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5550 results about "Surface structure" patented technology

Surface structure. n. In early theories of generative grammar, the abstract syntactic structure of a construction, derived from deep structure, that determines and corresponds most closely with observed word order.

Unitized electrode with three-dimensional multi-site, multi-modal capabilities for detection and control of brain state changes

An electrode with three-dimensional capabilities for detection and control of brain state changes of a subject. The electrode includes a disk portion having an upper surface and a lower surface, and a shaft portion secured to and extending perpendicularly outwardly from the lower surface of the disk portion; the shaft portion having an outer surface. The disk portion and shaft portion may include one or more recording or stimulating contact surfaces structured to operatively interact with the brain of a subject. Insulating material isolates each of the recording or stimulating contact surfaces from each other. At least one conductor operatively and separately connect each of the recording or stimulating contact surfaces in communication with external apparatus. The disk portion and shaft portion are structured relative to each other to operatively provide support and anchoring for each other while providing three-dimensional capabilities for detection and control of brain state changes of a subject. Modified embodiments include insertible/retractable electrode wires, both contained in channels and sheathed in axially displaceable cannulae; activating mechanisms for inserting/retracting the electrode wires and/or cannulae; and multiple shaft portions.

Holographic fingerprint device

InactiveUS6061463AIncrease contrastLittle and no aberration and distortionCharacter and pattern recognitionImage detectionIntensity modulation
PCT No. PCT/US95/02155 Sec. 371 Date Dec. 22, 1997 Sec. 102(e) Date Dec. 22, 1997 PCT Filed Feb. 21, 1995 PCT Pub. No. WO95/22804 PCT Pub. Date Aug. 24, 1995A method and ultra-compact system has been developed for illuminating and detecting the surface topography of an object such as the finger (4) of an individual. The system (8) is capable of producing high-contrast images which can be electronically transmitted in real-time, or stored using electronic or photographic recording devices. Light traveling within a light transmitting substrate (2) is redirected by a slanted-fringed light diffractive grating preferably embodied within a volume hologram (3). The volume hologram (3), either of the reflection or transmission type, is attached to the light transmitting substrate (2). and functions to diffract light striking thereupon and illuminate an object having topographical surface structure. After being spatially and intensity modulated in accordance with topographical details of the illuminated object, the insulated light passes back through the light transmitting substrate (2) and the volume hologram (3), onto an image detection array. for subsequent analysis. Each of the disclosed embodiments has a compact geometry suitable for use in diverse object identification applications.

Monolayer and/or Few-Layer Graphene On Metal or Metal-Coated Substrates

Graphene is a single atomic layer of sp2-bonded C atoms densely packed into a two-dimensional honeycomb crystal lattice. A method of forming structurally perfect and defect-free graphene films comprising individual mono crystalline domains with in-plane lateral dimensions of up to 200 μm or more is presented. This is accomplished by controlling the temperature-dependent solubility of interstitial C of a transition metal substrate having a suitable surface structure. At elevated temperatures, C is incorporated into the bulk at higher concentrations. As the substrate is cooled, a lowering of the interstitial C solubility drives a significant amount of C atoms to the surface where graphene islands nucleate and gradually increase in size with continued cooling. Ru(0001) is selected as a model system and electron microscopy is used to observe graphene growth during cooling from elevated temperatures. With controlled cooling, large arrays of macroscopic single-crystalline graphene domains covering the entire transition metal surface are produced. As the graphene domains coalesce to a complete layer, a second graphene layer is formed, etc. By controlling the interstitial C concentration and the cooling rate, graphene layers with thickness up to 10 atomic layers or more are formed in a controlled, layer-by-layer fashion.

Method And Device For Representing A Digital Image On A Surface Which Is Non-Trivial In Terms Of Its Geometry And Photometry

The invention relates to a method and a device for representing a two-dimensional digital image on a projection surface, whereby at least one projector projects the content of an image buffer onto the projection surface. The aim of the invention is to provide a method and a device which allow to project a digital image onto a background having any surface structure and / or color in such a manner that any influences on the image caused by the background are compensated to the last pixel for at least one special observer perspective. In a special embodiment, definition of the representation is optimized to the last pixel even on an uneven background. For this purpose, the digital image is processed during a rendering step by geometrically distorting it using a two-dimensional pixel-offset field which contains information on the projection surface, and by manipulating the color of the image by means of a two-dimensional surface texture of the projection surface. A least a part of the processed image is rendered in an image buffer and a rectangle is written into the image buffer for initiating the rendering step, thereby compensating scattered light influences. The invention especially relates to a system comprising a plurality of projectors. Definition of representation can be optimized to the last pixel by means of definition values and representation is furthermore possible subject to the observer's position.
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