Panel system having mounting and hinge assembly with mounting profile and hinge
A technology of hinge components and panels, applied in the direction of roof, roof cladding, construction, etc., to achieve the effect of easy installation
Pending Publication Date: 2021-12-17
VKR HLDG AS
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AI-Extracted Technical Summary
Problems solved by technology
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 The insulating member 20 comprises polyurethane foam (PUR), which, in addition to insulating heat, also prevents condensation. PUR avoids the formation of condensation in the insulating member 20 , on the inner surface of the profile element and/or on the surface of the IGU 15 . The insulating material may be a material that has a lower thermal conductivity compared to its environment, whereby the insulating material reduces heat transfer between the surrounding environment of the insulating material. Accordingly, providing an insulating member comprising an insulating material may significantly or substantially reduce heat transfer through the panel to or from the environment of the panel system.
 At the outer end of the mounting profile 9, the top extension element 98 is connected to the top leg 91. On the inwardly facing side of the top extension element 98 abutting against the top leg 91 of the mounting profile 9 , the top extension element 98 comprises two snap-fit legs 981 for connection to the top leg 91 . On an outwardly facing side of th...
The invention relates to a panel system (3), comprising a plurality of fixed panels (1) and a plurality of openable panels (2). Each fixed panel (1) and each openable panel (2) comprise a frame structure consisting of a set of profile elements (11, 12, 13, 14, 21, 22, 23, 24) surrouding panel elements (5; 15; 15'), and said frame structure comprises a top profile element (11, 21) configured to be connected to a support structure by means of a mounting and hinge assembly. The mounting and hinge assembly comprises a mounting profile (9) and a hinge (25), and the hinge (25) is configured as a connecting element between the mounting profile (9) and the top profile elements (11, 21) of each fixed panel (1) and each openable panel (2).
PanellingMechanical engineering +1
- Experimental program(2)
 Figure 2 to 8 - First Embodiment: Panel structure in two layers of IGU, and various mounting configurations
 The principle of the structure of the profile element will now be described with reference to the first embodiment. It is pointed out that the structure of the profile elements described can be applied in principle to any of the top profile elements 11 of the fixed panel 1, two side profile elements 12, 13, and the bottom profile element 14, and for use Open the top profile element 21 of the panel 2, two side profile elements 22, 23, and the bottom profile element 24.
 Refer figure 2 The fixed panel 1 shown and the cross-sectional view of the second fixing panel 100 positioned opposite to the fixed panel 1 is described in the top profile element 11. In the first mounting configuration, the fixing panel 1 and the second fixing panel 100 can be formed. figure 1 Part of the panel system 3 shown, that is, each panel includes adjacent panels - the adjacent panel can be an open panel or other fixed panel such as open panel 2 - to form a two-step sunroof The two-pitch skylight includes two row panels that are coupled to, for example, a ridge in the top portion of the panel system 3. In this mounting configuration, the panel system 3 is self-supported because the opposing panels are adjacent to each other to form a stable structure.
 also, figure 2 The structure of the drain assembly 4 is shown in the drainage assembly 4 will be described in more detail below.
 The panel system 3 is mounted to the support structure, and the support structure can be constructed from any suitable device designed according to the desired mounting configuration.
 exist figure 1 Also figure 2 In the mounting configuration shown in the mounting configuration, the opposing panels are supported from each other at the top profile elements 11, 21 of the respective panels 1, 2, as mentioned above.
 Typically, the top profiles 11, 21 of each panel 1, 2 are coupled to the support structure by means of mounting and hinge assemblies, including the mounting profiles 8 which will be described in further detail below.
 exist image 3In the bottom portion of the panel system 3 is shown to be connected to a support structure having a vertical wall 6, the support structure is figure 1 and figure 2 The first configuration shown in it is shown. exist image 3 In the bottom profile element 14 of the fixed panel 1 is therefore shown.
 In the following description of the alternative mounting configuration, reference to the panel system will be made by reference numeral 3, and for the sake of simplicity, the components of the panel system 3 will be as referenced in the first mounting configuration above. .
 Figure 4 An alternative second mounting configuration is shown. In the second mounting configuration, the bottom portion of the panel system 3 is constructed into a support structure in the shape of the roof surface 6 '. Correspondingly, the top portion of the other panel system is Figure 5 It is also shown to have a roof surface 6 '. The top profile element 11 of the fixing panel 1 is connected to the roof surface 6 'by means of mounting and hinge assembly, including mounting profiles 8 fastened to the fitting 63'. Figure 5 The top waterproofing plate 7 'is shown in.
 exist Image 6 In still another alternative third mounting configuration, the panel system 3 includes two panels, which are mounted in a manner in which the surface of the panel system is extended. Here, the first openable panel 2 is shown as a stepped configuration relative to the second open open panel 200. The top profile element 21 of the first open panel 2 and the bottom profile element 224 of the second open open panel 200 are connected to a support structure including a beam 6.
 exist Image 6 It is also shown that the second openable panel 200 can be opened by a mechanical device such as actuator 60. The actuator 60 can be a chain actuator, a spindle actuator, a lock actuator or a louver, and the actuator 60 can be powered by a DC motor. The open panels 2,200 can also be opened and closed through the manual device such as an operating handle or a rolling mechanism. Alternatively, the open panels 2, 200 can be opened by electromechanical devices such as switches, remote controls, or measuring, for example, inside and / or external contamination, temperature or air components such as moisture or CO. 2 At least one sensor driver. The actuator 60 is coupled to the crossbar 61, and the crossbar 61 is placed below the open panel 200 for transmitting a force to the open panel 200 to be increased. The crossbar 61 extends between the two side profiles (not shown, corresponding to the side profile elements 22, 23 of the open panel 2), and is used as partitioning from actuator 60 and For example, the yoke of the load of the operation element (not shown). The actuator 60 is coupled to beams 6 that are arranged to be supported to withstand thrust from the actuator 60.
 Beam 66 "also constitutes a support structure of the top portion of the first open portion of the panel 2, since the top profile element 21 is connected to the fitting 63 by means of mounting and hinge assembly including the mounting profile 8."
