Intelligent express cabinet and intelligent express cabinet control system

A control system and intelligent technology, applied in coin-operated equipment with instrument control, instruments, data processing applications, etc., can solve problems such as unstable system operation, crashes, and system inoperability, so as to facilitate later maintenance and reduce troubles , Improve the effect of user experience

Pending Publication Date: 2018-11-02
PEKING UNIV FOUNDER GRP CO LTD +1
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AI-Extracted Technical Summary

Problems solved by technology

[0004] The control methods of the above two control systems are basically based on the terminal system, which controls the entire business process through the terminal system itself. The server is only used to monitor the operating status of the terminal, or to help the terminal process part of the business, such as sending short messages. The control system sets up most or all of the bu...
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Method used

As shown in Figure 5, the intelligent express cabinet control system that another specific embodiment of the present invention provides comprises cloud server, sender terminal app, recipient terminal app and intelligent express cabinet, wherein intelligent express cabinet comprises main control panel and Several expansion control boards have the same structure, are equipped with single-chip microcomputers, and also include cabinets (not shown in the figure), 3G communication modules and code scanners. Its control mechanism is to use an industrial-grade single-chip microcomputer to cooperate with a 3G wireless communication module, use the internal program of the single-chip microcomputer to control the opening of the electromagnetic lock, and then monitor the opening information of the electromagnetic lock through the internal I/O port of the single-chip microcomputer, and collect the single-chip microcomputer through the 3G communication module. The information is fed back to the cloud server, and the instructions issued by the cloud server can also be issued to the single-chip microcomputer through the 3G communication module. The 3G communication module uses the TCP/IP protocol for communication, which is fast and reliable.
In this embodiment, a single-chip microcomputer 104 can link to each other with a certain number of cabinet locks 1064, when the quantity of cabinet locks 1064 exceeds the carrying capacity of a single-chip microcomputer 104, can correspondingly increase the quantity of single-chip microcomputer 104 to satisfy cabinet lock 1064 requirements . Installing all the single-chip microcomputers 104 on the same control board 102 does not need to increase the number of control boards 102, which can save costs, and generally speaking, the increase in volume is small. Multiple single-chip microcomputers 104 are controlled by I2C communication, the hardware connection is simple, no master control communication can be realized, and the communication speed is fast. Specifically, one single-chip microcomputer 104 controls 20 cabinet locks.
In this embodiment, cabinet lock 1064 adopts the magnetic control lock that has control device and state monitoring device, because control device can control the magnetic control lock unlocking by circuit, after being communicated with single-chip microcomputer 104, be convenient to by single-chip microcomputer 104 according to program The opening and closing of the cabinet lock 1064 is directly controlled without setting up a special cabinet door control panel, which simplifies the hardware structure of the intelligent express cabinet 100 and reduces the product cost. The state monitoring device is convenient for timely feedback of the state of the cabinet lock 1064, so as to know whether the opening and closing of the cabinet door 1062 is normal, and can also indirectly reflect the access situation of the express mail.
In this embodiment, communication module 108 can access Internet, to include 2G (GPRS, GSM), 3G (WCDMA, CDMA2000, TDSCDMA), 4G (TD-LTE, FDD-LTE), WIFI and wired It is connected to the Ethernet via the TCP/IP protocol, which is fast and reliable.
In this embodiment, open cabinet information has included intelligent express cabinet numbering and cabinet door numbering, and server determines the intelligent express cabinet 100 and cabinet door 1062 to be opened by data processing, and sends to corresponding intelligent express The cabinet 100 enables the corresponding intelligent express cabinet 100 to control the opening of the cabinet door 1062 according to the instructions, without processing the data by itself to determine the cabinet door 1062 to be opened. The data is concise and the control is clear. The opening information also includes a check code randomly generated by the server. When the courier deposits the package, the smart express cabinet 100 receives and stores the check code, and feeds back the receiving status to the server through the communication module 108, and the server can confirm that the package has been deposited. Corresponding to the cabinet 106, when picking up the package, the server will send the cabinet opening information to the smart express cabinet 100, and the smart express cabinet 100 can confirm the legitimacy of the cabinet opening instruction by checking the check code, avoiding malicious pickup by non-designated pickers , the interests of users are protected, and the reliability of the smart express cabinet 100 is ensured.
In this embodiment, the code scanner 210 connected with the single-chip microcomputer 204 is also set, and the server can utilize the open cabinet information to generate a two-dimensional code or a bar code, and send it to the user terminal, and the user can choose to scan the code or The cabinet door 2062 is opened by sending instructions from the server, which enriches the cabinet opening scheme, especially when the smart express cabinet 200 is offline or disconnected from the network, the server cannot open the cabinet door 2062 by issuing cabinet opening information, and the solution of scanning the code to open the door can be used as Backup means are used to assist...
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Abstract

