Eureka-AI is an intelligent assistant for R&D personnel, combined with Patent DNA, to facilitate innovative research.
Eureka AI

2782 results about "Soil preparation" patented technology

Direct sowing culture method of rice

The invention discloses a direct sowing culture method of rice. The direct sowing culture method comprises the steps: (1) selection of variety; (2) land preparation; (3) treatment of seed; (4) sowing; (5) management of emergence period; and (6) harvesting in time. The direct sowing culture method of the rice provided by the invention has the following advantages: (1) the working procedures are simple and convenient; human power is saved; and the effect is high; manpower can be saved by 45-70 persons per hour and square meter; the cost is saved by about 450 yuan per hour and square meter; and the labor productivity is raised by about 30%; (2) rice seedling raising and transplanting procedures can be reduced, thus mechanical sowing is convenient; (3) rice seedling bed is unnecessary, so that the planting area of grains and commercial crops can be expanded; and the cropping index can be improved; (4) root damage due to seedling pull-up and green turning process after transplanting can be avoided; the rice is tillered earlier, and the growth and development are faster; and (5) the cultivation characteristics of the direct sowing rice include developed root system, healthy and strong plant, strong disease resistance and large number of productive ear. The method is suitable for planting rice for villages.

Corn planting and cultivating method

ActiveCN103392467AReduce dosageOvercome plant heightHorticultureSprayerCotton bollworm
The invention discloses a corn planting and cultivating method. The corn planting and cultivating method includes the following steps of selecting a corn variety and conducting soil preparation before planting, arranging wide rows and narrow rows at intervals, sowing corn, completing sowing, pipe paving, film paving and soil covering through an air suction type precision seeder, and conducting field management in the seedling stage, the ear stage and the flower stage, wherein the width of each wide row ranges from 85cm to 95cm, the width of each narrow row ranges from 25cm to 35cm, a drip irrigation zone is paved in the middle of each narrow row. According to the corn planting and cultivating method, due to the fact that the method that the wide rows and the narrow rows are arranged at intervals is adopted, the number of drip lines which are used can be lowered. Modifiers are sprayed in the early period of the field management in the seedling stage to control the plant height and the ear position, and the defect that through a conventional planting method, the corn easily falls over due to the fact that the plant height is large and the ear position is high is overcome. Pesticide is sprayed through a self-propelled high-stalk crop boom sprayer in the middle and later period of management to control pests, the influences of natural disasters on corn growth are reduced, and the influences on productivity caused by a large number of European corn borers, cotton bollworms, aphids, leafhoppers and red spiders appearing after corn jointing are eliminated.

Method for planting organic passion fruit trees

The invention discloses a method for planting organic passion fruit trees. The method includes the steps of variety selection, site selection, soil preparation, soil pH adjustment, establishment of a passion fruit tree foundation, field planting, reshaping and pruning, field management, blossoming, fruit yielding and the like. According to the method, organic fertilizer and a low-toxicity prevention method are adopted in fertilization and pest control, so that the pulp of produced passion fruits is full of yellow fruit juice, the content of sugar is high, the color is bright, the yield reaches up to 2 tons per mu each year, pollution is avoided, and five seasons of fruits can be harvested each year. The successful planting of the organic passion fruit trees provides a theoretical and practical basis for creating incomes of local farmers. According to the method, a leeward apricus flat ground is selected, and the place where a good source of water is obtained, the soil layer is thick, fertility of the soil is above the average and transportation is convenient is used as a planting foundation, so that it is guaranteed that the passion fruit trees can grow in a good environment, the roots of nursery-grown plants are planted in furrows and exposed to the sun, hence, the roots can better absorb sunshine, and fertilization and weeding are further facilitated.

