Heating equipment

A technology for heating equipment and heating sheets, applied in the field of machinery, can solve problems such as insufficient combustion of fuel, and achieve the effects of reducing the generation of harmful gases, saving fuel, and improving combustion efficiency

Inactive Publication Date: 2014-08-06
王舒拉
6 Cites 1 Cited by

AI-Extracted Technical Summary

Problems solved by technology

[0004] The purpose of the present invention is to provide an energy-saving and environment-frie...
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Abstract

The invention provides heating equipment which is composed of a combustion furnace and heating plates. The combustion furnace saves energy and protects environment. The combustion furnace comprises a furnace body formed by enclosure of the furnace wall. A water pipe is arranged in the furnace body and connected with a water outlet in the top of the combustion furnace and a water inlet in the lower portion of the combustion furnace. The front of the furnace body is provided with a slag cleaning opening and a feed opening. A shelf used for placing fuel is arranged in the furnace body. A hole is formed in the shelf. A first stop plate is arranged above the shelf. A gap for the fuel to be combusted is reserved between the first stop plate and the shelf. By means of the first stop plate, when the fuel is combusted on the shelf, the fuel which is combusted insufficiently is blocked and falls on the shelf again for further combustion; the slag cleaning opening is formed below the portion, connected with the shelf, of the furnace body, and the feed opening is formed between the portions, connected with the first stop plate and the shelf, of the furnace body; according to the heating equipment, the fuel can be fully combusted, pollution is lowered, the heating effect is guaranteed, and the heating cost is lowered.

Application Domain

Water heatersBaffles +1

Technology Topic

SlagWater pipe +4

Image

  • Heating equipment
  • Heating equipment
  • Heating equipment

Examples

  • Experimental program(1)

