer and a water distributing device so as to form a fixed bed microbe reactor; sewage disposal plant sludge containing sulfate reducing bacteria is taken as the source of microbe bacteria on the fixed bed, and the microbes are cultured, proliferated and acclimated to adapt to the environment of the biomass filler fixed bed through the backflow circulation of the outputted water or taking ferrous sulfate aqueous solution as the inputted water; acid effluent containing heavy metallic ions is led into the fixed bed for direct filtration; and when the water filtering speed can not meet the preset requirements, the operation is stopped, substances in the fixed bed are taken out, the heavy metal is reclaimed through smelting, and the fixed bed microbe reactor is refilled. The method is suitable for waste water containing Cr2O7 <2->, AsO3 <2->, Cu <2+>, Hg <2+> Ag <+>, Cd <2+> and the like. The method can be used for reclaiming the valuable metal resources with low waste water treatment cost.

Biological PRB (permeable reactive barrier) system for underground in-situ remediation of coal mine acid wastewater

The invention relates to a biological PRB (permeable reactive barrier) system for underground in-situ remediation of coal mine acid wastewater, and belongs to the technical field of water pollution control. The system comprises a water inlet groove, a biological PRB body and a water outlet tank, wherein the water inlet groove is higher than the goaf ground for 0.3-0.5 m; the biological PRB body adopts a four-layer structure, and sequentially consists of a buffer protecting barrier, a ferrous powder PRB, a biological medical stone PRB and a buffer protecting barrier; the water outlet tank adopts the sectional separating plate type, so as to ensure that the interior of the biological PRB is always in the water filling anaerobic state in the running process of system. The system is arranged on the coal mine goaf, and the defects of land occupation during ground treatment, pollution to environments, laying of long-distance conveying pipelines and the like are overcome. The system has the advantages that the structure is simple, the cost is low, the safety is realized, the efficiency is high, and the manned watching is not required in the running process. On the basis of the traditional PRB, the novel PRB with biological strengthening function is established in the method that the medical stone is fixed and mixed with sulfate reducing bacteria.

Device and method for comprehensively treating acidic sulfate organic waste water based on biological desulfurization

The invention belongs to the field of environmental engineering, and in particular relates to a device and a method for comprehensively treating acidic sulfate organic waste water based on biological desulfurization. The method comprises the following steps of: 1, reducing sulfate in the organic waste water, blowing hydrogen sulfide off, namely (1-1) mixing the acidic sulfate organic waste water and sulfide-containing recirculation water in an anaerobic digestion reactor, controlling the pH of the mixture to be 5.0 to 6.0, and thus obtaining a hydrogen sulfide-containing acidic mixed solution, and (1-2) introducing inert gas, blowing the hydrogen sulfide off, adding sulfate reducing bacteria, reducing the sulfate to form sulfide, obtaining the sulfide-containing recirculation water and returning to the step (1-1); and 2, absorbing, oxidizing and recycling the hydrogen sulfide, namely (2-1) absorbing the hydrogen sulfide blown off in the step (1-2) by using a weak alkaline solution, adding sulfur-oxidizing bacteria, oxidizing the hydrogen sulfide to form elemental sulfur, separating to obtain the elemental sulfur and effluent, and (2-2) treating the effluent for recycling. By the device and the method, sulfate innocent treatment and resource recovery treatment are realized.

Chemical control method for corrosion microorganism in pipeline conveyance system and product

The invention relates to three compound stabilizer reagents which can effectively protect various water pipelines, water containers and the relevant equipment of the water conveyance system from biodeterioration or scaling and the treatment method and the utilization of the biodeterioration. Particularly, by utilizing the three compound stabilizer reagents acting on the water conveyance system in different period respectively, the addition dosage and the time can change according to different water quality, different microorganism pollution degree and different water treatment demand, wherein each compound stabilizer reagent main component has different sterilization mechanisms and the emphases of the reagent is also different, so that serious corrosion caused by the drug resistance of the bacteria can be solved and the sulfate reducing bacteria, the saprophyte, the iron bacteria, the nitrite bacteria, the ammonium bacteria and algae in the water conveyance system can be completely killed. The compound stabilizer reagents is suitable for the control of pipeline scaling and the pipe wall biodeterioration of the oil field water injection system, the circulating water system and the central air-conditioning cooling water system.

