Garbage station intelligent managing and controlling system and operating method thereof

An intelligent management and control system technology, applied in the field of garbage station management system, can solve the problems of poor environmental quality of garbage stations, affecting the community environment, inconvenient cleaning, etc., and achieve the effects of convenient classification and integration, improved automation, and improved safety

Active Publication Date: 2018-01-23
CHONGQING SAGE RENEWABLE RESOURCES UTILIZATION CO LTD
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AI-Extracted Technical Summary

Problems solved by technology

With the continuous improvement of people's living standards, the requirements for environmental conditions are also increasing, and the traditional garbage stations in urban and rural areas can no longer meet people's requirements for new concepts such as high efficiency, environmental protection, energy saving and low consumption.
The current community garbage station management generally adopts manual management, using multiple garbage bins to stack, which not only affects the environment of the community, but also the environmental quality of this kind of garbage station is poor, and the working conditions of san...
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Method used

And, described garbage truck 24 is provided with stroke monitoring module 25, odor detector 26, garbage transportation flow meter 27 and GPS locator 28, and stroke monitoring module 25 can monitor the travel route of garbage truck 24, And carry out route optimization analysis, adopt described GPS locator 28, can locate the position of garbage truck 24 in real time, adopt described odor detector 26 to detect the odor of garbage truck 24, and utilize deodorant to deodorize in time , to ensure the air quality of the garbage transport vehicle 24; the garbage transport flowmeter 27 can be used to measure the weight of the garbage transported by the transport vehicle, which is convenient for counting the monthly garbage volume of the community, and making it convenient to adjust the quantity of garbage stations in the later stage and integrate and utilize resources.
As a further preferred solution of the present invention, the information collection module 2 and the air detector 12, the temperature and humidity detector 13, the infrared monitor 503, the weighing device 502, the monitoring device 10, the voice prompter 173 and the fingerprint recognizer 172 are connected by signal, and are respectively used to monitor the air quality, temperature and humidity, load of garbage bins, garbage weight, garbage disposal conditions, voice prompts and resident information of the garbage station, and will The information is transmitted to the garbage management terminal 1, effectively improving the environment of the garbage station, thereby improving the environment of the community; the air detector 12, the temperature and humidity detector 13 and the infrared...
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Abstract

The invention relates to a garbage station intelligent managing and controlling system. The garbage station intelligent managing and controlling system comprises a garbage managing terminal, an information acquisition module, a garbage classifying and sorting module, a garbage disposal module and a user managing end. The garbage managing terminal receives information of the information acquisitionmodule, the garbage classifying and sorting module and the garbage disposal module and carries on conformity analysis. The garbage station intelligent managing and controlling system has the beneficial effects that, the garbage station intelligent managing and controlling system can monitor air quality, temperature and humidity of a garbage station in real time, the safety of the garbage stationis improved under the situation that the environment of the garbage station is improved, a solar cell panel is used for power supplying, and the garbage station intelligent managing and controlling system is green, environmental-friendly and safe; and a structure of a classifying box is adopted, garbage can be can automatically recycled, automation is improved, worry and effort are saved for a user, the defects that the garbage is recycled manually by the user, the garbage falls on the floor, and sweeping is inconvenient are avoided, the structure of the garbage box of the user is used to be matched with the garbage station, and the garbage is conveniently classified.

Application Domain

Technology Topic

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  • Garbage station intelligent managing and controlling system and operating method thereof
  • Garbage station intelligent managing and controlling system and operating method thereof
  • Garbage station intelligent managing and controlling system and operating method thereof

Examples

  • Experimental program(1)

