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6581 results about "Fuel oil" patented technology

Fuel oil (also known as heavy oil, marine fuel or furnace oil) is a fraction obtained from petroleum distillation, either as a distillate or a residue. In general terms, fuel oil is any liquid fuel that is burned in a furnace or boiler for the generation of heat or used in an engine for the generation of power, except oils having a flash point of approximately 42 °C (108 °F) and oils burned in cotton or wool-wick burners. Fuel oil is made of long hydrocarbon chains, particularly alkanes, cycloalkanes, and aromatics. The term fuel oil is also used in a stricter sense to refer only to the heaviest commercial fuel that can be obtained from crude oil, i.e., heavier than gasoline and naphtha.

Ebullated bed hydroprocessing methods and systems and methods of upgrading an existing ebullated bed system

An ebullated bed hydroprocessing system, and also a method for upgrading a pre-existing ebullated bed hydroprocessing system, involves introducing a colloidal or molecular catalyst, or a precursor composition capable of forming the colloidal or molecular catalyst, into an ebullated bed reactor. The colloidal or molecular catalyst is formed by intimately mixing a catalyst precursor composition into a heavy oil feedstock and raising the temperature of the feedstock to above the decomposition temperature of the precursor composition to form the colloidal or molecular catalyst in situ. The improved ebullated bed hydroprocessing system includes at least one ebullated bed reactor that employs both a porous supported catalyst and the colloidal or molecular catalyst to catalyze hydroprocessing reactions involving the feedstock and hydrogen. The colloidal or molecular catalyst provides catalyst in what would otherwise constitute catalyst free zones within the ebullated bed hydroprocessing system. Asphaltene or other hydrocarbon molecules too large to diffuse into the pores of the supported catalyst can be upgraded by the colloidal or molecular catalyst. A slurry phase reactor may be positioned upstream from one or more ebullated bed reactors or converted from a pre-existing ebullated bed reactor.

Hydrogenation method for coal tar suspension bed of heterogeneous catalyst

The invention relates to a hydrogenation method for a coal tar suspension bed of a heterogeneous catalyst. The method comprises processes of coal tar raw material pretreatment and distillatory separation, coal tar heavy fraction suspension bed hydrogenation cracking and conventional light fraction oil extraction, wherein the suspension bed hydrogenation reaction temperature is between 320 and 480DEG C, the reaction pressure is 8 to 19MPa, the volume air speed is 0.3 to 3.0h<-1>, the hydrogen oil volume ratio is 500 to 2,000, the catalyst is a powdery granular coal tar suspension bed hydrogenation catalyst of a single metal active ingredient containing molybdenum, nickel, cobalt, tungsten or iron or a composite multi-metal active ingredient, the adding amount of the catalyst is based on the ratio of the metal quantity of the active ingredient to the weight of the coal tar raw materials of 0.1: 100-4: 100, most of tail oil containing the catalyst after lightweight oil is separated froma hydrogenation reaction product is directly circulated to a hydrogenation bed reactor, a small part of tail oil is subjected to catalyst removal treatment and then circulated to the hydrogenation bed reactor to be subjected to further lightweight treatment, and the heavy oil is totally or furthest circulated. The method fulfills the purposes of maximum production of the lightweight oil in the coal tar and cyclic utilization of the catalyst, and greatly improves the utilization efficiency of the raw materials and the catalyst.

Heavy oil recovery with fluid water and carbon dioxide

ActiveUS20090071648A1Improves hydrocarbon extraction efficiencySpeed ​​up the extraction processFluid removalFuel oilInjection well
Diluted wet combustion forms a hot process fluid or VASTgas comprising carbon dioxide (CO2) and fluid water which is delivered geologic formations and/or from surface mined materials to reduce the viscosity and/or increase hydrocarbon extraction. This may improve thermal efficiency and/or increases heat delivery for a given combustor or per capital investment. High water and/or CO2 content is achieved by reducing non-aqueous diluent and/or adding or recycling CO2. Power recovered from expanding the VASTgas may be pressurize the VASTgas for delivery by partial expansion through a Direct VAST cycle, and/or by diverting compressed oxidant through a parallel thermogenerator in a Diverted VAST cycle. Pressurized VASTgas may be injected into well within the hydrocarbon formation or with mined material into a heavy hydrocarbon separator vessel to heat, mobilize, solubilize and/or extract heavy hydrocarbons. Light hydrocarbons may be mixed in with the hot process fluid to enhance hydrocarbon mobilization and recovery. Microwaves may further heat the VASTgas and/or hydrocarbon. Sulfur oxidation, calcining limestone and/or recycling may increase CO2. Oxygen enrichment may increase the specific power. VASTgas may be delivered through and back injection wells and/or production wells, and/or between sequential injection wells in alternating and/or paired zigzag formations with multiple wells per VAST combined heat and power recovery system.

