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3442 results about "Nanofiltration" patented technology

Nanofiltration (NF) is a relatively recent membrane filtration process used most often with low total dissolved solids water such as surface water and fresh groundwater, with the purpose of softening (polyvalent cation removal) and removal of disinfection by-product precursors such as natural organic matter and synthetic organic matter.

Branched flow filtraction and system

A cross flow filtration apparatus for nanofiltration or reverse osmosis has pressure vessels with a plurality of filter cartridges in each vessel. A feed port is provided at an intermediate position on the side of the vessel, and two permeate flows or branches exit opposite ends of the vessel, and the first branch has a characteristically high “upstream” flux and quality, while the second is of lesser flux and/or quality. The system provides a high degree of moduarity, enhancing flux or yield at a reduced driving pressure or overall pressure drop. Centered or off-center port, and a stop or valve in the permeate stream may apportion flows between the two outlets. Staged systems may employ a first stage bypass to achieve a target quality with increased yield. A flow divider or adaptor permits the cartridges to fit and seal in the vessel and an installation tool or sleeve may facilitate installation or replacement of cartridges having a directional perimeter seal. A tool permits modules to be bi-directional installed in the pressure vessel. Other embodiments involve adapting a conventional vessel designed for end-to-end feed flow utilizing a restrictor, obstruction or valve inside the filter cartridge to bifurcate or otherwise split or apportion the permeate. RO elements may be modified to movably position an obstruction or valve along a string of the elements and vary the take-off to two or more permeate outlets, or to provide pressure relief valves that present different pressure conditions for different elements of a string. A pressure vessel may have an intermediate inlet, with symmetric or asymmetric branching of permeate flow to opposed ends of the vessel, enhancing permeate flux, permeate quality and/or energy efficiency.

Mobile station and methods for diagnosing and modeling site specific full-scale effluent treatment facility requirements

InactiveUS20110257788A1Reduce financial riskHigh continuity of operationWater/sewage treatment by neutralisationSustainable biological treatmentInitial treatmentIon exchange
A mobile station and methods are disclosed for diagnosing and modeling site specific effluent treatment facility requirements to arrive at a treatment regimen and/or proposed commercial plant model idealized for the particular water/site requirements. The station includes a mobile platform having power intake, effluent intake and fluid outflow facilities and first and second suites of selectably actuatable effluent pre-treatment apparatus. An effluent polishing treatment array is housed at the station and includes at least one of nanofiltration, reverse osmosis and ion-exchange stages. A suite of selectively actuatable post-treatment apparatus is housed at the station. Controls are connected at the station for process control, monitoring and data accumulation. A plurality of improved water treatment technologies is also disclosed. The modeling methods include steps for analyzing raw effluent to be treated, providing a field of raw effluent condition entry values and a field of treated effluent condition goals entry values, and utilizing said fields to determine an initial treatment model including a selection of, and use parameters for, treatment technologies from the plurality of down-scaled treatment technologies at the facility, the model dynamically and continuously modifiable during treatment modeling.

Hyperfiltration membrane or nanofiltration membrane with multi-layered composite structure and preparation method thereof

The invention relates to a hyperfiltration membrane or nanofiltration membrane with a multi-layered composite structure and a preparation method thereof. The hyperfiltration membrane or nanofiltration membrane is a polymer electrostatic spinning nanofiber membrane layer characterized in strong chemical resistance prepared through an electrostatic spinning method, a hydrophilic polymer ultra-thin separation layer obtained through interfacial polymerization, and a functional group surface modification functional layer formed through the grafting reaction of reactant gases on the surfaces of hydrophilic polymers, or a long-chain polymer surface modification functional layer formed through the grafting reaction of the reaction gases on the surfaces of the hydrophilic polymers, or a functionalgroup-containing long-chain polymer surface modification functional layer through the grafting reaction of the reaction gases with the functional groups on the surfaces of the hydrophilic polymers. The hyperfiltration membrane or nanofiltration membrane with the multi-layered composite structure has the advantages of high water flux, high cutting rate and stable chemical performances. The filtration membrane can be used for the production of domestic water, drinking water or water in special conditions, and is suitable for the medical field, food field, environmental protection field and the like.