Nutrient for inhibiting sulfate reducing bacteria in oilfield water and application of nutrient

The invention relates to a nutrient for inhibiting sulfate reducing bacteria in oilfield water and application of the nutrient. The nutrient contains the following components by weight percent: 20-95 percent of cane molasses or beet molasses, and / or 1-45 percent of ammonium phosphate, and / or 0.5-10 percent of ammonium chloride, and / or 0.5-2.5 percent of ammonium sulfate, and / or 1-18.5 percent of ammonium nitrate, and / or 0.05-49 percent of sodium nitrate; and / or 0.05-1 percent of diammonium hydrogen phosphate, and / or 0.05-1.2 percent of disodium hydrogen phosphate, and / or 0.5-2 percent of dipotassium phosphate and / or 0.05-1.5 percent of potassium dihydrogen phosphate. The nutrient with weight accounting for 0.5-5 percent of weight of filled water is taken, is dissolved by using constructional injection water or oilfield surface water and is squeezed into stratum by a pump truck through a water injection well. The nutrient can activate nitrifying bacteria flora in source bacteria flora of stratum water or oilfield source water and can inhibit the growth of sulfate reducing bacteria. After 16 hours to 52 days, the content of sulfate reducing bacteria is 0-102 / mL. The yield of crude oil is increased by 10 percent to 30 percent.

Method for biological treatment of sulfate wastewater employing synchronous electric catalysis of anode and cathode

ActiveCN103319002AImprove the reduction of SO <sub>4</sub> <sup>2-</sup> rateReduce consumptionTreatment with aerobic and anaerobic processesSulfate-reducing bacteriaSulfur
The invention provides a method for biological treatment of sulfate wastewater employing synchronous electric catalysis of an anode and a cathode. The method comprises the following concrete steps of: (1) building an electric catalytic bioreactor, which includes a cathode reaction zone, a buffer zone and an anode reaction zone; (2) inoculating mixed bacteria of sulfate reducing bacteria inside the cathode reaction zone, leading to a culture medium, electrifying and acclimatizing, and cultivating for 3-5 days at 28-34 DEG C, so as to achieve cathode hanging membrane of the sulfate reducing bacteria; (3) inoculating sulfur-oxidizing bacteria inside the anode reaction zone, leading to the culture medium to cultivate for 5-7 days at 25-30 DEG C; and (4) starting a reactor, leading the sulfate wastewater to the cathode reaction zone of the reactor, and enabling the sulfate wastewater to flow out of the reactor after flowing inside the anode reaction zone through the buffer zone. By adopting the method, control of an S<2->oxidization process is achieved when the reduction speed of the sulfate reducing bacteria for reducing SO4<-2> is improved. Thus, the yield of S produced by biological metabolism of the wastewater is improved.

Method and apparatus for removing sulfate in high-salt petrochemical wastewater

The invention relates to a removing method and a removing apparatus for sulfate in high-salt petrochemical wastewater, and belongs to the technical field of wastewater treatment. According to the present invention, in order to provide a method with characteristics of low cost, simpleness, convenience and high sulfate removal rate, and an apparatus thereof, according to the principle of conversion of sulfate into hydrogen sulfide with sulfate reducing bacteria, residual sludge produced by a high-salt petrochemical wastewater treatment system precipitation tank is subjected to ultrasonic wave degradation through an ultrasonic wave treatment, the obtained sludge or sludge supernatant and high-salt petrochemical wastewater are mixed, and then enter an anoxic tank or anaerobic tank so as to provide a carbon source for the sulfate reducing bacteria, and a blowing removing manner under a N2 solution is adopted to remove the hydrogen sulfide so as to reduce inhibition effects of hydrogen sulfide and other sulfides on the sulfate reducing bacteria; and the sulfate reduction can be effectively promoted, the sulfate removal rate can be increased, the calcium sulfate scaling tendency can be reduced, the maintenance period and the service life of the equipment can be prolonged, and the system stability is increased.

Method of using native function microflora to in-situ purify ground water polluted by uranium

The invention relates to a method of using native function microflora to in-situ purify ground water polluted by uranium. The method translates transferable hexavalent uranium into nontransferable uranous uranium in the ground water through nitrate reducing bacteria flora, ferric iron reducing bacteria flora and sulfate reducing bacteria flora which are formed under the anaerobic condition by microorganism, and therefore the purpose of purifying the ground water polluted by the uranium is achieved. The specific implementation method comprises: (1) adjusting a potential of hydrogen (Ph) value of the ground water polluted by the uranium; (2) activating the microorganism in sediments; (3) regulating and controlling variation of the microflora, accelerating evolution of the nitrate reducing bacteria flora, the ferric iron reducing bacteria flora and the sulfate reducing bacteria flora by means of adding a carbon source, regulating oxidation reduction potential of the water polluted by the uranium and the like; (4) continuously regulating and controlling the microbial flora until uranium concentration in the ground water polluted by the uranium is reduced below the national emission standard and the purpose of purifying the groundwater polluted by the uranium is achieved. The method of using the native function microflora to in-situ purify the ground water polluted by the uranium solves in-situ purifying problem of the ground water polluted by the uranium, and has the advantages of being high in purifying efficient, short in period, simple in equipment, short in process procedure, low in purifying cost, strong in operability, free of secondary pollution, good in purifying effect and the like.
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