The present invention will be explained in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. It should be noted that the words "front", "back", "left", "right", "up" and "down" used in the following description refer to the directions in the drawings, and the words "inside" and "outside" refer to the directions towards or away from the geometric center of a specific part, respectively.
 1 to 12 A visual sorting line for bottle garbage with directional feeding according to one embodiment of the present invention is schematically shown. As shown in the figure, the device includes a directional vibration feeder 01, a bottle puller 02, a guide belt conveyor 03 and a high-speed jet optical separator 04;
 The directional feeder 01 includes a hopper 010 inclined from the upper right to the lower left, a homogenizing plate 011 is installed in the middle of the feeding end of the lower cavity wall of the hopper 010, and a plurality of flow guiding strips 012 are symmetrically distributed at the discharging end. The homogenizing plate 011 includes two side flow guiding plates 0111 which are symmetrical about the middle end 0110, which is inclined from the upper right to the lower left, and the flow guiding strips 012 are provided with flow guiding plates 0121 which are symmetrical about the middle end 0120.
 A plurality of positioning disks 1 of the bottle puller 02 are distributed at equal intervals and vertically fixed on the rotating shaft 3, and the edges of the positioning disks 1 are connected with a plurality of shifting soft fingers 2 in a circumferential array, and the shifting soft fingers 2 are located in the hopper 010 and above the homogenizing plate 011; Two ends of the rotating shaft 3 are rotatably connected with the inner cross-linking plate 81 of the coupling seat 8 through a bearing with a seat 6, one end of the rotating shaft 3 is connected with a hollow decelerating motor 7 by a shaft sleeve, and two adjusting legs 4 are vertically and adjustably connected with the first longitudinal linking plate 82 of the coupling seat 8; a lifting adjusting assembly 5 is arranged on each adjusting leg 4 and between the coupling seat 8, and the bottle is brought into the guide bar 012 from the lower homogenizing plate 011 by the toggle soft finger 2, and the lifting adjusting assembly 5 adjusts the height of the toggle soft finger 2 to control the output flow of the bottle;
 The belt conveyor 03 includes an annular wide guide belt 031, the upper flat section of which is attached to the left end of the lower edge of the hopper 010, and a plurality of transverse bars 0310 are longitudinally distributed on the upper surface of the wide guide belt 031 at equal intervals, and each transverse bar 0310 and a deflector 0121 are opposite to each other. The transverse bars 0310 and deflector 012 restrict the longitudinal movement of light materials, and the left end of the wide guide belt 031 is opposite to the sorting of the high-speed jet optical separator 04.
 The jet light sorting machine 04 sorts the bottle garbage according to the setting.
According to the visual sorting line for bottle garbage with directional feeding, the uniform material plate 011 and the guide bar 012 are arranged through the directional vibration feeder 01, so that the longitudinal uniform and transverse moving can be accurately guided, and the bottle shifting machine 02 is added; the bottle shifting machine 02 adopts the positioning disc 1 and the shifting soft finger 2 to realize the active uniform feeding, and the feeding speed is uniform; the lifting and adjusting assembly controls the bottle output speed, without jamming and interruption; and the guiding belt conveyor 03 is added to improve the material moving speed. The transverse bar 0310 of the wide guide belt 031 limits the bottle's longitudinal movement, which has the following beneficial effects: firstly, the device realizes the feeding with uniform longitudinal distribution, guided lateral movement and uniform feeding speed, and the subsequent sorter can accurately position, with good sorting effect, full-load operation of the equipment, fast sorting speed and high production efficiency; Secondly, the toggle soft finger 2 is adopted, and when discharging, the bottle is pressed by gravity and the toggle soft finger is deformed, so that the bottle jam phenomenon is avoided, the smooth and active feeding is realized, the stopping time in the equipment is short, and the production efficiency is improved; Thirdly, the lifting adjusting assembly 5 actively controls the output speed of the bottle, which avoids the uneven feeding of the vibrating feeder and realizes the uniform and controllable bottle output; Fourthly, the directional vibration feeder 01 realizes the uniform feeding of the longitudinal section, and the guide bar 012 carries out the high-precision transverse guiding feeding, thus avoiding the uneven phenomenon of the materials caused by the longitudinal movement of the materials, thus realizing the high-precision uniform feeding of the materials.