Example Embodiment

[0054] In order to make the objectives, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, the technical solutions of the present invention will be described in detail below. Obviously, the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, rather than all the embodiments. Based on the embodiments of the present invention, all other implementations obtained by a person of ordinary skill in the art without creative work shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
[0055] reference Figure 1-Figure 8 , The present invention provides an intelligent management and control system for garbage stations, which includes a garbage management terminal 1, an information collection module 2, a garbage sorting module 3, a garbage processing module 4, and a user management terminal. The garbage management terminal 1 receives the information Collect the information of the module 2, the garbage sorting and sorting module 3 and the garbage processing module 4, and perform integrated analysis;
[0056] The information collection module 2 collects garbage station information, and the garbage station is provided with a sorted dustbin 5; the sorted dustbin 5 is arranged on the base 6 and is also arranged between the uprights 7 on both sides of the base 6; An alarm 9 is installed on the column 7 on one side. The alarm 9 can directly feed back non-compliant air quality information, temperature and humidity information, and trash bin carrying information to the trash management terminal 1, and the trash management terminal 1 quickly Give instructions to the cleaners to deal with air quality, temperature and humidity; above the column 7 is provided with a solar panel 14 which can provide electricity for the garbage station; a horizontal bar is fixed between the two columns 7 11. A monitor 10, an air detector 12, and a temperature and humidity detector 13 are hung on the cross bar 11. The monitor 10 can take pictures of the user's civilized throwing garbage, avoiding the loss of the garbage inner bucket and uncivilized phenomena; the classified garbage The box 5 is formed by installing a plurality of trash can outer barrels 504 side by side on a sorting trash can main body 501. The trash can body is a whole body and is provided with a cavity structure for installing the trash can outer barrel 504, and each of the trash cans A weighing device 502 is provided in the outer bucket 504, and a detachable trash can inner bucket 505 is provided on the weighing device 502. The trash that enters the outer bucket 504 of the trash box is collected into the inner bucket 505 of the trash box. The weighing device 502 can weigh the inner bucket 505 of the trash can, and transmit the weighing information to the information collection module 2. The weighing device 502 is an electronic weighing device installed at the bottom of the outer bucket 504 of the trash can and is connected to the trash can. The inner barrel 505 is installed in cooperation; and the upper end of each trash bin outer barrel 504 is provided with an infrared monitor 503 for monitoring the garbage load near the opening, which can monitor whether the garbage in the trash bin 505 is full; the uprights 7 on both sides There are billboards 18 for posting advertisements on the outside. The billboards 18 are used for posting advertisements, which can make full use of resources;
[0057] A conveying device 8 is horizontally installed at the upper end of the sorting trash can body 501. The rear end of the conveying device 8 is provided with the same number of pneumatic devices 19 as the outer bucket 504 of the trash can, and each pneumatic device 19 corresponds to one The opening of the outer bucket of the trash can; the pneumatic device 19 is connected with a push rod 20 for pushing the user's trash can 15 and the push rod 20 extends above the conveying device 8; each of the outer trash cans 504 A limit block 21 for limiting the user's trash can 15 is provided at the openings; the pneumatic device 19 pushes the movable bottom plate of the user's trash can 15 to discharge garbage and is convenient to use.
[0058] One side of the conveying device 8 is connected with a garbage hopper 22 for feeding garbage, and the garbage hopper 22 is fixed on the outside of one of the uprights 7; above the garbage hopper 22 is provided a scanner that scans the label on the user's garbage can 15 16. The scanner 16 can scan the QR code or barcode information and broadcast it through the voice prompter 173 to avoid identification errors and remind the user to wait at the location of the trash can; a control host 17 is provided under the trash hopper 22 And the control host 17 is provided with a display 171, a voice prompt 173, a fingerprint recognizer 172, and a wireless transmitter 174. The fingerprint recognizer 172 is used to identify user information, and the wireless transmitter 174 is used for garbage dumps. The information transmission; the wireless transmitter 174 is provided on the side of the control host 17; the control host 17 is also electrically connected with the scanner 16, the conveying device 8 and the pneumatic device 19;
[0059] The user management terminal is in signal connection with the monitor 10, the voice recognizer, and the fingerprint recognizer 172 through the wireless transmitter 174;
[0060] The garbage sorting module 3 receives the information of the control host 17 through the wireless transmitter 174, and integrates and analyzes the working information of the scanner 16, the conveying device 8 and the pneumatic device 19, and transmits the information to the garbage management terminal 1;