 The mounting configuration at the top portion of the second open open panel 200 can be formed, for example, as if figure 2 or Figure 5 The mounting configuration shown in. The bottom portion of the first open panel 2 can be formed, for example, as image 3 or Figure 4 The bottom portion shown in.
 It should be noted that the terms such as external, internal and other terms should be explained in the direction of the outside direction pointing away from the interior of the building, while the inner direction points to the direction toward the interior of the building. The terms inside and the outside are used below for the defined element to be interior or external and include a direction towards the inside and outside.
 exist Figure 7 In the fourth mounting configuration, the left hand side portion of the panel system 3 is shown is shown to be connected to a support structure including the roof surface 6 '. The mounting bracket 62 is shown, and the mounting bracket 62 connects the side profile element 12 of the fixing panel 1 to the roof surface 6 '. Further, a cover of the side cover 33 is provided at the side portion.
 In the illustrated embodiment, and Figures 2 to 8 Observing, the profile elements 21, 22, 23, 24 of the panel 2 can be opened to be constructed in substantially the same manner as the profile elements 11, 12, 13, 14 of the fixing panel 1. Correspondingly, the overall design of the top profile element, the bottom profile element, and the side profile element of the fixed panel and the open panel are the same, and the selection of the material component and the design of the processing material can be The profile element varies from the profile element because the side profile elements in the rectangular structure will be designed in a similar manner. The panel element 5 is formed here from two IGU (heat insulating glass units) 15, which includes the internal pane plate 17 facing downward toward the internal pane plate 17 facing downwardly toward the interior of the building in the installation position of the panel system. The direction is toward the outer exposed external pane plate 16.
 like Figure 10 As clearly illustrated in the illustrated embodiment, each profile element - here referred to the side profile element 22 of the open panel 2, including extrudation aluminum or another rigid material, such as packaged in PUR Or the profile member 10 of pultrusion glass fibers in epoxy resin. Conversely, the profile member 10 includes a cover portion 18 and a support portion 19. The cover portion 18 includes an abutting surface 181 for abutting on the outer portion of the outer panel 16. For the tip end portion 182 of the abutment surface 181, the abutment surface 181 is provided with a recess 183. The support portion 19 includes an abutting surface 191 for abutting on the inner side portion of the internal pane plate 17. For the end 192, the abutment surface 191 is provided with a recess 193. The support portion 19 also includes a hollow portion 194. The notches 183, 193 increase the surface area of the corresponding abutting surfaces 181, 191, and thus improve contact with the respective seals 313, 314, the sealing belts 313, 314 are in contact with the panel element 5. Preferably, the sealing belts 313, 314 have structural properties, that is, the intensity of the fixed panel 1 and the open panel 2 can be opened.
 The tip end portion 182 of the cover portion 18 serves as a drop of water, and water is directed to the panel element 5, which is two-layer IGU 15 and three-layer IGU 15 '.
 The side profile element 22 also includes a heat insulating member 20 that includes a heat insulating material to reduce heat loss by the open panel 2. The openable panel in the open position results in a large amount of heat loss, which is reduced by the profile component itself. The heat insulating member 20 is coupled to the profile member 10 between the cover portion 18 and the support portion 19, and the heat insulating member 20 is positioned such that the edge of the IGU 15 is at least partially covered by the heat insulating member 20.
 The heat insulating member 20 includes a polyurethane foam (Pur), and the polyurethane foam (Pur) prevents condensation. Pur avoids condensation on the inside surface of the profile element in the insulating member 20 and / or in the surface of the IGU 15. The heat insulating material may be a material having a lower thermal conductivity compared to its environment, whereby the heat insulating material reduces heat transfer between the surrounding environment of the heat insulating material. Thus, providing a heat insulating member including a heat insulating material can significantly or generally reduced heat through a panel to a panel system or a heat transfer from a panel system.
 Other typical heat insulating materials for building structures and / or for manufacturing skylights, roof windows or panels are glass fibers, mineral cotton, cellulose, natural fibers, foam or expansive plastic polymers, polystyrene, such as expanded polybenzene. Ethylene (EPS), polyisocyanurate, polyurethane, vermiculite and perlite, urethenate foam, cement foam and phenolic foam.
 A plurality of gasket rails 30 are provided in the side profile element 22 for receiving the washers 311, 312 for sealing the edge portion of the IGU 15. Also set additional tracks, this will be below Figure 9 Detailed in more detail, Figure 9 A second embodiment of the panel system 3 is shown, and Figure 10 to 15 Drainage assembly 4 is described in more detail.
 It should be understood that the profile elements 11, 12, 13, 14, and 21, 22, 23, 24 can be integrally designed and include other materials, such as wood.
 Finally, the connecting element 50 is present in the opposite fixed panel 1 and the internal transition between the fixed panel 100.
 Figure 9 - Second Embodiment: Panel structure in three layers of IGU
 Figure 9 Be in touch with Figure 8 The second embodiment of the panel system 3 is shown in the corresponding view of the first embodiment. The panel system 3 of the second embodiment further includes one or more fixed panels and one or more open panels, which show the adjacent fixed panel 1 and the open panel 2. In the second embodiment, the panel element 5 includes a three-layer IGU 15 'having three glass plates such that the three-layer IGU 15' except that the outer glass sheet 16 and the inner glass plate 17 include intermediate glass plate 16a.
 like Figure 8 and Figure 9 As shown, the heat insulating member 20 is an elongated element including a protrusion 20a located at both ends. The heat insulating member 20 has a thickness T extending in the axial direction A. The axial direction A is a plane parallel to the surface of the IGU 15, i.e., parallel to the outer pane plate 16 and the internal pane plate 17. The heat insulating member 20 has a height H extending along the longitudinal direction L of the heat insulating member 20. The longitudinal direction L is perpendicular to the axial direction A and the roof surface. The thickness of the heat insulating member 20 is Figure 8 In the first embodiment shown, it is 20% of the height H of the heat insulating member 20, and Figure 9 The second embodiment shown in the middle is about 12% of the height H of the heat insulating member 20. Typically, the ratio of height H and length L can range from 0.05 to 0.3, usually from 0.1 to 0.2.
