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4022 results about "Laser scanning" patented technology

In modern surveying, the general meaning of laser scanning is the controlled deflection of laser beams, visible or invisible. Within the field of 3D object scanning, laser scanning (also known as lidar) combines controlled steering of laser beams with a laser rangefinder. By taking a distance measurement at every direction the scanner rapidly captures the surface shape of objects, buildings and landscapes. Construction of a full 3D model involves combining multiple surface models obtained from different viewing angles, or the admixing of other known constraints. Small objects can be placed on a revolving pedestal, in a technique akin to photogrammetry.

Code symbol reading system employing dynamically-elongated laser scanning beams for improved levels of performance

A laser scanning bar code symbol reading system for scanning and reading poor quality and damaged bar code symbols in flexible operating conditions. The system includes a housing having a light transmission window; a dynamically-elongated laser beam production module, including a multi-cavity visible laser diode (VLD), for producing a dynamically-elongated laser beam having (i) a direction of propagation extending along a z reference direction, (ii) a height dimension being indicated by the y reference direction, and (iii) a width dimension being indicated by the x reference direction, where x, y and z directions are orthogonal to each other. Each dynamically-elongated laser beam is characterized by an elongation ratio (ER) that is defined as Y/X where, for any point within the working range of the laser scanning bar code symbol reading system, extending along the z direction, (i) Y indicates the beam height of the dynamically-elongated laser beam measured in the Y reference direction, (ii) X indicates the beam width of the dynamically-elongated laser beam measured in the X reference direction, and (iii) the beam height (Y) and the laser beam width (X) are measured at 1/e2 intensity clip level. A laser scanning mechanism is provided for scanning the dynamically-elongated laser beam out the light transmission window and across a scanning field defined external to the housing, in which a bar code symbol is present for scanning by the dynamically-elongated laser scanning beam.

Method for automatically creating a denture using laser altimetry to create a digital 3-D oral cavity model and using a digital internet connection to a rapid stereolithographic modeling machine

A method is presented for rapidly making and delivering directly to a consumer a full upper and/or lower denture on the basis of contemporaneous digital image information laser scanned from the person's oral cavity after all respective upper and/or lower teeth have been removed, the delivery of the denture occurring substantially contemporaneously with the creation of the contemporaneous digital image information and optionally including and based on archived digital image information laser scanned from the person's oral cavity before all respective upper and/or lower teeth have been removed and digitally stored. According to which this contemporaneous digital image information and archival digital image information of the oral cavity is converted, by means of what is called the rapid prototyping technique and thus with a processing step (20) and a combination of an optional laser scanning step (18) solely for archiving the oral cavity when upper and/or lower teeth are present and a repetition of the laser scanning step (18) at a subsequent time when upper and/or lower teeth have been removed, a pre-selected block of plastic is used in a processing step (26) at a remote rapid modeling facility for receiving and processing digital information to form the block of plastic or like material into a denture of which at least a part is formed to substantially perfectly fit in juxtaposed relationship to the corresponding gums of the consumer. At least, pre-selected outer or non-juxtaposing is selected for manufacture of the denture using an arbitrary archived digital image not derived from the consumer's oral cavity image but selected by the consumer for its style, cosmetic characteristics, for example, color of teeth, size and variety of teeth, and/or perceived suitability.

Binocular stereo vision three-dimensional measurement method based on line structured light scanning

The invention discloses a binocular stereo vision three-dimensional measurement method based on line structured light scanning, which comprises the steps of performing stereo calibration on binocularindustrial cameras, projecting laser light bars by using a line laser, respectively acquiring left and right laser light bar images, extracting light bar center coordinates with sub-pixel accuracy based on a Hessian matrix method, performing light bar matching according to an epipolar constraint principle, and calculating a laser plane equation; secondly, acquiring a line laser scanning image of aworkpiece to be measured, extracting coordinates of the image of the workpiece to be measured, calculating world coordinates of the workpiece to be measured by combining binocular camera calibrationparameters and the laser plane equation, and recovering the three-dimensional surface topography of the workpiece to be measured. Compared with a common three-dimensional measurement system combininga monocular camera and line structured light, the binocular stereo vision three-dimensional measurement method avoids complicated laser plane calibration. Compared with the traditional stereo vision method, the binocular stereo vision three-dimensional measurement method reduces the difficulty of stereo matching in binocular stereo vision while ensuring the measurement accuracy, and improves the robustness and the usability of a visual three-dimensional measurement system.