[0061] The garbage processing module 4 receives the information of the infrared monitor 503 through the wireless transmitter 174, and uses mechanical handling tools to transport the garbage in the bucket 505 of the garbage bin to the garbage compression box 23, which can be used for different The type of garbage is compressed, and the transportation of the Fangbaini garbage truck 24 saves space; the garbage processing module 4 is also signally connected to the garbage truck 24, and the garbage truck 24 receives the instructions of the garbage processing module 4 to transfer the garbage Take it away from the garbage compression box 23;
[0062] The garbage truck 24 is provided with a travel monitoring module 25, an odor detector 26, a garbage transportation flow meter 27, and a GPS locator 28 for monitoring garbage transportation information of the garbage truck 24.
[0063] As a further preferred solution of the present invention, the information collection module 2 and the air detector 12, the temperature and humidity detector 13, the infrared monitor 503, the weighing device 502, the monitor 10, The voice prompter 173 and the fingerprint recognizer 172 are connected in signal, and are used to monitor the air quality, temperature and humidity, load of the trash bin, trash weight, trash disposal status, voice prompts, and resident information of the garbage station, respectively, and transmit the information to The garbage management terminal 1 effectively improves the environment of the garbage station, thereby improving the environment of the community; the air detector 12, the temperature and humidity detector 13, and the infrared monitor 503 are electrically connected to the alarm 9 , And feed back air quality information, temperature and humidity, and trash bin load information directly to the trash management terminal 1, and the trash management terminal 1 makes instructions. The process of this management system can facilitate the trash management terminal 1 to respond quickly , Improve timeliness.
[0064] As a further preferred solution of the present invention, the monitor 10, the voice prompter 173, and the fingerprint recognizer 172 are signally connected to the user management terminal, and the user can receive garbage disposal information, operation information, and disposal information of the garbage station. Garbage records information, the control host 17 is connected to the user management terminal through the wireless transmitter 174, the user management terminal is an APP, which is convenient for users to receive information, and the fingerprint reader 172 is connected to the user management terminal, which is convenient for the user to record the number of garbage disposals. The station is charged according to the number of times the garbage is thrown out, which is convenient for management.
[0065] As a further preferred solution of the present invention, the trash hopper 22 and the user trash can 15 are both square; the width of the trash hopper 22 is greater than the width of the user trash can 15, and the user trash can 15 includes a user trash can 15 main body and a movable bottom plate, the user trash can 15 is provided with the label on the outside of the main body; the user trash can 15 is provided with a supporting part on the corresponding side of the bottom of the main body, and one side of the supporting part uses a spring and the movable bottom plate One end is connected, and the end surface of the supporting part on the other side supports the other end of the movable bottom plate; the structure of the user trash can 15, when the user uses it, the movable bottom plate is at the bottom of the user trash can 15 under the action of gravity and elastic force. The leakage of garbage can be avoided, and the garbage can be opened when reclaiming garbage, which is convenient to use; the user's trash can 15 is also provided with a lid above the main body, and the lid can seal the upper opening of the user's trash can 15; The label is a QR code or barcode.
[0066] As a further preferred solution of the present invention, the pneumatic device 19 is an air cylinder that drives the push rod 20 to push the movable bottom plate of the user trash can 15 to push the trash into the trash can inner bucket 505; The front end is provided with a square push block, and the push block extends into the user trash can 15 to push out the trash.
[0067] As a further preferred solution of the present invention, there are four outer trash bins 504, which are recyclable trash bins 504, non-recyclable trash bins 504, other trash bins 504, and spare trash bins 504. , Can effectively classify garbage.
[0068] As a further preferred solution of the present invention, the trash can outer bucket 504 is provided with a trash can door for the installation of the trash can inner bucket 505; the trash can inner bucket 505 is provided with a hanging handle 5051 for communication with machinery The transporting tools are coordinated to transport, and the hanging handle 5051 can be matched with the mechanical transporting tools; the garbage compression box 23 is arranged behind the sorting garbage bin 5 for compressing garbage.
