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3791 results about "Chemical treatment" patented technology

Chemical treatment. Technologies that use chemicals or chemical processes to treat materials or wastes.

Integrated process for separation of lignocellulosic components to fermentable sugars for production of ethanol and chemicals

A continuous and modular process converts lignocellulosic materials for the production of ethanol principally and / or chemicals such as methanol, butanediol, propanediol, hydrocarbon fuel, etc. Renewable lignocellulosic biomass such as but not all inclusive hardwoods (gum, beech, oak, sweet gum, poplar, eucalyptus, etc.), soft woods (pines, firs, spruce, etc.), corn stovers, straws, grasses, recycled papers, waste products from pulp and paper mills, etc can be used as feedstock. The process is designed to be modular and the feed entry point can be selected to adapt to different biomass feedstock. Lignocellulosic biomass such as hardwood and softwood are subjected to chemical / pressure treatment stages using potent and selective chemicals such as sodium chlorite / acetic acid (anhydrous) and chlorine / chlorine dioxide to separate the main components—lignin, cellulose (glucose) and hemicelluloses (xylose, arabinose, galactose)—into three process streams. The separated carbohydrates are further subjected to washing, cleaning, neutralization, and / or mild hydrolysis and subsequently fermented to produce ethanol. Residual lignin and extractives remained with the cellulose are removed by chemical treatment steps to enhance the fermentations of cellulose. Pre-hydrolysate after neutralization to neutralize and remove toxic components such as acetic acid, furfural, phenolics, etc. containing (xylose, arabinose, galactose) and hexoses (glucose) can be either separately or together with the purified cellulosic fraction fermented to produce ethanol. Approximately 100 gallons of ethanol, suitable to be used as a fuel, can be produced from one dried ton of wood. Significant amount of lignin are separated as a by-product and can be converted to hydrocarbon fuel, surfactant, drilling aid, or can be incinerated for generation of power and steam.

Multi-source fluid waste heat recovery and comprehensive utilization system

The invention discloses a multi-source fluid waste heat recovery and comprehensive utilization system which comprises a high-temperature heat exchanger, a heat source end heat exchanger group, a heat source end small-cycle system, a direct heat exchanging device, a heat energy storage device, a use end heat exchanger group, a waste heat utilization system, a heat pump system and an intelligent control system, wherein the intelligent control system is connected with the high-temperature heat exchanger, the heat source end heat exchanger group, the heat source end small-cycle system, the direct heat exchanging device, the heat energy storage device, the use end heat exchanger group and the heat pump system through control cables respectively. According to the system, two independent internal circulations are set, so that dirt and impurities in water can be prevented while the temperature of a heat source end of a heat pump is guaranteed, independent physical and chemical treatment of circulating water can be performed, and the water quality of the heat source end is guaranteed; and besides, mutual contact between the heat pump and liquids containing different components is isolated through internal circulations, the cleaning and maintaining times are reduced, and the stability and the reliability of operating of the heat pump are guaranteed.
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