In order to make the objects, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention more clear, the technical solutions in the embodiments in the embodiments will be described in contemplation in the accompanying drawings in the embodiment of the present invention. Obviously, the described embodiments are all embodiments of the invention, not all of the embodiments. Components of the embodiments of the present invention described and illustrated in the drawings herein can be arranged and designed in various configurations.
 Thus, the following detailed description of the embodiments of the invention as provided in the drawings are not intended to limit the scope of the invention, but only the selected embodiments of the present invention are shown. Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art will belong to the scope of the present invention without all other embodiments obtained without creative labor.
 It should be noted that similar reference numerals and letters represent the like items in the drawings below, and therefore, once one is defined in one bysertation, it is not necessary to further define and explain it in the following drawings.
 In the description of the invention, it is to be understood that the orientation or positional relationship indicated by "upper", "lower", "inner", "outside", "left", "right", etc. is based on the drawings. Orientation or positional relationship, or a position or positional relationship that is commonly placed in the use of the invention, or the orientation or positional relationship that is commonly understood by those skilled in the art is intended to facilitate the description of the present invention and simplified description, not an indication or I suggest that the device or element refers to have a specific orientation, constructed and operated in a particular direction, and thus is not to be construed as limiting the invention.
 Moreover, the term "first", "second" or the like is only used to distinguish the description, and cannot be understood as an indication or implies relative importance.
 In the description of the present invention, it is also needed in that terms such as "set", "connection", such as "connection", unless otherwise clear, and "connected" may be a fixed connection, or may be Disassemble the connection, or integrate; it can be a mechanical connection, or an electrical connection; it can be a direct connection, or can be interconnected by an intermediate medium, which can be in the interior of the two elements. For those skilled in the art, the specific meaning of the above terms can be understood in terms of specific cases.
 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
 like figure 1As shown, an experimental apparatus for simulating a slope stone track, including:
 Slope simulation structure 5;
 Housing; slope simulation structure 5 is disposed within the housing;
 Falling stone sample 4;
 Falling stone release device 3; the falling stone sample 4 is placed in the falling stone release device 3, and the slope simulation structure 5 includes a plurality of base test blocks 6 and a plurality of lift test blocks 7, and the tower test block 7 is placed at the top of the base test block 6. The lateral slide 9 is provided on one end of the housing, and the upper end of the falling stone release apparatus 3 is slidably mounted in the slot 9, and the sliding direction of the falling stone release apparatus 3 is the lateral direction of the slope simulation structure 5. Where the rope test block 7 can be cut by the base test block 6. The bottom base test block 6 is bonded to the bottom plate of the housing, and only needs to change the slope test block 7 when simulating the shape of different sidewalls, and seals the surface of the slope with the "Shooting Law".
 like figure 2 and 3 As shown, the housing includes a steel frame 1, four organic glass partition plates 2, each having a vertical slot 8 in each side of the steel frame 1, four organic glass partition plate 2 corresponds to the upper part Insert the steel frame 1 in the slot 8 of each side. Steel frame 1 includes a bottom plate, four columns, eight crossbar, four columns, eight horizontal growth square shaped, the bottom plate is mounted above the bottom of the four crossbar, the bottom plate is used to place the slope simulation structure 5 At the four columns, vertical grooves are provided on the eight crossbars, and finally constitute four vertical set slots 8, after the four organic glass separator 2 is inserted into four slots 8, may Steel frame is closed around 1.
