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5087 results about "High selectivity" patented technology

So something with a high selectivity means that the ratio is approaching 1 where as something with a low selectivity means it has a very low ratio value. The more selective the values in a column, the more useful that column would be to an index, allowing for a high likelihood of distinct matches for any given value.

Catalyst for complete oxidation of formaldehyde at room temperature

The invention provides a high selectivity catalyst used for catalyzing and completely oxidizing formaldehyde with low concentration at room temperature. The catalyst can catalyze formaldehyde completely so as to lead the formaldehyde to be converted into carbon dioxide and water at room temperature. In addition, the conversion rate of formaldehyde remains 100% within a long period of time, without complex auxiliary facilities such as light source, a heating oven and the like, and external conditions. The catalyst comprises three parts which are inorganic oxide carrier, noble metal component and auxiliary ingredient. Porous inorganic oxide carrier is one of cerium dioxide, zirconium dioxide, titanium dioxide, aluminium sesquioxide, tin dioxide, silicon dioxide, lanthanum sesquioxide, magnesium oxide and zinc oxide or the mixture thereof or composite oxide thereof, zeolite, sepiolite and porous carbon materials. The noble metal component of the catalyst is at least one of platinum, rhodium, palladium, gold and silver. The auxiliary ingredient is at least one of the alkali metals of lithium, sodium, kalium, rubidium and cesium. The loading of the noble metal component used in the catalyst of the invention is 0.1 to 10% according to weight converter of metal elements and the selective preference is 0.3 to 2%. The loading of the auxiliary ingredient is 0.2 to 30% according to weight converter of metal elements and the selective preference is 1 to 10%. When the loading of the auxiliary ingredient is lower than 0.2% or higher than 30%, the activity of the catalyst for catalyzing and oxidizing formaldehyde at room temperature is decreased remarkably.

Quick and efficient synthesis method for silver nanowires

InactiveCN101934377AImprove production efficiencyReduce reaction preparation timeHigh concentrationSynthesis methods
The invention discloses a quick and efficient synthesis method for silver nanowires. The method comprises the following steps of: 1) introducing inert gas into a reactor, adding 2 volume parts of glycol into the reactor, and stirring, heating, condensing and refluxing the glycol; quickly adding 1 volume part of glycol solution of silver nitrate at molar concentration of between 0.1 and 0.5m into the reactor; slowly dropwise adding 1 to 2 volume parts of PVP at molar concentration of between 0.15 and 0.75m and 4 to 32 mu m of glycol solution of MnCl2 at the same time; and reacting and cooling the mixture to the room temperature to obtain reaction mother liquor of the silver nanowires; and 2) transferring the reaction mother liquor of the silver nanowires into a centrifugal tube; adding acetone into the centrifugal tube and performing centrifugal separation to remove supernatant and retain precipitate; adding de-ionized water or ethanol into the centrifugal tube and performing centrifugal separation to remove the supernatant and retain precipitate, and repeating the operation for 1 to 3 times; and extracting and dispersing the precipitate with ethanol to obtain the silver nanowires. The method shortens the reaction time and also has high selectivity for the synthesis of the silver nanowires under conditions of high concentration.

Application of tungsten-based catalyst in lignin catalytic hydrogenation for producing aromatic compound

The invention relates to hydrocracking of lignin, and specifically relates to a method for applying a tungsten-based catalyst to catalyze lignin hydrocracking for producing an aromatic compound. The catalyst comprises a main active component of non-zero-valent tungsten, and a second metal component of a small amount of one or more transition metals selected from zero-valent nickel, cobalt, ruthenium, iridium, palladium, platinum, iron, and copper. According to the method, raw materials such as lignin, biomass hydrolysis residue, lignosulfonate, and alkaline lignin are subject to catalytic hydrogenation under a hydrothermal condition with a temperature of 120 to 450 DEG C and a hydrogen pressure of 1 to 20MPa; the raw materials are cracked into C6-C9 phenolic compounds with high selectivity. A maximal phenol yield reaches 55.6%. Compared to existing technologies, according to the invention, renewable natural biomasses are adopted as raw materials, such that the raw materials are cheap, and have wide sources; inorganic acid and alkali are not required, such the production of a large amount of alkaline solution in traditional lignin catalysis is avoided; the tungsten-based catalyst is cheap; the reaction process is green, and has atom economical characteristics.