 Preferably, the middle diversion end 0110 is the intersection line of two side diversion plates 0111, and the high end point of the middle diversion end 0110 is fixed on the right side wall 0101 of the hopper 010 and the low end point is fixed on the lower inclined wall 0102 of the hopper 010;
 The upper edge of the side shunt plate 0111 and the right side wall 0101, as well as the lower edge of the side shunt plate 0101 and the lower inclined wall 0102 are attached to each other, and the side shunt plate 0111 and the lower inclined wall 0102 are connected by intermittent welding or threaded connection;
 The cavity sealed by the uniform plate 011, the lower inclined wall 0102 and the right side wall 0101 is completely filled with a buffer 016. The utility model has the advantages that the buffer piece 016 buffers the gravity of materials, prevents the homogenizing plate 011 from being deformed and damaged, and the buffer piece 016 keeps a constant shape for a long time, so that the homogenizing effect is consistent for a long time.
 Preferably, the inclination angle of the shunt middle end 0110 is 10-30; The included angle of the two side shunt plates 0111 is 120-160. The utility model has the advantages that the angle range can output more uniform longitudinal section material flow.
 Preferably, a plurality of diversion strips 012 are symmetrically distributed about the middle diversion end 0110, the middle diversion end 0120 is horizontally arranged, the right end point of the middle diversion end 0120 and the lower edge of the side diversion plate 0111 are provided with a small distance, and the lower inclined wall 0102 and the two diversion plates 0121 are attached to each other;
 Two connecting blocks 017 are fixedly connected in each flow guide bar 012, each connecting block 017 is flush with the lower surface of the flow guide plate 0121, and a threaded piece passes through the first through hole 0103 of the lower inclined wall 0102 and is screwed with the first threaded hole 0171 of each connecting block 017. The connecting block 017 has the advantages that the connecting block 017 can be detachably installed, the guide bar 2 can be conveniently replaced, and the maintenance and installation are convenient.
 The inclination angle of the deflector 0121 is 5-30. It has the advantages that the structure has a good diversion effect.
 Preferably, the buffer 016 is any one of rubber, wood block and polytetrafluoroethylene block; The material has the advantages that the material has a better buffering effect.
 Preferably, the first through hole 0103 is a plurality of round holes or longitudinal oblong holes distributed at equal intervals. The utility model has the advantages that the two holes can change the longitudinal interval of the flow guide bar 012, and the immobile materials are used.
 Preferably, the middle end 0120 of the flow guide has an arc structure, and the flow guide bar 012 is a bent piece. The structure has the advantages that the structure has good strength.
 Preferably, each guide plate 0121 and the lower inclined wall 0101 are welded into a whole by intermittent welding;
 Preferably, the directional vibration feeder 01 further comprises a vibration motor 013, an elastic lug base 014 and a lower bracket 015. The upper open left end of the hopper 010 is the feeding end, and the left open end of the hopper 010 is the discharging end. Two vibrating motors 013 are symmetrically arranged under the right end of the hopper 010, and four side coupling shafts 0104 are arranged outside the front and rear side plates of the hopper 010. Each side coupling shaft 0104 is externally connected with an elastic lug base 014 which is vertically connected to the lower bracket 015.
 Preferably, the included angle between the dial soft finger 2 and the diameter of the positioning disk 1 is 90-135; The utility model has the advantages that the toggle soft finger 2 arranged at the included angle can obtain better toggle force and sliding force, and has good toggle effect and fast sliding speed.
 Preferably, the toggle soft finger 2 is made of rubber or plastic; The material has the beneficial effects that the soft finger 2 can be inserted into the bottle, and the blocking phenomenon can be avoided; meanwhile, the bottle can be protected and more complete bottles can be obtained.
