Formwork component

A formwork member and component technology, applied in the field of formwork members, can solve the problems of poor overall strength and rigidity of formwork members, force and force transmission of cast-in-place concrete hollow floors, damage to formwork members, etc.

Inactive Publication Date: 2009-05-13
邱则有
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AI-Extracted Technical Summary

Problems solved by technology

However, there is no reinforcing structure in the formwork components in this floor slab, the overall strength and rigidity of the formwork components are poor, and the phenomenon of damage to the formwo...
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Abstract

The invention discloses a shuttering member, which comprises an upper board (1) and peripheral side walls (2), wherein an open basin shaped member is enclosed by the peripheral side walls (2). The shuttering member is characterized in that a stiffening rib plate (3) is arranged in a cavity of the basin shaped member, the shuttering member is provided with a connecting piece (28) used for the mutual connection between shuttering members, and the connecting piece (28) is a socket bar and a hole. The shuttering member is suitable for hollow floors, roofs, wall bodies, foundation slabs and open web bridges with cast-in-place reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete, particularly for hollow girderless floors.

Application Domain

FloorsForms/shuttering/falseworks

Technology Topic

Reinforced concrete

Image

  • Formwork component
  • Formwork component
  • Formwork component

Examples

  • Experimental program(1)

Example Embodiment

[0052] The present invention will be further described below in conjunction with the drawings and embodiments.
[0053] The present invention, as shown in the drawings, includes an upper plate 1, a peripheral side wall 2, and an open basin-shaped member surrounded by the upper plate 1, the peripheral side wall 2, and is characterized in that the cavity of the basin-shaped member is provided with The stiffening rib plate 3 is provided with a connecting piece 28 connecting the mold shell members to each other on the mold shell member, and the connecting member 28 is a socket rod member and a hole. In the drawings, 1 is the upper plate, 2 is the surrounding side wall, and 3 is the stiffening rib plate. In the following drawings, the same numbers have the same descriptions. Such as figure 1 As shown, the upper plate 1 and the surrounding side walls 2 enclose an open basin-shaped member, and a stiffening rib 3 is provided in the cavity of the basin-shaped member. Such as Figure 19 As shown, the upper plate 1 and the surrounding side walls 2 enclose an open basin-shaped member, the cavity of the basin-shaped member is provided with a stiffening rib plate 3, and the mold shell member is provided with a mutual relationship between the mold shell members. The connecting connecting piece 28, as shown in the figure, the connecting piece 28 is a socket rod piece and a hole.
[0054] The present invention is also characterized in that the stiffening rib plate 3 is a solid stiffening rib plate or a hollow stiffening rib plate or a composite stiffening rib plate. figure 2 It is a schematic structural diagram of embodiment 2 of the present invention. The upper plate 1 and the surrounding side walls 2 enclose an open basin-shaped member. The cavity of the basin-shaped member is provided with a stiffening rib 3, and the stiffening rib 3 is Hollow stiffener plate.
[0055] The present invention is also characterized in that the composite stiffening rib plate 3 is a composite stiffening rib plate containing lightweight materials 4. image 3 It is a schematic diagram of the structure of embodiment 3 of the present invention. The upper plate 1 and the surrounding side walls 2 enclose an open basin-shaped member, and the cavity of the basin-shaped member is provided with a composite stiffening rib plate 3, and the composite stiffening rib plate 3 is a composite stiffening rib board containing light material 4, and the light material 4 shown in the figure is expanded perlite.
[0056] The present invention is also characterized in that the multiple stiffening ribs 3 are arranged in parallel, orthogonal or obliquely. Figure 4 It is a structural diagram of embodiment 4 of the present invention. The upper plate 1 and the surrounding side walls 2 enclose an open basin-shaped member, and the cavity of the basin-shaped member is provided with a plurality of stiffening ribs 3, and the said multi-piece stiffening The ribs 3 are arranged in parallel.
