Method for cultivating and planting plants by using organic wastewater
A technology for organic wastewater and plants, applied in the fields of botanical equipment and methods, fertilization methods, cultivation, etc., can solve the problems of long cycle treatment time, high cost, waste of nutrient resources in organic wastewater, etc.
Active Publication Date: 2021-10-19
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AI-Extracted Technical Summary
Problems solved by technology
 At present, the treatment method of organic wastewater is mainly through the system circulation filtration, and discharge after reaching the discharge standard; this process requires the support of large-...
Concrete, described rainproof cloth 2 is far away from described rotating shaft 3 side and is equipped with draw bar 8, and described draw bar 8 is arranged along parallel to described rotating shaft 3 directions, and described draw bar 8 and described draw rope 4 Fixed connection. By arranging the traction rod 8, the rainproof cloth 2 is changed from a single point of force to one side of the force, which helps the rainproof cloth 2 to move smoothly.
The pouring liquid mixed by above-mentioned ratio can satisf...
The invention provides a method for cultivating and planting plants by using organic wastewater, which comprises the following steps: acquiring original organic wastewater, detecting components in the original organic wastewater, and recording as Ai (i = 1... n); detecting the content P1 (Ai) (i = 1... n) of Ai in the original organic wastewater; acquiring rainwater, and detecting the content P2 (Ai) (i = 1... n) of Ai contained in the rainwater; acquiring soil, and planting plants on the soil; detecting the content P3 (Ai) (i = 1... n) of Ai contained in the soil; acquiring a tolerance limit value PL (Ai) (i = 1... n) of the plants corresponding to each component Ai according to the type and the growth stage of the plants; mixing the original organic wastewater with rainwater according to a certain proportion to obtain irrigation liquid; irrigating the soil with the irrigation liquid, so that the content of Ai contained in the irrigated soil is correspondingly smaller than or equal to the tolerance limit value PL (Ai) (i = 1... n). According to the method, the organic wastewater provides growth nutrients for plants, and meanwhile zero emission of all substances in the original organic wastewater can be achieved.
Watering devicesFertilising methods +2
NutrientSoil science +2
- Experimental program(1)
 The following detailed description will be further described below with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples. It will be appreciated that the specific embodiments described herein are only used to explain the relevant invention, not the limitation of the invention. It will also be otherwise that only the portion related to the invention is shown in the drawings.
 It should be noted that the features of the present application and the features in the embodiments in the present application can be combined with each other in the case of an unable conflict. The present application will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
 Please refer to figure 1 A method of cultivating planting plants for the present application, including the following steps:
 Get the original organic wastewater to detect the composition ingredients in the original organic wastewater, remember to i (i = 1 ... n); detecting the original organic wastewater a i Content P 1 (A i (i = 1 ... n);
 Get rain, detecting A in the rain i Content P 2 (A i (i = 1 ... n);
 Get the soil, plant plants on the soil; detect A i Content P 3 (A i (i = 1 ... n);
 According to the type and growth stage of the plant, the plant obtains the composition corresponding to each of the components. i Tolerance limit P L (A i (i = 1 ... n);
 The original organic wastewater is mixed with the rain water to obtain a watering liquid, watering the water soil, so that the water contained in the water is watered. i The content is equal to or equal to equal to the tolerance limit P L (A i(i = 1 ... n).
 Specific, P 1 (A i The unit is kg / L, P 2 (A i The unit is kg / L, P L (A i ) And P 3 (A i Both are percentage.
 Specifically, the watering fluid is based on P 1 (A i ), P 2 (A i ), P 3 (A i ) And tolerate limit P L (A i The mixing ratio of the original organic wastewater and the rain water is obtained so that the soil is contained in the soil after watering the soil after mixing water. i The content is equal to or equal to equal to the tolerance limit P L (A i (i = 1 ... n).
 Specifically, the plant is constitrated in various constituents a i Tolerance limit P L (A i ) Is controlled by its species and growth stage, and different plants have corresponding components in different plants. i Tolerance limit P L (A i ) Is also different; for example, Table-1 is a tolerance limit for a partial plant in a seeding period for reference, where A 1 Nitrogen, A 2 Salt, A 3 Chromium.