Separated slope trench-shaped terrace soil preparation method applied to mountainous regions

InactiveCN103081604ASolve the problem of waterloggingSolve the problem of natural water storageSoil lifting machinesAgriculture gas emission reductionSoil scienceOrganic fertilizer
The invention discloses a separated slope trench-shaped terrace soil preparation method applied to mountainous regions. A segment of mountain slopes in an original state is reserved between adjacent fields with the width of 2m and soil preparation depth of 1-1.2m, grooves with the width of 1.5m and the depth of 1m are excavated on slope surfaces, and then slope surface soil or local soil is mixed to rotten ripe high quality organic fertilizers with the thickness of 10cm for backfill. A mountain slope original state slope surface with the width of 2m is reserved between two grooves to serve as a ridge. A built field surface is a terrace in a counter-slope state, and the other side of the terrace is high and the inner side of the terrace is low. Another ridge with the height of 30cm is built on the outer edge of the terrace to block and store water and field surface runoff. The whole field surface faces to a direction along a contour line and mains a gradient of 3%.-5% longitudinally. Through using of the method, surface soil and weathered materials on mountainous region surfaces can be centralized and used, the problems of local soil an natural water storage are solved, and thus needs of planting of trees on the mountainous regions are met.

Method for improving afforestation survival rate by water collecting, water retention and water replenishing

A method for improving an afforestation survival rate by water collecting, water retention and water replenishing comprises the steps of water collecting, soil preparation, water retention and water replenishing. The water collecting method comprises the steps that a soil preparation engineering mode is used for collecting natural rainfall water into forest land and plant pits; the measure of building a flow collecting face, a flow collecting pool, a water cellar and the like is used, in the adequate rainfall reason, the natural rainfall water is collected and reserved, and the natural rainfall water is used for supplemental irrigation when trees are in short of water. The water retention method comprises the step of using mulching films, wheat straw, dinas and the like for covering the plant pits. The water replenishing method comprises the steps that when it is arid and does not rain and when nursery stock is in water shortage, the methods of micro-irrigation, trickle irrigation, infiltrating irrigation under films, root-irrigation through tube inserting, water injection irrigation and the like are used for water replenishing; soil preparation is conducted, fertilizer is applied to the plant pits, plastic films are mulched for catchment and soil conservation, seeding and planting are conducted, a water collecting face and a water reserving cellar are built to collect rainfall water, and water replenishing and irrigation are conducted in the drought period in spring. The final purpose is to improve the afforestation survival rate and the preserving rate, and to improve the volume of forest tree growth. In addition, the important links further comprise suitable tree species choosing, application of the new technology, new method and new materials of afforestation, cultivation management, disease and pest control and the like.

Method for planting kiwi fruits

The invention discloses a scientific and reasonable method for planting kiwi fruits. The method comprises the steps of field selection and soil preparation, seedling selection, field planting, fertilizer applying, trimming, support erecting, plant disease and insect pest prevention and treatment, picking and the like, wherein the field selection and soil preparation comprise the field selection and the soil preparation, the field selection means the selection of subacidity soil where the transportation is convenient, the underground water level is below 1 meter, the irrigation and drainage conditions are good, and the PH value is 5.5-6.5, and the area where the organic matter is rich, the soil is fertile and loose, and the depth of a soil layer reaches more than 100cm. The soil preparation means that soil deep tillage is carried out, the depth of the soil is not less than 80cm, the soil deep tillage is carried out, meanwhile, the base fertilizer is applied, the bio-organic fertilizer applied in each mu is not less than 800kg, meanwhile, in the soil preparation, hole digging (including furrows) is carried out according to the 4m width, and the depth of the furrow is not less than 80cm. The method is adopted to conduct the field selection and the soil preparation, the kiwi fruits are not limited by the planting area, and the transportation cost is reduced. Meanwhile, the yield of the kiwi fruits can be greatly improved by the adoption of the planting method.