[0057] The present invention is also characterized in that the stiffening rib 3 is exposed outside the basin-shaped member. Figure 5 It is a structural diagram of embodiment 5 of the present invention. The upper plate 1 and the surrounding side walls 2 are surrounded by an open basin-shaped member. The cavity of the basin-shaped member is provided with a stiffening rib 3, and the stiffening rib 3 has Partly exposed outside the basin-shaped member.
[0058] The present invention is also characterized in that the peripheral side wall 2 has a toss 5 protruding outward. Figure 6 It is a schematic structural view of the sixth embodiment of the present invention. The upper plate 1, the surrounding side wall 2 encloses an open basin-shaped member, the cavity of the basin-shaped member is provided with a stiffening rib 3, and the surrounding side wall 2 faces There is a toss 5 outside.
[0059] The present invention is also characterized in that the upper plate 1, the surrounding side walls 2, the stiffening ribs 3 or the edge 5 contain reinforcements 6, or the reinforcements 6 are exposed, or the reinforcements 6 extend into the adjacent members. Anchor in the matrix. Reinforcement 6 is at least one of steel bar, steel wire, steel mesh, steel wire mesh, fiber, fiber tow, fiber mesh cloth, non-woven fabric, thin metal strip, thin strip with holes, packaging tape, braided tape, etc. Kind. Figure 7 It is a schematic diagram of the structure of embodiment 7 of the present invention. The upper plate 1, the surrounding side wall 2 encloses an open basin-shaped member, the cavity of the basin-shaped member is provided with a stiffening rib 3, and the surrounding side wall 2 extends outward. For the toss 5, the upper plate 1, the surrounding side walls 2 and the toss 5 all contain reinforcements 6, and the reinforcements 6 extend into the matrix of each adjacent member to be anchored. The illustrated reinforcement 6 is a thin metal strip.
[0060] The present invention is also characterized in that hanging parts or hanging embedded parts 7 or junction boxes 8 or wire tubes 9 or light trough boxes 10 or air ducts 11 are provided on the upper plate 1 or the surrounding side walls 2 or the leading edge 5 At least one of them. Figure 8 is a schematic structural view of embodiment 8 of the present invention. The upper plate 1 and the surrounding side walls 2 enclose an open basin-shaped member. The cavity of the basin-shaped member is provided with stiffening ribs 3, and the surrounding side walls 2 extend outward There is a tossing edge 5, and the upper plate 1 and the surrounding side wall 2 are respectively provided with a hanger 7, a junction box 8, a wire tube 9, a lamp slot box 10, and a wind tube 11.
[0061] The present invention is also characterized in that the mold shell member is also provided with a female corner 12, a chamfer 13, an arc corner 14, a groove 15, a pit 16, a boss module 17, a convex strip 18, and a male corner 19. At least one of them. Figure 9 is a schematic structural view of embodiment 9 of the present invention. The upper plate 1 and the surrounding side walls 2 enclose an open basin-shaped member. The cavity of the basin-shaped member is provided with stiffening ribs 3, and the surrounding side walls 2 extend outward There is a tossing edge 5, and the mold shell member is also provided with a female corner 12, a chamfer 13, a curved corner 14, a groove 15, a pit 16, a boss module 17, a convex strip 18, and a male corner at the same time. 19.
[0062] The present invention is also characterized in that at least one of a reinforcing rib 20, a stiffening rod 21, or a reinforcing cable 22 is further provided on the mold shell member. Figure 10 is a schematic structural view of embodiment 10 of the present invention. The upper plate 1 and the surrounding side walls 2 enclose an open basin-shaped member. The cavity of the basin-shaped member is provided with stiffening ribs 3, and the surrounding side walls 2 extend outward There is a toss 5, and the said mold shell member is also provided with reinforcing ribs 20, stiffening rods 21 and reinforcing cables 22 at the same time.
