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2871 results about "Material consumption" patented technology

The consumption of materials characterizes the expenditure in specific terms (per unit of production) of material resources (basic and auxiliary materials, fuel, energy, and depreciation of fixed assets) needed for production. The consumption of materials can be measured in cost or physical terms.

Micro-interface enhanced reactor bubble scale structure-activity regulation and control model building method

ActiveCN107563051ASpecial data processing applicationsActivity regulationScale structure
The invention relates to a micro-interface enhanced reactor bubble scale structure-activity regulation and control model building method. The diameter dmax of the largest bubble of a micro-interface enhanced reactor and the diameter dmin of the smallest bubble of the micro-interface enhanced reactor serve as independent variables, the average diameter d32 of the bubble Sauter serve as a dependentvariable, and a numerical relationship is built; based on the Kolmogorov-Hinze theory, the relationship between the diameter dmax of the largest bubble of the micro-interface enhanced reactor, the diameter dmin of the smallest bubble and the parameters of the reactor is built. According to the method, the reactor bubble scale is associated with the structural parameter, the operation parameter andthe physical property parameter of the reactor by using specific numerical relationship, the numerical relationship has the guiding significance for the design of the reactor and can be applied to avariety of reactors, the versatility is good, by means of a bubble scale regulation and control model built through the method, by adjusting the structural parameter and the operation parameter of thereactor, and the maximization of energy efficiency and material efficiency in the reaction process can be achieved, or under the condition that reaction targets, energy consumption and material consumption are given, a high-efficiency reactor structure is designed.

Method for producing aluminum oxide and co-producing active calcium silicate through high-alumina fly ash

ActiveCN102249253AExtraction is effective and cheapIncrease Al-Si RatioAlkaline-earth metal silicatesAluminium oxide/hydroxide preparationCalcium silicateSodium aluminate
The invention provides a method for producing aluminum oxide and co-producing active calcium silicate through high-alumina fly ash. The method comprises the following steps that: the high-alumina fly ash firstly reacts with a sodium hydroxide solution to carry out pre-desilication to obtain a liquid-phase desiliconized solution and a solid-phase desiliconized fly ash; lime cream is added to the liquid-phase desiliconized solution to carry out a causticization reaction, the resulting solid phase is active calcium silicate which is prepared through carrying out filter pressing, flash evaporation and drying to obtain the finished product; limestone and a sodium carbonate solution are added to the desiliconized fly ash to blend qualified raw slurry, then the blend qualified raw slurry is subjected to baking into the clinker, the liquid phase generated from dissolution of the clinker is a crude solution of sodium aluminate; the crude solution of the sodium aluminate is subjected to processes of first-stage deep desilication, second-stage deep desilication, carbonation, seed precipitation, baking and the like to obtain the metallurgical grade aluminum oxide meeting requirements. According to the present invention, the defects in the prior art are overcome; purposes of less material flow and small amount of slaggling are achieved; energy consumption, material consumption and production cost are relative low; extraction rate of the aluminum oxide is high; the calcium silicate with high added value is co-produced; the method provided by the present invention can be widely applicable for the field of chemical engineering.

Foamed ceramics energy saving and heat preservation decorative wall brick and manufacture method thereof

The invention discloses a foamed ceramics energy saving and heat preservation decorative wall brick and a manufacture method thereof, including the steps of conducting ball milling on 15-65 percent wt of industrial residues, 10-45 percent wt of plastic clay, 15-60 percent wt of solvent, 10-45 percent wt of pore-forming agent with the fineness being 1-100mum and proper amount of water to form slurry; spray drying or dehydration and clay preparation, and forming powder material or clay segment through staleness; and implementing pressure forming to make billet which is burned under heat preservation at temperature of 1140-1240 DEG C to finally form the foamed ceramics wall brick. The wall brick can be used not only for the heat preservation and decoration of external walls, but also for indoor heat preservation and decoration, and the external wall and the indoor space can realize the organic combination of uniform heat preservation and decoration, which agrees with the development direction of heat preservation material industry of external walls. The wall brick has the advantages of: I. high temperature resistance, acid and alkali-resistance, good chemical stability, no ageing, strong durability, long service life, no generation of heat channel and good adhesive fixity; and II. difficult water seepage and crack, strong anti-corrosion capacity, uneasy deformation and damage, simplification of mounting, laying and sticking procedures, convenience for construction, relief of labor intensity and decrease of material consumption quantity.