The invention provides an intelligent express cabinet and an intelligent express cabinet control system. The intelligent express cabinet comprises a control board; a single-chip machine installed at the control board to serve as a control core; at least a cabinet body, wherein each cabinet body is provided with a cabinet door and a cabinet lock, the cabinet lock is connected with the single-chip machine and the single-chip machine controls corresponding cabinet lock to make the cabinet door open based on cabinet opening information sent by a server; and a communication module connected with the single-chip machine and used for data transmission between the single-chip machine and the server. As the single-chip machine is adopted as the main control core and data transmission between the single-chip machine and the server is realized through the communication module, the intelligent express cabinet provided by the invention changes the traditional control mode which utilizes an X86 or ARM system, leaves out hardware equipment such as an industrial personal computer, a main board, a memory and a hard disk needed in the complex X86 or ARM control system and reduces product cost. By adopting a thin client framework, the intelligent express cabinet solves problems such as high system power consumption, low stability, low environment tolerance and high fault rate.

Application Domain

Technology Topic

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  • Intelligent express cabinet and intelligent express cabinet control system
  • Intelligent express cabinet and intelligent express cabinet control system
  • Intelligent express cabinet and intelligent express cabinet control system

Examples

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Example Embodiment

[0039] In order to be able to understand the above-mentioned objectives, features and advantages of the present invention more clearly, the present invention will be further described in detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments. It should be noted that the embodiments of the application and the features in the embodiments can be combined with each other if there is no conflict.
[0040] In the following description, many specific details are set forth in order to fully understand the present invention. However, the present invention can also be implemented in other ways different from those described here. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention is not limited to the specific details disclosed below. Limitations of the embodiment.
[0041] figure 1 A schematic block diagram of an intelligent express cabinet according to an embodiment of the first aspect of the present invention is shown.
[0042] Such as figure 1 As shown, the smart express cabinet 100 according to an embodiment of the first aspect of the present invention includes:
[0043] Control board 102;
[0044] The single chip microcomputer 104 is installed on the control board 102 as the control core;
[0045] The number of the cabinet 106 is at least one. Each cabinet 106 is provided with a cabinet door 1062 and a cabinet lock 1064. The cabinet lock 1064 is connected to the single-chip computer 104. The single-chip 104 controls the corresponding cabinet lock 1064 to open according to the cabinet opening information sent by the server. Cabinet door 1062;
[0046] The communication module 108 is connected to the single chip microcomputer 104 and is used for data transmission between the single chip microcomputer 104 and the server.
[0047] The intelligent express cabinet 100 provided by the present invention is provided with a single-chip microcomputer 104 and a circuit connected to it on the control board 102, uses the single-chip 104 as the control core, and exchanges data with the server through the communication module 108, which changes the previous use of X86 or ARM system control In this way, hardware devices such as industrial computer, motherboard, memory, hard disk, display, touch screen, cabinet door control panel and other required in the complicated X86 or ARM control system are omitted, and the product cost is reduced. The single-chip 104 uses C language and adopts a thin client architecture. It does not need to run an operating system on the smart express cabinet 100 terminal, which solves the shortcomings of high power consumption, low stability, low environmental tolerance, and high failure rate. Transferring a large amount of data processing of the smart express cabinet 100 to the server has certain advantages in post-maintenance. Specifically, the data transfer process between the single chip microcomputer 104 and the server is as follows: the communication module 108 receives the information sent by the server, and processes the data into a TTL protocol and sends it to the single chip microcomputer 104. The single chip microcomputer 104 also sends the information to the communication via the TTL protocol. The module 108 is converted into a TCP-IP protocol by the communication module 108 and sent to the server. Table 1 below shows the operating system of the smart express cabinet 100 in different control architecture modes.
[0048] Table 1
[0049] Schema name
[0050] In an embodiment of the present invention, preferably, the cabinet lock 1064 is a magnetic control lock with a control device and a state monitoring device.