[0063] The present invention is also characterized in that the at least two mold shell members are connected to form a group of mold shell members through the torso 5, and the inner rib mold cavity 23 is formed between adjacent mold shell members, or the surrounding side walls 2 are connected to the toss. 5 The contact part is also provided with a transverse groove 15. Figure 11 is a structural diagram of embodiment 11 of the present invention. The upper plate 1 and the surrounding side walls 2 enclose an open basin-shaped member. The cavity of the basin-shaped member is provided with stiffening ribs 3, and the surrounding side walls 2 extend outward There is a toss 5, and the plurality of mold shell members are connected by the toss 5 to form a group of mold shell members. The inner rib mold cavity 23 is formed between adjacent mold shell members. At the same time, the surrounding side walls 2 are connected to the mold shells. The contact part of the side 5 is also provided with a transverse groove 15.
[0064] The present invention is also characterized in that a spacer 24 is provided in the inner rib mold cavity 23. Figure 12 is a structural diagram of embodiment 12 of the present invention. The upper plate 1 and the surrounding side walls 2 enclose an open basin-shaped member. The cavity of the basin-shaped member is provided with stiffening ribs 3, and the surrounding side walls 2 extend outward There is a toss 5, and a plurality of mold shell members are connected by the toss 5 to form a group of mold shell members. An inner rib mold cavity 23 is formed between adjacent mold shells. At the same time, the surrounding side wall 2 is in contact with the toss 5 A transverse groove 15 is also provided, and a spacer 24 is provided in the inner rib mold cavity 23.
[0065] The present invention is also characterized in that at least one of the upper plate 1 or the surrounding side walls 2 or the torso 5 is provided with a laminated layer 25. Figure 13 is a schematic view of the structure of embodiment 13 of the present invention. The upper plate 1 and the surrounding side walls 2 enclose an open basin-shaped member. The cavity of the basin-shaped member is provided with stiffening ribs 3, and the surrounding side walls 2 extend outward There is a toss 5, and a plurality of mold shell members are connected by the toss 5 to form a group of mold shell members. An inner rib mold cavity 23 is formed between adjacent mold shells. At the same time, the surrounding side wall 2 is in contact with the toss 5 A transverse groove 15 is also provided, and a laminated layer 25 is provided on the upper plate 1.
[0066] The present invention is also characterized in that a carrier 26 is provided on the mold shell member. Figure 14 is a schematic structural view of embodiment 14 of the present invention. The upper plate 1 and the surrounding side walls 2 enclose an open basin-shaped member. The cavity of the basin-shaped member is provided with stiffening ribs 3, and the surrounding side walls 2 extend outward There is a toss 5, and a plurality of mold shell members are connected by the toss 5 to form a group of mold shell members. An inner rib mold cavity 23 is formed between adjacent mold shells. At the same time, the surrounding side wall 2 is in contact with the toss 5 A transverse groove 15 is also provided, and a carrier 26 is provided on the mold shell member.
[0067] The present invention is also characterized in that the at least two mold shell members are arranged alternately, connected to each other by spacers 24 to form a group of mold shell members, and an inner rib mold cavity 23 is formed between adjacent mold shell members. Figure 15 is a schematic structural view of the fifteenth embodiment of the present invention. The upper plate 1, the surrounding side wall 2 encloses an open basin-shaped member, and the cavity of the basin-shaped member is provided with a stiffening rib 3, and the plurality of molds The shell members are arranged alternately, and they are connected by spacers 24 to form a group of mold shell members. The adjacent mold shell members form an inner rib mold cavity 23. The spacers 24 as shown in the figure are rods.
[0068] The present invention is also characterized in that the horizontal cross-sectional shape of the mold shell member is rectangle, square, polygon, arc-angled polygon, chamfered polygon, multi-arc, corrugated or circular. Figure 16 is a schematic structural view of embodiment 16 of the present invention. The upper plate 1 and the surrounding side walls 2 enclose an open basin-shaped member, and the cavity of the basin-shaped member is provided with a stiffening rib 3, and the mold shell member The horizontal cross-sectional shape of is arc-cornered quadrilateral.