Advanced treatment system and method for high-concentration percolate in comprehensive garbage disposal plant

InactiveCN102503046AEasy to handleRequirements to meet emission concentration limitsMultistage water/sewage treatmentActivated carbon filtrationReverse osmosis
The invention discloses an advanced treatment system and method for high-concentration percolate in a comprehensive garbage disposal plant, belonging to the field of industrial waste water treatment. The system is formed by connecting a regulating tank, a coagulative precipitation tank, an upflow anaerobic sludge bed reaction tank, a primary anoxic and aerobic membrane bioreactor, advanced oxidation treatment equipment, a secondary anoxic and aerobic membrane bioreactor, nanofiltration membrane treatment equipment, an ozone contact tank and an active carbon filtering tower in sequence. According to the system, garbage percolate can be treated comprehensively, different pollutants in garbage percolate are treated in a classified way by combining physical, chemical and biological treatment,advanced treatment of garbage percolate is realized, and classified treatment for removing pollutants such as organic matters, heavy metals, ammonia, nitrogen and the like is performed, so that treated effluent strictly reaches the requirement of water pollution discharge degree limit in the Household Garbage Landfill Pollution Control Standard, the system runs stably for a long time, and treatment cost is lower than that of a secondary disc pipe reverse osmosis membrane process.

Crosslinked hyperbranched polyalcohol composite nano filter membrance and method of preparing the same

The invention discloses a crosslinking hyper branched polymer composite nanofiltration membrane as well as the preparation method thereof. The crosslinking hyper branched polymer composite nanofiltration membrane is prepared by taking an ultrafiltration membrane as a basement membrane and crosslinking hyper branched polymer as a selecting layer through hyper branched polymer and the interfacial polymerization of polybasic acid, polybasic acyl chloride, polybasic anhydride and polybasic amine; and the interfacial polymerization takes the mixed solution of water and ethanol as the water phase and n-hexane, n-heptane or n-octane as the organic phase. As the hyper branched polymer has the spheroidal structure, a plurality of nano-voids exist in the interior of the molecule, so as to enable the selecting layer of the crosslinking hyper branched polymer composite nanofiltration membrane to be looser, and leads the nanofiltration membrane to maintain high flux and retention rate under the lower operating pressure. The nanofiltration membrane can be used in the fields of medicament, foodstuff, environmental protection, etc. The composite nanofiltration membrane is applicable to the separation and the condensation of high valence ions, low valence ions, neutral particles, drugs, food additives, etc.

Preparation method of aromatic polyamide film modified by ZIF-8 type metal-organic framework material

InactiveCN104209021AIncrease fluid channelFacilitate water permeation membraneSemi-permeable membranesPolymer scienceMetal-organic framework
The invention discloses a preparation method of an aromatic polyamide film modified by a ZIF-8 type metal-organic framework material. A ZIF-8 filling polyamide composite film is prepared on an ultrafiltration bottom film by an interfacial polymerization method, wherein nano-grade ZIF-8 particles are added into an m-phenylenediamine aqueous solution and/or a trimesoyl hexane solution; a polyamide ultrathin skin layer, to which ZIF-8 is added, is formed through interfacial polymerization. The preparation method has the advantages that by the use of a ZIF-8 nano-grade aperture and a three-dimensional multi-hole structure, the selectivity or the permeability of the aromatic polyamide film is improved; the prepared ZIF-8 filling polyamide composite film can serve as a nanofiltration or reverse osmosis film for removing organic matters from the aqueous solution; when the adding ratio of an organic phase or water phase solution, to which ZIF-8 is added, is 0.05-0.15% (w/v), the performance of the film is the highest, and the permeation flux and the retention rate can be increased at the same time; furthermore, the nanofiltration or reverse osmosis performance of the two-phase adding film is higher than that of a single-phase adding film.

