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5738results about "Stationary tubular conduit assemblies" patented technology

Tube and shell reactor with oxygen selective ion transport ceramic reaction tubes

InactiveUS6139810AIncrease oxygen fluxDecreasing anode side partial oxygen pressureIsotope separationHydrogen/synthetic gas productionPtru catalystElectrical conductor
A reactor comprising: a hollow shell defining a hermetic enclosure; a plurality of tube sheets disposed within said hermetic enclosure, a first one of said plurality of tube sheets defining a first chamber; at least one reaction tube each having a first end and an opposing second end, said first end being fixedly attached and substantially hermetically sealed to one end of said plurality of tube sheets and opening into said first chamber, the second end being axially unrestrained; each of said reaction tubes is comprised of an oxygen selective ion transport membrane with an anode side wherein said oxygen selective ion transport membrane is formed from a mixed conductor metal oxide that is effective for the transport of elemental oxygen at elevated temperatures and at least a portion of said first and second heat transfer sections are formed of metal; each of said reaction tubes includes first and second heat transfer sections and a reaction section, said reaction section disposed between said first and second heat transfer sections; a reforming catalyst disposed about said anode side of said oxygen selective ion transport membrane; a first process gas inlet; a second process gas inlet; and, a plurality of outlets.

Annular flow concentric tube recuperator

An annular flow concentric tube heat exchanger for heating two counter flowing fluid streams has been devised. Although capable of heating gases or liquids, the primary purpose of the invention is to function as an improved recuperator for recovering exhaust heat from a Brayton Cycle gas turbine engine, Ericsson Cycle engine or similar recuperated engine. The basic element of the recuperator is a concentric tube assembly that, in the preferred embodiment, is comprised of four concentric tubes that enclose three concentric annular flow passages. The low pressure exhaust flows through the inner and outer annular passages while the high pressure compressor exit air flows through the annular passage that is between the two low pressure passages. The high and low pressure flows are in opposite directions to achieve the high effectiveness that is only available with a counterflow heat exchanger. Heat is transferred from the exhaust gas to the compressor air though the tube walls on each side of the high pressure passage. Two low pressure passages are provided for each high pressure air passage to compensate for the lower pressure (and therefore lower density) of the exhaust gas. Multiple concentric tube assemblies are used to make a recuperator. The tube assemblies terminate in header assemblies located at each end of the concentric tube assemblies. The headers are made of simple plates and rings that serve the dual function of structurally locating the concentric tube assemblies and directing the flow to the proper passage in the concentric tube assemblies. High and low pressure flow tubes provide flow passages connecting the recuperator to the engine compressor air and exhaust tubing respectively. The annular flow concentric tube recuperator can be easily made from commercial tubing with minimal special tooling and is capable of very high effectiveness with very low pressure drop.
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