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4390 results about "Noble metal" patented technology

In chemistry, the noble metals are metals that are resistant to corrosion and oxidation in moist air (unlike most base metals). The short list of chemically noble metals (those elements upon which almost all chemists agree) comprises ruthenium (Ru), rhodium (Rh), palladium (Pd), silver (Ag), osmium (Os), iridium (Ir), platinum (Pt), and gold (Au).

Catalyst for complete oxidation of formaldehyde at room temperature

The invention provides a high selectivity catalyst used for catalyzing and completely oxidizing formaldehyde with low concentration at room temperature. The catalyst can catalyze formaldehyde completely so as to lead the formaldehyde to be converted into carbon dioxide and water at room temperature. In addition, the conversion rate of formaldehyde remains 100% within a long period of time, without complex auxiliary facilities such as light source, a heating oven and the like, and external conditions. The catalyst comprises three parts which are inorganic oxide carrier, noble metal component and auxiliary ingredient. Porous inorganic oxide carrier is one of cerium dioxide, zirconium dioxide, titanium dioxide, aluminium sesquioxide, tin dioxide, silicon dioxide, lanthanum sesquioxide, magnesium oxide and zinc oxide or the mixture thereof or composite oxide thereof, zeolite, sepiolite and porous carbon materials. The noble metal component of the catalyst is at least one of platinum, rhodium, palladium, gold and silver. The auxiliary ingredient is at least one of the alkali metals of lithium, sodium, kalium, rubidium and cesium. The loading of the noble metal component used in the catalyst of the invention is 0.1 to 10% according to weight converter of metal elements and the selective preference is 0.3 to 2%. The loading of the auxiliary ingredient is 0.2 to 30% according to weight converter of metal elements and the selective preference is 1 to 10%. When the loading of the auxiliary ingredient is lower than 0.2% or higher than 30%, the activity of the catalyst for catalyzing and oxidizing formaldehyde at room temperature is decreased remarkably.

Preparation method of catalyst with core-shell structure for low-temperature fuel cell

The invention discloses a preparation method of a catalyst with a core-shell structure for a low-temperature fuel cell, belonging to the technical field of fuel cells. In the catalyst with the core-shell structure prepared with the preparation method, platinum is taken as a shell, a metal alloy consisting of more than one of metals including ruthenium, platinum, iron, cobalt, nickel, copper, tin, iridium, gold and silver is taken as an inner core, and the shell and the inner core are loaded on a carbon carrier. The preparation method comprises the following preparation steps of: reducing a metal chloride or a metal nitrate with a reducing agent, and forming a core on the carbon carrier with a large specific surface area; stabilizing the core; and precipitating Pt on a core layer with a impregnation reduction method, a high-pressure organic sol method, a microwave method or an electrodeposition process to form the catalyst with the core-shell structure. Due to the adoption of the preparation method, the utilization ratio of noble metal platinum is increased, the cost of an electro-catalyst is reduced effectively, and the methanol oxidizing capability and oxygen reducing activity of the obtained catalyst are increased by 10.8 times and 8.7 times in maximum respectively in comparison to the mass ratio and activity of a commercial JM4100Pt/C catalyst.

Microporous-mesoporous molecular sieve containing noble metal, preparation method and application to catalytic reduction of p-nitrophenol

The invention belongs to the technical field of molecular sieve preparation, and particularly relates to an in-situ preparation method for a microporous-mesoporous molecular sieve containing noble metal. The in-situ preparation method comprises the steps as follows: adding a coupling pore-forming agent, a silicon source, an aluminum source or a titanium source, and an alkali source into a water solution of noble metal nano particles in sequence under the water bath condition; and ageing, drying, crystallizing, drying and carrying out high-temperature calcination to obtain the microporous-mesoporous molecular sieve containing the noble metal. The prepared microporous-mesoporous molecular sieve is provided with a hierarchical pore structure; the noble metal nano particles with high dispersity are covered in situ while a mesoporous structure is generated; and a synthetic method is convenient and simple, saves energy and reduces emission. A multifunctional catalyst prepared with the method integrates the advantages of the microporous channels of the molecular sieve, the transgranular meso pores and the intergranular meso pores of the molecular sieve and the noble metal nano particles, and is more suitable for catalytic reactions of sulfur-containing large molecules such as hydrogen desulfurization and the like.
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