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21346results about How to "Light in mass" patented technology

Method for preparing graphene or graphene oxide by using high-efficiency and low-cost mechanical stripping

The invention provides a method for preparing graphene or graphene oxide by using high-efficiency and low-cost mechanical stripping and relates to a preparation method of the graphene or the graphene oxide, solving the problems that the traditional micro-mechanical stripping method has low efficiency and can not be used for large-batch production. The method comprises the following step of separating carbon materials by utilizing solid particles and a liquid working medium (or gas working medium) and adopting mechanical stripping to obtain the graphene or the graphene oxide, wherein the carbon materials comprise graphite powder, expanded graphite, expandable graphite or graphite powder oxide. By using automatic machinery and using a great deal of solid particles for assisting stripping processes, the invention greatly increases the contact areas and the stripping times of the stripping processes, the carbon materials are subject to a great amount of stripping processes in a short time through the shearing and impacting functions of the solid particles on the carbon materials, and thereby the method obviously improves the stripping efficiency, has low cost and is suitable for the industrial and large-batch production of the graphene or the graphene oxide.
Owner:HARBIN INST OF TECH

Laser machining method and device applicable for complicated curved surface

The invention provides a laser machining method applicable for a complicated curved surface. By adopting processing steps of dividing the complicated curved surface into curved surface sheets and establishing a coordinate system of each curved surface sheet, the subsequent processing steps of dividing sub blocks and machining pattern parallel projection can be implemented according to the coordinates of the curved surface sheets respectively, so the limit that a machining molded surface backing to a laser incident direction or a steep surface parallel to an optical axis direction cannot be machined because only one coordinate system is adopted to perform whole injection in the prior art can be overcome, the machining efficiency is improved and the machining applicable range is extended. The invention also provides a laser machining device. The laser machining device has a three-axis laser machining head structure provided with a two-axis laser polarization mirror and a Z-axis mobile mechanism, so the problem that the conventional system depends on a three-axis lathe is solved; therefore, a machining unit is independent and compact, and is easy to assemble and disassemble; the conventional five-axis linkage milling machine can be changed into a laser-etching machining lathe so that the functions are compatible; and the laser machining device has a significant practical value.
Owner:武汉飞能达激光技术有限公司

Antibacterial composite nanometer fiber high-efficiency air filtering material and preparation method thereof

The invention relates to an antibacterial composite nanometer fiber high-efficiency air filtering material and a preparation method thereof, and belongs to the field of preparation of air filtering materials. The antibacterial composite nanometer fiber high-efficiency air filtering material sequentially comprises a non-woven fabric support layer, a filter layer and a nanometer fiber filter layer, wherein the filter layer is obtained by blending antibacterial fibers and micrometer fibers. When harmful air which contains bacteria and viruses passes through the antibacterial composite nanometer fiber high-efficiency air filtering material, the antibacterial composite nanometer fiber high-efficiency air filtering material disclosed by the invention can achieve antiviral and antibacterial effects and has high filter efficiency effect on tiny particles contained in air; the antibacterial composite nanometer fiber high-efficiency air filtering material disclosed by the invention has the advantages of antibacterial effect, and high filter efficiency and relatively lower resistance on the tiny particles contained in air, can achieve the filter efficiency on oily DOP (Dioctyl-Phthalate) particles with the grain diameters of 0.3 micrometers at 99.99% and achieve the filter efficiency on sodium chloride particles of 0.07-0.2 micrometers more than 99.99%, has the advantages of light weight, softness, and the like in practical application and can be used for preparing antibacterial protective articles, such as a mask, a protective mask and application protective clothes.
Owner:BEIJING INST OF CLOTHING TECH

Permeable recycled aggregate and ceramsite concrete doped with industrial and agricultural solid waste and preparation

