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2594 results about "Oil and grease" patented technology

Oil and grease (O&G) is a measure of a variety of substances including fuels, motor oil, lubricating oil, hydraulic oil, cooking oil, and animal-derived fats.[viii] The concentration of these substances is typically measured within a body of water.

Harmless disposal method of kitchen garbage

The invention relates to a harmless disposal method of kitchen garbage, which comprises the following steps of: (1) pretreatment: after unloading the kitchen garbage, performing solid-liquid separation, rough crushing, crushing and sorting and performing magnetic separation, and recycling metal substances mixed in the kitchen garbage; (2) hydrothermal hydrolysis: after the pretreatment, adopting the hydrothermal hydrolysis to fully inactivate viruses and bacteria in the kitchen garbage, separating out animal and vegetable fatty oil from the kitchen garbage, and hydrolyzing organic materials at the same time; (3) using the fatty oil obtained in the step (2) as an industrial fatty oil material or further performing deep processing to obtain fatty acid methyl ester or biodiesel; mixing and proportioning the pasty organic materials and then conveying into an anaerobic fermentation system; and conveying large granular organic materials into an aerobic biological fermentation device. The method provided by the invention realizes harmless disposal of the kitchen garbage mainly by the pretreatment and the hydrothermal hydrolysis process, increases the conversion rate of biological energy of the kitchen garbage and increases the economic benefit of kitchen garbage recycling products.

Method for simultaneously extracting lipid and protein from microalgae

The invention relates to a method for simultaneously extracting grease and proteins from microalgae, which takes wet algae mud as a raw material, adjusts the pH value to be alkaline or slightly alkaline, and performs wall breaking of microalgae cells and dissolution of the grease and the proteins through vapor. The method is as follows: dissolved microalgae slurry is filtered for removal of cell residue, and a mixture of the grease and the proteins is obtained; a hydrocyclone is utilized for oil-water separation, and microalgae grease is obtained; and a protein aqueous solution is subjected to nano-filtration, condensation, isoelectric precipitation and freeze drying or spray drying, and protein powder is obtained. The method utilizes the water-bearing microalgae cells as the raw material, saves the energy consumption for drying the algae cells, adopts a slightly alkaline or alkaline algae cell liquid to realize vapor wall breaking and simultaneous dissolution of the grease and the proteins, and has good wall breaking effect, high dissolution rate, low energy consumption and easily widened process. The method adopts vortex hydrocyclone separation to well solve the problem of difficult oil-water separation under the condition of low phase ratio and realize simultaneous extraction of the microalgae grease and the proteins. Moreover, the method has the advantages of simple process, economy, low energy consumption, and easy realization of industrialization.

Continuous flow method and apparatus for making biodiesel fuel

In an economical and efficient process and apparatus for producing biofuel from waste oil, such as vegetable oils and animal fats, waste oil is esterified with alcohols to produce alcohol esters and the by-products of the transesterification reaction are recovered. Static pressure may be used as well as continuous flow-through reaction vessels and separation tanks without the need for additional pumps. There may also be specialized reaction tanks that have vertical rotating feed tubes having separators and inlet and outlet openings. The method and device achieves efficient production of biofuel while employing reaction and mixing tanks having a limited size, which in turn permits a smaller plant layout or “footprint”. For example, the largest tank may be in a size of about 36/100,000 times the desired plant output in gallons per year. The benefits of the process and apparatus include minimal space for a plant; minimal on-site feedstock needed therefore minimal on-site storage is needed; minimal capital costs to build a plant e.g., reduction by about fifty to sixty five percent (50 to 65%); reduction in construction time from typically over one year to under three months in many plants; minimal energy usage, e.g., reduction by about sixty percent (60%); minimal labor costs due to the automatic continuous flow; minimal pumps needed thereby reducing pump operation and maintenance costs; environmentally friendlier and safer plant design; and due to smaller plant footprint, lower capital cost and minimal construction time enables site selection much nearer to the raw material supplies, thereby minimizing or even eliminating transportation costs for yellow grease or vegetable oil.

Cold pressing and physical refining process of camellia oil

The invention relates to a cold pressing and physical refining process of camellia oil. The cold pressing and physical refining process of the camellia oil is characterized by comprising the following steps of: (1) selecting ripe camellia seeds and drying the ripe camellia seeds by microwave vacuum until the water content is 3-6%; and conveying the dried camellia seeds into a huller to be hulled;(2) carrying out cold pressing on the hulled camellia seeds to squeeze the camellia oil, wherein the temperature of a barrel is in a range of 100-150 DEG C and an oil output temperature is in a rangeof 80-120 DEG C; (3) removing solid impurities in the squeezed camellia oil through a plate and frame filter press; (4) winterizing the camellia oil filtered by the plate and frame filter press at a temperature in a range from below 5 DEG C to 5 DEG C; (5) carrying out molecular distillation on the winterized camellia oil to remove free fatty acid, oil peroxide products, moisture and other low-boiling-point substances from the camellia oil; and (6) taking a mixture of carclazyte, active carbon and aluminum oxide as a filtering medium to filter; and removing impurities and pigments of the camellia oil treated by the molecular distillation to obtain the finished product. The cold pressing and physical refining process of the camellia oil has the advantages of environmental friendliness, high oil yield, and high retention ratio of micronutrients in finished oil.

