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409results about How to "Reduce pests and diseases" patented technology

Method for breeding beef cattle and mutton sheep standardly on large scale through photovoltaic facilities

A method for breeding beef cattle and mutton sheep standardly on a large scale through photovoltaic facilities includes the four parts that first, a photovoltaic facility greenhouse is built, maize seedlings or high-quality green forage grass Zea mexicana is produced throughout the year to be used as green fodder of beef cattle and mutton sheep; second, the beef cattle and the mutton sheep are bred and bio-organic fertilizer is produced standardly on a large scale through the photovoltaic facility greenhouse; third, photovoltaic power generation is performed for self use, and excessive electricity is connected into the state grid; fourth, a beef cattle and mutton sheep traceable system is built, and foods are made safe and sanitary. Through the method, not only can solar resources be effectively utilized to output clean and green energy, but also efficient planting and breeding can be achieved, by-products are processed into organic fertilizer, and a new path is provided for green agricultural production. Because a full-frame high-standard support system is adopted for the photovoltaic agricultural greenhouse and photovoltaic modules are arranged on the greenhouse, the space of the greenhouse can be effectively utilized, power utilized in the greenhouse can be supplied through a photovoltaic power station, and equivalently, stereoscopic production is formed on the land with the same area.
Owner:丁志强 +3

Method for planting kiwi fruits

The invention discloses a scientific and reasonable method for planting kiwi fruits. The method comprises the steps of field selection and soil preparation, seedling selection, field planting, fertilizer applying, trimming, support erecting, plant disease and insect pest prevention and treatment, picking and the like, wherein the field selection and soil preparation comprise the field selection and the soil preparation, the field selection means the selection of subacidity soil where the transportation is convenient, the underground water level is below 1 meter, the irrigation and drainage conditions are good, and the PH value is 5.5-6.5, and the area where the organic matter is rich, the soil is fertile and loose, and the depth of a soil layer reaches more than 100cm. The soil preparation means that soil deep tillage is carried out, the depth of the soil is not less than 80cm, the soil deep tillage is carried out, meanwhile, the base fertilizer is applied, the bio-organic fertilizer applied in each mu is not less than 800kg, meanwhile, in the soil preparation, hole digging (including furrows) is carried out according to the 4m width, and the depth of the furrow is not less than 80cm. The method is adopted to conduct the field selection and the soil preparation, the kiwi fruits are not limited by the planting area, and the transportation cost is reduced. Meanwhile, the yield of the kiwi fruits can be greatly improved by the adoption of the planting method.

Unmanned plane plant protection system and unmanned plane plant protection method

The invention provides an unmanned plane plant protection system, including a user terminal, a cloud server, an unmanned plane ground work station, a reconnaissance unmanned plane and a plant protection unmanned plane. The reconnaissance unmanned plane collects crop growth and insect disease information and sends the information to the unmanned plane ground work station through a wireless network. The unmanned plane ground work station uploads the collected information to the cloud server. The cloud server sends processed data to the user terminal. The user terminal sends a corresponding instruction. The unmanned plane ground work station dispatches the plant protection unmanned plane to execute the corresponding instruction according to the corresponding instruction. The unmanned plane plant protection system integrates the unmanned plane ground work station, the reconnaissance unmanned plane, the plant protection unmanned plane and cloud data service into one body, and thus data collection and analysis and corresponding smart operation in the plant protection process can be achieved, the plant protection efficiency is improved, and crop insect diseases can be reduced. The invention also provides an unmanned plant protection method, which can improve the plant protection efficiency.

