The invention discloses a telligent dry separator (TDS). The telligent dry separator is characterized in that an intelligent identification method is adopted for establishing corresponding analysis models according to different characteristics of coal quality, through big data analysis, digitalized identification is conducted on coal and gangue, and finally the gangue is discharged through an intelligent execution system. The telligent dry separator (TDS) comprises four major systems, namely a feeding system, a material distribution system, an identification device and an execution mechanism, and three auxiliary systems, namely an air supplying system, a dedusting system and an electric control system. By means of the telligent dry separator (TDS), separation precision can be improved, the lower separation limit can be further lowered, and a condition is created for achieving the effect that all block raw materials ranging from 3mm to 300 mm adopt the intelligent dry separation process. Compared with traditional cleaning equipment, the telligent dry separator (TDS) has the advantages that on the aspect of construction investment, a system can be simplified, investment can be reduced, and the construction period can be shortened; on the aspect of separation effects, precision can be guaranteed, the heat value can be raised, and no coal slime is generated; on the aspect of production cost, consumption can be lowered, maintenance can be reduced, and manual work can be decreased.