 Total height of the profile element of the panel system 3 Figure 9 Down. will Figure 9 and Figure 8 Comparison, it can be seen that the profile member 10 has a standard size, which is the same in the first embodiment and the second embodiment, and is still in the fixed panel 1 and the place where the panel 2 can open in the panel 2. All profile elements 11, 12, 13, 14, 21, 22, 23, 24, in a set of profile elements are identical. Therefore, the height H of the heat insulating member 20 defines the total height HT depending on the profile member of the panel element 5. That is, Figure 8 The two-layer IGU 15 shown in the first embodiment shown, Figure 9 The three-layer IGU 15 'of the second embodiment shown requires a higher heat insulating member 20, i.e., has a high height. Accordingly, in the case where another panel element 5 of the alternative size is selected, the heat insulating member 20 of other sizes is selected.
 If it is still below Figure 10 It is more clearly shown that the profile member 10 of the profile element 22 includes a track 35 that is used to secure the heat insulating member 20 to the protrusion 20a. The track 35 is a dovetail. The glass press binding washer 312 is formed. The protrusion 20a of the heat insulating member 20 is formed in a T-shaped. The protrusion 20a and the track 35 of the profile element 22 are used as a tongue tongue mechanism. In the illustrated embodiment, the track 35 is disposed in the cover portion 18 and the support portion 19 of the profile member 10 of the profile member 22, respectively.
 The gap between adjacent side profile elements 13 and 22 is Figure 8A first embodiment and from about 4mm Figure 9 The second embodiment is about 6mm. 3 along the axial direction of the panel system of the profile member side portions 13 and 22, respectively, from IGU15 and 15 'of a visual edge to the other edge of the visible width of Figure 8 The first embodiment is approximately 50mm and Figure 9 The second embodiment is about 52mm. The total height of the profile member side portions 13 and 22 of the Ht Figure 8 The first embodiment is approximately 74mm, and the total height Ht in Figure 9 The second embodiment is about 98mm.
 Figure 10 Also shown in that each profile element, here element 22 side profiles, profile rail portions disposed side walls 79a and 79b have a profile rail for receiving the drainage edge (list) 37 of the profile. In the embodiment illustrated, the profiles for the two-part profile element of each member 10, 79a and the side walls of the profile rail profile rail 79b located in the support portion 19. Over the profile rail 79b and 79b adjacent to the profile rail is provided with a small drip nose 19a, 19a of the drip nose is designed to ensure a reliable controlled delivery of water droplets to the bottom of the trench 45. Drainage trim 37 is secured to a fixed panel, such that adjacent openable panel 2 can be opened. As will be described below, the drainage profile 37 has at least one projecting portion, the projecting portion configured to protrude into the void 51 in the mounted state.
 like Figure 12 Shown, in cross-sectional view of the drain trim profile 37 is also shown with an internal seal with the sealing band 42 has an auxiliary sealing lip, and the sealing band in the U-shaped portion 49 defining a drainage groove 45, function drainage groove 45 will be described below. Auxiliary seal lip 42 extending along the width of the drainage groove 45 is formed in a lower portion of the profile projecting member 22 abuts. Drainage trim mounting profile 37 also includes a main sealing lip 39, the primary sealing lip shaped mounting legs 39 extending along the longitudinal direction L and inserted into the side portion 79a of the profiled rail. Drainage trim profile 37 a U-shaped portion 49 comprises a first sealing lip 38 and second sealing lip 40 is mounted, the second sealing lip 40 is inserted into the mounting wall 79b of the profiled rail. Drainage trim profile 37 further includes a base portion 41, the base portion 41 serves as the bottom of the waterproof plate and the base portion 41 comprises two semicircular shaped to a rounded protrusion 43. Away from the base portion 41 comprises at least two plate-like sections projecting portion extends. like Figure 8 and Figure 9 As shown, in the mounted state, the base portion 41 is covered by a striped design 53, design of the edging 53 is a belt which both end portions in the design of the trim 53 so that the bent edge 53 Design You may cover the entire base member 41. Design trim 53 has a generally slight curvature. Rounded projection 43 provides support for the design trim 53, and the gap to the pre-bias base portion 41 of the trim 53 designed to avoid the formation of wrinkles.
 Typically, also in the second embodiment of the panel system in the embodiment 3, the top of each panel 11, 21 by means of the profile elements 1, 2 and a hinge mounting assembly connected to the support structure, the mounting assembly comprising a hinge and will be described in further detail below the mounting profile 9.
 Finally, the connecting element 50 'is present in the fixed panel 1 opposite the transition between the inner panel 100 is fixed.
 Figure 10 to 15 - Drainage assembly and gasket
 Hereinafter, reference will be mainly respectively Figures 2 to 8 and Figure 9 In the first embodiment and the second embodiment and the embodiment shown Figure 10 to 16 Drainage panel system will be described.
 3 since the panel system mounted in a pitched roof, the surface water resulting from rain, snow or other precipitation is usually conveyed toward the bottom of the profile element. Of course, the major portion of the surface water will flow through the panel system 3, but less likely to enter into the space portion 13, 22 between the adjacent side of the profile element, and terminates at a drainage edge is formed by a profile 37 drainage groove 45, as Figure 8 Down. As will be described in further detail below, the drain assembly 4 has an outer seal and an inner seal flat plane.