The invention discloses permeable recycled aggregate and ceramsite concrete doped with industrial and agricultural solid waste and preparation. The permeable recycled aggregate and ceramsite concrete doped with industrial and agricultural solid waste is characterized in that recycled coarse aggregates and ceramsites are taken as coarse aggregates of concrete, an appropriate amount of pretreated industrial and agricultural solid waste such as industrial waste, agricultural waste, household garbage and the like is taken as an admixture, a cementing agent is prepared from cement, water, a superplasticizer and a reinforcement material, and the materials are mixed with a preset stirring process and preparation method, so that ecological concrete with good mechanical property, permeable property and durability is produced. According to the concrete, the waste utilization rate is up to about 80%, the concrete is environment-friendly, locally available materials can be used, the economic benefit is remarkable, ceramist pore is smaller, and sewage can be continuously and stably treated, so that the concrete is commonly used in water environment comprehensive improvement engineering; and besides, the concrete has light weight, high strength and good water permeability and can be also used in permeable pavement engineering such as a sidewalk, a parking lot and the like as well as plant engineering such as ecological riverway slope protection, roof landscape planting and the like.
Owner:YANGZHOU UNIV

Graded high-nickel ternary anode material, and preparation method and application thereof

The invention discloses a graded high-nickel ternary anode material, and a preparation method and an application thereof. The graded high-nickel ternary anode material is prepared by the following method: 1) mixing a high-nickel polycrystalline precursor with anhydrous LiOH and a doping additive, performing sintering, mixing the obtained product with a coating additive, and performing sintering toobtain a high-nickel polycrystalline material; 2) mixing a ternary monocrystalline silicon precursor with a lithium source and the doping additive, performing sintering, mixing the obtained product with the coating additive, and performing sintering to obtain a ternary monocrystalline silicon material; and 3) mixing the high-nickel polycrystalline material with the ternary monocrystalline siliconmaterial, or mixing the mixed material with the coating additive, and then performing sintering. The invention further discloses an application of the graded high-nickel ternary anode material in lithium batteries. The graded material prepared by the method provided by the invention has higher compaction and cycle stability than the single polycrystalline material, has higher capacity than the single monocrystalline silicon, and the gas production and service life problems of the battery can be effectively improved after the grading modification.
Owner:GUANGDONG BRUNP RECYCLING TECH +2

Orbital angular momentum vortex wave beam generation apparatus and method

The invention discloses an orbital angular momentum vortex wave beam generation apparatus and method. According to the technical scheme, an electromagnetic super-surface structure (3) is formed by M lines and N columns of electromagnetic super-surface reflection units (31) and dielectric substrates (32); a phase-shifting network (4) is formed by the electromagnetic super-surface structure (3) and a metal back plate (2); the metal back plate (2) is positioned on the back surface of the electromagnetic super-surface structure (3), and the metal back plate is also used as an earth plate; a feed source (1) is put in the central axial position of the electromagnetic super-surface structure (3); incident wave from the feed source (1) irradiates on the electromagnetic super-surface structure; and after the incident wave obtains compensated phase position from the electromagnetic super-surface structure, the incident wave is reflected by the phase-shifting network (4) to generate the orbital angular momentum vortex wave beam(5) with an intrinsic mode 1. According to the orbital angular momentum vortex wave beam generation apparatus and method, the problems of complex technical structure, high cost, beam divergence and low efficiency in the prior art are solved; and the apparatus and method can be used for information transmitting and receiving in the communication technology, and the communication capacity can be increased.
Owner:XIDIAN UNIV

Double-frequency grating interferometer displacement measurement system

The invention discloses a double-frequency grating interferometer displacement measurement system. The system comprises a double-frequency laser device, an interferometer, a measuring grating and an electrical signal processing portion. The measurement system achieves displacement measurement based on optical grating diffraction, the optical doppler principle and an optical beat frequency principle. The double-frequency laser device transmits double-frequency laser, the laser is divided into reference light and measuring light through a polarizing beam splitter, the measuring light transmits into a position of the measuring grating, positive and negative first-order diffraction occurs, diffraction light and the reference light form a beat frequency signal which contains displacement information in two directions at the position of a light detection unit, and linear displacement output is achieved through signal processing. According to the system, the sub-nanometer-grade or even higher grade of resolution ratio and accuracy can be achieved, and horizontal large-stroke displacement and horizontal displacement can be measured at the same time. The system has the advantages of being insensitive to the environment, high in measuring accuracy, small in volume and light in weight. The system serves as a lithography machine ultraprecise workpiece platform position measurement system, the comprehensive performance of the workpiece platform can be improved.
Owner:TSINGHUA UNIV +1

