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623 results about "High power lasers" patented technology

Mode-locked multi-mode fiber laser pulse source

A laser utilizes a cavity design which allows the stable generation of high peak power pulses from mode-locked multi-mode fiber lasers, greatly extending the peak power limits of conventional mode-locked single-mode fiber lasers. Mode-locking may be induced by insertion of a saturable absorber into the cavity and by inserting one or more mode-filters to ensure the oscillation of the fundamental mode in the multi-mode fiber. The probability of damage of the absorber may be minimized by the insertion of an additional semiconductor optical power limiter into the cavity. To amplify and compress optical pulses in a multi-mode (MM) optical fiber, a single-mode is launched into the MM fiber by matching the modal profile of the fundamental mode of the MM fiber with a diffraction-limited optical mode at the launch end, The fundamental mode is preserved in the MM fiber by minimizing mode-coupling by using relatively short lengths of step-index MM fibers with a few hundred modes and by minimizing fiber perturbations. Doping is confined to the center of the fiber core to preferentially amplify the fundamental mode, to reduce amplified spontaneous emission and to allow gain-guiding of the fundamental mode. Gain-guiding allows for the design of systems with length-dependent and power-dependent diameters of the fundamental mode. To allow pumping with high-power laser diodes, a double-clad amplifier structure is employed. For applications in nonlinear pulse-compression, self phase modulation and dispersion in the optical fibers can be exploited. High-power optical pulses may be linearly compressed using bulk optics dispersive delay lines or by chirped fiber Bragg gratings written directly into the SM or MM optical fiber. High-power cw lasers operating in a single near-diffraction-limited mode may be constructed from MM fibers by incorporating effective mode-filters into the laser cavity. Regenerative fiber amplifiers may be constructed from MM fibers by careful control of the recirculating mode. Higher-power Q-switched fiber lasers may be constructed by exploiting the large energy stored in MM fiber amplifiers.

Optical surface plasmon-wave communications systems

A plurality of optical communications systems including a SPW modulator are described. The communications systems include an optical transmitter coupled to an optical fiber communications link which carries a optically modulated information signal to an optical receiver. The laser transmitter includes a laser light source which is optically coupled to a SPW modulator which has been particularly adapted for broadband communications by selecting its transfer characteristic and modulation structure. A broadband signal containing a plurality of information channels, for example CATV channels, is applied to it modulator electrodes. The modulation signal varies the power coupling between the guided laser light source signal and a SPW in the modulator. The result is an intensity modulated optical signal that is output to the optical fiber for transmission to the optical receiver of the system. Alternatively, the communications system includes a high power laser coupled to an optical splitter to divide its output power in two or more optical source outputs. Each optical source output is then used to drive an associated SPW modulator. Each of the modulators receives a broadband signal with which to modulate its optical source. After modulation, the modulated lightwave from a modulator is coupled to a corresponding optical fiber for carriage to an optical receiver. In this manner, several broadband information signals can be communicated over the system using only one laser source. A net benefit from using one higher power laser, rather than several lower power ones, is one of cost, purity and similarity of the several signals. This configuration is enhanced by the lower loss and higher linearity of the SPW modulators. Further, several WDM embodiments including those having serially cascaded SPW modulators are provided. The transfer characteristic of the SPW modulators are tailored to either be more efficient for an analog or a digital modulation signal by adding or subtracting grating effects.

Laser-induction hybrid melting direct forming method and device

The invention discloses a laser-induction hybrid melting direct forming method and device. The laser-induction hybrid melting direct forming method comprises the following steps of: generating a three-dimensional model of a part through CAD (Computer-Aided Design) software, and then slicing the three-dimensional model and generating a G code to drive a numerical control system and a base body to move; and melting synchronously fed metal or metal/ceramic hybrid powder through a high-power laser beam and an induction heat source, and depositing the three-dimensional part in a designed shape layer by layer, wherein a temperature controller is used for monitoring and controlling the temperature of the base body in the processing process. The device for realizing the laser-induction hybrid melting direct forming method comprises a laser, a light path system, an induction heating and temperature control system, a powder feed system and the numerical control system. The device can be used for directly generating large and medium size three-dimensional parts on various metal base bodies, has the advantages of high processing efficiency, compact part structure, fine crystalline grain, excellent mechanical property, less residual stress without deformation or cracking phenomenon, high processing flexibility without tools and moulds, high material utilization ratio, cleanness without pollution and capability of designing the components of a metal-ceramic hybrid layer as required and even changing the components in a gradient manner.