Method for preparing grease and protein from oil seed kernels by aqueous enzymatic method

The invention relates to a method for preparing grease and protein from oil seed kernels by an aqueous enzymatic method and belongs to the technical field of the application of the biotechnology to the grain and oil food processing. The method for preparing grease and protein from the oil seed kernels by the aqueous enzymatic method is characterized by comprising the following steps of 1) oil preparation through squeezing; 2) crushing; and 3) enzymolysis and drying: water and complex enzyme are added into treated squeezed cakes, the pH is regulated to the pH value and the temperature applicable to carbohydrase, and the enzymolysis is carried out for 15 to 90 minutes; the pH is regulated to the pH value and the temperature applicable to the protease, and the enzymolysis is carried out for 15 to 90 minutes; the pH is regulated to 9.0 after the enzyme reaction, and the stirring alkali extraction is carried out for 10 to 60 minutes at room temperature; boiled oil and protein water solution are separated through centrifugation; and the boiled oil is subjected to vacuum drying at 100 to 120 DEG C, grease products are obtained, the protein water solution is subjected to spraying drying, and plant protein is obtained. The method has the characteristics of high oil yield, low water consumption and low energy consumption, and the additional value of oil processing products can be improved.

Kitchen waste and food waste treatment process and kitchen waste and food waste treatment system

The invention discloses a kitchen waste and food waste treatment process and a kitchen waste and food waste treatment system. The process comprises steps as follows: mixtures of kitchen waste and food waste are sorted by an automatic sorting table and put into a pre-treatment pulverizer for pulverizing; a liquid-phase mixture obtained through the automatic sorting table and an oil-water mixture separated from the pulverizer enter oil-water separating equipment for oil-water separation; a water phase separated from the oil-water separating equipment is filtered and is discharged as life irrigating water finally; an oil phase enters biological separating equipment for biological separation, and biological oil is prepared finally. The kitchen waste and the food waste pulverized by the pre-treatment pulverizer are taken as nutrition sources and are put into a polypide cultivation production line for saprophagous polypide cultivation, adult polypides enter a dryer for drying treatment and are processed and produced into feedstuff for poultry, fish and the like, polypide waste and residues are degraded, a part of a degraded material is used for generating electricity in a biomass fuel mode, and the other part is packed and transported outwards in an organic fertilizer mode for use.

Refining method of rice bran oil

The invention relates to a refining method of rice bran oil, which adopts crude rice bran oil as raw oil. The rice bran oil is obtained through the procedures such as degumming, oil-foot separation, dewaxing, decoloration, high-temperature deacidification and deodorization, freezing and degreasing. The weaknesses of the traditional refining method that during the degumming, the neutral oil loss is large, partial neutral oil is neutralized by NaOH during the deacidification process and free-fatty acid process yield of the oil grease is reduced are overcame. A combination-type deacidification is adopted during the high-temperature deacidification process, and the acid value can be reduced to 3 through one-time physical deacidification. The utilization rate of the raw material and the product yield are improved, and the environmental pollution caused by the chemical refining can be greatly reduced. The deacidification process is free from the chemical reaction, so the loss of the oil grease is reduced, and the refining rate of the oil grease is improved. The consumption of the auxiliary raw materials and the labor can be reduced, and the price of the distilled fatty acid is better than that of the acidification oil; therefore, not only the production cost is reduced, but also the economic benefit is improved.

Integral separation device and method for kitchen garbage, waste-water and grease

Disclosed are an oil-water separation facility and a method for refuse waste-water of kitchens, which relate to the field of environment protection. The facility and method are composed of three portions which are respectively gravity oil slick, micro-airfloat oil skimming, thick granulating and the like in accordance with grease distribution shape and character of the refuse waste-water of kitchens, wherein the gravity oil removal section automatically excludes upper oil slick, emulsified oil, dispersed oil and the like float off via the micro-airfloat, thereby achieving separation of oil with smaller particles and water, after handling, oily wastewater left by the treatment of the above two sections further proceeds thick granulating process to lead micro-grease to assemble and form the grease with big particle diameter, then the grease with big particle diameter after floating upward is removed, thereby achieving being separated from water. The facility is capable of separating highly effectively the grease in sewage water, reducing organic loading of subsequent sewage water treatment, simultaneously the separated grease can be prepared into biological diesel fuels, soapstocks and the like, thereby improving resource recycling efficiency. The method has the advantages of feasible technique, cheapness and convenience, automation operation, which is not influenced by seasonal difference in temperature.
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