Technological method for double-station rapid loading of wood plates

A process method and dual-station technology, applied in the direction of manufacturing tools, wood processing appliances, multi-purpose machinery, etc., can solve problems such as reducing production efficiency of production lines, improve production efficiency, avoid product quality problems, and avoid comprehensive utilization of equipment bottom rate effect

Active Publication Date: 2019-09-27
豪德机械(上海)有限公司
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AI-Extracted Technical Summary

Problems solved by technology

[0017] Aiming at the problems existing in the prior art, some embodiments of the present invention provide an efficient and low-cost compact sheet material feeding process, which requires no human operation and can match the production line rhythm for fully automatic material feeding, The feeding performance is stable, the equipment size is co...
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Abstract

The invention discloses a technological method for the double-station rapid loading of wood plates. The technological method comprises the following steps: step 1: plate stacks are transferred by forklifts to a preparation-area conveying roller bed on the left side and a preparation-area conveying roller bed on the right side correspondingly; step 2, the respective plate stacks are conveyed by the two preparation-area conveying roller beds on the left and right to corresponding loading-area conveying roller beds through third roller beds; and step 3, at the position of the loading-area conveying roller bed on the left side, the plates on the plate stacks are grabbed by a plate loading truss manipulator one by one, are transferred by the plate loading truss manipulator to a technological-inlet-end conveying roller bed, and are fed by the technological-inlet-end conveying roller bed into a plate processing production line one by one. The technological method is adopted at the technological initiating end of the plate processing production line process, so that the safety accidents caused by personnel fatigue due to the high working intensity and the monotonous repetitive work as well as the severe muscle strain caused by the long-term repetitive loading action can be avoided.

Application Domain

Feeding devicesMulti-purpose machines

Technology Topic

ManipulatorEngineering +3

Image

  • Technological method for double-station rapid loading of wood plates
  • Technological method for double-station rapid loading of wood plates
  • Technological method for double-station rapid loading of wood plates

Examples

  • Experimental program(1)

