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24598 results about "Precipitation" patented technology

In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapour that falls under gravity. The main forms of precipitation include drizzle, rain, sleet, snow, graupel and hail. Precipitation occurs when a portion of the atmosphere becomes saturated with water vapor, so that the water condenses and "precipitates". Thus, fog and mist are not precipitation but suspensions, because the water vapor does not condense sufficiently to precipitate. Two processes, possibly acting together, can lead to air becoming saturated: cooling the air or adding water vapor to the air. Precipitation forms as smaller droplets coalesce via collision with other rain drops or ice crystals within a cloud. Short, intense periods of rain in scattered locations are called "showers."

Method for producing carbon coated nano stage lithium iron phosphate by precipitation

The invention discloses a precipitation method for preparing nanometer level iron phosphate lithium coated with carbon. The method comprises the following steps: firstly, weighing iron salt, deionized water and a compound of metallic elements; after the stirring and the mixing are performed, adding a phosphorous compound and citric acid diluted with water to the mixture; after the stirring is performed again, adding a precipitation agent to the mixture and controlling to the neutrality; stirring to react in a container, and after the static placement, respectively adding the deionized water, a carbon source and lithium salt to mix uniformly after the precipitate is filtered and washed; stirring again to react, and drying the water at 30 to 160 DEG C and warming up at the heating rate under the protection of non-oxidized gas after a product is crashed; baking at a constant temperature of 450 to 850 DEG C, cooling down to a room temperature at a cooling rate or with a stove, and finally obtaining the nanometer level ferric phosphate lithium coated with the carbon after crashing is performed. The precipitation method has the advantage that the raw material cost and the processing cost are low because bivalent iron is taken as the raw material. The iron phosphate lithium prepared by using the process has the characteristics of good physical processing performance and good electrochemistry performance, and is suitable for industrialized production.
Owner:南京海泰纳米材料有限公司

Methods for the separation of streptococcus pneumoniae type 3 polysaccharides

The present invention provides improved methods for the reduction or removal of protein impurities from a complex cellular Streptococcus pneumoniae lysate or centrate comprising serotype 3 polysaccharides involving steps relating to post-lysis heating or pH adjustment. In certain methods, the lysate is heated for a time and at a temperature sufficient to denature proteins present in the lysate and cause their aggregation and precipitation. In one embodiment, the lysate is heated to at least 60° C. for at least 30 minutes to cause protein aggregation and precipitation, more particularly about 60° C. to about 70° C. for about 30 to about 50 minutes, and even more particularly about 65° C. for about 40 minutes. In other methods, the pH of the lysate or centrate is increased to at least 8.0 to improve filterability, more particularly about 8.0 to 8.4, and even more particularly about 8.2. In further methods, heating and pH adjustment steps are combined to cause the aggregation and precipitation of proteins as well as to improve filterability of the lysates or centrates. In other methods, the pH of the lysate or centrate is lowered to about 3.0 to about 5.0 to cause protein aggregation and precipitation. Such methods allow for the production of substantially purified serotype 3 polysaccharide-containing lysates or centrates.
Owner:WYETH LLC

Rapid treatment method for fracturing flowback fluid

The invention discloses a rapid treatment method for a fracturing flowback fluid. The rapid treatment method comprises: (1) pumping a fracturing flowback fluid into an electron beam irradiation chamber, and staying for 20-120 s in the electron beam irradiation chamber; (2) adding a coagulant and a flocculant into the sewage treated by the electron beam irradiation chamber, and clarifying in a flocculation precipitation pool; (3) feeding the water treated by the flocculation precipitation a precision filtration pool, and carrying out fine filtration; and (4) collecting the water filtered by theprecision filtration pool in a clear water pool. According to the present invention, the gel breaking stage uses physical gel breaking so as to achieve clean gel breaking and greatly reduce the sideeffects of external agents, such that the reuse quality of the fracturing flowback fluid is good, and the fracturing flowback fluid is safe; the gel breaking time is shortened from 5-120 min to 20-120s so as to greatly improve the gel breaking speed; and compared with the traditional chemical gel breaking method and the biological gel breaking method, the method of the present invention simplifyfeeding equipment and other supporting equipment, reduces the occupation area, and reduces the complexity of manual operation.
Owner:RUIJIE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECH CO LTD

Method for producing aluminum oxide and co-producing active calcium silicate through high-alumina fly ash

The invention provides a method for producing aluminum oxide and co-producing active calcium silicate through high-alumina fly ash. The method comprises the following steps that: the high-alumina fly ash firstly reacts with a sodium hydroxide solution to carry out pre-desilication to obtain a liquid-phase desiliconized solution and a solid-phase desiliconized fly ash; lime cream is added to the liquid-phase desiliconized solution to carry out a causticization reaction, the resulting solid phase is active calcium silicate which is prepared through carrying out filter pressing, flash evaporation and drying to obtain the finished product; limestone and a sodium carbonate solution are added to the desiliconized fly ash to blend qualified raw slurry, then the blend qualified raw slurry is subjected to baking into the clinker, the liquid phase generated from dissolution of the clinker is a crude solution of sodium aluminate; the crude solution of the sodium aluminate is subjected to processes of first-stage deep desilication, second-stage deep desilication, carbonation, seed precipitation, baking and the like to obtain the metallurgical grade aluminum oxide meeting requirements. According to the present invention, the defects in the prior art are overcome; purposes of less material flow and small amount of slaggling are achieved; energy consumption, material consumption and production cost are relative low; extraction rate of the aluminum oxide is high; the calcium silicate with high added value is co-produced; the method provided by the present invention can be widely applicable for the field of chemical engineering.
Owner:INNER MONGOLIA DATANG INT RENEWABLE RESOURCES DEV