 Preferably, the toggle soft finger 2 is a PU air pipe, and the PU air pipe is connected to the edge surface of the positioning plate 1 by rivets. The utility model has the advantages that the PU air pipe is convenient to install, and at the same time, it is convenient to quickly find replacement parts in underdeveloped areas, which is convenient for maintenance and management, and at the same time, the equipment cost is reduced.
 Preferably, the central shaft hole of the positioning plate 1 is integrally connected with the shaft sleeve 11, and the shaft sleeve 11 is fixedly connected to the rotating shaft 3 by a pin;
 Preferably, the positioning disk 1 is fixed on the rotating shaft 3 by an expansion sleeve. The expansion sleeve has the advantages of convenient connection and installation, and high maintenance and debugging speed.
 Preferably, a plurality of large-diameter weight-reducing holes 12 are circumferentially arrayed on the positioning plate 1. The weight-reducing hole 12 can reduce the weight of the equipment and the power of the motor.
 Preferably, the lower end of the vertical channel steel 41 of the adjusting leg 4 is integrally connected with the fixing plate 42, the upper end of the vertical channel steel 41 is provided with a vertical long round hole 43, and the inner cross-linking plate 81 is vertically adjustable and fixed on the vertical long round hole 43 by screws;
 The lifting assembly 5 includes two adjusting blocks 51, an adjusting screw 52 and a fastening nut 53. The two adjusting blocks 51 are vertically fixed on the outer side of the vertical channel steel 41, and the two adjusting blocks 51 are respectively located above and below the coupling seat 8. Two adjusting screws 52 are screwed into the threaded through holes of the adjusting block 51, and their lower ends are attached to the upper and lower surfaces of the stopper 83 of the coupling seat 8. The fastening nut 53 is screwed to the adjusting screw 52, and the fastening nut 53 is attached to the upper surface of the adjusting block 51. The lifting adjusting assembly 5 has the advantages of simple structure and low manufacturing cost.
 Preferably, the lifting adjusting assembly 5 is a lifting screw machine or servo hydraulic cylinder, the fixed end of the lifting adjusting assembly 5 is connected to the adjusting leg 4, and the extended end of the lifting adjusting assembly 5 is fixedly connected to the upper coupling seat 8; The lifting adjusting assembly 5 has the advantages of high adjusting precision.
 Preferably, the reducer of the hollow decelerating motor 7 is a worm gear structure, and the hollow decelerating motor 7 is fixed on the outer cross plate 84 of a coupling seat 8 through a torsion arm 9.
 Preferably, the guide belt conveyor 03 further comprises four deviation correcting parts 032 symmetrically distributed at the left and right ends of the frame 039, the second longitudinal plate 0325 of the three-way connecting plate 0320 of the deviation correcting parts 032 is connected with the outer end plane of the upper joist 0391 of the frame 039 through an oblong hole longitudinally adjustable screw, and the transverse connecting plate 0322 of the three-way connecting plate 0320 is connected with the front plane or the rear plane of the upper joist 0391 through an oblong hole transversely adjustable screw;
The vertical shaft hole of the flat link plate 0323 of the three-way link plate 0320 is sleeved to fix the lower end of the first rotating shaft 0324, and the upper end of the first rotating shaft 0324 is rotatably connected with the stop wheel 0321 through a bearing. The upper and lower edges of the stop wheel 0321 respectively extend outward to form an annular stop edge 0326, and the front and rear edges of the upper flat section of the guide wide belt 031 are located in the height space of the two stop edges 0326. The utility model has the advantages that the guide wide belt 031 is provided with the stop wheels 0321 at the four corners to prevent the belt from jumping up and down, thus preventing the materials from jumping up and down; and the three-way connecting plate 0320 is adjustable in three directions, effectively limiting the deviation of the belt and ensuring the horizontal and straight movement of the belt.