 To reduce the side profile of the element into the adjacent space between the water 13 and 22, outer top washer 36 located at an upper portion of two adjacent panels 1 and 2, such as Figure 8 to 9 Down. The top washer 36 is located outside the internal void 51 between the adjacent panels 1,2. As will be described below, the top outer washer 36 has at least one projecting portion, the projecting portion configured to protrude into the void 51 in the mounted state.
 like Figure 11 Observed, top washer 36 includes an outer plate portion 67 and the leg portion 68. Leg portion 68 and the plate portion 67 is formed at an angle. 68 comprises two leg portions 69 projecting legs, in a non-deformed state of the gasket, the two leg portions 69 projecting substantially parallel to each other, and the two legs 69 forms a positive angle of projection portion 68 and the leg portion. 68 further includes leg portions 76 projecting hook, the hook-like projection 76 to be received side profile element facing the gap 51 when in the mounted state on top of the gasket 78 rail 77 of the wall surface 22. Opposing peaks 68a, leg portion 68 has a slightly arrow-shaped plate portion 67, the peak portion 68a having the function of drip nose, such that the controlled delivery of the water droplets to below the trench 45. The top rail 78 in the gasket Figure 10 As best observed that the surface of the wall 77.
 The outer surface of the outer washer 36 of the top mounting state of the plate portion 67 and the side profiles of two adjacent elements 22,13 overlap, and cover member 22 between the side profiles and the adjacent element, here the side profiles element gap 51 between the top portion 13, thereby defining the outer sealing plane drain assembly 4. Leg portion 68 abuts on the wall surface of the side profiles 22 of the member 77. Leg portion 69 adjacent to the projection adjacent the opposite side of the fixed panel 1 of the profile member inner surface 13, so that the leg portion 69 projecting downward through the gap 51 prevents water. Thus, the gap 51 and the leg portion 69 with the projection 65 form a second slot drain.
 Top outer gasket 36 extends over the entire length of the panel 1, so that the plane of the outer seal remains intact over the entire length of the outer portion of the system until the panel 3, and at its end projecting outwardly preferably adjacent to the bottom drainage trim profile (not shown).
 Water may penetrate through the outer top washer 36, which is 2 or during precipitation as open openable panel, or due to leakage or condensation water or bilge water in the top of the outer gasket 36 caused.
 In Figure 7 Observed, at the side edges of the panel 3 is also provided with a system corresponding to those described above the outer top washer 36 and the drainage edge profile 37, wherein the outer washer 36 and the top edge profile 37 defines a drain side portion profile element 12 and a gap is provided between the auxiliary rafter 58 at the end of the panel system. Any member side profile surface 12 and flows from the outside through the water through the outer top washer 36 are dropped down to the drain edge portion 49 in the U-shaped profile 37 of the drain groove 45. Drainage groove 45 as described above and therefore further prevent water passing through the drainage edge profile 37 permeates into the structure.
 If Figure 15 See, at the bottom portion 3 of the panel system, the surface water is guided out of the roof surface, and further 70 reaches the roof gutter system via a cover (not shown) cover 70 covering hood by means of a sealing strip 71 is connected to the bottom profile element 14. Covering cap 70 can for example be made of aluminum. On the inner portion, provided with an outer bottom waterproof gasket as a sealing tape 73. The outer seal band 73 also functions as a sill gasket.
 If Figure 8 , Water reaches the drainage edge profile 37 is depicted in the drainage groove 45 is guided along the length of the U-shaped portion 49, and with the U-shaped portion 49 extending in the direction of the roof pitch over substantially the entire panel system 3 , water may be transferred at the end of the panel system 3, such as Figure 15 Down. Then, via the water drain hole 74 and the outer seal band 73 passes is disposed in the outer profile element 14 below the bottom sealing band 73 is further transferred out of the drain hole 74 and the outer seal band 73 spaced from each other in the axial direction A.
 Accordingly, inner sealing gasket plane defined by the at least three, at least three of said gasket is disposed in the drain here trim profile 37 and outer seal band 73, said at least three washers arranged so that the direction toward the inside from the outside at least three of said washers when viewed in the direction of two washers abutting on the lower portions of both side portions of the profile elements 12,13,22,23, and a washer positioned below the base profile elements 14, 24.
 In Figure 14 Better observed, the outer seal band 73 includes a split flange projecting portion 73b, base portion 73a and the support member 73c. Base portion 73a is adjacent to the roof structure with a flat, and the base portion 73a to the support structure, for example, are usually arranged on the waterproof member or roof tiles, and panel system 3 /. A supporting member supporting the sealing member 73c of the lower portion of the base profile member 14, while the support member 73c to prevent any condensation of water or other water from the inner portion. The support member 73c is shaped as a semicircular and comprises a resilient material. Split flange portion 73b is connected to the bottom of the waterproof member, the base member is further connected to waterproof the roof surface. The bottom of the waterproof member 72 as a waterproof covering the spacer member (not shown), so that moisture does not penetrate into the roof structure.
 On top of the profile element 11 may be found in a similar configuration. Waterproof top plate is connected to an upper portion of the top 11 of the profile element. At the end of the water transfer system 75 out through the inner gasket. Positioning the gasket 75 viewed in the direction of the panel system 3 is inclined at an upper end portion of the drainage groove 45 and the washer 75 is connected to the top of the profile element 11.
 34,36,37,75 gasket may comprise an ethylene - propylene diene monomer (the EDPM) washer with good resistance to water, sunlight and outdoor weathering conditions is known. Each gasket is preferably made by extrusion, for example, a, for example, but may be interconnected in a case where different parts of the gasket made of different materials or two or more co-extruded to form a gasket in the washer a washer.
 Through the stacked panels, such as Figure 17 A fixed panel 1 and the junction between the openable panel 2, the sealing strip 71 for drainage element. It is guided along the second groove 65 and the drain water guide 45 down to the drain trench through stacked end panel system and guided to the outside of the sealing strip 73.
 exist Figure 17 A fixed panel, the profile member 14 adjacent to the insulating foam member 70a, insulating foam member 70a is attached to the shroud 70. Profile element 14 via the roof mount (not shown) mounted on the roof.
 exist Figure 17 An openable top panel 21 and the profile element 2 Figure 15 11 for the upper profile element, the transfer of water 34 via the top plate waterproof gasket. In the inner portion of the profile element 21, the top section bar member 21 abuts against the gasket 75, the gasket 75 is connected to the mounting element 97 extends from the bottom profile 9. It will extend below the base member 97 described in further detail.
 like Figure 15 as well as Figure 16In another embodiment can be observed, the top plate waterproof gasket exposed to the outside of the top end portion of the first profile element 11, 21 of the cover 34 overlap portion 18, and the first end portion is rounded to means for flashing the water away from the top 34 toward the IGU 15 guide washer. exist Figure 13 Can better observe the top of the waterproof gasket plate 34 comprises a first leg portion 52 extending toward the inside. The first leg portion 52 is disposed in the track 78 in the cover portion 18, for forming a seal between the connecting portion 18 of the first leg portion 52 and the cover. Alternatively, the track may be a recess or perforation. Waterproof collar top plate 34 of the second leg portion 54 below the top of the waterproof sheet 7 IGU 15 is parallel to the main surface extending away from the panel.