 P L (A i )
 Table 1
 Working principle: by detecting the composition ingredients of the original organic wastewater and each of the components contents 1 (A i ), Detecting A in rainwater i Content P 2 (A i ), Detecting A in soil i Content P 3 (A i ), At the same time, according to the type of plant and its growth stage, tolerance limits P, corresponding to each constituent component. L (A i ); Through P 1 (A i ), P 2 (A i ), P 3 (A i ), P L (A i The value, so that the mixing ratio of the original organic wastewater and the rain water can be quantified, and the soil A i The content is less than or equal to the tolerance limit P L (A i By the above method, the zero emissions of each substance in the original organic wastewater can also be achieved while the plant provides growth nutrients.
 According to the method provided by the organic wastewater, the method of cultivating planting plants, on the one hand, some substances in organic waste water can provide nutrient resources for plants in the premise of the tolerance limits of plants, and turn waste into treasures; on the other hand Realize the zero emissions of each substance in organic wastewater, save costs.
 Among them, as preferred, the method of configuring the watering fluid is specifically:
 Suitable soil moisture rate W for the plant y , Detect the aqueous rate of soil W;
 Calculate each component a i Corresponding original organic wastewater - mixed ratio of rain i (i = 1 ... n);
 K i = V 1 / V 2;
 Get K i (i = 1 ... n) in the minimum positive value, record K min;
 Put the original organic wastewater with rain in less than or equal to K min The proportion is mixed to form the watering liquid; if the K i (i = 1 ... n) is negative in a negative value, the original organic wastewater is watering the soil as a watering fluid.
 Due to:
 V 1 * P 1 (A i + V 2 * P 2 (A i ) = (P L (A i ) -P 3 (A i )) * V m * P; 1
 M = V m * P * (w y -w) = (v 1 + V 2 * ρ; 2
 Among them, V m The volume of soil, P is the natural density of the soil;
 Therefore, it can be exported by 12:
 Here, those skilled in the art can be understood that ρ is the density of the water, the density ρ of the watering liquid is similar to the density of water, and 0.99 ≤ ρ ≤ 1.01, so ρ can be used as a constant and values. To 1.
 Among them, those skilled in the art can be understood that Among rainwater contains A i Low content, almost approaching 0; simultaneous water contained in the soil in which the water is watered i The content should be lower than the tolerance limit of plants; therefore, it is known to be known, when the calculation process, K i = V 1 / V 2 When the value is negative, it is due to the original organic wastewater. i The content is too low, resulting in V 1 High value, at the same time due to V 1 + V 2 For the fixed value, thus causing V 2 There is a negative value;
 Therefore, in order to satisfy the watering of the water, the various compositions contained in the soil A i The content is lower than the tolerance limit of the plant, by acquiring K i (i = 1 ... n) in the minimum positive value, record K min; 原 原 有 有水 与 水 水 水 min The proportion is mixed, forming the watering liquid; when the K i (i = 1 ... n) is negative in a negative value, the original organic wastewater is watering the soil as a watering fluid.
 In order to facilitate the technical principles of the present application, take a certain original organic wastewater as an example, while selecting peanuts in the seedling period as planting plants, the working principle is as follows:
 S100: Get the original organic wastewater to detect the composition ingredients in the original organic wastewater and the content of each of the components, and the results of the test are shown in Table -2:
 Table 2
 S200: Get rain water to detect A in the rain i Content P 2 (A i ), The test results of the rain are shown in Table-3:
 P 2 (A i )
 table 3
 S300: Get the soil, plant plants on the soil; detecting A in the soil i Content P 3 (A i ), The results of the soil are shown in Table-4:
 P 3 (A i )
 Table 4
 S400: Depending on the type and growth stage of the plant, the plant (seizure peanut) obtains the composition of each of the constituent components a i Tolerance limit P L (A i ), As shown in Table-5:
 P L (A i )
 table 5
 S500: Mix the original organic wastewater with the rain water to obtain a watering liquid; watering the water soil, making A i The content is equal to or equal to equal to the tolerance limit P L (A i. This step specifically contains the following:
 S501: Suitable aqueous rate of the plants W y , The following table-6 is suitable for some plants Water rate W y For reference; at the same time, it is known that the peanut (seeding period) is suitable for 18%:
 plant Peanut (seeding) Corn (seedling period) Corner (seeding period) W y
 The aqueous rate W of the soil is detected, for example, the value of W is 12%.
 S502: Calculate each composition component a i Corresponding original organic wastewater - mixed ratio of rain i;
 K i = V 1 / V 2;
 Calculate K i The results are shown in Table-7:
 K i
 S503: Get K i (i = 1 ... n) in the minimum positive value, record K min;
 K min = 0.898;
 S504: Mix the original organic wastewater with rain in a ratio of less than or equal to 0.898: 1 to form the water.