Example Embodiment

[0043] The following will clearly and completely describe the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention. Obviously, the described embodiments are only some, not all, embodiments of the present invention. Based on the embodiments of the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by persons of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
[0044] In describing the present invention, it should be understood that the terms "longitudinal", "transverse", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", The orientation or positional relationship indicated by "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", etc. are based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and are only for the convenience of describing the present invention and simplifying the description, rather than Nothing indicating or implying that a referenced device or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed, and operate in a particular orientation should therefore not be construed as limiting the invention.
[0045] like Figure 1-9 As shown, the present embodiment provides a double-station fast-feeding process for wooden planks, based on a fast-feeding equipment including: a conveying roller table 1 at the process inlet end, and the conveying roller table 1 at the process inlet end includes a first roller Road 11 is used to send the plate into the process line; the auxiliary material receiving platform 2, the auxiliary material receiving platform 2 includes a number of material receiving platform rods 21 that can be lifted up and down, and the material receiving platform rods 21 are arranged on the positive side of the first roller table 11 Above, the minimum height of the material receiving platform rod 21 is less than the height of the first roller table 11, and the highest height of the material receiving platform rod 21 is greater than the height of the first roller table 11; the sheet material feeding truss manipulator 3, the sheet material feeding truss manipulator 3 is erected On the upper part of the auxiliary material receiving platform 2, the plate feeding truss manipulator 3 can move the plate in the left and right direction; two feeding area conveying rollers 4, the feeding area conveying rollers 4 are respectively arranged at the lower part of the plate feeding truss manipulator 3 The left and right sides of the two preparation area conveying rollers 5, the two preparation area conveying rollers 5 are respectively arranged on the front ends of the two feeding area conveying rollers 4, the preparation area conveying rollers 5 include the third roller 52; And two exiting conveying rollers 6, two trays exiting conveying rollers 6 are respectively arranged at the rear ends of the conveying rollers 4 in the two feeding areas; the process method includes the following steps: step 1, the forklift transports the plate stacks to the The conveying roller table 5 in the preparation area on the left and the conveying roller table 5 in the right preparation area; step 2, the conveying roller table 5 in the left and right preparation area respectively transports the respective plate stacks through the third roller table 52 Go to the corresponding conveying roller table 4 in the feeding area; step 3, at the conveying roller table 4 in the feeding area on the left, the plate loading truss manipulator 3 grabs the plates on the plate stack one by one, and transfers the plates to Conveyor roller table 1 at the process entrance end, from which the plates are sent one by one into the plate processing production line, until all the plates in the left plate stack are transferred; step 4, convey in the right loading area At the roller table 4, the plate feeding truss manipulator 3 starts to grab the plates on the plate stack one by one, and transfers the plates to the conveying roller table 1 at the process entrance end, and the conveying roller table 1 at the process entrance end sends the plates one by one into the plate processing production line In the process, all the plates until the plate stacking on the right side are completely transferred, at the same time, the empty plate stacking pallets staying at the conveying roller table 4 in the feeding area on the left are conveyed to the pallet exiting the conveying roller table 6, The empty plate pallets are transported and removed by the forklift. At the same time, the plate stacks staying at the conveying roller table 5 in the preparation area on the left are conveyed to the conveying roller table 4 in the feeding area on the left, waiting The transfer of the plate stacks at the conveying roller table 4 in the feeding area on the right is completed, and the feeding process continues. At the same time, the forklift transports the plate stacks to the conveying roller table 5 in the left preparation area, keeping the conveying rollers in the preparation area Road 5 is in a saturated state; step 5, the left and right stations are connected to each other, and the cycle goes back and forth.
[0046] In step 2, after the station of the conveying roller table 5 in the preparation area is vacated, the forklift continues to convey the plate stacks to the left and right two preparation areas on the conveying roller table 5, keeping the plate stacks on the conveying roller table 5 in the left and right two preparation areas in saturation state.
[0047] In step 3, the plate feeding truss manipulator 3 grabs the plates on the plate stack one by one, and the plate feeding truss manipulator 3 places the grabbed plates on the material receiving platform bar 21, and the material receiving platform bar 21 drops below The height of the first roller table 11 is such that the plate is placed on the first roller table 11, and the first roller table 11 sends the plate into the processing line.
[0048] The conveying roller table 1 at the entrance of the process also includes a first motor 12, a transmission shaft 13, and a first belt. The first motor 12 is driven and connected to the transmission shaft 13. One end of the first belt is connected to the transmission shaft 13. The other end of the first belt One end is connected to the rollers constituting the first roller table 11 .
[0049] The auxiliary material receiving platform 2 also includes a material receiving platform support structure 22, a belt clamping mechanism 23, a second motor 24, a second belt 25, and a pulley assembly 26, and the material receiving platform rod 21 is connected to the material receiving platform support structure 22 , the material-receiving platform support structure 22 is fixedly connected to the belt clamping mechanism 23, and the belt clamping mechanism 23 is clamped and connected to the second belt 25, and the second belt 25 is wound on the pulley assembly 26 in the up and down direction, and the pulley assembly 26 One of the belt pulleys is driven and connected to the second motor 24, and the first slide block is fixedly connected to the material receiving platform support structure 22, which cooperates with the first slide rail arranged in the up and down direction to guide the material receiving platform support structure 22.
[0050] The plate loading truss manipulator 3 also includes a suction cup matrix 31, a mobile module 32, and a second guide rail 33. The suction cup matrix 31 includes a number of air suction cups arranged downward, and the upper part of the suction cup matrix 31 is fixedly connected to the mobile module 32. The guide rail 33 is erected in the left-right direction, and the mobile module 32 is moved and arranged on the second guide rail 33 .
[0051] The conveying roller table 4 in the feeding area also includes a lifting platform 41 and a second roller table 42 , and the second roller table 42 is arranged on the top of the lifting platform 41 .
[0052] The conveying roller table 5 in the preparation area also includes a third motor 51, a sprocket wheel 53, a power transmission chain 54, a roller table support structure 55, and rollers forming the third roller table 52 are rotated on the roller table support structure 55, and the roller table support A sprocket 53 is rotated on the structural member 55, and a power transmission chain 54 is wound around the sprocket 53. The sprocket 53 is drivingly connected to the third motor 51, and the power transmission chain 54 is drivingly connected to one end of a plurality of rollers of the third roller table 52. .