 Waterproof top plate 7 is positioned above the mounting profiles 8. Waterproof top plate 7 may extend from the top surface of the roof panel 1 from, or, as Image 6 It observed, from the upper panel toward the lower panel extends. exist figure 2 , The top plate 7 having a curved water of about 120 degrees in the middle. like figure 2 Observed, may cover the top of the plate 7 two waterproof installed in the fixed roof panel 1,100. Waterproof top plate 7 is arranged for guiding the panel by precipitation system 1,2,100,200 panel 3 onto the protective panel system 3 is positioned below the top of the flashing member 7.
 Water entering through the top plate 7, top plate washer waterproof top leg portion and a second mounting section 34 of the leg portions 8,9 of the fastener 81, 91 gasket 46 top plate 34 secured to the waterproof mounting section 8,9 body 80,90. exist Figure 16 , The third leg 31 toward the top of the waterproof gasket plate 34 openable panel 2 extends to cover the following member.
 Refer Figure 16 to 17 as well as Figure 11 Detailed view, below the top plate 7 waterproof waterproof top plate gasket 34 has a bent portion 29, the curved portion 29 extending in a direction away from the interior for example, avoid the accumulation of water in the water below the top plate 7, for avoiding or water enters the bottom of the member.
 figure 2 as well as Figure 16 to 18 - Installation and hinge assembly
 It will now be illustrated with particular reference to the first embodiment figure 2 And the second embodiment shown in Figure 16 The system will be described with the panel 1 the panel 3 is in principle the support structure is mounted.
 It should be noted that, for each respective fixed panel 3 panel panel system 1 and system 3 openable panel 2, mounted on the same principle. A fixed panel and a top panel 2 openable profile elements 11 and 21 are connected by means of a support structure as mentioned above and a hinge assembly for mounting and described in further detail below realized.
 However, the structure and the hinge assembly mounting the panel system of the first embodiment and the second embodiment is different.
 First reference figure 2 , And with reference to the hinge assembly mounting two panels fixed panel system 3 according to the first embodiment will be described.
 Panel system according to Embodiment 3 of the fixed panel mounting profile 18 comprises a main body 80. Disposed within a first end of the main body 80 with a bottom leg 82, bottom leg 82 to extend toward the top of the profile element 1 is fixed panel 11. Providing the connecting legs 82 extending from the bottom member to the bottom engagement means. In the embodiment illustrated, the engagement means comprising two internal legs 89 extending toward the inside, and the inner leg 89 extending configured to connect to the base profile member in the form of bottom insulation 48, as shown. Two internal legs 89 are connected by the hook portion 84 to the bottom insulation profile 48, terminating in a hooked portion 84 at the innermost end portion of each of the inner legs 89. To this end, the bottom of the insulation profile 48 comprises two outer legs mating engagement means 489 is formed inside the mounting profile 89 matching legs. Finally, the profile 48 includes a bottom insulation gasket 75 of the gasket flange 481 engages.
 In the second outer end of the body 80, in figure 2 Mounting configuration shown, the legs 81 away from the stationary top panel 3 toward the ridge extending panel system. 81 the top leg parallel to the top plate 7 waterproof. Leg 81 has a top plate top water waterproof plate 34 and the gasket 7 is connected to the top of the flashing portion 85 for engagement. Waterproof top plate 7, connection portions 85 between top washer 34 and the waterproof plate waterproof plate 46 achieved by means of a fastener engaged.
 In the second outer end of the main body 80, on a first side facing the top portion 11 of the profiled element body 80, the body 80 is provided with a hook-shaped leg portion toward the top of the fixed panel extending profile elements 1 1183. Mounting the first hinge part and a hinge assembly configured to install the hook-shaped leg portion 83 of the profile 8. Hook-shaped leg portion 83 configured to connect to hook element 32, the hook element 32 is connected to the stationary top panel 11 of the profile element 1, such that the second hinge portion 32 constituting the hinge assembly and installation of the hook element. Hook leg and the hook 83 together form a hinge member 32, both panels are fixed or openable hinge is the same. The hook element 32 comprises a base portion 32b having a hook portion 32a. Having a base portion 32a connected to the top end portion of the first profile element 11 and the mounting section 32c of the wall 88a 8 facing opposite second end portion 32d. In the oblique direction, the second end having a hinge portion 32d and a gap between the walls Hc 88a, for secure attachment between the hook legs 83 connected with the hook portion 32b, so that the panel does not open accidentally disengaged during opening . exist figure 2 Embodiment illustrated embodiment, the hinge gap Hc is about 13% of the total height Ht of the profile element. Typically, the ratio of the total height Ht of the profile of the hinge element Hc gap may be in the range of 0.05 to 0.3, usually 0.1 to 0.2.
 It is noted that, in the illustrated embodiment, the hook-shaped leg portion 83 is formed toward the inside of the outside and terminating at the end facing the curved portion, the hook element 32 is formed inside towards the outside and terminating in a curved end portion facing . In this manner, the panel system of the fixed panel 1 and 3 of the panel 2 can be opened by any of the panel and is arranged perpendicular to the roof surface of the hook member 32 and the panel 8 mounted on the mounting section and the hinge assembly hook leg 83 engagement, and rotation of the panel 1 in place in the closed position to the fixed panel 2 or openable panels to be installed. Thus, the hook element 32 attached to the hook leg 83 without the use of fasteners such as bolts or the like, and only by reversing the installation procedure, i.e. by the panel is rotated to disengage to a position perpendicular to the roof surface. After the hook element 32 is attached to the hook leg 83, fixed to the panel 1 in the closed position, but may open the panel 2 connected to a suitable operating means.