[0051] In this embodiment, the cabinet lock 1064 adopts a magnetic control lock with a control device and a status monitoring device. Since the control device can control the unlocking of the magnetic lock through a circuit, after being connected to the single-chip 104, it is convenient for the single-chip 104 to directly control the cabinet according to the program. The opening and closing of the lock 1064 does not require a special cabinet door control panel, which simplifies the hardware structure of the smart express cabinet 100 and reduces the product cost. The status monitoring device facilitates timely feedback of the status of the cabinet lock 1064 to understand whether the cabinet door 1062 is opened and closed normally, and can also indirectly reflect the access status of the express mail.
[0052] In an embodiment of the present invention, preferably, the single-chip microcomputer 104 is provided with multiple I/O ports, and each cabinet lock 1064 is connected to the single-chip microcomputer 104 through two I/O ports, and the single-chip microcomputer 104 is connected to the controller through one I/O port. The devices are connected to control the opening and closing of the cabinet lock 1064. The single-chip microcomputer 104 is connected to the status monitoring device through another I/O port to obtain the opening information of the cabinet lock 1064.
[0053] In this embodiment, the single-chip microcomputer is connected to multiple cabinet locks through multiple data transmission I/O ports, and each cabinet lock corresponds to two I/O ports, one is used for the single-chip microcomputer to control the opening and closing of the cabinet lock, and the other is for monitoring The opening status of the cabinet lock will be reported to the server in a timely manner, so that it is convenient to record the access status of the express mail. Specifically, the magnetic lock is connected to the I/O port of the microcontroller 104 through its control device circuit and state monitoring device circuit. Because the power supply voltage of the microcontroller 104 is 3.3V, it is powered by an independent power supply of 5V and converted into a power conversion IC. 3.3V, and the magnetic lock is 12V independent power supply. Because the magnetic lock has a certain inductive load, the 12V and 5V power supplies are isolated from each other. The single-chip 104 controls the optical coupler to control the opening of the magnetic lock through the I/O port. The state feedback of the control lock also needs the optocoupler to do isolation.
[0054] In an embodiment of the present invention, preferably, the cabinet opening information includes the smart express cabinet number, cabinet door number, and check code. The check code is generated by the server when the courier deposits the package, and the smart express cabinet 100 receives and stores the check code. Verify the code and report the received verification code to the server.
[0055] In this embodiment, the opening information includes the smart courier cabinet number and the cabinet door number. The server determines the smart courier cabinet 100 and cabinet door 1062 to be opened through data processing, and sends the information to the corresponding smart courier cabinet 100. Therefore, the corresponding smart express cabinet 100 can control the opening of the cabinet door 1062 according to the instruction, without having to process data to determine the cabinet door 1062 that needs to be opened, the data is concise and the control is clear. The opening information also includes the check code randomly generated by the server. When the courier deposits the package, the smart express cabinet 100 receives and stores the check code, and feeds the reception back to the server through the communication module 108, and the server can confirm that the shipment has been deposited Corresponding to the cabinet 106, when picking up the package, the server sends the opening information to the smart courier cabinet 100. The smart courier cabinet 100 can confirm the legitimacy of the cabinet opening instruction by checking the check code, avoiding malicious pickup by non-designated pickers It protects the interests of users and ensures the reliability of the smart express cabinet 100.
[0056] In an embodiment of the present invention, preferably, the communication module 108 is one of a 2G wireless communication module, a 3G wireless communication module, a 4G wireless communication module, a WIFI communication module, and a wired communication module.
[0057] In this embodiment, the communication module 108 can access the Internet, including 2G (GPRS, GSM), 3G (WCDMA, CDMA2000, TDSCDMA), 4G (TD-LTE, FDD-LTE), WIFI and wired access. Ethernet, which communicates with TCP/IP protocol, is fast and reliable.
[0058] In an embodiment of the present invention, preferably, the number of single-chip computers 104 is at least one. When the number of single-chip computers 104 exceeds one, the number of control boards 102 is the same as the number of single-chip computers 104, and one single-chip computer 104 is installed on one control board 102. Above, all control boards 102 use CAN bus to communicate.