Mass spectrometer

In the mass spectrometer of the present invention, a flight space is provided before the mass analyzer, and the flight space includes a loop orbit on which ions fly repeatedly. While ions fly on the loop orbit repeatedly, ion selecting electrodes placed on the loop orbit selects object ions having a specific mass to charge ratio in such a manner that, for a limited time period when the object ions are flying through the ion selecting electrodes, an appropriate voltage is applied to the ion selecting electrodes to make them continue to fly on the loop orbit, but otherwise to make or let other ions deflect from the loop orbit. If ions having various mass to charge ratios are introduced in the loop orbit almost at the same time, the object ions having the same mass to charge ratio continue to fly on the loop orbit in a band, but ions having mass to charge ratios different from that are separated from the object ions while flying on the loop orbit repeatedly. Even if the difference in the mass to charge ratio is small, the separation becomes large when the number of turns of the flight becomes large. After such a separation is adequately achieved, the ion selecting electrodes can select the object ions with high selectivity, or at high mass resolution. By adding dissociating means, fragment ions originated only from the selected object ions can be analyzed, which enables the identification and structural analysis of the sample at high accuracy.

Apparatus for detecting foreign matter with high selectivity and high sensitivity by image processing

PCT No. PCT/JP96/03778 Sec. 371 Date Apr. 17, 1998 Sec. 102(e) Date Apr. 17, 1998 PCT Filed Dec. 25, 1996 PCT Pub. No. WO98/11456 PCT Pub. Date Mar. 19, 1998This invention provides a contaminant-detecting apparatus having high selectivity and high sensitivity against a contaminant. A product (1) is conveyed to a point where it is irradiated by x-rays from source (3). An x-ray detector (4), having a predetermined detection unit width in a direction perpendicularly intersecting the conveying direction, then detects the x-rays transmitted through the product. A storage unit (5) stores a two-dimensional distribution of x-ray intensity detected by the x-ray detector as a transmission image in units of pixels. An average calculation unit (7) performs a sum-or-product operation of a kernel, which is equal to or larger than 7x7 pixels, (9x9 or 11x11), and equal to or smaller than (a pixel count corresponding to +E,fra 1/2+EE the predetermined x-ray detection unit width)x(pixel count corresponding to +E,fra 1/2+EE the predetermined x-ray detection unit width), and includes a target pixel, in units of pixels of the transmission image stored in the storage unit by using a predetermined coefficient matrix, thereby calculating the weighted average over the kernel. A difference calculation unit (8) calculates the difference between the x-ray intensity of the target pixel of the transmission image stored in the storage unit and the weighted average over the kernel of the target pixel which is calculated by the difference calculation unit. A determination unit (9) compares the difference calculated by the difference calculation unit with predetermined criteria, thereby determining presence/absence of a contaminant in the product to be tested.

ZSM-5 molecular sieve modified catalyst as well as preparation method and application thereof

The invention relates to a ZSM-5 molecular sieve modified catalyst. The ZSM-5 molecular sieve modified catalyst comprises the following porous crystal materials in molar ratio: Al2O3 to nSiO2. The invention also relates to a preparation method of the ZSM-5 molecular sieve modified catalyst, a load modified catalyst which is used for low-concentration ethanol dehydration reaction and is specifically prepared performing radical grafting and surface modification by taking a ZSM-5 molecular sieve as a carrier and, and a preparation method for preparing ethylene through dehydration of low-concentration ethanol on a fixed bed reactor. In the preparation method, the low-concentration ethanol dehydration catalyst prepared by loading a modified ZSM-5 molecular sieve has the characteristics of high catalytic activity, high selectivity, easiness in regeneration and the like. Through long-term continuous running on the fixed bed reactor, the ZSM-5 molecular sieve modified catalyst shows the low reaction temperature and low energy consumption performances when used in a low-concentration ethanol dehydration process, the ethanol conversion ratio is high, the ethylene selectivity and yield are high, and the catalyst has the advantages of being stable in activity, convenient to regenerate, stable to operate and the like.
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