 The second side 80 facing the body portion opposite to the first side portion. The second side portion configured for mounting profile 8 is connected to the support structure, such as e.g. Figure 5 Roof surface mounting configuration, such as Image 6 The mounting configuration of the beam, or where the mounting section 8 is connected to the second fixed panel 100. By means of a bearing element 44 connected to provide a second fixed panel 100. Mounting profile 8 by means of bolts 86 is connected to the support member 44, a bolt 86 received in the body mounting section 8 and enlarged portion 87 of the flange 80 is introduced into a bearing portion 44a of the element 44. A first end of the hook portion 32 of the member 32c may be enlarged portion 87 erected on the upper surface 87a of the openable panel 2 is attached or detached, or during a fixed panel 1.
 like figure 2 As shown, the second panel 100 is fixed to a first version of the fixed panel 1 and the mirror form an obtuse angle with the fixed panel 1.
 At last, figure 2 Panel mounting system fixed panel 3 of the profile 1 has a hollow portion 88 8.
 Although reference to a fixed installation profiles 8 panel 1 will be described, but the structure of the mounting arrangement for the openable panel 2 is the same. This means that the same may provide a mounting section 8 extends along the axial direction A of the panel throughout the panel system 3 is a system of three or more panels, the panels comprising one or more fixed panel 1 and one or more openable panel 2. 8 depends on the length of the installation profile and mounting configuration including the weight of the inner panel size. A typical maximum length of the mounting section 8 is 3m to 6m.
 Now first of all turn Figure 16 , Corresponding to the first embodiment shown figure 2 , Figure 16 The following depicts a hinge assembly and installation: the mounting and hinge assembly comprising a second embodiment, i.e., figure 1 5 comprises a three member panel IGU 15 'of the second embodiment of the panel system 3 openable mounting profile 92 of the panel. Panel system according to Embodiment 3 of the fixed panel 1 and the openable panel 2 mounting profile 9 comprises similar features.
 9 mounting profile extending in the axial direction A 3 along the panel system. As in the first embodiment, the mounting depends on the length of the profile 9 of the mounting configuration including the size of the weight of the inner panel. A typical width of a single panel length ranging up to a maximum length of about 3m to 6m.
 System of the second embodiment includes a panel mounting profile 3 is mounted and the hinge assembly 9 for mounting a variety of configurations, such as mounting configuration comprising Figure 17 Stepped configuration illustrated in and further comprising a support structure, such as various embodiment described with respect to the first embodiment. exist Figure 18 It is shown in more detail in Figure 16 9 the relationship between the profile and the support structure of the mounting configuration of the installation.
 Mounting profile 9 comprises a body 90 provided with a recess, the recess for receiving the means for connecting and / or for fastening to a panel system comprising a support structure and the adjacent elements 1 to 3 and the fixed panel openable panel 2 . A second mounting section outer end of the top portion 9 of the leg 91 is positioned toward the body 90 and the bottom leg 92 toward the first inner end portion 90 of the positioning body.
 In Figure 18 Most clearly seen, the body 9 facing the mounting profile 90 of the openable panel 2 is a first side portion includes a recess portion 93 of two facing panels. exist Figure 16 Shown mounted configuration, the recessed portion with a fastener recess 93 oriented in two facing panels is fastened to the outer panel will be described in further detail below the hinge 25, and the inside of the concave portion is not used.
 exist Figure 16 and Figure 18 Also shown, the mounting profile body 9 facing opposite to the second side portion 90 of the side portion 95 includes a receiving recess, the accommodating recess portion 95 is configured to receive a leg portion extending from the support element of the support member 44 44b. Support element leg portion 44b forms an oblique angle with respect to the main surface of the support member 44, such that the support member 44b hooked into the receiving recess portion 95. exist Figure 16 , The support element 44 is connected via fasteners 96 to the outer profile of the mounting recessed portion, the fastener 96 may be in the form of a bolt.
 In addition, shows how the bottom major surface 92 parallel to the leg IGU 15 'extends towards the top 21 of the profile element. For openable panel 2 mounting profile geometry 9 for the hinge 25 to make room. Possibly, other elements may open the panel 2 may be accommodated at the side facing the openable panel 2.
9 for the mounting profile openable side panel 2 is configured to abut the hinge flange 25 of the hinge profile 28 and the outer surface of the bottom leg 92 for abutment with the flange 25 of the hinge profile leg 281. Comprising a bottom leg 92 extending towards the interior of the body 90 substantially parallel to the inner mounting profile 9 of the legs 99. Inner leg 99 includes a hook member connected to a bottom portion 94 extending 97. At the transition between the body 92 and the bottom leg 90 of the mounting section 9, the presence of the cutout 92a for mating the bottom end portion of the receiving member 97 extends. The extension member 97 comprises a bottom outer leg 979 and a washer 971 engaging the flange.
 The outer end of the mounting section 9, a top extension member 98 is connected to the top leg 91. Extending abutment member 98 is mounted on top of the contact portion facing the interior of the upper profile 9 of the top leg 91, top extension member 98 comprises two snap legs 91 for connection to the top of the leg portion 981 of the fitting. On the exterior side facing a top portion of the extending member 98, top extension member 98 comprises a top for receiving the gasket 34 and the waterproof plate 43 of the top fastener elements extending recess 982. like Figure 16 Observed, for such fasteners 43 from the outside through the top plate 7 waterproof, waterproof top plate washer 34, a top member 98 extends into and through the mounting section 9, to ensure that the mounting section 9 and the top plate 7 waterproof the roof opening, and tightly seal mounting.
 Again Figure 16 The hinge 25 is positioned between the openable panel 2 and the mounting section 9, for allowing the openable panel 2 about the rotational axis of the hinge 25 between a closed position and an open position.