Manufacturing process and application method of ginseng bio-organic fertilizer

The invention provides a manufacturing process and an application method of a ginseng bio-organic fertilizer. By the manufacturing process and the application method, since ginsengs grow continuously in the same place for years, with the extension of the growing years, the problems of serious diseases, yield reduction and quality reduction of ginsengs are caused, the soil conditions deteriorate gradually and the fertility is reduced. The ginseng bio-organic fertilizer is prepared from the following raw materials in percentage by weight: 0.2-0.5% of a composite microbial agent, 0.2-1.0% of composite amino acid, 60.0-80.0% of organic material main ingredient and 10.0-30.0% of organic material auxiliary materials through composting together. The bio-organic fertilizer is spread on the surface of soil uniformly during soil preparation, the dosage is 2-10kg.m<-2>; through turning and rotary tillage, the fertilizer is mixed uniformly with 20cm deep bed soil, and the ginsengs are planted after seven days. By the manufacturing process and application, the problems of gradually deteriorating soil conditions and reducing fertility during the ginseng growing process are solved, the purpose of fertilizing soil, reducing diseases of ginsengs and improving yield and quality is achieved, and meanwhile, the soil ecological environment is protected.

Complete wheat straw returning mechanical rice seedling planting method

The invention discloses a complete wheat straw returning mechanical rice seedling planting method, which comprises the following steps of: reserving stubbles of 10 to 30 centimeters when the wheat is harvested, cutting straws to the length of 5 to 8 centimeters, and uniformly scattering the cut straws on the surface of a field; applying a base fertilizer, irrigating water for 5 to 6 centimeters to soak the field for 2 to 3 days, and embedding grass and preparing the field for two times of transverse and vertical operations through a medium tractor and a grass embedding rotary cultivator, wherein the embedded depth of the wheat straws returned to the field is 5 to 10 centimeters; settling for 2 to 3 days after grass embedding and rotary tillage operations, and then mechanically planting seedlings, wherein the mechanical seedling planting water depth is 1 to 1.5 centimeters, and the seedling planting depth is within 1.5 centimeters; and after mechanical seedling planting, performing corresponding water, fertilizer and disease, insect and weed management at the early stage, the middle stage and the later stage respectively till the rice is mature. The straws are totally left in the rice field after the wheat is harvested, and the straws are totally changed into available fertilizer by natural decomposition, so the method avoids straw burning, purifies the air, protects the environment, improves the physical and chemical properties and aggregate structure of the soil and improves the organic substance content of the soil.

Method for planting potatoes in dry land in all-film mulching ridging micro-furrow mode

The invention discloses a method for planting potatoes in dry land in an all-film mulching ridging micro-furrow mode. The method includes the following steps of (1) land selection, (2) soil preparation, (3) fertilizer application, (4) ridging, (5) mulching, (6) seed preparation, (7) sowing, (8) field management, (9) disease insect and weed damage prevention, (10) harvesting and (11) waste film removing. The method has the advantages that (1) the number of rain collecting faces is increased, and the rainfall infiltration rate is increased; (2) soil moisture content on ridges and soil temperature are remarkably increased, and nutritional growth of the potatoes is promoted; (3) the soil moisture content on the ridges in rainy seasons is reduced, high-temperature high-humidity stress is relieved, and disease risks are reduced; (4) the potatoes are planted on the tops of the ridges, soil is loose, and tuber development is promoted; (5) mechanical topdressing is facilitated, and fertilizer can be directly applied to the micro ridges; (6) black mulching film is adopted to cover the whole land, and weed in the field is removed; (7) the rainfall utilization efficiency is remarkably improved, and the potato tuber yield is remarkably increased. The method has wide application prospects for potato planting in dry northwest areas.