[0069] In the above scheme, the information collection module 2 can be used to collect air quality, temperature and humidity, garbage load, garbage weight information, garbage station video monitoring information, control voice prompt information, and user garbage disposal information; when air quality If the pollution component exceeds the national air standard, the information directly enters the alarm 9 node, and the alarm 9 sends out an alarm message, which feeds back the air quality information to the garbage management terminal 1, and the garbage management terminal 1 gives instructions to the cleaner Clean up the garbage station in time; when the temperature is too high and the humidity is too low, the temperature and humidity information is transmitted to the alarm node, and the alarm 9 sends out alarm information, and the temperature and humidity information is fed back to the garbage management terminal 1, the garbage management terminal 1 Give instructions to the cleaners to spray water on the garbage station to increase the humidity, and prevent the garbage station from being too dry to cause a fire and cause a safety accident; when the infrared monitor 503 or the weighing device 502 senses that the garbage is full or the garbage weight reaches the preset weight, This information is transmitted to the alarm node, and the information is quickly transmitted to the garbage management terminal 1. The garbage management terminal 1 gives instructions to transport the garbage to the garbage compression box 23 using mechanical handling tools, compress the garbage, and use the garbage to transport The truck transports the garbage to the garbage station in the city.
[0070] In addition, the garbage truck 24 is provided with a trip monitoring module 25, an odor detector 26, a garbage transportation flow meter 27, and a GPS locator 28. The trip monitoring module 25 can monitor the trip route of the garbage truck 24 and perform the route. According to optimization analysis, the GPS locator 28 can be used to locate the garbage truck 24 in real time, and the odor detector 26 can detect the odor of the garbage truck 24, and use deodorant to deodorize the garbage in time to ensure the garbage The air quality of the transport truck 24; the garbage transport flow meter 27 can be used to measure the weight of the trash transported by the transport truck, which is convenient for counting the amount of garbage in the community every month, and it is convenient for the later adjustment of the number of garbage stations and the integrated utilization of resources.
[0071] With the above-mentioned garbage station structure, when in use, the solar panels 14 use solar energy to convert electricity into electricity to supply power to the devices of the garbage station; user garbage bins 15 are distributed uniformly and have labels affixed to them, and each user has four Trash cans, corresponding to recyclable trash can outer bucket 504, non-recyclable trash can outer bucket 504, other trash can outer bucket 504, and spare trash can outer bucket 504. The label is a label printed with a QR code or bar code and is scanned The instrument 16 scans the two-dimensional code or bar code to identify the user’s trash can 15’s spam information, and the control host 17 can control the delivery device 8 and the pneumatic device 19 to coordinate their work by analyzing the user’s spam The garbage in the garbage can 15 is pushed into the outer bucket 504 of the garbage can;
[0072] With the structure of the user trash can 15, when in use, the bottom of the user trash can 15 faces the push rod 20, and the push rod 20 can push the movable bottom plate to turn the movable bottom plate over, and the push rod 20 extends into The user pushes out the trash inside the trash can 15, and then the movable bottom plate returns to the original position under the action of the spring.
[0073] An operation method of a garbage station intelligent management and control system, the operation steps are as follows:
[0074] (1) The user touches the fingerprint recognizer 172 with a finger that has entered fingerprint information, controls the host 17 to start the garbage station, the display 171 displays the initial interface, and displays the user information; the voice prompter 173 voice broadcasts to remind the user to operate;
[0075] (2) Place the user trash can 15 in front of the scanner 16. The scanner 16 scans and recognizes the label on the user trash can 15, determines the type of trash, and displays it on the display 171 of the control host 17, and the trash station enters work Status; the user waits before going to the designated trash bin;
[0076] (3) After scanning by the scanner 16, the user trash can 15 is placed horizontally in the trash hopper 22 and pushed to the conveying device 8, and the user trash can 15 is placed perpendicular to the conveying direction;
[0077] (4) The conveying device 8 conveys the user trash can 15 to the designated position of the outer trash can, and the conveying device 8 stops working; the pneumatic device 19 is activated, driving the push rod 20 to push the user trash can 15 to The position of the limit block 21; then the movable bottom plate of the user trash can 15 is pushed open, and the garbage is pushed into the designated trash outer bucket; at this time, the pneumatic device 19 returns to the original state; the movable bottom plate is closed;
[0078] (5) The user takes away the trash can at the limit block 21, uses the fingerprint reader 172 to swipe the fingerprint again, turns off the control host 17, and the trash station is in a stopped working state.
[0079] With the above-mentioned operation method, the user only needs to enter fingerprint information, start the garbage station, and scan the user's garbage can. The control host 17 will automatically control the pneumatic device 19 and the conveying device 8 to work together to automatically classify the garbage. Discharge, high degree of automation, user-saving worry and effort.
[0080] The above are only specific embodiments of the present invention, but the protection scope of the present invention is not limited to this. Any person skilled in the art can easily think of changes or substitutions within the technical scope disclosed by the present invention. It should be covered within the protection scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention should be subject to the protection scope of the claims.
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