Method for planting potatoes

The invention relates to the field of crop planting, and particularly to a method for planting potatoes, which comprises the following steps: preparing land, fertilizing, and ditching; putting the potato seedlings into ditches, ridging, covering soil, covering parts on ridges, where the potato seedlings are planted, with colorless and transparent film, and covering two sides of the colorless and transparent film with black film; conducting field management, and harvesting potatoes. The method adopts the colorless and transparent film and the black film, which are in a matched manner, to plant the potatoes, the colorless and transparent film has good light transmittance and increases temperature quickly at the early stage, so the potatoes can root early; the black film has low visible light transmittance and can restrain weeds from growing, and the weeding rate can reach about 90 percent; during the middle and later periods of growth, the root systems enter below the black film, high temperature below the film, caused by strong sunlight, is prevented, and the premature senility of the root systems is avoided; the method can create a good environment for potato tuber growth in the period of tuberization, and has a ground temperature adjusting function that other film does not have; not only is the labor intensity of weeding reduced, but also the yield is increased by a large margin.
Owner:孔祥宜 +2

High-yield cultivating method for 'yuquan' winter jujube in south

The invention discloses a southern winter-jujube cultivation method, which is to trim the jujube tree to be a high-stem dwarf-crown open-center tree form that is suitable to be cultivated in the South and to control the height of the trunk stem; three strong main branches are reserved; three to four supplementary main branches are reserved on the main branches; the main branches are stretched before the flowering; two to three jujube shoots are reserved as a nutrition branch or a renewing branch for every jujube tree; the branches are topped when the jujube shoot has four to five secondary branches; the secondary branches are topped when the secondary branches are grown into 15 to 25 centimeters; the shedding shoot of the jujube is controlled between 20 to 50 cm; two to three shedding shoots of the jujube are reserved for every spur of jujube; the small shedding shoots of jujube on the trunk stem and on the main branches are removed and the adventitious bud sprouted at the base of the jujube tree is removed; two days before the full flowering stage, the trunk stem is stripped or cut circularly. Adopting the invention, the main branches of the tree crown are opened, ventilated and transmitted and are layered, thereby reducing the insect harm and effectively improving the fruit rate; the winter jujube in the South has high yield; the yield of the four-year-growth apple winter jujube can reach 1887 kilograms per Mu and the yield of the three-year-growth Zhanhua winter jujube can reach 980 kilograms per Mu.

Special basal fertilizer for peanut

ActiveCN102816025AReduce invalid releaseIncrease the chelating structureFertiliser formsFertilizer mixturesSodium BentoniteDiammonium carbonate
The invention discloses a special basal fertilizer for peanut. The fertilizer comprises edible fungus residue, lees, fulvic acid, bentonite, microorganisms, ammonium carbonate, diammonium phosphate, potassium chloride, duck feather, carboxymethyl cellulose, 35% sulfuric acid, lime, zinc sulfate, boric acid, manganese sulfate, gelatin, radix euphorbiae fischerianae water extract, potassium feldspar nanopowder, and holly oil. According to the invention, acid hydrolysis on feather to generate amino acids is performed, and then chelating on secondary and trace elements is performed. Carboxymethyl cellulose increases chelating structure, facilitates effective utilization of secondary and trace elements, and avoids their ineffective release. Addition of inorganic sustained-release component bentonite and soil modifier fulvic acid modifies soil, facilitates effective release of fertilizer and sufficient absorption by crops. Biological pesticide radix euphorbiae fischerianae water extract can effectively reduce soil-borne disease and pest, is safe and harmless, and has no pollution to environment and crops. The fertilizer has the features of reasonable formula, comprehensive and balanced nutrition, good usage effect, obviously improved fertilizer utilization rate, greatly improved peanut yield and quality, and increased peanut economic benefits.

Belgium blackberry soil acidity biological improver and preparation method thereof

The invention discloses a Belgium blackberry soil acidity biological improver and a preparation method thereof. The Belgium blackberry soil acidity biological improver is prepared by using the following raw materials, by weight, 30-40 parts of cassava residue, 20-30 parts of plant straw, 15-20 parts of a tea seed cake, 10-15 parts of vegetable leftover, 5-10 parts of soybean curb residue, 20-30 parts of modified zeolite, 5-8 parts of rice husk charcoal, 12-16 parts of sodium silicate, 14-18 parts of polyacrylamide, 5-10 parts of carboxymethylcellulose sodium, 15-25 parts of urea, 10-15 parts of calcium superphosphate, 10-15 parts of boric acid and 8-12 parts of a pyroligneous liquor. The soil improver can adjust the pH value of soil, increases organic matters in the soil, promote the microbial activities of the soil and enhance the fertilizer water penetration of the soil, has the soil improvement, water retention and drought resistance effects, has a strong bactericidal activity, and can sterilize and disinfect the soil, inhibit the growth and reproduction of harmful microbes, reduce the occurrence of soil-borne diseases and insect pests, enhance the disease resistance capability of crops, improve the blackberry output and improve the quality.