Cultivation method for seedless roxburgh roses

The invention discloses a cultivation method for seedless roxburgh roses. The cultivation method for the seedless roxburgh roses comprises the following steps: selecting a piece of land which is provided with good organic matter, a convenient water source condition and is not waterlogged due to low-lying condition; ditching according to a 1.2 m ridge surface, enabling a ridge depth to be 32cm, crushing soil finely, applying well-rotted farmyard manure 1500kg or compound fertilizer 120 kg to per mu (mu is a unit of area, and one mu equals to about 666.67 square meters), finishing seedbed soil preparation, and irrigating the seedbed land until the seedbed land is permeated with water at a time the day before cutting; utilizing healthy branches pruned in winter as cuttings or establishing a female parent garden for supplying cuttings, planting the seedless roxburgh roses of a year, enabling the base of every roxburgh rose to germinate 4-5 branches and the roxburgh roses to grow vigorously so that large numbers of the branches can be used for cuttings for cutting, cutting the cuttings and keeping two germs on every cutting sections after panicle removal of the cuttings to make sure that at least one germ survives in case the other germ is damaged after cutting, preparing 50 PPM (parts per million) solution of APD (aphidicolin) rooting powder for dipping the roots of the cutting sections before cutting, dipping the cutting bases in the solution for 5 minutes and laying for 4-8 h after the dipping, and then performing cutting; cutting; managing; and moving out of the garden and transplanting. According to the cultivation method for the seedless roxburgh roses, the survival rate of transplanting is high, the quality is good and the yield per mu is high.

Sowing high-yield cultivation method for wheat in arid land

The invention discloses a sowing high-yield cultivation method for wheat in arid land and belongs to the technical field of cultivation of food crops in the arid land. The sowing high-yield cultivation technical method for the wheat in the arid land includes the following steps: a plowing layer is deepened through deep plowing, and accumulation of rainfall is increased; all applied fertilizer serves as base fertilizer by being combined with the deep plowing and is applied into soil deeply; after soil preparation, ridges are not formed, and flat-planting is conducted with equal line spacing. The sowing high-yield cultivation method for the wheat in the arid land is suitable for Shandong province and Huang-Huai-Hai winter wheat dry farming areas. The yield-increasing potential of the wheat in the arid land can be fully exploited, and the fertilizer and water utilization efficiency is improved. The cost is lowered, and the land output is increased. The agricultural water is saved, and the yield of the wheat in the arid land is improved. Good economic benefits, social benefits and ecological benefits are generated. In June 2012, experts from units such as China Agricultural University and the provincial agricultural technology extension master station conduct yield prediction and acceptance check to arid land wheat high-yield demonstration fields of the sowing high-yield cultivation method. As is shown by on-site repeating survey by the experts, the average yield per mu of ten mu of high-yield tackling fields achieves 703.5 kilograms, and therefore a new record for the average yield per mu of the wheat in the arid land in the country is set.

Covering cultivation method for biodegradable mulching films in semi-arid region

The invention mainly relates to a covering cultivation method for mulching films, in particular to a covering cultivation method for biodegradable mulching films in a semi-arid region. The covering cultivation method is mainly characterized by comprising the following steps of 1, designing in fields, 2, tidying land, ridging and flattening the ground 3, fertilizing, 4, covering the biodegradable mulching films, 5, sowing, 6, managing in the fields, 7, harvesting, and 8, ploughing and burying mulching film residues into soil at the depth of 20-30cm instead of collecting the mulching film residues after the crops are harvested. The land tidying and ridging are carried out 7 days before crops are sowed, the covering tension of the biodegradable mulching films is 1/6 to 1/8 of the tension of ordinary mulching films, the biodegradable mulching films are 3-5mm away from the ground, and the biodegradable mulching films are covered 7 days before sowing. The covering cultivation method has the advantages that due to the fact that the biodegradable mulching films have high air tightness, the covered mulching films can reduce soil moisture evaporation and increase land temperature, can increase soil moisture, accelerates crop growth and development, and improves crop yield. Compared with traditional cultivation (covering-free convection planting), a maturation stage of crops covered by the biodegradable mulching films can be brought 7-10 days forwards, and the crop yield and the moisture utilization rate can be respectively improved by 1-58% and 14-45%.
Who we serve
  • R&D Engineer
  • R&D Manager
  • IP Professional
Why Eureka
  • Industry Leading Data Capabilities
  • Powerful AI technology
  • Patent DNA Extraction
Social media
Try Eureka
PatSnap group products