Method for carrying out desalination and zero-discharge processing of power plant desulphurization wastewater by adopting electrodialysis technology

The invention relates to a method for carrying out desalination and zero-discharge processing of power plant desulphurization wastewater by adopting an electrodialysis technology. The method comprises the following steps: neutralizing, precipitating, coagulating and filtering the power plant desulphurization wastewater and removing CODs (Chemical Oxygen Demands), heavy metals, F-ions, gypsum, silicon dioxide, hydroxide of iron and aluminum and other insoluble particles in waste water; separating C1-ions and other monovalent ions in clear liquid from SO3<2->, SO4<2-> and other divalent ions through nanofiltration; desalinating and concentrating water produced by the nanofiltration by adopting a multistage countercurrent reverse electrodialysis method. The method has the advantages that the concentration of the Cl-ions in nanofiltration concentrated water and electrodialysis freshwater generated by the method is lower, and the nanofiltration concentrated water and the electrodialysis freshwater can be returned for flue gas desulfurization; the content of NaCl in a small amount of electrodialysis concentrated water produced reaches above 12 percent, the bivalent ions and other impurities are removed by nanofiltration, and the electrodialysis concentrated water is further evaporated and concentrated, so that chlorine-alkali industry electrolytes and NaCl salt can be obtained. Through the method, the zero-discharge treatment and the resource utilization of the desulfurization wastewater can be realized.

Dynamic self-assembled process for preparing low-pressure high-throughput charged nanofiltration membrane

The invention discloses a method for preparing low-voltage high-flux charged nano-filtration membrane by dynamic self-assembly, which is characterized in that polymer ultra-filtration membrane is taken as a basic film; polycation electrolyte and polyanion electrolyte are alternatively and dynamically self-assembled on the surface of the basic film to gain a selective separation layer and to prepare the nano-filtration membrane of charged surface; wherein, the used ultra-filtration membrane molecular weight cutoff is less than 0.1 million; the ultra-filtration membrane material is surface-charged or modified-charged polymer. Nano-filtration membrane preparation by polyelectrolyte dynamic self-assembly has high efficiency, simple and convenient method and controllable assembly process and film structure; pure water solution is used in the whole preparation process, which is green and environmental protective; the applicable polyelectrolyte has a plurality of types; the separation films with different performances can be obtained by adjusting the types of the polyelectrolyte and the assembly conditions. Furthermore, the prepared nano-filtration membrane has low operation pressure, high removal rate on high valence inorganic salts and far greater flux than the current commercial nano-filtration membrane and the nano-filtration membrane preparation method has good application prospect.

Treatment system and treatment method for biochemical effluent of industrial wastewater

The invention provides a treatment system and treatment method for biochemical effluent of industrial wastewater. The treatment system comprises a flocculation sedimentation unit, a filtration unit, an advanced oxidation unit, an ultrafiltration unit, a reverse osmosis unit, a nanofiltration unit, an electrodialysis unit and an evaporation unit which are sequentially connected; and the water production outlet of the ultrafiltration unit is connected with the water inlet tank of the reverse osmosis unit, and the concentrated-water outlet of the reverse osmosis unit is connected with the water inlet of the nanofiltration unit. According to the invention, the treatment system and the treatment method utilize the coupling and synergistic effects of a physical-chemical method and a membrane technology to overcome the limitation of using a single technology, and the advanced treatment and desalination reuse of the industrial wastewater are realized; and the treatment system and the treatmentmethod have the advantages of strong adaptability to raw water, a high recovery rate of fresh water, a high concentration multiple of concentrated water, low energy consumption of evaporation and crystallization and the like, greatly improve the reuse rate of the industrial wastewater, reduce the amount of wastewater discharging, can be applied to the deep treatment and desalination reuse of various effluent wastewater, and promote the promotion and application of the technology in related industries.
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