Example Embodiment

[0020] The technical solutions of the present invention will be further described in detail below through the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
[0021] The invention provides an energy-saving and environment-friendly burning furnace, Figure 1A It is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of an energy-saving and environment-friendly heating device provided by the present invention. by Figure 1A It can be seen that the heating device consists of a burner 10, a heating fin 20, and a water pipe 30 connecting the burner 10 and the heating fin 20. Figure 1B for Figure 1A A schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of a burner contained in a heating device. The combustion furnace includes a furnace body 10 surrounded by a furnace wall 11, and a water pipe ( Figure 1B (Not shown), the water pipe connects/connects the water outlet 15 on the top of the burner and the water inlet 12 on the lower part of the burner. The furnace body 10 is in the shape of a cabinet as an example, but is not limited to this. The furnace body may also be barrel-shaped or other shapes, which is not limited.
[0022] The furnace wall 11 may be a solid structure or a hollow structure. If it is a hollow structure, it can also be connected to the water pipe. The heat in the furnace can heat the water in the cavity of the furnace wall 11, and can also be buffered by it, so that the outside temperature of the furnace wall 11 is reduced, which can effectively prevent Burns to those who touch the furnace wall.
[0023] The front of the furnace body 10 is provided with a slag removal port 13 and a feed port 14. Obviously, both the slag removal port 13 and the feed port 14 can be provided with cover plates that can be opened and closed, which will not be repeated.
[0024] Further reference figure 2 , Which is an internal structure diagram of an embodiment of the present invention, the furnace body 10 is provided with a shelf 101 for placing fuel, and the shelf 101 is provided with a hole. The shelf 101 is used to place fuel, such as coal. There is a space between the bottom of the shelf 101 and the bottom of the furnace body 10 for accommodating the burned slag. The space faces the slag cleaning port 13 through which the residue generated by combustion can be cleaned. The shelf 101 is facing the inlet 14, and fuel is placed on the shelf 101 through the inlet 14. The shelf 101 may also be called a grate bar, or other names.
[0025] The shelf 101 can be a metal plate with meshes, or can be composed of multiple hollow tubes, or multiple metal rods, which will not be elaborated. The hollow pipe may also be a part of the water pipe inside the furnace. All parts of the water pipe inside the furnace can be connected.
[0026] A first blocking plate 102 is provided above the shelf 101, and a gap is left between the first blocking plate 102 and the shelf 101 for fuel to burn. figure 2 In the illustrated embodiment, the first blocking plate 102 has a horizontal section 1021 and an inclined section 1022. The angle between the horizontal section 1021 and the inclined section 1022 can be not less than 90 degrees, and the lower side of the inclined section is There is a gap between the furnace walls, so as to achieve a better blocking effect on the fuel, and at the same time to leave a passage for the flame to travel upward. Of course, the first blocking plate 102 may also include only a horizontal section without an inclined section, but its blocking effect on fuel is not as good as an embodiment with an inclined section. In addition, the included angle between the horizontal section 1021 and the inclined section 1022 may also be less than or equal to 90 degrees, which is not particularly limited here.
[0027] With the first blocking plate 102, during the fuel combustion process on the shelf 101, the incompletely burned fuel will pop up and be blocked by it, and then fall on the shelf 101 for further combustion. Thereby, the combustion will be more sufficient; the feed inlet 14 is arranged on the furnace body 10 between the position where the first blocking plate 102 and the shelf 101 are connected. The first blocking plate 102 may be a solid structure or a hollow structure. If it is a hollow structure, it can also be connected to the water pipe 108 to increase the effect of heat on the water in the water pipe. In other words, the first blocking plate 102 of the hollow structure at this time is also a part of the water pipe.
[0028] Further reference figure 2 In the illustrated embodiment, a second blocking plate 103 is further provided in the furnace body 10, and the second blocking plate 103 is disposed above the first blocking plate and arranged in a staggered arrangement with the first blocking plate 102 . The second blocking plate 103 can forcibly change the traveling direction of the flame in the furnace body from the combustion chamber composed of the first blocking plate 102 and the shelf 101 into an S shape. At the same time, the second blocking plate 103 can further block the dust in the furnace body and then fall back to the bottom of the furnace body. Similar to the first blocking plate 102, the second blocking plate 103 may also be hollow or solid. If it is a hollow structure, it can also be connected to the water pipe 108 to increase the effect of heat on the water in the water pipe. In other words, the first blocking plate 102 of the hollow structure at this time is also a part of the water pipe.
[0029] Correspondingly, such as figure 2 As shown, the water pipe 108 can be straight, or it can be a paperclip style, a pipe bent in the furnace body to increase the heating area. It can also be arranged in an S-shape both longitudinally and laterally in the furnace body, so that, on the one hand, the heating area is further increased, and the ash layer and other impurities formed during combustion can be blocked, which will not be repeated.
[0030] In an optional embodiment, the furnace body is further provided with a cleaning port 111 and at least one warm outlet. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 1, two warm outlets 112 and 113 are provided, wherein The ports 112 and 113 are located below the second blocking plate 103 and above the feeding port 11. The cleaning port 111 can be substantially facing or completely facing the second blocking plate 103, and can block the second blocking plate 103. The board 103 is cleaned.
[0031] It should be noted that the cleaning port itself can also play a role of heating, therefore, when it is not used for cleaning, it can also be regarded as a kind of heating port.
[0032] It should be noted that the heating outlet and cleaning outlet can be selected according to actual needs, for example, it can also be as image 3 As shown, only one warm outlet 112 is provided, which should not be understood as a limitation of the present invention.
[0033] In an optional embodiment, the top of the burner is provided with an ash outlet 114, and the ash outlet 114 is connected to an external cleaning tank through a pipe, and clean water can be placed in the cleaning tank. The dust and other impurities that come out are absorbed.
[0034] The present invention is provided with a blocking plate, so that the fuel splashed during the combustion process of the fuel burning on the shelf can fall back to the burning fuel on the shelf after being blocked. The high temperature of the burning fuel utilizes the principle of backburning, so that The incompletely burned fuel can be fully burned, reducing the generation of harmful gases, ensuring a better heating effect, and saving heating costs.
[0035] Finally, it should be noted that the above embodiments are only used to illustrate the technical solutions of the present invention and not to limit them. Although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the preferred embodiments, those of ordinary skill in the art should understand that the technology of the present invention can be The solutions are modified or equivalently replaced without departing from the spirit and scope of the technical solutions of the present invention.

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