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2976 results about "Naphtha" patented technology

Naphtha (/ˈnæpθə/ or /ˈnæfθə/) is a flammable liquid hydrocarbon mixture. Mixtures labelled naphtha have been produced from natural gas condensates, petroleum distillates, and the distillation of coal tar and peat.

Catalytic multi-stage process for hydroconversion and refining hydrocarbon feeds

A multi-stage catalytic hydrogenation and hydroconversion process for heavy hydrocarbon feed materials such as coal, heavy petroleum fractions, and plastic waste materials. In the process, the feedstock is reacted in a first-stage, back-mixed catalytic reactor with a highly dispersed iron-based catalyst having a powder, gel or liquid form. The reactor effluent is pressure-reduced, vapors and light distillate fractions are removed overhead, and the heavier liquid fraction is fed to a second stage back-mixed catalytic reactor. The first and second stage catalytic reactors are operated at F. temperature, 1000-3500 psig hydrogen partial pressure and 20-80 lb./hr per ft.sup.3 reactor space velocity. The vapor and light distillates liquid fractions removed from both the first and second stage reactor effluent streams are combined and passed to an in-line, fixed-bed catalytic hydrotreater for heteroatom removal and for producing high quality naphtha and mid-distillate or a full-range distillate product. The remaining separator bottoms liquid fractions are distilled at successive atmospheric and vacuum pressures, low and intermediate-boiling hydrocarbon liquid products are withdrawn, and heavier distillate fractions are recycled and further upgraded to provide additional low-boiling hydrocarbon liquid products. This catalytic multistage hydrogenation process provides improved flexibility for hydroprocessing the various carbonaceous feedstocks and adjusting to desired product structures and for improved economy of operations.

Combined process for processing heavy oil

The invention discloses a group technology for heavy oil upgrading, in which the job steps include: (1) full or moiety of heavy oil individually or mixed with catalytic clarified oil entering solvent deasphalting plant, after the solvent deasphalting treatment, obtaining a deasphalted oil and a degreasing asphalt; (2) the degreasing asphalt obtained by step (1) individually or mixed with another moiety of heavy oil entering coking plant for coking treatment, in which the obtained tar heavy oil returns to solvent deasphalting plant or enters heavy oil hydrotreating plant, or moiety of tar heavy oil returns to solvent deasphalting plant and another moiety of tar heavy oil enters heavy oil hydrotreating plant, catalytic plant or hydrocracking plant; (3) the deasphalted oil obtained by step (1) individually or mixed with vacuum residual oil, non-pressure residual oil, pressure-relief residual oil, catalytic cycle stock and one or more than one heavy oil of tar heavy oil obtained by step (2) entering heavy oil hydrotreating plant for hydrotreatment, after hydrotreatment, obtaining fractions of benzin naphtha, plane kerosene and diesel and hydrogenating heavy oil. The invention can improve the charge-in nature, alleviate the operating condition and prolong the cycle length of the heavy oil hydrotreating plant, which provides better raw oil for downstream plants including catalytic plant.
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