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3221results about "Cosmonautic vehicles" patented technology

Inflatable fresnel lens solar concentrator for space power

A novel, high-efficiency, extremely light-weight, inflatable refractive solar concentrator for space power is described. It consists of a flexible Fresnel lens, flexible sides, and a back surface, together enclosing a volume of space which can be filled with low pressure gas to deploy the concentrator on orbit. The back surface supports the energy receiver/converter located in the focal region of the Fresnel lens. The back surface can also serve as the waste heat radiator. Prior to deployment, the deflated flexible lens and sides are folded against the back surface to form a flat, low-volume package for efficient launch into space. The inflatable concentrator can be configured to provide either a line focus or a point focus of sunlight. The new inflatable concentrator approach will provide significant advantages over the prior art in two different space power areas: photovoltaic concentrator arrays and high-temperature solar thermal conversion systems. Photovoltaic concentrator arrays using the new inflatable lens will be much lighter than prior space concentrator arrays. In addition, for photovoltaic concentrator arrays, the new inflatable lens will eliminate the need for a fragile glass superstrate to support the lens, substantially improving robustness of the lens. Solar thermal concentrator arrays using the new inflatable lens will be much lighter than prior art space concentrators which used parabolic mirrors. In addition, for solar thermal applications in space, the new inflatable lens will eliminate the need for high surface accuracy, which has been a significant problem for prior art concentrators.

Satellite posture all-round controlling method based on magnetic moment device and flywheel

The invention discloses a satellite posture all-round controlling method based on a magnetic moment device and a flywheel, relating to an all-round posture controlling method for completing a satellite orbit-injection phase by using the magnetic moment device and the flywheel. The invention solves the problems of low reliability and short service life of the traditional satellite posture all-round controlling technology. The satellite posture all-round controlling method comprises the following steps of: 1, setting controller parameters according to the requirement of a control system; 2, measuring a geomagnetic field intensity vector Bb, a satellite angular velocity vector Wb and a solar azimuth, and sending the measured data to a satellite controller; 3, calculating an expected control moment vector Tm and a control magnetic moment vector Mm, and sending the control magnetic moment vector Mm to the magnetic moment device; 4, acquiring an effective solar azimuth vector Alfa; 5, calculating a control input moment vector Tw and sending to the flywheel; and 6, jointly completing the satellite posture all-round control by the magnetic moment device according to the control magnetic moment vector Mm and the flywheel according to the control input moment vector Tw. The invention is suitable for the field of satellite posture control.

Spacecraft attitude integral sliding mode fault tolerance control method taking consideration of performer fault

The invention relates to a spacecraft attitude integral sliding mode fault tolerance control method taking consideration of a performer fault and provides a robustness attitude active fault tolerance control method based on an integral sliding mode surface for problems of the performer fault, external disturbance and control moment amplitude limits in a spacecraft attitude control process. The method comprises steps that firstly, a spacecraft attitude dynamics model taking consideration of the performer fault and containing external disturbance is established; secondly, on the condition that a performer is not in fault, a designed nominal controller can guarantee system stability, and input saturation amplitude limits can be easily satisfied through adjusting controller parameters; lastly, the fault information is introduced to design an integral sliding mode controller, robustness of external disturbance and the performer fault can be effectively improved, system stability is analyzed on the basis of an Lyapunov method. The method is advantaged in that stability of the attitude control system is guaranteed when a spacecraft operating on orbit generates the performer fault, and relatively strong fault tolerance capability and external disturbance robustness are realized.
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