Brazilian split method for measuring elastic parameter of rock under extension condition

The invention discloses a Brazilian split method for measuring an elastic parameter of a rock under an extension condition, which comprises the steps of: A. horizontally putting a machined disc-shaped sample between the load bearing plates of a press machine by using a Brazilian disc split method, placing a hard steel wire respectively between the upper load bearing plate and the sample and between the lower load bearing plate and the sample, arranging a filler strip perpendicular to the symmetrical surfaces of the sample, and applying pressure on the upper load bearing plate and the lower load bearing plate to make the sample generate tension perpendicular to the action directions of an upper load and a lower load; B. carrying out analysis by using the Hooke's law in classical elasticity mechanics by combining specific conditions of the Brazilian split method; C. analyzing the stress condition of the rock and the measurement principle in the Brazilian disc split method; and D. obtaining the strain in the stress direction according to the Hooke's law from the stress condition sigma3=0, measuring epsilon1 and epsilon2, obtaining the elastic parameter of the rock sample, and arranging a strain gauge in the center position of the rock sample for measurement of epsilon1 and epsilon2. The method has the advantages of easiness for operation and use, clear principle, low material consumption, and the like. The method is suitable for wide popularization and application.

Construction method of drilling follow casting pile used for building or bridge foundation

A method for constructing pipe piles while drilling for building or bridge foundations. The construction steps are to cover high-strength prestressed concrete pipes or steel pipes with drill pipes on the ground first, and install impactors and reaming retractable drill bits at the front ends of the drill pipes. , Follow the pipe while drilling, follow the pipe retaining wall, drill to the design elevation, stop drilling, withdraw from the reaming to shrink the drill bit, use the mud pump to clean the mud and sediment, pour concrete into the pipe, and simultaneously inject pressure grout to the outside of the pipe wall , stop when concrete and grout reach the ground; the object of the invention is to propose a construction method with fast construction speed, reliable quality, less material consumption, high bearing capacity of piles, mechanized operation, and environmental protection. In the construction method of bored cast-in-place piles, the use of mud retaining walls pollutes the environment, the hole is easy to collapse during the drilling process, the quality of concrete pouring is unstable, and the prestressed pipe piles are easy to cause the soil to rise. The strength of the pile body constructed by the invention is high. , There is no sediment at the bottom of the pile, and the pile end is completely rock-socketed, which can reach more than 2 times the bearing capacity of the same diameter bored pile.

Quick start method for anaerobic ammonia oxidation bioreactor for urban sewage

ActiveCN101343116AKey Issues to Reduce Startup DifficultiesSolve the key problems of starting difficultiesTreatment with anaerobic digestion processesMaterial consumptionMunicipal sewage
Disclosed is a quick startup method of an urban sewage anaerobic ammonium oxidation bioreactor, which belongs to the fields of urban sewage disposal and resource utilization. The method aims to solve the problems of high energy and material consumption, and difficult startup of the anaerobic ammonium oxidation process applied to the urban sewage denitrogenation treatment of the current urban sewage biological denitrogenation method. The method comprises: adopting a biomembrane filter chamber system under normal temperature, directly inoculating anaerobic ammonium oxidation bacteria, making the biomembrane filter chamber system adapt to the acclimation and amplification environment of anaerobic ammonium oxidation bacteria through adjusting the equipment operation parameters of the reactor, and rapidly realizing the successful startup of the urban sewage anaerobic ammonium oxidation biological autotrophic denitrogenation reactor. The method applies a new discovery in science of quick startup of the reactor implementing a simple process of anaerobic ammonium oxidation biological autotrophic denitrogenation to the high-efficiency and low-consumption denitrogenation treatment of urban domestic sewage for the first time, and has the advantages of short startup period of the reactor, stable system operation, excellent effects of sewage disposal and low cost.

Preparation method of super-hydrophobic active carbon modified material

The invention discloses a preparation method of a super-hydrophobic active carbon modified material. The material is prepared by applying a chemical liquid phase impregnation method, using trimethylchlorosilane as a modifier, using absolute methanol as a solvent, respectively using pre-processed coal columnar active carbon and coconut shell granulated active carbon as carriers, impregnating via liquid phase, drying in vacuum, and commonly blowing air and drying. The hydrophobic performance is respectively detected through a contact angle test and a liquid water adsorption experiment; and the adsorption is checked by using benzene adsorption experiment and an iodine value test. The invention has the advantages of simple preparation process, less material consumption and wild preparation condition; and the preparation method is carried out at room temperature. The prepared active carbon modified material has super-hydrophobic surface chemical performance and great pore volume, which makes up the shortcomings of easy absorption of moisture in the multi-pore carbon material with high humidity and small absorption capacity of the target organic matters; and the prepared active carbon modified material is easy to recycle and can be repeatedly recycled, so that the industrial cost is reduced and a foundation is further laid for the industrialized application.