[0069] The present invention is also characterized in that the cavity of the mold shell member is provided with a lightweight material 4. Figure 17 It is a schematic structural diagram of embodiment 17 of the present invention. The upper plate 1 and the surrounding side walls 2 enclose an open basin-shaped member. The cavity of the basin-shaped member is provided with a stiffening rib plate 3, and the cavity of the mold shell member The cavity is provided with a lightweight material 4, and the lightweight material 4 shown in the figure is expanded perlite.
[0070] The present invention is also characterized in that a positioning member 27 is provided on the mold shell member. Figure 18 It is a structural diagram of embodiment 18 of the present invention. The upper plate 1 and the surrounding side walls 2 enclose an open basin-shaped member, the cavity of the basin-shaped member is provided with a stiffening rib 3, and the mold shell member is provided There is a positioning member 27, and the illustrated positioning member 27 is a positioning block.
[0071] The present invention is also characterized in that at least one of the upper plate 1 or the surrounding side walls 2 is provided with a laminated layer 25. Figure 20 It is a schematic diagram of the structure of embodiment 20 of the present invention. The upper plate 1 and the surrounding side walls 2 enclose an open basin-shaped member. The cavity of the basin-shaped member is provided with stiffening ribs 3, and the upper plate 1 is provided with There is a laminated layer 25.
[0072] The present invention is also characterized in that the laminated layer 25 is a lightweight aggregate concrete layer, aerated concrete layer, cement mortar layer, cement fiber layer, cement steel wire mesh layer, cement concrete layer, reinforced concrete layer, plastic board, metal Pressed board or wood plywood or bamboo plywood. Figure 21 It is a schematic structural diagram of embodiment 21 of the present invention. The upper plate 1 and the surrounding side walls 2 enclose an open basin-shaped member. The cavity of the basin-shaped member is provided with stiffening ribs 3, and the upper plate 1 is provided with a laminated layer 25. The laminated layer 25 is a lightweight aggregate concrete layer.
[0073] The present invention is also characterized in that the upper plate 1 or the surrounding side wall 2 of the formwork member is made of cement fiber, cement fiber mesh, cement reinforced mesh, cement steel wire mesh, concrete board, bamboo plywood, wood plywood, Plastic, metal profiled board, lightweight concrete wall, or tossing edge 5 is a tossing edge of cement mortar, concrete, lightweight concrete, polymer concrete, or polymer mortar. Figure 22 It is a schematic diagram of the structure of embodiment 22 of the present invention. The upper plate 1, the surrounding side wall 2 encloses an open basin-shaped member, the cavity of the basin-shaped member is provided with a stiffening rib 3, and the surrounding side wall 2 extends outwards. The tossing edge 5, the upper plate 1 and the surrounding side walls 2 of the formwork member are fiber cement mortar walls, and the tossing edge 5 is a tossing edge made of steel wire mesh cement mortar.
[0074] The present invention is also characterized in that at least one of the upper plate 1, the surrounding side walls 2 or the toss 5 is formed by superimposing and cementing multiple layers of reinforcements 6 of ribs or nets adhered with a cementing material. Figure 23 It is a structural diagram of embodiment 23 of the present invention. The upper plate 1, the surrounding side wall 2 are enclosed by an open basin-shaped member, and the cavity of the basin-shaped member is provided with a stiffening rib plate 3, and the surrounding side wall 2 is facing A toss 5 is protruding from the outside, and the upper plate 1, the surrounding side walls 2 and the toss 5 are all formed by laminating and cementing multiple layers of net-like reinforcements 6 with glued materials.
[0075] When the present invention is implemented, cement mortar cement and glass fiber mesh cloth can be used to form a layer of cement material, a layer of glass fiber mesh cloth, and a layer of cement material in the mold to have a layered structure. The mold shell components with prefabricated concrete or cement mortar stiffening ribs 3 are demolded and cured to a prescribed age to obtain the mold shell components.

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