[0059] In this embodiment, the number of cabinet locks 1064 that can be connected to and controlled by one single-chip computer 104 is limited. When the number of cabinet locks 1064 exceeds the carrying capacity of one single-chip computer 104, the number of single-chip computers 104 needs to be increased accordingly, and one single-chip computer 104 is installed in one When the control board 102 is installed, the number of the control board 102 needs to be increased accordingly. When a single-chip microcomputer 104 is installed on a control board 102, the circuit distribution of a single control board 102 is concise, ensuring the stability and reliability of data transmission, and the single control board 102 is small in size, which is very important for the internal Small space requirements and easy installation. Multiple control boards 102 can be cascaded through the CAN bus, and different control boards 102 can be controlled by checking address codes, so as to achieve the purpose of controlling multiple control boards 102. Specifically, one single-chip computer 104 controls 20 cabinet locks.
[0060] In an embodiment of the present invention, preferably, the number of single-chip computers 104 is at least one. When the number of single-chip computers 104 exceeds one, all single-chip computers 104 are installed on the same control board 102, and all single-chip computers 104 adopt I 2 C communication.
[0061] In this embodiment, one single-chip computer 104 can be connected to a certain number of cabinet locks 1064. When the number of cabinet locks 1064 exceeds the carrying capacity of one single-chip computer 104, the number of single-chip computers 104 can be increased correspondingly to meet the needs of cabinet locks 1064. Installing all the single-chip microcomputers 104 on the same control board 102 eliminates the need to increase the number of control boards 102, which can save costs and increase the overall volume. Multiple MCU 104 uses I 2 C communication control, simple hardware connection, can realize communication without master control, and communication speed is fast. Specifically, one single-chip computer 104 controls 20 cabinet locks.
[0062] figure 2 A schematic block diagram of a smart express cabinet according to another embodiment of the first aspect of the present invention is shown.
[0063] Such as figure 2 As shown, the smart express cabinet 200 of another embodiment of the first aspect of the present invention includes:
[0064] Control board 202;
[0065] The single-chip microcomputer 204 is installed on the control board 202 as the control core;
[0066] The number of the cabinet 206 is at least one. Each cabinet 206 is provided with a cabinet door 2062 and a cabinet lock 2064. The cabinet lock 2064 is connected to the single-chip microcomputer 204. The single-chip 204 controls the corresponding cabinet lock 2064 to open according to the cabinet opening information sent by the server. Cabinet door 2062;
[0067] The communication module 208 is connected to the single-chip microcomputer 204 and is used for data transmission between the single-chip microcomputer 204 and the server;
[0068] The code scanner 210 is connected to the single-chip microcomputer 204 for scanning codes and transmits the scanning code information containing the cabinet opening information to the single-chip computer 204; the single-chip 204 controls the opening and closing of the cabinet door 2062 according to the cabinet opening information or the scanning code information sent by the server .
[0069] In this embodiment, a code scanner 210 connected to the single-chip microcomputer 204 is also provided. The server can generate a QR code or a barcode using the information of opening the cabinet and send it to the user terminal. The user can choose to scan the code or send it through the server. Command to open the cabinet door 2062, enriches the cabinet opening program, especially when the smart express cabinet 200 is offline or disconnected from the network, the server cannot open the cabinet door 2062 by issuing the cabinet opening information, and the scan code opening program can be used as a backup method. Assist in opening the cabinet door 2062 to ensure that the user pick-up is not affected by the network connection and improve the user experience.
[0070] image 3 A schematic block diagram of an intelligent express cabinet control system according to an embodiment of the second aspect of the present invention is shown.
[0071] Such as image 3 As shown, the intelligent express cabinet control system 300 of the embodiment of the second aspect of the present invention includes:
[0072] A server 302, which stores associated express delivery information and cabinet opening information;
[0073] The user terminal 304 is used to send express delivery information to the server;
[0074] Smart express cabinet 306;
[0075] The server 302 is configured to, after receiving the express delivery information sent by the user terminal 304, deliver the associated opening information to the smart express cabinet 306, so that the smart express cabinet 306 can open the corresponding cabinet door.
[0076] In the intelligent cabinet control system 300 provided by the present invention, the user sends express information to the server 302 through the user terminal 304, and the server 302 sends the cabinet opening information to the intelligent express cabinet 306 accordingly, so that the single-chip microcomputer in the intelligent express cabinet 306 controls the corresponding cabinet door to open , The data processing is completed by the server 302, which is convenient for later maintenance; for users, there is no need to operate on the smart express cabinet 306, which improves the user experience and reduces the trouble caused by operating errors; for the smart express cabinet 306, it is simplified on the one hand On the other hand, the use of thin client architecture eliminates the need to run the operating system on the smart express cabinet 306 terminal, which solves the shortcomings of high power consumption, low stability, low environmental tolerance, and high failure rate. .