Method for extracting vanadic anhydride from stone coal vanadium ore

The invention relates to a method for extracting V2O5 from stone coal vanadium ores, which is characterized in that the stone coal vanadium ores are grinded, subjected to high-temperature roasting, and directly leached out by a dilute sulfuric acid; slag is washed and filtered by water; and a leached solution is extracted by extract containing an N235 extractant, and subjected to back-extraction, ammonium metavanadate precipitation, filtration, washing, deamination and roasting to obtain the V2O5. The method greatly reduces pollution of waste gas and waste water. Compared with the prior salt roasting (sodium modification) technology, the technology has a reasonable design structure, high comprehensive utilization rate of resources, proper material consumption, strong controlled ability of the process, high product quality and high automation degree of the technological flow, and is convenient for large-scale industrial production. The technology does not have exact demands on the raw ores and has good adaptability. The overall yield of the technology is high, reaches more than 85 percent, is on the advanced level in China currently, and is improved by approximately 25 percent compared with the overall yield of sodium modification roasting technology of other vanadium smelting plants in Hunan province.

Method for extracting aluminum oxide and white carbon black through two-step alkaline leaching method by adopting high-alumina fly ash

The invention discloses a process for preparing aluminum oxide and white carbon black by taking high-alumina fly ash as a raw material and adopting a two-step alkaline leaching method, comprising the following process steps of: preparing a sodium silicate solution by carrying out first-step alkaline leaching on the high-alumina fly ash; preparing the white carbon black by carrying out carbonation decomposition on the sodium silicate solution; preparing aluminum rich alkaline liquor by carrying out second-step alkaline leaching on desiliconization fly ash; preparing a sodium aluminate solution through the aluminum rich alkaline liquor; and preparing the aluminum oxide through the sodium aluminate solution, and the like. The invention prevents the high-temperature sintering in the process of the aluminum oxide prepared through the high-alumina fly ash, has low energy consumption and cyclic utilization of the alkaline liquor obtained through the first-step alkaline leaching and the second-step alkaline leaching, little material consumption; and in addition, silicon-calcium slag generated in the process course are used as raw materials for producing wall materials without generating secondary pollution, therefore the invention meets the requirements for clean production.

Method for treating ammonia containing wastewater through simultaneous nitrification and denitrification

The invention discloses a method for treating ammonia containing wastewater through simultaneous nitrification and denitrification. The method comprises the following steps: firstly, cultivating denitrifying granular sludge; and secondly, using the denitrifying granular sludge to treat ammonia containing wastewater through simultaneous nitrification and denitrification. The cultivating method of the denitrifying granular sludge comprises the following steps: firstly, inoculating seed sludge in an aerobic reactor, and performing accumulation culture to the aerobic sludge with high ammonia-nitrogen and low chemical oxygen demand (COD) wastewater; secondly, separating and screening aerobic denitrifying bacteria to perform domestication and cultivation; and thirdly, inoculating the domesticated and cultivated aerobic denitrifying bacteria in the denitrifying granular sludge to cultivate and obtain the finished denitrifying granular sludge. The invention adopts the domesticated and cultivated simultaneous nitrification and denitrification sludge treatment catalyst to treat ammonia containing wastewater, and has the characteristics of high removal rate of contaminants, low energy consumption and material consumption and the like; and nitrification and denitrification can be completed in the same reactor, and the short-range simultaneous nitrification and denitrification technology can be applied in actual wastewater treatment.

Method for preparing seamless titanium alloy tube for aircraft engine

InactiveCN101934302AHigh yieldGood process plasticityHeating timeMaterial consumption
The invention discloses a method for preparing a seamless titanium alloy tube for an aircraft engine. The seamless titanium alloy tube for the aircraft engine which meets corresponding requirements is manufactured by improving the technological plasticity of the titanium alloy tube material. The method comprises the following steps of: firstly, smelting a spongy cast ingot to introduce interstitial elements as little as possible; secondly, cogging and forging heated cast ingot at large deformation and repeatedly upsetting and stretching the cast ingot to ensure that as-cast coarse grains are completely crushed and thinned, thermally processing formed tube billet under vacuum to eliminate residual stress produced during tube billet extrusion so as to improve the plasticity of the tube billet; thirdly, cogging and rolling the tube billet at large deformation and further thinning the grains; and finally, annealing at a low temperature after cold rolling of intermediate rolling and finished product rolling to effectively control the coarsening of the grains. Therefore, full recrystallization can be ensured by prolonging the heating time, and mechanical property and processing property required by material consumption of the aircraft engine can be met under the condition that the tube structure is fully recrystallized.

