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3542 results about "Collimator" patented technology

A collimator is a device which narrows a beam of particles or waves. To narrow can mean either to cause the directions of motion to become more aligned in a specific direction (i.e., make collimated light or parallel rays), or to cause the spatial cross section of the beam to become smaller (beam limiting device).

Scanning laser ophthalmoscope for selective therapeutic laser

InactiveUS6186628B1Laser surgerySurgeryVignettingOptic lens
A combination of a scanning laser ophthalmoscope and external laser sources (52) is used for microphotocoagulation and photodynamic therapy, two examples of selective therapeutic laser. A linkage device incorporating a beamsplitter (56) and collimator-telescope (60) is adjusted to align the pivot point (16) of the scanning lasers (38, 40) and external laser source (52). A similar pivot point minimizes wavefront aberrations, enables precise focusing and registration of the therapeutic laser beam (52) on the retina without the risk of vignetting. One confocal detection pathway of the scanning laser ophthalmoscope images the retina. A second and synchronized detection pathway with a different barrier filter (48) is needed to draw the position and extent of the therapeutic laser spot on the retinal image, as an overlay (64). Advanced spatial modulation increases the selectivity of the therapeutic laser. In microphotocoagulation, an adaptive optics lens (318) is attached to the scanning laser ophthalmoscope, in proximity of the eye. It corrects the higher order optical aberrations of the eye optics, resulting in smaller and better focused applications. In photodynamic therapy, a spatial modulator (420) is placed within the collimator-telescope (60) of the therapeutic laser beam (52), customizing its shape as needed. A similar effect can be obtained by modulating a scanning laser source (38) of appropriate wavelength for photodynamic therapy.

System and method for phase-contrast imaging by use of X-ray gratings

ActiveCN101532969AReduce production difficulty requirementsLower application thresholdComputerised tomographsTomographyGratingRefractive index
The application relates to a system and a method for the phase-contrast imaging by use of X-ray gratings. The system comprises an X-ray device, a first absorption grating, a second absorption grating, a detection unit, a data processing unit and an imaging unit, wherein the X-ray device transmits an X-ray bundle to a detected object; the first and second absorption gratings are positioned in the direction of the X-ray bundle; the X-ray refracted by the detected object forms an X-ray signal with variable intensity through the first absorption grating and/or the second absorption grating; the detection unit receives and converts the X-ray with variable intensity into an electrical signal; the data processing unit processes and extracts refraction-angle information in the electrical signal, and utilizes the refraction-angle information to figure out pixel information; and the imaging unit constructs images of the object. In addition, the system and the method can also realize CT imaging by using a rotating structure to rotate the object so as to obtain refraction angles in a plurality of projection directions and the corresponding images, and use CT reconstruction algorithm to figureout refraction-index fault images of the detected object. According to the invention, the phase-contrast imaging of approximate decimeter-magnitude viewing fields under incoherent conditions can be realized by use of common X-ray machines or multi-seam collimator such as source gratings, as well as two absorption gratings.

Optical module for high-speed bidirectional transceiver

InactiveUS6939058B2Simplified adjustment procedureCoupling light guidesTransceiverOptical Module
The optical module of the invention for high-speed bidirectional transceiver consists of a signal receiving unit, a signal transmitting unit, a common receiving-transmitting optical fiber, and a fiber coupling unit. The laser diode and the photodiode are arranged parallel to each other in closely located recesses of the module housing. Such an arrangement makes it possible to shorten distances for guiding lead wires from the terminals of the PC board to the respective terminals of the transmitting and receiving diodes. The laser diode emits a first transmitting laser beam that passes through a microobjective that collimates the beam and directs into onto a full-reflection mirror located inside the module housing. The full-reflection mirror reflects the first transmitting beam at an angle of 90° and transmits it to the end face of an optical fiber through an optical fiber collimator that centers the beam with the fiber core. The module is provided with a second mirror, which is fully transparent to the aforementioned first transmitting beam, but is fully reflective to a second transmitting beam that may propagate in a direction opposite to the first transmitting beam on a different wavelength. Alignment of the optical components is facilitated due to the fact that it is carried out with diffractionally limited and collimated beams.
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