Bearing/insulating/ablating all-in-one sandwich structure composite material and preparation method thereof

A composite material of sandwich structure integrating loading, heat insulation and ablation and the manufacturing method are characterized in that an integrated pre-forming body is acquired by puncture and suture of the reinforcing material of a bearing layer, the reinforcing material of an ablating cover, and a heating insulation layer positioned between the two layers; an epoxy resin system and a phenolic resin system are injected simultaneously into a vacuum-pumped mould, in which the integrated forming body is pre-placed, by two sets of RTM injection systems respectively, then, the reinforcing materials of the bearing layer and the ablating layer are soaked by epoxy resin and phenolic resin respectively; and the composite material of sandwich structure integrating loading, heat insulation and ablation can be obtained by solidified molding after mould filling. The invention has the advantages that the composite material of sandwich structure integrating loading, heat insulation and ablation is put forward and can be integrally formed by one-time operation, the function of the interlayer between every layer of the composite material is enhanced greatly, the integrality is good; the stratifying and peeling of the composite can be reduced effectively, and the products have good designable property and can be widely applied to the structural parts of aerospace which need heating insulation and thermal protection.
Owner:NAT UNIV OF DEFENSE TECH

Cutting-stirring friction welding composite processing device for floating double-shaft-shoulder double-stirring needle and manufacture method thereof

The invention discloses a cutting-stirring friction welding composite processing device for a floating double-shaft-shoulder double-stirring needle and a manufacture method thereof, and particularly relates to a combined or composite processing device capable of simultaneously carrying out milling or cutting processing and stirring friction welding processing and a method thereof. The cutting-stirring friction welding composite processing device for the floating double-shaft-shoulder double-stirring needle integrates a cutting system or a milling system, a stirring friction welding system, a forced cooling system, a gas protection system, a temperature sensing system, a pressure induction system, a milling liquid supply system and a sensing-free system. The cutting-stirring friction welding composite processing device has functions of temperature control, gas protection, pressure detection, cooling liquid protection, milling head replacing and floating double-shaft-shoulder self-supporting stirring friction welding. The method for carrying out cutting-stirring friction welding composite processing on workpieces can meet strength requirements of mechanical processing of ferrous light metal materials, carbon steel materials and alloy steel materials. The cutting-stirring friction welding composite processing device for a floating double-shaft-shoulder double-stirring needle and the manufacture method of the cutting-stirring friction welding composite processing device reduce manufacture procedures, save processing cost, have the advantages of being high in efficiency, excellent in quality, high in stability and saving in energy, break through limitation of conventional machining technology, form a new method and a new thought for machinery processing, and have wide application prospects in industries of heating, air conditioners, ice manufacture, freshness keeping, medicine preparation, construction, aquatic products and foods.
Owner:CHONGQING UNIV

Visual natural gas hydrate sediment mechanical property testing apparatus

The invention relates to a visual natural gas hydrate sediment mechanical property testing apparatus, belonging to the field of the measurement of basic natural gas hydrate physical properties. The visual natural gas hydrate sediment mechanical property testing apparatus mainly comprises an automatic-pressing triaxial apparatus main machine, an axial loading system, a confining pressure control system, a backpressure control system, a temperature control system, a data collection system and an X-ray CT (computed tomography) imaging system. The low-temperature high-pressure hydrate triaxial apparatus is organically combined with the X-ray CT imaging system, so that the testing on macro and micro mechanical properties of natural gas hydrate sediments can be synchronously carried out. The visual natural gas hydrate sediment mechanical property testing apparatus can simulate a stress state of a real reservoir stratum, macro and micro mechanical property data of the natural gas hydrate sediments can be acquired, the important significance on disclosing a deformation mechanism of the natural gas hydrate reservoir stratum and a triggering mechanism of geological hazards such as submarine landslide caused by the decomposition of natural gas hydrate can be realized, and an important guiding function for safely and high efficiently exploiting the natural gas hydrate can be realized.
Owner:DALIAN UNIV OF TECH

