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832results about "Direct heating destructive distillation" patented technology

Continuous biomass low-temperature pyrolytic charring method and charring furnace thereof

InactiveCN102226092ARealize continuous carbonization productionImprove raw material adaptabilityDirect heating destructive distillationBiofuelsCombustion chamberRetention time
The invention discloses a continuous biomass low-temperature pyrolytic charring method and a charring furnace thereof, belonging to the fields of biomass charring and biomass energy source utilization. The furnace body of the charring furnace adopts a screw propelling feed mode, and the power is derived from the drive of a motor; an external heating cylinder is sheathed outside an internal heating cylinder of the furnace body, the internal cylinder and the external cylinder are spaced, and the internal flue inside the sleeve has a labyrinth path to ensure heat supply from hot flue gas to pyrolytic reaction to uniformly heat a biomass raw material; and during charring, the generated flue gas supplies heat to a reaction cylinder after combustion in a combustion chamber, and the hot flue gas enters a heat exchanger device to dry the raw material after flowing through the sleeve. Through screw propelling, the method disclosed by the invention realizes continuous low-temperature pyrolytic charring reaction, and realizes accuracy control of the retention time of the biomass inside the charring furnace; and the furnace body adopts a sleeve structure, which fully utilizes the afterheat of the charring flue gas, and the reaction cylinder adopts interior heating and outer wall heating together, which enhances the uniformity characteristic of the temperature inside the reaction cylinder and prolongs the service life of an auger shaft.

Method and system for capturing carbon dioxide from biomass pyrolysis process

A system and method for biomass pyrolysis utilizing chemical looping combustion of a produced char to capture carbon dioxide is disclosed. The system includes a biomass pyrolysis reactor, a char combustor, and oxidation reactor and a separator for separating carbon dioxide from flue gas produced by the char combustion. The pyrolysis reactor pyrolyzes biomass in the presence of reduced metal oxide sorbents producing char and pyrolysis oil vapor. The char is separated and combusted in the char combustor, in the presence of oxidized metal oxide sorbents, into a gaseous stream of carbon dioxide and water vapor. The carbon dioxide and water are separated so that a stream of carbon dioxide may be captured. The oxidation reactor oxidizes, in the presence of air, a portion of reduced metal oxide sorbents into oxidized metal oxide sorbents that are looped back to the char combustor to provide oxygen for combustion. A second portion of the reduced metal oxide sorbents is recycled from the char combustor to the pyrolysis reactor to provide heat to drive the pyrolysis. Pyrolysis oil upgrading catalyst particles may be used in addition to the metal oxide sorbents as heat energy carrier particles to improve the quality of the pyrolysis oil vapors produced in the pyrolysis reactor. Also, the metal oxide sorbents may have metals incorporated therein which serve to upgrade the pyrolysis vapors produced during pyrolysis. Non-limiting examples of such metals include Ni, Mo, Co, Cr, W, Rh, Ir, Re, and Ru.

Process for pyrolyzing tire shreds and tire pyrolysis systems

Tire pyrolysis systems and processes are provided which include feeding tire shreds to a pyrolysis reactor, pyrolyzing the shreds in a pyrolysis reactor to produce a hydrocarbon-containing gas stream and carbon-containing solid, removing the carbon-containing solid from the reactor, directing the hydrocarbon-containing gas stream into a separator, contacting the hydrocarbon-containing gas stream with an oil spray in the separator thereby washing particulate from the hydrocarbon-containing gas stream and condensing a portion of the gas stream to oil, removing and cooling the oil from the separator, directing non-condensed gas from the gas stream away from the separator, and directing a portion of the cooled oil removed from the separator to an inlet of the separator for use as the separator oil spray. A process is also provided in which solids from the pyrolysis reactor are directed to an auger having a pressure which is greater than the pressure in the pyrolysis reactor, and in which non-condensed gas from the gas stream after condensing a portion of the gas is directed to at least one burner in heat exchange relation with the pyrolysis reactor, and burned to heat the reactor and generate an effluent flue gas, a portion of which effluent flue gas is cooled and injected into the auger which is a trough auger in one embodiment.

Three-fluidized-bed solid heat carrier coal pyrolysis, gasification and combustion cascade utilization method

The invention discloses a three-fluidized-bed solid heat carrier coal pyrolysis, gasification and combustion cascade utilization method. The method comprises the following steps of: mixing coal and high temperature circulating ash serving as a solid heat carrier in a fluidized bed pyrolysis furnace, pyrolyzing to separate out volatile, cooling and separating the volatile to obtain tar and pyrolysis gas, conveying pyrolysis semi-coke generated by pyrolyzing the coal to a fluidized bed gasification furnace, performing gasification reaction by using water vapor and O2 as gasification agents to prepare synthesis gas, conveying the semi-coke which is incompletely gasified in the gasification furnace to a circulating fluidized bed combustion furnace, blowing air for the conventional combustion or blowing O2/CO2 for oxygen-enriched combustion, heating the circulating ash serving as the solid heat carrier, and producing gasification agent vapor required by the gasification furnace by using high temperature flue gas generated by combustion. The method has the advantages that: the tar, the pyrolysis gas and the synthesis gas are co-produced through coal pyrolysis, gasification and combustion cascade utilization, the gasification condition of the semi-coke is reduced, and good economic benefits and social benefits are achieved.
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