Vector-relation-based method for calibrating single-line laser radar and CCD camera

The invention relates to a vector-relation-based method for calibrating single-line laser radar and a CCD camera. Point set information of the laser radar for scanning a V-shaped target is extracted in a laser coordinate system, and direction vectors and intersection coordinates of straight lines in two different planes of the target are obtained by means of straight line fitting; the CCD camera is used for capturing images in a camera coordinate system, target plane equations and an equation of a plane passing through an original point and laser radar scanning lines are obtained by processing image information, a straight-line equation of laser radar scanning is built, and furthermore, the direction vectors and the intersection coordinates of the straight lines are obtained; finally, calibration is finished according to the relations between direction vectors and the intersection coordinates of the straight lines corresponding to the different coordinate systems. According to the method, no object in a calibration scene needs to be moved, collection of all calibration data can be completed at a time, and calibration efficiency is improved greatly. According to the method, the direction vectors of the straight lines of the laser scanning target planes under the coordinate systems of sensors to be calibrated are obtained directly, calibration precision is guaranteed, and meanwhile the calibration algorithm is simplified.

Unmanned piling and taking technique for bulk cargo stock yard

The invention relates to a port warehousing logistics technology, in particular to a bulk material yard unmanned stacking/reclaiming technology. Firstly, a database is established; secondly, operation instructions, automatic stacking/reclaiming operation modes and control instructions for automatic stacking/reclaiming operations are generated through input operation kinds of goods and the planning work amount; thirdly, the relevant instructions are sent to a central control PLC and then transmitted to the corresponding local stacker/reclaimer PLC through the industrial network; fourthly, the local PLC controls the operation of all components of the stacker/reclaimer to complete the local operation control. At the same time, a material stack laser scanning device is used to scan the material yard condition, and the scanned result will then be transferred to a central control processing unit through the industrial network; fifthly, the central control processing unit achieves the stack type scan data processing of the stacker/reclaimer to generate new instructions which will then be sent to the corresponding local stacker/reclaimer PLC; sixthly, a handle operating panel arranged inside a central control room can be taken as a backup means of manual operation under special circumstances. The invention can be applied to large-scale raw material yards, such as ports, wharfs, open warehouses, mine stacking yards, as well as iron and steel enterprises.

Laser scanning digital camera with pupil periphery illumination and potential for multiply scattered light imaging

A portable, lightweight digital imaging device uses a slit scanning arrangement to obtain an image of the eye, in particular the retina. In at least one embodiment, a digital retinal imaging device includes an illumination source operable to produce a source beam, wherein the source beam defines an illumination pathway, a scanning mechanism operable to cause a scanning motion of the illumination pathway in one dimension with respect to a target, an optical element situated within the illumination pathway, the optical element operable to focus the illumination pathway into an illumination slit at a plane conjugate to the target, wherein the illumination slit is slit shaped, a first two dimensional detector array operable to detect illumination returning from the target and acquire one or more data sets from the detected illumination, wherein the returning illumination defines a detection pathway, and a shaping mechanism positioned within the illumination pathway, wherein the shaping mechanism shapes the source beam into at least one arc at a plane conjugate to the pupil. In at least one exemplary embodiment, the digital retinal imaging device is operable to minimize at least one aberration from the optical element or an unwanted reflection from the target or a reflection from a device.

Automatically-activated hand-supportable laser scanning bar code symbol reading system with data transmission activation switch

Disclosed is an automatically-activated code symbol reading system comprising a bar code symbol reading mechanism contained within a handsupportable housing having a manually-actuatable data transmission switch. During symbol reading operations, the bar code symbol reading mechanism automatically generates a visible laser scanning pattern for repeatedly reading,, one or more bar code symbols on an object during a bar code symbol reading cycle, and automatically generating a new symbol character data string in response to each bar code symbol read thereby. During system operation, the user visually aligns the visible laser scanning pattern with a particular bar code symbol on an object (e.g. product, bar code menu, etc.) so that the bar code symbol is scanned, detected and decoded in a cyclical manner. Each time the scanned bar code symbol is successfully read during a bar code symbol reading cycle, a new bar code symbol character string is produced, while an indicator light on the hand-supportable housing is actively driven. During the bar code symbol reading cycle, the user actuates the data transmission switch producing a data transmission control activation signal and enabling a subsequently produced symbol character data string to be automatically selected and transmitted to the host system. By virtue of the present invention, automatically-activated hand-supportable bar code symbol readers are now able to accurately read, in an unprecedented manner, bar code symbols on bar code menus, consumer products positioned in crowded point-of-sale environments, and other objects requiring automatic identification and/or information access.
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