Spatial six-degree-of-freedom vibration measuring and damping vibration attenuating method

The invention discloses a spatial six-degree-of-freedom vibration measuring and damping vibration attenuating method. The method comprises the following steps of: 1) erecting six-displacement-sensor parallel measuring and damping vibration attenuating mechanism; 2) fixing a detected motion object and a fixed platform; 3) obtaining a motion variation rule by using an expansion variation displacement time of an expansion pull rod, and obtaining a vibration rule of the detected motion object by using a measurement algorithm with a positive solution; 4) obtaining a damping value of a six-degree-of-freedom controllable damper required by the vibration by using a damping vibration attenuating algorithm; and 5) adjusting the damping value of the six-degree-of-freedom controllable damper to a value obtained by the damping vibration attenuating algorithm. According to the invention, six-degree-of-freedom measurements of three vibration displacements and three vibration angles of the motion object at the same measurement point are achieved by using one set of mechanism; meanwhile, the vibration control of the motion object can be achieved; and the spatial six-degree-of-freedom vibration measuring and damping vibration attenuating method disclosed by the invention has the advantages of high accuracy, simple structure, good flexibility, strong adaptability, wide application range and the like.
Owner:LASER FUSION RES CENT CHINA ACAD OF ENG PHYSICS +1

Double-spray-nozzle 3D printing system and method of thermoplastic resin base continuous fiber prepreg material

The invention provides a double-spray-nozzle 3D printing system and method of a thermoplastic resin base continuous fiber prepreg material. Double spray nozzles include a thermoplastic resin base continuous fiber prepreg material printing spray nozzle and a thermoplastic pure resin printing spray nozzle. The thermoplastic resin base continuous fiber prepreg material printing spray nozzle has the functions of thermoplastic resin base continuous fiber prepreg material feeding, guiding, clipping, heating and printing compaction, and all functions can be controlled through G codes. By the adoption of the method, the optimal design of a structural part to be printed is conducted according to the practical load condition, then 3D printing of the thermoplastic resin base continuous fiber prepreg material is conducted according to a mechanical optimized structure, and therefore the printed structural part enables thermoplastic resin base continuous fibers to achieve the highest utilization ratio, the consumption of raw materials is reduced, and the processing cost is reduced. In addition, the design of the double spray nozzles can achieve printing of parts with cantilever structures, and the cantilever structure portions can be printed and supported by the use of the thermoplastic pure resin printing spray nozzle.
Owner:SHANGHAI UNIV +1

Control method for enhancing asymmetrical fault ride-through capability of wind power system

The invention discloses a control method for increasing asymmetrical fault ride-through capability of a wind power system. In the method, a super capacitance energy storage system is assessed between a machine side rectifier and a net side inverter on the basis of the prior art. On the control aspect, besides the control for the machine side rectifier and the net side inverter, the control for a super capacitance energy storage system is additionally provided in the method. Through controlling the coordination of the machine side rectifier and the net side inverter, a unit can realize the maximum wind energy tracking, grid-connected active and reactive power adjusting and grid-connected three-phase current symmetry and the stability of the voltage for a direct-current busbar between the machine side rectifier and the net side inverter when a power grid is normal is assured. The additionally provided super capacitance energy storage system is further controlled, the voltage stability of the direct-current busbar of the unit while the power grid has asymmetrical faults is assured, especially the grid-connected three-phase current symmetry is assured and the double power frequency ripple wave of the voltage of the direct-current busbar while the power grid has asymmetrical faults is removed so that the asymmetrical fault ride-through capability of the wind power system is enhanced.
Owner:CHONGQING UNIV
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