[0053] The height of the front end of the tray exiting the conveying roller table 6 is greater than the height of the rear end. The pallet exiting the conveying roller table 6 includes a roller bracket 61 on which a number of rollers 62 are rotated. The limit baffle 63.
[0054] In another preferred embodiment, there is provided a double-station fast loading equipment for wooden planks, including a conveying roller table in the preparation area, a conveying roller table in the feeding area, a pallet exiting conveying roller table, a conveying roller table at the process inlet end, and a plate feeding roller table. Loading truss manipulator, air source treatment and air supply system and electrical control system.
[0055] 1. Conveying roller table in the preparation area
[0056] This embodiment includes 2 conveying roller tables in the preparation area. The height of the roller tables is 300 mm, and one station is arranged on the left and right. Timely and automatic replenishment of saturated plate stacks for the conveying roller table in the feeding area to ensure the smooth progress of the next subsequent process.
[0057] If the equipment does not include the conveying roller table in the preparation area, when the plate stacks at the conveying roller table in the feeding area are consumed, there may be insufficient supply of plate stacks due to factors such as untimely forklift transportation in the factory. , resulting in the inability of the double-station feeding process to be connected to each other, resulting in the interruption of the feeding process.
[0058] 2. Conveying roller table in feeding area
[0059] The conveying roller table in the feeding area is composed of a hydraulic lifting platform and a conveying roller table.
[0060] When the plate stack is conveyed from the conveyor roller table in the preparation area to the conveyor roller table in the feeding area, the conveyor roller table of the conveyor roller table in the feeding area will be lowered to the same height as the conveyor roller table in the preparation area under the cooperation of the hydraulic lifting platform, and then The plate stack is conveyed by the conveying roller table in the preparation area to the conveying roller table in the feeding area.
[0061] During the feeding process, the conveying roller table in the feeding area first lifts the sheet stack with the cooperation of the hydraulic lifting platform, so that the uppermost wooden sheet and the surface under the sheet feeding truss manipulator reach a flush height, and then the sheet The suction cup gripper of the feeding truss manipulator grabs the top plate of the plate stack and moves it to the conveying roller table at the process inlet end.
[0062] At the same time, with the cooperation of the hydraulic lifting platform, the conveying rollers in the loading area lift up the thickness of one sheet, and then send the top sheet of the sheet stack to a height that is flush with the lower surface of the sheet feeding truss manipulator. The feeding truss manipulator performs the next grabbing action, reciprocating, until the plate stacking of the station is moved, and the feeding process of the station is completed.
[0063] 3. The pallet exits the conveying roller table
[0064] The pallet exit conveying roller table is composed of rollers, brackets, limit baffles and feet.
[0065] When the plate pallets located at the conveying roller table in the feeding area are completely transferred, the conveying roller table in the material area will be lowered to the same height as the entrance of the pallet exiting the conveying roller table under the cooperation of the hydraulic lifting platform, and then the material will be loaded The conveying roller in the area transports the empty pallet into the entrance of the pallet exiting the conveying roller. The pallet exiting the conveying roller is composed of a plurality of free rollers. The entrance is higher than the limit baffle. After entering the pallet from the entrance and exiting the conveying roller table, the empty pallet will slide freely under the action of gravity until it stops moving when it hits the limit baffle, and then the forklift in the factory will carry it away.
[0066] 4. Conveying roller table at the entrance of the process
[0067] The conveying roller table at the process entrance is composed of a conveying roller table and an auxiliary receiving platform.
[0068] The main function of the conveying roller table at the process entrance end is to receive the plates transported by the plate feeding truss manipulator, and send the plates to the process end entrance of the plate processing production line through the conveying roller table.
[0069]When the plate feeding truss manipulator moves the plate directly above the conveying roller table at the process inlet end, the auxiliary material receiving platform of the process inlet end conveying roller table rises upward at the same time, when the plate material feeding truss manipulator reaches the process inlet end conveying roller table When it is directly above, the auxiliary material receiving platform reaches the height of the lower surface of the plate being transferred at the same time.
[0070] Subsequently, the plate loading truss manipulator releases the plate, and the plate is detached from the lower surface of the plate feeding truss manipulator and falls on the upper surface of the auxiliary receiving platform.
[0071] Subsequently, the auxiliary material receiving platform descends to a height slightly lower than the upper surface of the conveying roller table at the process inlet end, and the plate is lifted by the conveying roller table at the process inlet end, leaves from the upper surface of the auxiliary material receiving platform, and falls on the upper surface of the conveying roller table at the process inlet end .
[0072] Subsequently, the conveying roller table at the process inlet end sends the board to the process inlet of the board processing production line.
[0073] 5. Plate feeding truss manipulator
[0074] The plate loading truss manipulator consists of a suction cup matrix, structural parts, transfer modules and rails.
[0075] The plate loading truss manipulator reciprocates above the conveying roller table at the process entrance end and the conveying roller table in the feeding area, with the cooperation of the auxiliary material receiving platform of the conveying roller table at the process entrance end and the hydraulic lifting platform of the conveying roller table in the feeding area , to complete the operation of the plate from the conveying roller table in the feeding area to the conveying roller table at the process inlet end.
[0076] 6. Air source treatment and air supply system
[0077] The air source treatment and air supply system is composed of air source treatment, regulating valve, solenoid valve, adapter, quick connector, auxiliary parts, air pipe and various supporting parts.
[0078] With the cooperation of the electrical control system, the system provides gas power for each pneumatic component to operate according to the established process rhythm.
[0079] 7. Electrical control system
[0080] The electrical control system is composed of power supply, safety devices, switch devices, control devices, electrical cabinets, cables and other electrical components. The system is used to control each platform, equipment and mechanism to operate according to the established process and rhythm.
[0081] Although the above embodiments have specifically described the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art should understand that modifications or improvements can be made based on the content disclosed in the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. All modifications and improvements are within the spirit and scope of the invention.

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