Method for acquiring highly-adaptive abrasion-proof titanium-based composite material on titanium alloy surface

The invention discloses a method for preparing a Ti-based composite with high adaptability on a Ti-alloy surface, which pertains to the field of surface modification of metallic materials. The method comprises such procedures as: weighing by certain proportion spherical Ti alloy powder particles in proper particle sizes (45-150 micro meter) and TiB2, Cr3C2, TiC or B4C powder particles (3.4-30vol%, particle size 38-106 micrometer); mixing the powder evenly by a mechanical way; sending at the set powder-feeding rate the mixed powder by a powder feeder and coaxial powder-feeding nozzles into a molten bath formed by a high-power laser at the surface of a Ti-alloy substrate; the mixed powder carrying out in-situ reaction by the high temperature from the molten bath, and forming such steady and dispersion reinforced phases as in-situ self-grown TiC or TiB. The reinforced phases are featured by small particle size, steady thermal and mechanical properties, free pollution in interfaces, and high bond strength with the substrate. The method can substantially improve the hardness and wear resistance of Ti alloy surfaces, guarantees the high adaptability between the surface modified layer and the substrate, can be used for repairing and surface reinforcing treatment of Ti alloy parts bearing impact vibration load and thermal fatigue, etc.

Laser compound processing and modifying method of no-recasting-layer micro deep-hole

The invention discloses a laser combined machining and profile modification method of a micro deep borehole without a recast layer. The method of the invention includes the following steps: first, a micro deep cooling borehole of a turbine blade is roughly machined by high power laser or electric sparks, and the like; the allowance for finish of the aperture is more than the thickness of the recast layer produced by using the machining method; and femtosecond laser is used for the secondary finish machining and profile modification of the micro deep cooling borehole; while femtosecond impulse laser is used for performing the finish machining and profile modification of the primarily machined micro deep borehole, under the precondition of guaranteeing the laser energy acting with the recast layer of a workpiece is higher than the ablation threshold of the material, a light beam is inclined for certain angle according to the spiral drilling mode; and the recast layer of the internal wall of the borehole is machined to remove erosion and profile modification by combining the method of lengthening the focal depth by a long focus lens. The concept of the combined machining method and the specific machining technology are used for solving the high-efficiency and high-precision machining problems of micro deep borehole groups of turbine blades.

Light path collimation integrated device and method for high-power laser device

InactiveCN102354055AAchieving Simultaneous SamplingHigh resolutionOptical elementsGratingHigh power lasers
The invention discloses a light path collimation integrated device and method for a high-power laser device. A transmission grating engraved with references is put near to the small-hole face of a space filter; the transmission grating is irradiated by parallel non-coherent illumination lights produced by a light emitting diode and an illumination collimation lens at a specific angle; a sampling light path is put in a direction of first-stage diffraction light of the transmission grating so as to form a light beam information monitor; the light beam information monitor simultaneously acquiresinformation of a near field and a far field of a light beam; the output of the light beam information monitor is connected to a computer; deviation values of the near field and far field of the lightbeam relative to the respective set positions are determined through an image processing technology; and a corresponding near field adjusting device and a corresponding far field adjusting device areselected according to the respective deviation values so as to adjust light path collimation. The light path collimation integrated device has the characteristics of integration, modularization, simple structure and high precision, and can meet a monitoring requirement of the high-power laser device on large-aperture light beam collimation.
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