Tape sticking type carton wrapping machine

The invention discloses a tape sticking type carton wrapping machine which comprises a machine frame and a corrugated die cutting carton conveying belt arranged on the machine frame. The machine frame is sequentially provided with a die cutting paper board storing device, a U-shaped fetching die cutting paper board device, a carton flange pressing device, a carton flange pressing guiding device, a carton front and rear side board flange folding device, a internally contained material filling device, a carton upper cover pre-folding device, a carton upper cover pressing and delivering device, a carton side board tape sticking forming device, a transition conveying device, a horizontal conveying belt and a carton upper cover tape sticking forming device along a conveying direction. The carton front and rear side board flange folding device of the same side with the internally contained material filling device is arranged on the lower course of the internally contained material filling device. According to the tape sticking type carton wrapping machine, a piece-shaped die cutting corrugated paperboard can be automatically formed and contained in a box, and tape sticking of three sides of a carton can be automatically finished so as to seal the box. Working efficiency is improved, and material consumption cost in the process of packing is reduced.

Propagation method of camellia amplexicaulis cohen stuart by using shoot cutting

The invention discloses a propagation method of camellia amplexicaulis cohen stuart by using shoot cutting. The propagation method comprises the steps of: firstly, transplanting mother seedlings which are cultured through seedling culturing and are taken as cutting mother seedlings into a garden using composted organic fertilizers and calcium magnesium phosphate fertilizers as base fertilizers, and culturing, wherein the plant spacing between the two adjacent rows is 25cm*30cm; performing cutting back and sprouting promoting at a position where a mother plant base parts is 10-15cm away from the ground, collecting cutting woods with branch lengths of 5-8cm, and cutting in a cutting bed provided with a cutting substrate; and controlling illumination, relative humidity and substrate water content in the cutting bed to obtain a cutting seedling of the camellia amplexicaulis cohen stuart. According to the propagation method, the garden for culturing the mother seedlings, an exposed plot isselected for ridging and close planting, the mother seedlings are developed in root systems, are high in growth speed and are also high in growth speed of branches sprouting, a rejuvenating effect oflow-level trunk cutting is good, cutting woods are easy to root and are shorter than branches in the common shoot cutting, and thus a collecting interval of the cutting woods can be shortened, the propagation efficiency is improved, and 5-6 times of cutting propagation can be carried out one year, so that a large quantity of seedlings are obtained; and the propagation method has the advantages ofbeing low in production cost, relatively small in material consumption, simples in operation, large in supply quality of the cutting woods, and relatively good in economic benefit.

Drill pipe joint precision die forging process

The invention discloses a precise die forging technique of a petroleum drill rod connector and is characterized in that: 1) flan material is prepared with a band saw; 2) the flan material is heated quickly at a temperature that is suitable for forging by a medium frequency electric induction furnace; 3) then the flan material is extruded in a close type into a prefabricated flan and a flan makes concave die on a quick flan-making oil hydraulic machine; 4) a molding concave by die level method extrudes and presses the prefabricate flan into a connector die forging piece on the quick flan-making oil hydraulic machine which can implement combination of the upper molding concave die and the lower molding concave die and relative extrusion and pressing from right and left and inner holes of the connector die forging piece is provided with wad; 5) finally a hole punching die punches away the recess inside the inner hole of the forging piece on a special hole punching oil hydraulic machine to obtain the connector forging piece with accurate specifications, excellent structure performance and central through holes. The invention has the advantages of good streamline distribution, material conservation, environmental protection and high production efficiency.

Method for extracting amber acid in fermentation liquor by anion resin adsorption

A method for sorption extraction of succinic acid in fermentation broth by an anion resin belongs to the biochemical technical field. The method comprises the following steps that succinic acid fermentation broth undergoes decoloring treatment by heated active carbon; fungus residue is eliminated through centrifugal filtration or microfiltration membrane filtration; the obtained fermentation clear solution is adsorbed by an alkaline anion resin column, and impurity is flushed away by water after adsorption saturation and then is eluted by hydrochloric acid solution or sulfuric acid solution, thereby obtaining succinic acid solution; the succinic acid solution undergoes depressurized concentration and crystallization so as to obtain a succinic acid product; moreover, MgCl2 and residual sugar in effluent after anion resin column adsorption of the fermentation broth is reclaimed; the MgCl2 in the effluent generated during anion resin adsorption is passed through CO2 or (Na)2CO3 so as to prepare magnesium carbonate which is reclaimed and used in buffering and adjusting pH during fermentation; and sugar in filtrate is reclaimed and used in fermentation ingredients for further fermentation. The method can realize recovery and reuse of materials during operation, and substantially reduces material consumption during extraction; moreover, the method reduces the treatment cost of waste water for environmental protection, and increases the economic benefit of products.
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