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31340 results about "Scrap" patented technology

Scrap consists of recyclable materials left over from product manufacturing and consumption, such as parts of vehicles, building supplies, and surplus materials. Unlike waste, scrap has monetary value, especially recovered metals, and non-metallic materials are also recovered for recycling.

Catalytic multi-stage process for hydroconversion and refining hydrocarbon feeds

A multi-stage catalytic hydrogenation and hydroconversion process for heavy hydrocarbon feed materials such as coal, heavy petroleum fractions, and plastic waste materials. In the process, the feedstock is reacted in a first-stage, back-mixed catalytic reactor with a highly dispersed iron-based catalyst having a powder, gel or liquid form. The reactor effluent is pressure-reduced, vapors and light distillate fractions are removed overhead, and the heavier liquid fraction is fed to a second stage back-mixed catalytic reactor. The first and second stage catalytic reactors are operated at 700-850.degree. F. temperature, 1000-3500 psig hydrogen partial pressure and 20-80 lb./hr per ft.sup.3 reactor space velocity. The vapor and light distillates liquid fractions removed from both the first and second stage reactor effluent streams are combined and passed to an in-line, fixed-bed catalytic hydrotreater for heteroatom removal and for producing high quality naphtha and mid-distillate or a full-range distillate product. The remaining separator bottoms liquid fractions are distilled at successive atmospheric and vacuum pressures, low and intermediate-boiling hydrocarbon liquid products are withdrawn, and heavier distillate fractions are recycled and further upgraded to provide additional low-boiling hydrocarbon liquid products. This catalytic multistage hydrogenation process provides improved flexibility for hydroprocessing the various carbonaceous feedstocks and adjusting to desired product structures and for improved economy of operations.
Owner:HEADWATERS CTL

Comprehensive recovering method of waste lithium iron phosphate battery

The invention provides a comprehensive recovering method of waste lithium iron phosphate batteries, which has simple and reasonable process, low recovering cost and high added value. The method comprises the following steps: utilizing an organic solvent to dissolve an adhesive on battery cell fragments, and realizing the separation of lithium iron phosphate material and clean aluminum and copper foils through screening, wherein the aluminum and copper foils are recovered by smelting; utilizing a NaOH solution to remove residual aluminum foil scraps in the lithium iron phosphate material, and removing graphite and remaining adhesive by heat treatment; after dissolving the lithium iron phosphate with acid, utilizing sodium sulphide to remove copper ions, and utilizing the NaOH solution or ammonia solution to allow iron, lithium and phosphorus ions in the solution to generate sediments; adding iron source, lithium source or phosphorus source compounds to adjust the molar ratio of iron, lithium and phosphorus; and finally adding a carbon source, and obtaining a lithium iron phosphate cathode material through ball milling and calcination in inert atmosphere. After the treatment of the steps, the recovery rate of valuable metals in the batteries is more than 95%, and the comprehensive recovery rate of the lithium iron phosphate cathode material is more than 90%.
Owner:CHERY AUTOMOBILE CO LTD

Method for preparing lithium cobaltate by directly using invalid lithium ion battery

The invention provides a method for preparing lithium cobaltate by directly using an invalid lithium ion battery. The method comprises the following steps: crushing the invalid lithium ion battery or scraps generated when a lithium cobaltate battery is produced by a mechanical crusher at normal temperature; adding water and one or more of acetic acid, sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid or nitric acid to produce mixed aqueous solution of the battery scraps and acid; filling the mixed aqueous solution into a hermetic pressure reactor, and controlling the temperature in the reactor to be between 50 and 150 DEG C; introducing or adding one leaching additive of sulfur dioxide or hydrogen, or adding hydrazine hydrate; stirring and leaching, cooling, and filtering; adding one precipitator of sodium carbonate, potassium carbonate and ammonium carbonate, or adding composite precipitator consisting of one of the sodium carbonate, the potassium carbonate and the ammonium carbonate and one of sodium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide to obtain mixture of lithium carbonate, cobalt carbonate and cobalt hydroxide; drying and calcining at high temperature to produce a lithium cobaltate product. The method is particularly suitable for the treatment scale of medium-sized and small enterprises, and is an effective method for directly materializing cobalt secondary resources.
Owner:BEIJING GENERAL RES INST OF MINING & METALLURGY

Environment-friendly light heat-insulating material and manufacturing method thereof