 Specifically, the organic glass partition plate 2 is adhered to a mesh-shaped PVC film. The organic glass separator 2 can replace the PVC film of different grid sizes according to the experimental requirements.
 like Figure 4 and 5 As shown, the falling stone release apparatus 3 includes a slider 10, a height control device, a release mechanism, and a card hole 111 having different heights in the height control device. The slider 10 is provided on the slider 10, and the slider 10 is passed through the card block 101 card. In the card hole 111 of the height control device, the slider 10 can be slidably mounted within the chute 9, and the release mechanism is connected to the lower portion of the height control device.
 like Image 6 and 7 As shown, the height control device includes two positioning rods 11, the height fixing device 12, and the two positioning rods 11 are vertically disposed, and the two positioning rods 11 are parallel to each other, and there are a plurality of inner sides of the two positioning rods 11. The card holes 111, both pairs of the two pairs of the slider 10 are provided with the block 101, and the two card blocks 101 of the slider 10 are used to separately engage in different heights of different heights on two positioning rods 11, two The lower portion of the positioning rod 11 is threaded between the height fixing device 12; at the vertical penetration of the slide 9 vertically, the chute 9 includes a large opening and a small opening of the upper segment, two positioning rods 11 in the slide 9 Slide in the lower opening of the lower section, sliding the slider 10 in the large opening of the slot 9. The width of the slider 10 is greater than the width of the positioning rod 11. Both the lower end side walls of the two positioning rods 11 have a screw hole, and the height fixing device 12 is formed in a cylindrical shape, and both ends of the height fixing device 12 are provided with threads, both ends of the height fixing device 12 and two positioning rods 11. Thread connection. When working, the two positioning rods 11 are open, and the two card blocks 101 of the slider 10 are brought into the card hole 111 of the selected positioning rod 11, and the two ends of the height fixing device 12 and two The positioning rod 11 is threaded until the slider 10 is clamped between the two positioning rods 11, and the positioning rod 11 is inserted by the slot 9, and the slider 10 can slide in the chute 9. In this application, the slot 9 and the slot 8 are shared, the small opening width of the slot 9 is slightly larger than the width of the organic glass partition plate 2, in order to allow the organic glass separator 2 to insert, installed, organic glass partition plate 2 Plug from the chute 9, and the upper end of the final organic glass partition plate 2 is detached from the chute 9, which is because the height of the organic glass partition plate 2 is less than the height of the steel frame 1 side, and therefore, in general, organic glass The insertion of the separator 2 does not affect the use of the falling stone release device 3.
 like Figure 8 and 9 As shown, the release mechanism includes the falling stone box 13, the first hook 141, the second hook 142, the first connection rope 151, the second connection rope 152, the movable plate 17, the falling stone sample 4 is placed in the falling stone box 13, the falling stone box 13 The bottom portion is rotatable at one end of the movable plate 17, and the top of the falling stone box 13 is connected to the first hook 141 through the first connection rope 151, and the other end of the movable plate 17 is connected to the second hook 142 through the second connection rope 152; In the working state, the first hook 141, the second hook 142 is hung on the height fixing device 12, and the movable plate 17 at the bottom of the falling stone box 13 is closed, and the second connection rope 152 is bypassed the side wall of the falling stone box 13 and the first The two hook 142 is connected, the second connection rope 152 is a tensioned state; in the operating state, the second hook 142 is taken from the height fixing device 12, the movable plate 17 at the bottom of the falling stone box 13 is open. The first connection rope 151 is preferably a steel rope, and the second connection rope 152 is preferably a nylon rope. The conversion from the non-working state to the working state is to take the second hook 142 from the height fixing device 12, the movable plate 17 of the falling stone box 13 is unfolded, and the falling stone sample in the falling stone box 13 falls.
 The slope simulation structure 5 is a gypsum sample. Gypsums to make basic test blocks and tower test blocks have the advantages of easy access, simple preparation process, high efficiency, low cost, etc. It is light, easy to process.
 Falling stone samples 4 is made of gypsum or sand ovals or glass beads.
 This application also has the following advantages:
 1 Structure is simple, functional, stable;
 2 Side slope simulation is fast, less material loss, high utilization;
 3 The slope model is accurate, and different sediments can be simulated according to actual needs;
 4 The falling stone releases the adjustable adjustability, the horizontal position of the release point and the height of the falling stone, and the number of falling stones can be adjusted, and the operation is simple.
 The technical solution of the present invention is not limited to the limitation of the above specific embodiments, and the techniques made in accordance with the technical solutions according to the present invention have fallen into the scope of the invention.