 It should be noted that neither the panel being openable or fixed, a second embodiment of the panel system of the fixed panel 1 and 3 openable panel 2 includes such a hinge 25. The hinge 25 also serves as a mounting section fixed panel 1 and each openable panel 2 between the top member 9 is connected with the profile elements 11 and 21.
 The hinge 25 includes a hinge journal portion 26, the journal portion 26 is designed to receive a hinge pin 26b of bushing or barrel mounting member 26a, 26b of the hinge pin may form part of the openable panel, whereby the hinge pin defining a hinge axis, open the panel structure may be rotated about the hinge axis. Panel 2 can be opened up to 100 degrees rotation outwardly from the closed position.
 The hinge 25 has a hinge panel connected to the openable panel 2 of flange 27. The hinge flange 27 is a panel member having a first elongated flat side 21 and a second side portion having a cutout portion facing the top of the profile element. The hinge means has a flange 27 panel fasteners (such as screws, not shown in detail) for connecting to the top of the profile element 21. In addition, the hinge 25 has a hinge flange profiles 9 are connected to the mounting profile 28. The hinge flange 28 is substantially a mirror image profile version of the hinge panel flange 27, flange 28 and the hinge profile comprises means for fastening to a mounting profile 9. In the closed position of the openable panel 2, the flange 27 of the hinge panel and the hinge profile flange 28 facing each other and aligned such that the flange 27, the inner surface of the innermost substantially flush in a plane IGU 15 'in.
 The hinge flange 27 includes a panel panel flange leg 271, the panel 271 is substantially perpendicular to the leg portion of the flange of the hinge profile flange 28 extends toward the main surface of the flange 27 of the hinge panel. Similarly, the hinge having a substantially vertical profile flange 28 towards the flange of the hinge profile flange panel 27 extending leg portion 281 to the main surface of the hinge flange 28 of the profile. Profile flange leg 281 is mirrored version of the panel flange leg 271, and in the closed position of the panel, the two legs facing each other. Leg cuboid or plate shape member having a cavity on the outer edge. Leg portions of the flange 27, 28 at the innermost edge.
 In the plane IGU 15 'of the mounting section 271 near the bottom of the leg 929 of the leg portion 25 of the panel below the hinge flange extending. In the closed position, the panel leg edge 271 of the flange 272 and flange sections 281 of the leg edge 282 may be in contact state. The contact between the edge 272 and 282 may be used as means for preventing the hinge 25 is closed over, excessive openable panel 2 is closed from the open position to the closed position will damage the connector member 97 extends from the bottom to the inner gasket 75. When rotating the panel towards the closed position, the edge panels 272, 282 may be used by the edge of the flange 272 of the leg 271 and 281 contact edge sections of the flange leg 282 of the apparatus is stopped, and thus by friction and / or by increasing the resistance of the closure panel so that the panel stop motion. This hinge 25 can be protected from damage and reduce the wear and tear of the hinge and / or to ensure durability of the hinge. In addition, it is possible to reduce the force of the hinge 25 from the closed position to the open position desired, and / or allow more variation on a hinge member 25. For example, if at least one edge made of a soft material such as silicone rubber or the edges 272, 282, can also cause the resistance to the rotation of the window to be opened deceleration soft-off panel with 2 before reaching the closed position.
 Special reference Figure 17 Openable panel 2 includes a portion positioned on the inner side of the inner pane 17 of the light blocking member 55. A first light blocking member 55 having a compressed state and a second extended state, the second shielding member 55 in the extended state can block light from the outside, and the external light enters in a first compressed state manipulation. The light blocking member 55 can also have a third compressed state between a first state and a second extended state. The light blocking member 55 is provided with a supporting portion for attaching the light-shielding member 55 connected to the top profile 21 of the light shielding member 19, bracket 56. Light shielding holder 56 is provided with a connecting member 59, the connecting element 59 has a first end portion connected to the support portion 19 and a second end portion provided for connection to the flat surface of the light shielding holder 56. Light shielding holder 56 and the light blocking member 55 is connected to the top of the profile element 21. The light blocking member 55 may also be attached to the fixed panel 1. In the installed position, the light blocking member 55 in the direction of the pitched roof structure is located above the closest to the inside of the inner profile 57 of the planar element. Compact light blocking member 57 above the plane of the profile elements 55 provide innermost almost hidden shield, the shielding in the compressed state and only the IGU 15 'overlaps a small portion, and thus allow more light through the IGU 15' inflows. The compact light blocking member 55 allows for easier packaging, easier to install and allows the other extension member, etc. without affecting the function of the light blocking member abuts the inner profile element plane 57.
 Figure 19 - Flexible installation profile
 In the above Figure 18 , The mounting profile 9 is shown having a main body connected to the mounting profile 9 extending member 90 of the top member 98 and a separate bottom member 97 extends. However, in alternative embodiments, may extend the geometry of the top member 97 and extending member 98 provided at the bottom section as a boundary portion of the main body 90 is connected. Such segments can, for example, the boundary portion 90 integral with the main body, so that the entire profile can be mounted such as the package PUR pultruded glass fiber or epoxy resin material extruded from the other desirable properties of a metal material or having made.
 Although such a metal material having good strength properties, thermal properties but is not necessarily satisfactory. In some climates, increasing the insulation is desired. By forming the boundary section can be interchanged extending member of insulating material, thermal insulation mounting profile 9 of the fixed panel 1 and thus the whole or openable panel 2 is improved insulation performance.
 In fact, the panel system 3 is adapted for specific climatic areas, for example, by the following steps:
 Selecting a desired heat insulating performance 3 panel system,
 Suitable thermal insulation is provided at least one extension member 97, 98,
 At least one boundary segment cut from the body portion 90, and
 The at least one extension body elements 97, 98 and 90 engage the mounting profile.
 Figure 20 to 23 -Production method
 Now with reference Figure 20 to 23 , A method of manufacturing a panel system as described above will be the panel 3 will be described. It should be noted that the fixed panel 1 and panel 2 can be opened is substantially manufactured in the same manner.