Method of forming nanoparticles and microparticles of controllable size using supercritical fluids with enhanced mass transfer

The current invention, Supercritical Antisolvent Precipitation with Enhanced Mass Transfer (SAS-EM) provides a significantly improved method for the production of nano and micro-particles with a narrow size distribution. The processes of the invention utilize the properties of supercritical fluids and also the principles of virbrational atomization to provide an efficient technique for the effective nanonization or micronization of particles. Like the SAS technique, SAS-EM, also uses a supercritical fluid as the antisolvent, but in the present invention the dispersion jet is deflected by a vibrating surface that atomizes the jet into fine droplets. The vibrating surface also generates a vibrational flow field within the supercritical phase that enhances mass transfer through increased mixing. Sizes of the particles obtained by this technique are easily controlled by changing the vibration intensity of the deflecting surface, which in turn is controlled by adjusting the power input to the vibration source. A major advantage of the SAS-EM technique is that it can be successfully used to obtain nanoparticles of materials that usually yield fibers or large crystals in SAS method. Microencapsulation via coprecipitation of two or more materials can also be achieved using the SAS-EM technique.
Owner:UNIV AUBURN

Method of forming nanoparticles and microparticles of controllable size using supercritical fluids and ultrasound

The current invention, Supercritical Antisolvent Precipitation with Enhanced Mass Transfer (SAS-EM) provides a significantly improved method for the production of nano and micro-particles with a narrow size distribution. The processes of the invention utilize the properties of supercritical fluids and also the principles of virbrational atomization to provide an efficient technique for the effective nanonization or micronization of particles. Like the SAS technique, SAS-EM, also uses a supercritical fluid as the antisolvent, but in the present invention the dispersion jet is deflected by a vibrating surface that atomizes the jet into fine droplets. The vibrating surface also generates a vibrational flow field within the supercritical phase that enhances mass transfer through increased mixing. Sizes of the particles obtained by this technique are easily controlled by changing the vibration intensity of the deflecting surface, which in turn is controlled by adjusting the power input to the vibration source. A major advantage of the SAS-EM technique is that it can be successfully used to obtain nanoparticles of materials that usually yield fibers or large crystals in SAS method. Microencapsulation via coprecipitation of two or more materials can also be achieved using the SAS-EM technique.
Owner:UNIV AUBURN

Method for comprehensively recycling valuable metals from spent lithium ion battery

The invention discloses a method for comprehensively recycling valuable metals from a spent lithium ion battery. The method comprises the following steps: carrying out electric discharge treatment on a spent battery, crushing, pre-roasting at 300-400 DEG C, adding a reducing agent, and carrying out reduction roasting at 450-700 DEG C; carrying out water extraction and evaporative crystallization on fine aggregates obtained through the reduction roasting, so as to obtain a high-purity lithium product, leaching copper, nickel and cobalt from leached slag and roasted lump materials by virtue of ammonia oxide, carrying out magnetic separation and sieving on ammonia leaching slag so as to obtain iron and aluminum enriched products, and carrying out reduction acid leaching, purification and edulcoration on sieved products, so as to obtain a high-purity manganese sulfate solution; and carrying out extraction and selective reverse extraction on ammonia leaching liquid, so as to obtain a high-purity nickel sulfate solution and a high-purity copper sulfate solution, and carrying out vulcanization cobalt precipitation, oxidation acid leaching and extraction purification on raffinate, so as to obtain a high-purity cobalt sulfate solution. The method is high in extraction rate of valuable metals and applicable to the treatment of multiple waste lithium ion battery raw materials and efficient utilization of multiple elements, and sorting is not required.
Owner:GUANGDONG GUANGHUA SCI TECH

Recycling method for valuable metal from waste nickel-cobalt-manganese lithium ion battery

The invention relates to a method for recycling valuable metal from a waste nickel-cobalt-manganese lithium ion battery. The method comprises the following steps of: dismounting, discharging and crushing the battery, soaking crushed waste nickel-cobalt-manganese lithium ions into sulfuric acid with certain concentration, adding a reducing agent to strip positive and negative pole pieces, and leaching valuable metals of nickel, cobalt, manganese and lithium; and replacing leach liquor with iron powder to remove copper, carrying out hydrolyzing to remove iron and aluminum, and dosing an impurity-removed solution to synthesize an aluminum coated nickel, cobalt and manganese ternary positive electrode material precursor, evaporating and concentrating the synthesized solution, adding carbonateor introducing carbon dioxide to recycle lithium. According to the method disclosed by the invention, stripping and leaching are synchronously completed, chemical precipitation is performed to removecopper, iron and aluminum, slag amount is small, slag filter performances are good, and the impurity-removed solution is used for synthesizing the aluminum coated nickel, cobalt and manganese ternaryprecursor, so that the recovery rate of valuable metal is increased; and the recovery rate for nickel, cobalt and manganese is 96% or higher in the whole process, the total recovery rate of lithium is90% or higher, the technological process is short, operation is simple, equipment is less, and the cost is low.
Owner:JINCHUAN GROUP LIMITED +1
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