[0077] In an embodiment of the present invention, preferably, the courier information includes a user ID, a courier number, a sender and receiver address, and a sender and receiver; the cabinet opening information includes a smart courier cabinet number, a cabinet door number, and a verification code.
[0078] In this embodiment, the courier information sent by the user to the server 302 contains information related to the courier bill and the user ID. The user ID is the user’s authentication account and is associated with the courier. The user can log in to the user ID to perform pickup, etc. The operation prevents others from stealing the express and protects the interests of users; the opening information is related to the express information, including the smart express cabinet number and the door number, and the server 302 sends the opening information to the corresponding smart express cabinet 306 , The microcontroller can open the corresponding cabinet door accordingly; the cabinet opening information also includes the check code randomly generated by the server 302. When the courier deposits the file, the smart express cabinet 306 receives and stores the check code, and receives the status through the communication module Send feedback to the server 302, the server 302 can confirm that the shipment has been stored in the corresponding cabinet. When picking up the shipment, the server 302 sends the opening information to the smart express cabinet 306. The smart express cabinet 306 can confirm the opening instruction by checking the verification code. The legality avoids malicious pickup by non-designated pickups, protects the interests of users, and ensures the reliability of the smart express cabinet 306. A large amount of courier information and cabinet opening information are stored in the server 302, and the server 302 performs data processing, which simplifies the operation burden of the smart courier cabinet 306 and reduces the loss caused by the failure of the smart courier cabinet 306.
[0079] In an embodiment of the present invention, preferably, the server 302 is a cloud server; the user terminal 304 is an application on a smart device or a WeChat official account.
[0080] In this embodiment, transferring a large amount of data processing from the terminal to the cloud server has certain advantages in post-maintenance. By training users to use apps or WeChat official accounts for pickup operations, and seamless interaction from the client to the cloud and then to the smart cabinet terminal, the traditional direct interaction between people and smart express cabinets is extended to the interaction between people and smart express cabinets. Indirect interaction improves the efficiency of the system and changes the user's habits. At the same time, other online functions and services can be launched on the app or WeChat official account to obtain value-added income.
[0081] Such as Figure 4 As shown, in the smart express cabinet provided by a specific embodiment of the present invention, the cabinet lock adopts an electromagnetic lock, and the communication module and the electromagnetic lock are respectively connected to the single-chip microcomputer through a TTL serial port and an I/O port to complete data transmission.
[0082] Such as Figure 5 As shown, the intelligent express cabinet control system provided by another specific embodiment of the present invention includes a cloud server, a sender app, a receiver app, and a smart express cabinet. The smart express cabinet includes a main control board and a number of extended control boards. The structure is the same, all are equipped with a single-chip microcomputer, and also include a cabinet (not shown in the figure), a 3G communication module and a code scanner. Its control mechanism is to use industrial-grade single-chip microcomputer to cooperate with 3G wireless communication module, use the internal program of the single-chip microcomputer to control the opening of the electromagnetic lock, and then monitor the opening information of the electromagnetic lock through the internal I/O port of the single-chip microcomputer, and collect the single-chip microcomputer through the 3G communication module The information is fed back to the cloud server, and the instructions from the cloud server can also be sent to the microcontroller through the 3G communication module. The 3G communication module uses the TCP/IP protocol for communication, which is fast and reliable.
[0083] The foregoing descriptions are only preferred embodiments of the present invention, and are not intended to limit the present invention. For those skilled in the art, the present invention can have various modifications and changes. Any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement, etc., made within the spirit and principle of the present invention shall be included in the protection scope of the present invention.
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