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1976 results about "Electrochemical response" patented technology

Electrode structure for lithium secondary battery and secondary battery having such electrode structure

In an electrode structure for a lithium secondary battery including: a main active material layer formed from a metal powder selected from silicon, tin and an alloy thereof that can store and discharge and capable of lithium by electrochemical reaction, and a binder of an organic polymer; and a current collector, wherein the main active material layer is formed at least by a powder of a support material for supporting the electron conduction of the main active material layer in addition to the metal powder and the powder of the support material are particles having a spherical, pseudo-spherical or pillar shape with an average particle size of 0.3 to 1.35 times the thickness of the main active material layer. The support material is one or more materials selected from a group consisting of graphite, oxides of transition metals and metals that do not electrochemically form alloy with lithium. Organic polymer compounded with a conductive polymer is used for the binder. There are provided an electrode structure for a lithium secondary battery having a high capacity and a long lifetime, and a lithium secondary battery using the electrode structure and having a high capacity, a high energy density and a long lifetime.

Electrochemical method of producing nano-scaled graphene platelets

A method of producing nano-scaled graphene platelets with an average thickness smaller than 30 nm from a layered graphite material. The method comprises (a) forming a carboxylic acid-intercalated graphite compound by an electrochemical reaction which uses a carboxylic acid as both an electrolyte and an intercalate source, the layered graphite material as an anode material, and a metal or graphite as a cathode material, and wherein a current is imposed upon the cathode and the anode at a current density for a duration of time sufficient for effecting the electrochemical reaction; (b) exposing the intercalated graphite compound to a thermal shock to produce exfoliated graphite; and (c) subjecting the exfoliated graphite to a mechanical shearing treatment to produce the nano-scaled graphene platelets. Preferred carboxylic acids are formic acid and acetic acid. The exfoliation step in the instant invention does not involve the evolution of undesirable species, such as NOx and SOx, which are common by-products of exfoliating conventional sulfuric or nitric acid-intercalated graphite compounds. The nano-scaled platelets are candidate reinforcement fillers for polymer nanocomposites. Nano-scaled graphene platelets are much lower-cost alternatives to carbon nano-tubes or carbon nano-fibers.

Regional integrated energy system operation robust optimization method considering electricity-to-gas conversion and uncertainty

The invention discloses a regional integrated energy system operation robust optimization method considering electricity-to-gas conversion and uncertainty, and the method comprises the steps: carryingout the detailed modeling of an electricity-to-gas conversion process according to the principle of an electrochemical reaction, and analyzing the coupling relation between different energy forms ina matrix mode based on an energy center model; establishing a regional comprehensive energy system operation optimization model considering the uncertainty of various load prediction powers, and establishing a two-stage robust optimization model according to a polyhedral uncertain interval; and decomposing the two-stage robust optimization model into a main problem and a sub-problem, converting the sub-problem into an optimization problem of a single target, and carrying out iterative solution to obtain a comprehensive energy system robust optimization scheme. According to the method, the potential of complementary mutual relief and flexible scheduling among multiple energy forms is fully excavated, wind curtailment can be reduced, and the operation economy and flexibility of the comprehensive energy system are improved; and the contradiction between the operation risk and the cost can be coordinated according to the actual condition of the regional integrated energy system.

Electrode material for anode of rechargeable lithium battery, electrode structural body using said electrode material, rechargeable lithium battery using said electrode structural body, process for producing said electrode structural body, and process for producing said rechargeable lithium battery

An electrode material for an anode of a rechargeable lithium battery, containing a particulate comprising an amorphous Sn.A.X alloy with a substantially non-stoichiometric ratio composition. For said formula Sn.A.X, A indicates at least one kind of an element selected from a group consisting of transition metal elements, X indicates at least one kind of an element selected from a group consisting of O, F, N, Mg, Ba, Sr, Ca, La, Ce, Si, Ge, C, P, B, Pb, Bi, Sb, Al, Ga, In, Tl, Zn, Be, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu, As, Se, Te, Li and S, where the element X is not always necessary to be contained. The content of the constituent element Sn of the amorphous Sn.A.X alloy is Sn/(Sn+A+X)=20 to 80 atomic %. An electrode structural body for a rechargeable lithium battery, comprising said electrode material for an anode and a collector comprising a material incapable of being alloyed with lithium in electrochemical reaction, and a rechargeable lithium battery having an anode comprising said electrode structural body.

Method for realizing zero emission of dyeing wastewater with high salinity in printing and dyeing enterprises

The invention discloses a method for realizing zero emission of dyeing wastewater with high salinity in printing and dyeing enterprises. The method comprises the following steps that: the wastewater enters a regulating reservoir first for homogenizing, and then enters a reaction tank, ferrous sulfate is added into the reaction tank to regulate the pH value and perform a coagulation reaction, effluent enters a sedimentation basin for precipitating after the reaction, supernate of the sedimentation basin is treated by an electrochemical reactor, enters a secondary sedimentation basin so as to remove scummings and dregs and enters an aeration tank for aerating, and the supernate is filtered by a manganese sand filter for deferrization after the aerating; the filtered effluent is treated by using an ultrafiltration membrane, concentrated water of the ultrafiltration membrane returns to the regulating reservoir, and fresh water enters a nanofilter membrane for treating; the fresh water outputted by the nanofilter membrane enters a reverse osmosis membrane, the outputted concentrated water returns to the regulating reservoir or is evaporated directly; and concentrated water of the reverse osmosis membrane enters an electrodialyzer, electrodialytic fresh water is refluxed to be used as inflow of the reverse osmosis membrane, and electrodialytic concentrated water enters an evaporator for evaporating. Vapor generated by evaporating can be used for printing and dyeing production, residues generated by the evaporating are used as solid wastes, and water pollutants are not discharged in the whole process.
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