The invention relates to an environment-friendly light heat-insulating material for fireproof doors and buildings, and a manufacturing method thereof. The manufacturing method is characterized by comprising the following steps of: pretreating plant hollow core bodies and/or flexible porous fillers by using a water glass adhesive; mixing with inorganic fire-resistant hollow particles; and performing mould pressing, shaping and drying to obtain the environment-friendly light heat-insulating material. The hollow core bodies and the flexible porous fillers are arranged multidirectionally; one layer of water glass adhesive is arranged at least on the surfaces of the hollow core bodies and the flexible porous fillers; and discontinuous holes are reserved between the hollow core bodies and/or the flexible porous fillers and the inorganic fire-resistant hollow particles. Preferably, the hollow core bodies are rice husks and straw sections; and the flexible porous fillers are foam and fibers. Renewable plant resources and recovered foam and fiber waste are adopted, so the environment-friendly light heat-insulating material is energy-saving and environment-friendly; and a large number of sealed holes are formed among the material particles through the penetration and coating of the modified water glass adhesive, and a heat-insulating hydrophobic corrosion-resistant multi-effect protective layer is provided, so the environment-friendly light heat-insulating material has good fireproof, heat-insulating and heat-preserving effects, high weather resistance, combined rigidity and toughness, low density and low cost.
Owner:重庆恒宏致嘉全过程建设项目管理有限公司

Vortexer apparatus

ActiveUS20060180963A1Facilitates submergence and meltingMaintain temperatureStirring devicesCharge manipulationImpellerPositive pressure
The present invention features a vortexer apparatus including a vessel comprising an exterior surface, an interior surface containing fluid and a mouth for receiving material at an upper end portion of the interior surface. In one application the material is metal scrap that is melted in molten metal as the fluid. All components that contact the molten metal are formed of refractory material. An outlet passageway extends downwardly from the interior surface. A vessel inlet opening is located between the exterior and interior surfaces above the outlet passageway. A center line passes through a center of the interior surface and the vessel inlet opening is disposed at a location offset from the center line. A pump is adapted to pump fluid into the vessel effective to form a vortex of fluid in the vessel. The base and impeller are configured and arranged effective to provide molten metal leaving the base outlet with a positive pressure. An outlet conduit extends from the base outlet to near the vessel inlet opening and can be maintained at a temperature above which molten metal solidifies, along its entire length. Instead of the vortexer vessel, the inventive vortexer apparatus may integrate a chamber of a furnace (e.g., a charge well). The chamber may be rectangularor include arcuate portions. Corner inserts may be used to provide the chamber with an oval or generally circular shape that may facilitate the vortex. One feature of the invention is a vortex vessel that includes an offset inlet opening and lower circulation opening. Also featured is a baffle impeller that may be vaned or barrel type. In addition, the invention features a pump having upper and lower impeller chambers separated by a web in the base, and impeller outlets that are isolated from fluid communication with each other.
Owner:THUT BRUNO H

Cement-based composite material used for 3D printing technology as well as preparation method and application thereof

The invention provides a cement-based composite material used for a 3D printing technology as well as a preparation method and application thereof. The cement-based composite material is prepared from the following raw materials based on the total weight of the composite material: 33%-40% of cement, 0%-8% of inorganic powder, 32%-38% of tailing machine-made sand, 2.5%-3% of a high-molecular polymer, 0.1%-0.5% of a water reducing agent and 16.7%-20% of mixing water; a composite thickening time control agent, a thixotropic agent, a volume stabilizer and the like are added into a mixture to prepare an inorganic composite material; and then the inorganic composite material can be directly pumped into a 3D printer for building to be applied to construction. The cement-based composite material is an inorganic material and the materials are easily available; a lot of industrial waste materials can be used; therefore, the cement-based composite material is low in cost, energy-saving and environment-friendly; the condensation time can be flexibly controlled, and the material has super early strength, good caking property and strong stability; the requirements of 3D printing construction continuity of the building and the building strength are met so that the house building has good global stability and use safety; and the application and popularization of 3D printing technology can be greatly promoted.
Owner:CHINA STATE CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING CORPORATION

Method for recovering and preparing lithium iron phosphate from waste lithium iron phosphate battery