Special fertilizer for single cropping rice and preparation method of special fertilizer

ActiveCN102815996AReduce invalid releaseIncrease the chelating structureFertilizer mixturesCellulosePesticide residue
The invention provides a special fertilizer for single cropping rice. The special fertilizer is prepared by the following raw materials by weight: 10-20 parts of cottonseed meal, 8-10 parts of coated nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium mixed fertilizer, 25-40 parts of calcium superphosphate, 8-10 parts of coated potassium chloride, 20-30 parts of plant ash, 1-2 parts of ferrous sulfate, 1-2 parts of zinc sulfate, 0.1-0.3 parts of borax, 10-12 parts of medical stone, 5-7 parts of peat, 3-4 parts of celastrus orbiculatus powder, 3-4 parts of oleander powder, 10-15 parts of bagasse, 10-15 parts of dolomite, 18-22 parts of chicken manure, 3-4 parts of carboxymethylcellulose, 15-20 parts of 30% of sulfuric acid, 5-10 parts of lime, 10-15 parts of chicken feather and 4-6 parts of propanediol sebacate polyester. A preparation method of the single cropping rice comprises the steps as follows: carrying out acidolysis on hairs to obtain amino acid; generating an amino acid chelated micro or medium fertilizer solution; sintering the dolomite to prepare a fertilizer carrier; fermenting an organic fertilizer; mixing the nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium mixed fertilizer and the carrier with the organic fertilizer and a plant insecticide; spraying the amino acid chelated micro or medium fertilizer solution; granulating; and finally coating with the propanediol sebacate polyester. According to the special fertilizer, the utilization rate of fertilizer efficiency can be remarkably increased, the slow release effect is achieved, the fertilizing amount is reduced, and the pesticide residues are reduced, so that the yield and the quality of the rice are improved.

Solanum tuberosum and double cropping rice rotation crop rotation culture method for improving south double cropping rice paddy soil micro-aggregate structure

The invention provides a solanum tuberosum and double cropping rice rotation crop rotation culture method for improving a south double cropping rice paddy soil micro-aggregate structure, and belongs to the field of agricultural production. The method mainly comprises the first step of solanum tuberosum high-yield cultivation and the second step of early rice and late rice high-yield cultivation, wherein the first step comprises the substeps of preparation before seeding, variety selection, cutting of seed solanum tuberosum, seeding at suitable time and coverage of straw and a mulching film, field management comprising timely film breaking, topdressing, drainage and insect disease prevention, timely harvesting, and field returning of solanum tuberosum stem leaves and straw for coverage, and the second step comprises the substeps of variety selection, seedling transplanting, filed management comprising scientific fertilization, weeding, irrigation and insect disease prevention, timely harvesting and field returning of straw. By means of the method, south double cropping rice paddy winter agriculture can be reasonably developed, the rice paddy soil micro-aggregate structure is effectively improved, soil is fertilized, economic benefits of solanum tuberosum in one season are increased on the basis of ensuring the double cropping rice yield, the purposes of improving the rice paddy soil structure and obtaining high-yield year-round crops are achieved, and the popularization value is high.

Acidic biological soil conditioner for American blueberry and preparation method thereof

InactiveCN103695004AImproved PH valuePurify the growth environmentAgriculture tools and machinesOther chemical processesPaulowniaPaulownia coreana
The invention discloses an acidic biological soil conditioner for American blueberry and a preparation method thereof. The soil conditioner is composed of the following raw materials by weight: 30-50 parts of peanut meal, 20-30 parts of mushroom residue, 15-25 parts of paulownia sawdust, 8-12 parts of silkworm excrement, 10-15 parts of turf, 5-10 parts of iron-ore slag, 16-22 parts of diatomite, 10-15 parts of fly ash, 3-4 parts of nidus vespae, 2-3 parts of asarum, 1-2 parts of ginger peel, 2-3 parts of Terminalia catappa leaves, 1-2 parts of angled bittersweet, 1-3 parts of radix euphorbiae lantu and 2-3 parts of stemona. The conditioner developed through biological fermentation technology can improve the pH value of soil and adjust the pH value to an effective range, does not pollute the soil or water, promotes healthy growth of blueberries, also can increase the content of organic matters and sterilization components in the soil, purify growth environment of blueberries, enhance disease resistance of blueberries and realize vigorous growth of the blueberries. The soil conditioner provided by the invention has obvious effects of increasing yield of blueberry, improving quality of blueberry, reducing insect diseases and improving the soil.