Miniature gas turbine combustion chamber

The invention discloses a miniature gas turbine combustion chamber, which has an annular structure and mainly comprises a flame tube, an outer casing, an inner casing, a swirler and a fuel oil supply system. The flame tube is formed by welding an outer flame tube, a head end wall and an inner flame tube; the rear end of the flame tube is connected with a rear flange of the casing of the combustion chamber through a screw; the rear end of the outer casing is connected with the rear flange of the casing through a bolt; and a front flange of the casing is connected with the front end of the casing through a bolt. An inlet of the combustion chamber is welded on the front flange of the casing; air radially enters the inlet of the combustion chamber; the front end of the inner casing is fixed in a hole of the inlet of the combustion chamber; the swirler is welded on the head end wall; the fuel oil supply system is fixed on an outer ring of the inlet of the combustion chamber; a main combustion hole, a mixing hole and an air film cooling hole are formed on the flame tube; and an air film slot tongue is welded on the lower part of the air film cooling hole for guiding cooling airflow. A high-energy DC igniter is inserted into the flame tube for realizing ignition starting of the totally annular combustion chamber; and gas is discharged out of the combustion chamber radially under the guiding of a slope of the outer flame tube and a vertical section of the outer flame tube. The miniature gas turbine combustion chamber is applied to a miniature gas turbine. Because the gas at the outlet directly impacts a centripetal turbine, the axial distance of the miniature gas turbine can be shortened, and the space is fully utilized.

Premixing and pre-evaporating combustion chamber

The invention discloses a premixing and pre-evaporating combustion chamber, which has a single annular chamber structure and adopts a conceptual design of fractional combustion. In the combustion chamber, the total combustion gas volume is supplied by a pre-combustion fraction and a main combustion fraction, the pre-combustion fraction adopts a swirl-flow stable diffusion flame combustion organization mode and the main combustion fraction adopts a premixing and pre-evaporating combustion organization mode. The combustion chamber mainly comprises a shunting diffuser, a combustion chamber outer casing, a combustion chamber inner casing, a fuel oil nozzle, the pre-combustion fraction, the main combustion fraction, a combustion liner outer wall and a combustion liner inner wall. The pre-combustion fraction stabilizes flame by using a low-speed refluxing zone generated by swirl air entering the combustion chamber from a pre-combustion fraction swirler; and after being sprayed out by a main combustion fraction nozzle, the fuel oil needed by the main combustion fraction first form an oil-gas mixed gas through atomization under the action of an air flow in a prefilming air ring in the main combustion fraction nozzle and then flows to the premixing and pre-evaporating fraction to be evaporated and further blended with the air, so a uniform oil-gas mixed gas jet flow is formed at the position of the outlet of the premixing and pre-evaporating fraction and enters the combustion liner to be ignited by flame in the pre-combustion fraction to combust. The combustion chamber is simple in structure and can effectively reduce pollutant discharge while ensuring an aeroengine works normally.

Electric-controlled petrol engine work system

InactiveCN101363380ARich control functionsGood control function integration performanceElectrical controlMachines/enginesIdle speed controlIgnition coil
The invention provides a work system of an electronically controlled gasoline engine, comprising an air intake system, a fuel oil supply system, an ignition system as well as an electronic control system; the electronic control system consists of a sensor section, an electronic control unit ECU and an actuator section, wherein, the sensor section includes a throttle position sensor, an intake pressure and temperature sensor and an intake temperature sensor which are arranged on an intake pipe of an intake system, a camshaft position sensor, a coolant temperature sensor and a crankshaft position sensor which are arranged on the engine, a front oxygen sensor arranged in front of a three-way catalyst converter on an exhaust pipe of the engine, and the components of the sensor section are all connected with the ECU, and the actuator section consists of an electric fuel pump, an oil sprayer, an idle speed regulating valve and an ignition coil; the components of the actuator section are all connected with the ECU, and the ECU includes a fuel injection control program, an ignition control program and an idle speed control program; the system adopts reasonable control strategy and has comprehensive control function, good integrated performance of control function and fine system portability.
Owner:张和君 +1
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