The invention discloses a method for recovering and preparing lithium iron phosphate from waste lithium iron phosphate batteries. The method comprises: 1) dismantling the recovered waste lithium iron phosphate batteries, stripping battery cases, immersing the batteries, separating the electrode plates from the powder material of positive and negative terminals through a method of alternation of ultrasonic and mechanical stirring, taking out the electrode plates and diaphragms, and obtaining mixed liquor; 2) performing a preliminary ball milling to the mixed liquor, and drying the uniformly mixed slurry obtained by the preliminary ball milling; 3) calcining the dried material in oxidizing atmosphere to obtain a recovered material, adding iron source, phosphorous source and optionally new lithium iron phosphate, then adding carbon source, high energy ball milling the obtained material, drying the material to obtain a pre-burning material of the recovered material; 4) microwave sintering or solid state sintering the pre-burning material of the recovered material in protective atmosphere to obtain the product of lithium iron phosphate. The preparation method has the advantages of environmental protection, no pollution, simpleness and practicality, high production utilization rate, simple
Owner:ZHEJIANG UNIV

Composite tailing non-fired and non-steamed building block brick and preparation method thereof

InactiveCN102093004AHigh waste rateSolve the problem of excessive dosageSolid waste managementBrickSlag
The invention discloses a composite tailing non-fired and non-steamed building block brick and a preparation method thereof. The brick comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight or volume: 50-300 parts of tailing and 3-30 parts of cement; and at least two components are selected from the active wastes such as fly ash, coal gangue, shale slag, alkaline residue, carbide slag, chemical gypsum and the waste residue of metallurgical industry to be mixed with the raw materials. The preparation method comprises the following steps: mixing to stir, compressing and shaping, performing natural curing or utilizing the solar heaing hydrating maintenance to prepare the composite tailing building block brick. By adopting the preparation method of the invention, the single performances of the tailings and slags can be changed, thus the product can have higher strength and quality owning to the interaction of materials; the technology does not adopt firing and steaming, the cost is low; different sizes of solid bricks, perforated bricks, hollow blocks, floor tiles, grass planting bricks, roadside bricks and artistic rails can be prepared by changing the mould; and various harmful slags such as tailings can become good, the Chinese development direction of the comprehensive utilization of resources is satisfied and the brick of the invention has development and application prospect.
Owner:郭东京 +2

Multi-purpose, multi-oxy-fuel, power burner/injector/oxygen lance device

A multi-purpose, multi-oxy-fuel High Temperature Power Burner/Injector/Oxygen Lance, Mechanical System Apparatus Device, for steelmaking from recycled scrap and/or virgin ferrous charge, which can be employed in multi-oxy-fuel (natural gas; pulverized carbonaceous matter; heavy oil), especially by Oxygen Combusted mixture of Natural Gas/Pulverized Carbonaceous Matter in High Temperature Power Burner Mode, for efficient and rapid melting of solid ferrous charge (cold or preheated) in a special steelmaking Metallurgical Furnace or Open Hearth Furnace, Tandem Furnace, BOF, EAF, as its augmenting or only source of thermal energy; more than one Device in Oxygen-Natural Gas/Pulverized Carbonaceous Matter Power Burner Mode, can be employed as the only source of thermal energy in a modified, originally Electric Arc Furnace, as total replacement of Graphite Electrodes and Electric Arc System, the replacement being noticeably more primary energy efficient than the thermal energy provided by Graphite Electrode/Arc System; it also can be employed in an Solid Particles Injector Mode, for injecting of adequately granulated carbonaceous materials or lime into the molten steel for its carburizing or for foamy slag control; further it can be employed in a natural gas shrouded, pulsating oxygen stream, for vertically to the charge oriented soft blow supersonic Oxygen Injection Lance Mode, for decarburization of the molten metal contained in the hearth of the metallurgical furnace and foamy slag control; in one of the embodiments-generally arcuate-pivotally mounted, liquid media cooled composite body, is pivoted into and out of a furnace vessel through a small opening in the shell wall for auto-regulated constant optimal positioning of the Composite Body Tip against solid or molten charge, in each and all multi-purpose modes; furthermore, when inserted into the furnace vessel, the arcuate composite body can be rotated about its longitudinal axis for directing the oxy-fuel high temperature flame towards unmolten charge in the furnace; in an other-generally linear-embodiment, the liquid cooled composite body is attached to the mast type carrier allowing vertical movement of the composite body which enters the furnace vessel through a small opening in the furnace roof; the bimetallic, liquid cooled special tip assembly of both-arcuate and linear embodiments-of the composite body includes easy replaceable, independent, multi-opening nozzles, mounted in a protective, retracted position inside of the liquid cooled special tip assembly.
Owner:EMPCO (CANADA) LTD
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