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2674 results about "Heat flow" patented technology

Multistage-spreading heat-dissipation fire-proof heat-insulation composite fabric, preparation method and application

The invention relates to a preparation method and an application of multistage-spreading heat-dissipation fire-proof heat-insulation composite fabric. The multistage-spreading heat-dissipation fire-proof heat-insulation composite fabric is formed by successively arranging and laminating a metal foil reflection layer, a phase change temperature limitation layer, an interval composite membrane heat-insulation layer and a flame-retardant comfortable layer, wherein the metal foil reflection layer has high reflectivity and an enhanced heat-dissipation function; the phase change temperature limitation layer has functions of high energy consumption absorption and evenly-distributed heat conduction; the interval composite membrane heat-insulation layer has the functions of reflection insulation and even distribution of heat; and the flame-retardant comfortable layer has the functions of low-contact heat conduction, heat insulation and comfort. When the front side of the multistage-spreading heat-dissipation fire-proof heat-insulation composite fabric is under the action of open fire and strong heat flow environment, the back side of the multistage-spreading heat-dissipation fire-proof heat-insulation composite fabric can be kept below 50DEG C which is near the safe temperature state of the human skin, and the integral structural form and the mechanical property are stable. The natural thickness of the composite fabric is 5-15mm, the compression thickness of the composite fabric is 3-8mm, and the square meter quality of the composite fabric is 400-1500g/m<2>. The composite fabric is fire-proof heat-insulation material which is totally sealed, stuck and sewn and can be used for individual protection and environment heat insulation in special high-temperature occasions, such as fire control, military, exploration, safe escape and industry and the like.

Technique for using heat flow management to treat brain disorders

A method of treating a brain disorder by heat transfer from brain tissue comprising the steps of surgically cutting a heat transfer aperture into a patient's skull, thereby exposing a predetermined portion of patient's brain; surgically implanting into said heat transfer aperture a heat pump having one or more electrical sensor elements and one or more temperature sensor elements; surgically implanting a heat transfer management unit in a body cavity of said patient such that a micro controller of the heat transfer management unit is connected to one or more activity sensor elements and one or more temperature sensor elements contacting brain tissue and connecting the heat transfer management unit to said heat pump via a lead bundle. Optionally, the heat transfer unit may be located external to the patient's body. Responsive to signals from one or more activity or temperature sensor elements, mathematical algorithms of the heat transfer management unit determine abnormal brain activity, causing the heat pump to remove heat from the brain tissue into a heat sink, thereby cooling the predetermined portion of the patient's brain. This technique utilizes acute hypothermia by means of a Peltier cooler or similar device to cool the brain temperature to reduce or prevent seizure initiation and/or propagation. The method may be used in association with brain stimulation and/or drug application to acutely avoid the occurrence of a seizure episode.

Composition of a thermaly insulating coating system

A composition for a Coating System (paint) which forms an insulating material being designed to both reflect infrared radiation and have reduced thermal conductivity. The coating system may be either a single Thermal Coating or may be a Thermal Coating used in combination with a Thermal Primer. The Thermal Coating is formulated using conventional techniques and a resin used in paint manufacture, but utilizes primary pigments and extender mineral pigments which preferentially reflect in the infra red area of the solar spectrum. A method of characterizing particulate materials for their infra red reflectivity is described, which provides a means for preferential selection of particulate additives based on their relative visible light and infrared reflectivity. Additionally the incorporation of hollow micro-spheres is desired to reduce thermal conductivity. The Thermal Primer is designed to provide adhesion between the Thermal Coating and the substrate on which it is applied and uses conventional techniques to achieve those properties. However it has been found advantageous to incorporate hollow micro-spheres with low thermal conductivity, such as glass, ceramic or polymeric micro-spheres and/or an extender pigment with low thermal conductivity such as calcined clay to further reduce heat flow through the Coating System.

Mist Generator and Mist Emission Rendering Apparatus

[OBJECTS AND PROBLEMS] Relating to a mist generator capable of emitting any of chemical substances used in life, such as perfumes, pharmaceuticals and pesticides, in the form of fog or vapor. An object of the invention is to attain means for efficiently atomizing liquid, means for easily and rapidly switching the type of chemical substance emitted and a compact apparatus of good maintainability. [MEANS FOR SOLVING PROBLEMS] An apparatus comprises an ultrasonic transducer; an ultrasonic propagation medium disposed so as to fill a plane of vibration of the transducer; liquid retaining means disposed so as to be in contact with an end face of the medium; and an ultrasonic focusing reflecting mechanism (concave reflection mirror) disposed in an ultrasonic propagation path, thereby the apparatus attains discharging into air and atomization of the liquid by means of ultrasonic waves. Atomization efficiency is enhanced by the use of an ultrasonic reflection tube, and mist emission is carried out. Use is made of a compact liquid container equipped at its bottom with an ultrasonic transmission membrane. Various types of liquids can be atomized by changing the direction of ultrasonic course. Mist can be emitted by means of a thermal current as heating means. IC tag is attached to the liquid retaining means or liquid injection means.