 A method of manufacturing a panel by performing the following basic steps:
 (I) forming a rigid material profile member 10,
 (Ii) the heat insulating member 20 is formed of insulating material,
 (Iii) the connecting profile member 20 and the heat insulating member 10 to provide at least one profile length,
 (Iv) at least one profile from said longitudinal profile elements forming a set 11,12,13,14,21,22,23,24,
 (V) providing a panel element 5; 15; 15 ', and
 (Vi) connecting the profile elements 11,12,13,14,21,22,23,24 group to form the panel element 5 to surround; 15; 15 'of the frame structure 2 to form the final panels.
 Profile element is manufactured by extrusion of a rigid material. In the described embodiment, the material is a metal section, typically of aluminum produced. According to this method, a large aluminum extrusion, i.e., step (i) comprises a profile member 10 forming the extruded length of the intermediate profile, which includes a support portion 19 connected to the bridge portion 18 of the cover portion 18a, to form a support portion 19, the bridging portion 18a and a generally U-shaped chamber 18 defined by the cover portion, such as Figure 20 Down.
 A substantially U-shaped middle chamber filled with a liquid plastic material, typically a liquid thermosetting material, most commonly polyurethane (PUR), may also be used although free flowing molten thermoplastic material, such as hot melt adhesive. Thus, a step (II) and the profile member 20 and the heat insulating member 10 and the heat insulating member 20 is connected to (iii) by heat insulating material molded into the support portion 19, and a bridging portion 18a of the cover portion 18 defines a U shaped chamber implemented in a single operation. This Figure 21 Down.
 In the liquid plastic material is cured, usually in combination with aluminum and then removing aluminum bottom of the U-shape by sawing or milling (to bridge) to produce the desired structural composite insulating aluminum frame. In this manner, the heat created in the middle of the bridging profile. Thus, the bridge portion 18a at an additional step after sub-step (iii) is to be bridged to obtain Figure 22 State shown in.
 It may also be used in two separate aluminum casting process, to eliminate the bridge operation by appropriate to pan and the bottom seal chamber. In either case, compared to the first process to produce the finished heat blocking operation less desired profile.
 Alternatively, the profile element can also be produced in other ways and of other materials, such as reinforcing profiles by roll forming glass fiber or carbon fiber pultrusion steel strip production.
 According to this method, heat insulating member 20 substantially comprises a PUR. In a preferred embodiment, component PUR is ASika Force 7744L03 DGR (polyhydric alcohol) component and a B Sika Force7010 (isocyanate) component.
 Additional holes or recesses adapted to allow the inflow of PUR PUR fixed to the aluminum, so as to avoid any relative movement of PUR insulated aluminum profile.
 The cutting tool is used in the bottom and / or top profile chamber projection to form a recess. Alternatively, holes can be drilled on top and / or bottom of the profile chamber wall.
 The T-shaped groove cutting tool can also be used to cut the recess in the top and bottom chamber protrusions. This approach is particularly attractive because once fills and bridges, the composite profile looks a standard without any potential appearance objection, just as before the previous concept.
 The profile length obtained in step (iii) may, for example, have at least 2 of the length of at least one of the set of profile elements 11, 12, 13, 14, 21, 22, 23, 24 of step (iv). The length of times. A suitable length is approximately 6m, which is advantageous from the perspective of manufacturing, storage, and economy. In some panels, the step (iv) of the profile elements 11, 12, 13, 14, 21, 22, 23, 24 can be achieved by a single profile length. However, more than one profile length is usually required.
 Figure 24 - wind turntable
 exist Figure 24 In the embodiment of the panel system 3 shown, the plurality of panels 1, 2 are configured. The wind turbine 64 is attached to one open panel 2 adjacent to one open panel 2. The wind steering member 64 is formed to have two opposite triangular side portions 641, the rectangular top side 642 and the rectangular bottom side portion 643, such that the upper end portion is substantially smaller than the lower end when viewed in the tilt direction of the panel. . In this embodiment, the wind turntile member does not extend to the top of the panel system, but may also be this case. The wind steering member 64 re-guides the wind blowing through the outer surface of the panel system 3 in the vicinity of the panel 2, and changing the flow mode such that the outward stream from the inside air and the air can escape, thereby allowing the panel system 3 Open panel 2 is used as an exhaust port.
 In this embodiment, the wind steering member is also provided with flanges 644, 645, 646 at the bottom end. A flange 644 protrudes from the upper edge of the bottom end side portion 643 and is used for wind conveying purposes. The second flange 645 protrudes on the bottom waterproof member 72 and can be used for drainage purposes and wind conveying purposes. The third flange 646 protrudes on the cover 70 of the nearest panel 2 and can help to position the wind steering relative to the panel system.
 exist Figure 24 The side cover 33 can also be seen in which the side cover is covered with the end of the panel system 3 and protrudes on the column 6 on the roof structure of the panel system.
 Figure 25 and Figure 26 - Installation of front cover
 exist Figure 25 At the lower portion of the panel system 3 shown, the fixed panel 1 at the end of the row is shown. There is a mounting bracket 62 'that connects the fixing panel 1 to the support structure 6' at the bottom profile element 14. An or more corresponding mounting brackets can be present at other locations along the length of the bottom profile element 14. The side cover 33 is mounted as shown. The bottom waterproof plate 72 is now connected to the bottom profile element 14 of the fixed panel 1.
 Figure 26 Be shown Figure 17 The installation of the cover 70 in the middle. As can be observed, the cover cover will cover the mounting bracket 62 when the cover 70 is already installed. In this embodiment, the cover is made of a metal sheet and is provided with an end cap 701 that is closed. Such end caps can be disposed on all coverings, i.e., at each panel of the panel system, or only at the end of the panel system, in which case, under the cover cover, may have in the panel system Continuous space extends over the entire width. This space can be used to accommodate wires, ventilation pipes, and the like.
 The invention is not limited to the above embodiment, and the drainage and sealing system can of course be used to other types of structures other than the panel system 3.
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