Composite organic fertilizer prepared from vegetable wastes and preparation method of composite organic fertilizer

The invention discloses a composite organic fertilizer prepared from vegetable wastes. The composite organic fertilizer is a fermented product which is obtained by fermenting a composite microbes and the vegetable wastes, wherein the composite microbe is a mixture of bacillus mucilaginosus, bacillus subtilis, tiny bacillus, bacillus megatherium, pseudomonas aeruginosa, plant lactic acid bacteria and azotobacter chroococcum, the number ratio of all the strains is 1:(7-8):(4-6):(3-5):(1-3):(3-5):(1-2), and the total amount of viable bacteria is 2.0*10<9>-3.0*10<9> CFU/mL. The invention also discloses a preparation method of the composite organic fertilizer. The preparation method comprises the following steps: inoculating the microbes to prepare a culture medium; and adsorbing by using an adsorbent, and fermenting the vegetable wastes to obtain compost. The compost prepared by the preparation method disclosed by the invention can be used for promoting the growth development of plants, and reducing plant diseases and insect pests and reducing the use amount of the inorganic fertilizer, so that the vegetable wastes are effectively used, and pollution of wastes to farm environments is reduced.

Culturing method for preventing and repairing citrus yellows

The invention relates to a culturing method for preventing and repairing citrus yellows. The method comprises the following steps: planting, cutting lateral roots, managing fertilization, remaining fruit quantitatively, and constructing a drainage and irrigation system, wherein the step of cutting the lateral roots is that a strip-shaped ditch is dug between plants or rows for cutting the lateral roots after the blossoms of citrus fell, and a root repair agent is sprayed and applied immediately after the lateral roots are cut; the step of managing the fertilization comprises fertilizing a post-blossom falling fertilizer heavily, spraying a leaf fertilizer, and applying an organic liquid fertilizer at a root, wherein the step of fertilizing the post-blossom falling fertilizer heavily is that 16 to 32 kilograms of self-made fertilizer is applied to each plant by combining deep plowing and soil improving after the lateral roots are cut; orchard wedding is combined when the fertilizer is applied, weeds, the fertilizer and soil are fully and uniformly mixed and then are backfilled into the strip-shaped ditch. The culturing method for preventing and repairing the citrus yellows provided by the invention has the advantages of simple method, high operability, good effects on preventing and repairing the citrus yellows and the like.

Nutrient solution cultivation method for cactuse

The invention relates to a nutrient solution cultivation method for a cactus. The nutrient solution cultivation method for the cactus comprises steps of A, processing a plant namely, selecting the plant, shearing fibrous roots, maintaining a 3 to 5 cm long main root portion, immersing and disinfecting through carbendazim and immersing in a naphthylacetic acid water solution; B, planting namely, planting the plant with a processed root in a planting basket and enabling the planting basket to be filled with ceramic grains, 5 to 10 cm in depth and have through holes; C, hastening the root namely, placing the plant and the planting basket into the substrate which is formed by perlite, controlling the environmental condition through an automatic control system and inducing the plant to grow a new root system; D, promoting the root namely, immersing the plant into a water tank which is filled with nutrient solution, controlling the environmental condition through the automatic control system, enabling aquatic root systems which are adaptive to grow in water to be grew at the top of the plant root system and enabling the plant to be a commercial plant. The nutrient solution cultivation method for the cactus has the advantages of greatly shortening the breeding time; being easy to control through an intelligent system and accordingly achieving industrialized scale production; being less in pest and disease damage and greatly improving the survival rate.
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