Fluid-solid-heat coupling triaxial servo percolation device for gas-contained coal

The invention discloses a fluid-solid-heat coupling triaxial servo percolation device for gas-contained coal, comprising a lifting stand, a hydraulic servo control system, an axial loading device mounted at the top of the lifting stand and a triaxial pressure chamber connected with the lower end of the axial loading device. A thermostatic water tank is arranged below the triaxial pressure chamber; a movable worktable is arranged above the thermostatic water tank; the lower end of the triaxial pressure chamber is arranged on the movable worktable; heating tubes are arranged in the thermostatic water tank; and a water inlet valve, a water drain valve and a water-bath circulating water pump are arranged outside the thermostatic water tank and are communicated with the thermostatic water tank. In the hydraulic servo control system, an axial compression loading oil pump is communicated with an oil inlet and an oil outlet by a pipeline, and a peripheral compression loading oil pump is communicated with an oil intake/drain hole by a pipeline. The fluid-solid-heat coupling triaxial servo percolation device for gas-contained coal can carry out the research of gas-contained coal percolation tests in states, such as different terrestrial stresses, different gas pressures, different temperatures, and the like and the distortion and failure characteristics of the gas-contained coal in a percolation process.

A kind of measuring device and method of thin film thermoelectric performance parameters

The invention provides a device and a method for measuring thermoelectric parameters of a film. The measuring device, which has a symmetric structure, comprises a radiating fin, a thermoelectric module, a heat insulation material, metal round rods, a thermocouple wire, a voltmeter, a power supply, a data acquisition instrument and a computer. The measuring method provided by the invention comprises the following steps of: clamping a film to be measured between two upper and lower metal round rods which are completely same while the area of the film sample is the same as the cross-sectional area of the metal round rods, controlling the ambient temperature of the measuring device and the heat flow of the film sample by the use of the thermoelectric module, detecting and recording each performance parameter of the film thermoelectric material at real time by the use of the data acquisition instrument. The invention has the following advantages: the performance of the film thermoelectric material at different temperatures can be measured, that is to say, the same device can be utilized to simultaneously measure the thermal conductivity coefficient, Seebeck coefficient and conductance coefficient of the film thermoelectric material so as to calculate ZT values of the film thermoelectric material at different temperatures. According to the invention, the measuring device has a simple principle, is convenient to operate, is small in size, has many test functions and has high measuring precision.

Power recovery and energy conversion systems and methods of using same

In various illustrative examples, the system may include heat recovery heat exchangers, one or more turbines or expanders, a desuperheater heat exchanger, a condenser heat exchanger, a separator, an accumulator, and a liquid circulating pump, etc. In one example, a bypass desuperheater control valve may be employed. The system comprises a first heat exchanger adapted to receive a heating stream from a heat source after passing through a second heat exchanger and a second portion of a working fluid, wherein, the second portion of working fluid is converted to a hot liquid via heat transfer. An economizer heat exchanger that is adapted to receive a first portion of the working fluid and the hot discharge vapor from at least one turbine may also be provided. The first and second portions of the working fluid are recombined in a first flow mixer after passing through the economizer heat exchanger and first heat exchanger, respectively. A second heat exchanger is provided that receives the working fluid from the first flow mixer and a hot heating stream from a heat source and convert the working fluid to a hot vapor. The hot vapor from the second heat exchanger is supplied to at least one turbine after passing through a separator designed to insure no liquid enters the said at least one turbine or expander. The hot, high pressure vapor is expanded in the turbine to produce mechanical power on a shaft and is discharged as a hot, low pressure vapor.

High heat flow simulator for spacecraft vacuum heat tests

InactiveCN103600851ASolve high temperatureSolve the technical difficulties of high heat flow simulationCosmonautic condition simulationsAircraft components testingHeat fluxInfrared lamp
The invention discloses a high-temperature high heat flow simulator for spacecraft vacuum heat tests in a space environment simulating chamber. The simulator mainly comprises infrared light arrays, a high-temperature insulation component unit, moving units, a temperature measuring unit and a temperature controlling unit. A plurality of infrared lights in the infrared light arrays are provided with reflective screens, the infrared lights are arrayed and combined to form the infrared light arrays according to requirements of heat flux density and uniformity, baffles surround the periphery of the infrared light arrays, high-temperature multi-layer insulation components are mounted among the infrared lights, a mounting baseplate and the baffles, and a high temperature region is limited in region formed through specimen irradiated face and the infrared light array high-temperature insulation components. According to the high-temperature high heat flow simulator, by means of unique design of the infrared light arrays and the high-temperature insulation components, technical difficulties of high-temperature high heat flow simulation when vacuum heat tests are performed on a spacecraft are solved, high-temperature high heat flow space environment can be simulated when vacuum heat tests are performed on spacecrafts in series of deep space exploration and space shuttles, and the spacecrafts can be tested.
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