Dendrobium planting manner

A technology of dendrobium and stone wall is applied in the field of planting of dendrobium, which can solve the problems of reduced efficacy, quality change, variation of dendrobium varieties, etc., and achieves the effects of increasing growth rate and yield, reducing planting cost and convenient management.

Inactive Publication Date: 2017-01-18
金寨县仙炉尖霍山石斛种植专业合作社
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AI-Extracted Technical Summary

Problems solved by technology

However, this method not only changes the original growth characteristics of Dendrobium, but also causes the variation and quality of the original species of Dendrobium due to the abuse of drugs during the cultiv...
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for planting dendrobium in a gap of a stone wall. The method is implemented through the following steps of (1) selection and pretreatment of seedbeds; (2) preparation and treatment of matrix; (3) selection and treatment of seedlings; (4) seedling planting; (5) management after planting; (6) harvesting and maintenance. The method disclosed by the invention has the beneficial effects that no cultivated land is occupied, no mountain forest is destroyed, the utilization ratio of the existing resources can be improved, and the stone wall can be beautified. The planting method disclosed by the invention has the advantages that the effects of simplicity, easiness in operation and low cost are achieved, the planted dendrobium is approximate to wild dendrobium, and the resistance and medicinal value of the planted dendrobium are both improved in comparison with those of the dendrobium planted in greenhouses.

Application Domain

Cultivating equipmentsSoilless cultivation +1

Technology Topic

Mountain forestDendrobium +6

Examples

  • Experimental program(1)

Example Embodiment

[0015] Example
[0016] (1) In mid-April, stone walls with 3-5cm stone joints, such as courtyard walls, roof foundations, dams, etc., which are backed and ventilated by stones, can be selected to remove the original growth of weeds or soil; and Sprinkle some quicklime into the cleaned stone cracks, which can not only kill viruses, but also change the pH value of the soil and inhibit the growth of weeds.
[0017] (2) Preparation of substrate: crush the pine bark and corncob into small pieces with a particle size of 1-2cm, and place them in the fermentation tank respectively, cover with water, cover with film for 15 days and ferment for 15 days, take out and drain to dry. After the fermented pine bark and corncob were mixed evenly in a ratio of 1:1 by mass, immersed in an aqueous solution containing 50% carbendazim and 10% moss for 15 minutes, removed and drained, and the treated substrate was plugged. Into the stone crevice, ensure that the thickness of the matrix in the stone crevice is not less than 10cm.
[0018] (3) Select sturdy annual Dendrobium seedlings from the greenhouse, first wash the roots with clean water, then soak the roots in an aqueous solution containing 50% carbendazim for 3 minutes, drain and set aside.
[0019] (4) Plant the pretreated seedlings in the stone crevice seedbed that has been paved with matrix at a plant spacing of 10-15cm, and compact the matrix to ensure the stability of the roots of Dendrobium.
[0020] (5) After the Dendrobium seedlings are planted, evenly sprinkle a layer of soybean meal and sheep manure mixed with fermented fertilizer at a mass ratio of 1:3 on the surface of the Dendrobium seedlings; After the surface of the substrate is covered with moss, the frequency of watering can be appropriately reduced, and watering can be combined with rainfall every 7 days. And pay attention to observe the growth of Dendrobium during the growth period, and timely control the corresponding diseases and insect pests;
[0021] Correspondingly, for the black spot disease of Dendrobium that occurs in March to May, use 50% carbendazim diluted 1000 times by volume to spray 3 times a month;
[0022] For dendrobium anthracnose that occurs from January to May, use 50% thiophanate-methyl 1000 times solution to spray 3 times a month;
[0023] Use 40% dimethoate EC diluted 1000 times to spray insecticide for Dendrobium philippine in late May;
[0024] For the soft rot of dendrobium that occurs in summer and spring, at the early stage of the disease, use a 77% volume concentration of WP diluted 600 times to prevent and control it;
[0025] When the outdoor temperature is lower than 10 degrees, the surface of the stone wall can be covered with a layer of film and rice straw to keep warm, and removed in spring to protect the dendrobium from the cold.
[0026] (6) Harvesting: After planting, 2-3 year old stems can be harvested once every 18-20 months.
[0027] Dendrobium after harvesting is managed according to the Dendrobium seedlings after colonization.

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