 Preferably, the lower surface of the upper flat section of the wide guide belt 031 is bonded with a plurality of flat supporting plates 033 arranged transversely at equal intervals; The four edges of the upper panel 0330 of the flat supporting plate 033 respectively downward form a lower reinforcing flap 0331 with a C-shaped inner bending structure, and the lower surface of the upper panel 0330 is provided with a plurality of first longitudinal beams 0332 with rectangular tube structures, and the first longitudinal beams 0332 are sleeved and placed in the upper opening groove 0335 of the upper clamping plate 0334 of the lower clamping seat 0333;
 The C-shaped claw of the lower holder 0333 is attached to the lower surface and the outer side of the upper joist 0391. The inner end of the longitudinal adjustment hole 0336 of the first longitudinal beam 0332 is formed with a large-sized placement hole 0337, through which the threaded piece enters the longitudinal adjustment hole 0336 in advance, and the threaded piece passes through the lower bottom hole 0338 of the C-shaped claw to connect the nut.
 Preferably, a plurality of upper idler groups 034 are respectively located in the rectangular intervals of adjacent flat pallets 033, and the upper idler groups 034 include two second longitudinal beams 0340 parallel to each other; Two ends of the second longitudinal beam 0340 are fixed to the upper joist 0391 by U-shaped bolts 0342, a plurality of upper clamping seats 0344 are welded on the two second longitudinal beams 0340 at longitudinal intervals, each upper clamping seat 0344 is detachably connected with a rubber coating wheel 0341, and the upper edge of the rubber coating wheel 0341 is attached to the upper flat section of the guide wide belt 031;
 The lower end of the inner side of the frame 039 is provided with a plurality of lower supporting rods 0392 in pairs, each group of lower supporting rods 0392 is fixed with a plurality of lower clamping seats 038 at equal intervals, each lower clamping seat 038 is detachably connected with a rubber coating wheel 0341, and the upper edge of the rubber coating wheel 0341 is attached to the lower flat section of the guide wide belt 031.
 The rubber wrapping wheel 0341 is rotatably connected with the screw 0343 through a bearing, the screw 0343 passes through two clamping plates of the upper clamping seat 0340 or the lower clamping seat 038 and is fastened by nuts, and spacers are arranged between the rubber wrapping wheel 0341 and the clamping plates on both sides; The utility model has the advantages that: firstly, the upper flat section is supported by the flat supporting plate 033 and the upper supporting wheel group 034, so that the upper flat section of the wide guiding belt 031 is always in a straight state without bending deformation, thus ensuring the flat movement of bottles and avoiding bottle accumulation caused by bending; Secondly, the upper roller set 034 is convenient to install, maintain and replace; Thirdly, the flat pallet 033 has high installation precision, high installation strength and convenient adjustment.
 Preferably, two side baffles 035 are symmetrically connected to the front and rear ends of the frame 039, and a small gap exists between the lower edge of the side baffles 035 and the upper surface of the upper flat section of the guide wide belt 031. The utility model has the advantages that the side baffle 5 prevents bottle garbage from overflowing to the outside and protects the clean working environment.
 Preferably, the cross bar 0310 is integrally connected to the upper surface of the horizontal body of the guide wide belt 031 through vulcanization reaction. The belt has the advantages of high strength, strong windability and long service life.
 Preferably, the lower ends of the two transverse frames 0390 of the frame 039 are connected by cross beams, the driving roller assembly 036 and the driven roller assembly 037 are rotatably connected to both ends of the transverse frame 90, the driving roller assembly 036 is connected to the driving motor, the driving roller assembly 036 is connected to the left end of the transverse frame 90 by a tensioning assembly, and the right end of the guide wide belt 031 wraps around the driving roller assembly 036 and the left end wraps around the driven roller assembly 037.
 The left end of the transverse frame 0390 is also provided with a chute 0393, the lower supporting rod 0392 is connected to the lower ends of the two transverse frames 0390, the upper supporting beam 0391 is screwed to the middle of the transverse frame 0390, and the upper ends of the two side baffles 035 are screwed to the transverse frame 0390;
 A plurality of vertical legs 0394 are uniformly distributed at the lower end of the transverse frame 0390, short beams are arranged between adjacent vertical legs 0394, and the vertical legs 0394 are connected to the reference beam 0395.
 The above are just some embodiments of the present invention. For those skilled in the art, without departing from the inventive concept of the present invention, several modifications and improvements can be made, all of which belong to the scope of protection of the present invention.