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1715 results about "Liquid water" patented technology

Multilayer breathable film

Provided is a method of makinga stretched, multilayer breathable film having the combination of properties of: (i) providing a barrier to microorganisms; and (ii) providing a barrier to blood and bodily fluids; said method comprising the steps of: (a) simultaneously extruding at least a five-layer film from a die, said five-layer film having as a minimum the following structure: C:A:B:A:C; where B comprises a microporous core layer containing at least one thremoplastic polymer and at least one particulate filler; C comprises an outer monolithic layer containing a hydrophilic polymeric resin capable of absorbing and desorbing moisture and providing a barrier to aqueous fluids and microorganisms, said C layer being substantially free of particulate filler; and A comprises a microporous adhesive layer for bonding said C layers to said core layer B, wherein said C layer sustantially prevents the buildup of particulate filler material on said die during said extrusion step; (b) stretching said extruded five-layer film to thereby form micropores in said microporous core layer and said microporous adhesive layer, wherein said stretching step is conducted and said microporous core layer and said microporous adhesive layers have been formulated so as to provide micropores which allow the passage of gaseous water but substantially prevent the passage of liquid water. The invention also relates to a multilayer film.

Method for preparing medical freeze-dried powder (injection) preparation

The present invention aims at adding energy for the liquid water and /or solid water ingeniously from multi-angle and providing a new perspective which is conductive to the escape of the water molecules from the solid ice, the present invention starts from the four angles of ultrasonic disruption, infrared energy adding, microwave activating and magnetization processing, introduces the advantages and the characteristics of the magnetized water, small water molecule clusters and high-energy water into the medical frozen powder (injection) preparations which are produced industrially in a most economical method and to the maximum extend, so as to explore a new path for shortening the production cycle of the normal vacuum frozen drying and further reducing the energy consumption. On the basis, the present invention also provides: a preparation method of medical frozen powder (injection) preparations by infrared vacuum frozen drying, a preparation method of medical frozen powder (injection) preparations by microwave vacuum frozen drying etc.. The two new methods completely overcome the deficiencies of the single channel for transferring the energy of the traditional vacuum frozen drying and can possibly further greatly shorten the production period of the industrial production of the medical frozen powder (injection) preparations, reduce the energy consumption and improve the inherent quality of the products.

Alkali-activated cementing material and preparation method thereof

InactiveCN104446045ABroaden the way of resource utilizationIncrease consumptionCement productionLiquid waterAlkali activated
The invention relates to an alkali-activated cementing material prepared from siliceous iron tailings and a preparation method of the alkali-activated cementing material. The preparation method comprises the following steps: 1) proportionally and evenly mixing siliceous iron tailing powder, coal ash and slag powder together to obtain iron tailing powder-coal ash-slag powder compound powder; 2) mixing liquid water glass with water to obtain an alkali activating agent solution; 3) adding the alkali activating agent solution to the compound powder and stirring evenly to obtain an alkali-activated cementing material paste; 4) injecting the alkali-activated cementing material paste into a die for vibrating molding and maintaining under a normal temperature condition until knockout, thereby obtaining an alkali-activated cementing material net paste test piece; and 5) performing steam curing on the alkali-activated cementing material net paste test piece. The alkali-activated cementing material has the beneficial effects that the alkali-activated cementing material hardened paste has excellent mechanical properties, the 3d compressive strength of the optimal proportion of the hardened paste is greater than 60MPa and the 28d compressive strength of the hardened paste is greater than 80MPa.

Gas diffusion layer with gradient hole structure and preparation and applications thereof

The invention relates to a gas diffusion layer with a gradient hole structure for fuel batteries and a preparation method and applications thereof. The gas diffusion layer consists of a macroporous carbon-based support body and a micro-porous layer which are overlapped, wherein the material of the micro-porous layer is embedded in the macroporous carbon-based support body from one side, far from the flow field of a battery, of the macroporous carbon-based support body to form a transitional hole layer; the transitional hole layer is composed of the material of the micro-porous layer and the fiber of the macroporous carbon-based support body and is obtained by embedding the material of the micro-porous layer in the side, far from the flow field of a battery, of the macroporous carbon-based support body; and the curvature of reaction gas transfer from the side next to the flow field to the side next to a catalyst layer in the gas diffusion layer increases gradiently and the air permeability gradually reduces from 4-10s/100ml to 100-900s/100ml. By adopting the gas diffusion layer with the structure, the mass transfer curvatures of water and the gas in the gas diffusion layer (GDL) can be effectively increased, the transfer path of the product-water can be prolonged and liquid water in the battery can be maintained; and the gas diffusion layer is particularly suitable for fuel batteries working under low humidity and the cathodes of alkaline fuel batteries.

Cathode exhaust recirculating system for proton exchange membrane fuel cell

An air system for a proton exchange membrane fuel cell belongs to the technical field of new energy automobiles, and is characterized in that an exhaust recirculating loop is used to lead the gas exhausted from a cathode outlet of a galvanic pile into an inlet loop of the galvanic pile again. According to the invention, the total flow, total pressure and oxygen flow entering into the galvanic pile can be adjusted independently, and the water logging or membrane drying of the galvanic pile can be effectively avoided while the monolithic voltage of the galvanic pile is limited; during the shutdown period, liquid water inside the galvanic pile can be dried quickly, so as to prevent the galvanic pile from being damaged caused by freezing of water residual inside the galvanic pile under the condition of low temperature; during the shutdown period, the whole pipeline can be filled with nitrogen, so as to prevent oxygen from entering into the anode to corrode the galvanic pile with long-term shutdown; and the fresh air amount entering into the system is reduced, and the load of the mechanical and chemical filter is reduced. The measures can effectively improve the service life and the durability of the fuel cell, and meanwhile, as the radiating and humidifying by-pass governing is led in, the machine warming speed of the galvanic pile under the condition of low temperature can be increased.
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