 Through the above-mentioned proportion of water, it can meet the tolerance requirements of each component, and organic waste water is used for planting plants, saving nutrient resources, but also in the role of plants, it has achieved various organic wastewater Zero emissions of substances.
 Among them, as preferred, the specific method of planting plants on the soil is:
 Several planting blocks are divided into the plant planting area, and the bottom and sidewalls of each plant block are performed by the PE film, and the soil is laid in the planting block.
 Specifically, the plant plant region is 50 meters, a width of 8 meters; the thickness of the PE film is 1.0 mm; 20 cm thick planting is laid in each plant block.
 Among them, the specific method of watering the soil is placed as a preferred method:
 Gets the natural density p of the soil;
 Calculate water quality M: v = V m * P * (w y -w), V m For the volume of the planting region;
 Water the water mass of the water in the planting area.
 Specific, V m It is the volume of the plant; in order to facilitate the technical solution provided in the present application, it is an example of a planting region, its length is 50m, the width is 8m, the soil thickness is 0.2m; the water content of the soil is in accordance with the above measurement 12%, suitable soil water rate W y The soil moisture content of 18% is 18% according to the list of peanuts (seeding periods), and the specific process is as follows:
 Gets the natural density p of the soil, for example, 1500kg / m 3;
 Calculate the mass M: m = 50 * 8 * 0.2 * 1500 * (0.18-0.12) = 7200 (kg);
 Water the water mass of 7200 kg water in the planting area.
 Among them, as preferred, such as figure 2 and image 3 As shown, the radius includes a shangbody 1 disposed on the planting region and a rainfall 2 mounted on the hosid body 1; the top of the shalar body is a curved frame structure, the shed The upper portion of the body 1 is provided with a rotating shaft 3, and one end of the rainfall 2 is fixed to the rotating shaft 3 side wall, and the towline 4 is attached to the other end of the rainfall 2. By setting the watercase, it is caused to avoid watering into other regions with rainwater with an external environment.
 Specifically, a mount is provided on the top side of the hosted body 1, the rotating shaft 3 is mounted within the mounting seat; the rotating shaft 3 is arranged horizontally in the horizontal length direction.
 Specifically, the rainfall 2 is mounted away from the rotating shaft 3 side, and the traction rod 8 is disposed parallel to the rotating shaft 3, and the traction rod 8 is fixed to the traction rope 4. By setting the traction rod 8, the rainfall 2 is made of a single point force to one side force, which helps to smoothly move smoothly.
 like image 3 As shown, when the rainfall 2 is needed to cover the shangbody 1, the airborne cloth 2 can be moved away from the rotating shaft 3 on the side of the rotating shaft 3, so that the defense The rain cloth 2 is completely covered at the top of the shangbody 1;
 like Figure 4 As shown, when the rainfall 2 is needed to recover the rainfall 2 to the hosted body 1 side, the rainfall 2 can be continuously wound on the rotating shaft 3 by rotating the rotating shaft 3.
 Among them, a first motor 5 for driving the rotating shaft 3 is mounted on the hosted body 1; the hosid 1 is away from the sidewall side of the shaft 3; The rising device is connected to the traction rope 4 from one end of the rainfall 2 for driving the traction rope 4 lift.
 Specifically, the first motor 5 is mounted on the sidewall of the hosid 1, and the drive shaft of the first motor 5 is axially fixedly coupled to the rotating shaft 3. By setting the first motor 5, the motor drive is replaced by manual drive, and the work efficiency is improved.
 Specifically, the riser includes a second motor 9 disposed on the sidewall of the hosh 1 and a reel rod 10 fixed to the axial axial axis axial axial axis of the second motor 9; the traction rope 4 Fixed with the side wall of the rod 10;
 The second motor 9 is mounted on the sidewall of the hosted body 1, by opening the second motor 9 such that the rod 10 is rotated, and the traction rope 4 can be continuously wrapped around the roll. On the wire rod 10, it is possible to drive the rainfall 2 to move away from the rotating shaft 3 side.
 Among them, a resigning frame 6 is provided above, and the resigning frame 6 is fixed to the top of the shack 1; the rainfall 2 is in a direction parallel to the rotating shaft 3. There are several penetrated rods 7.
 Specifically, by providing the limit frame 6 such that the resigning frame 6 is formed between the top of the shack 1, and the rainfall 2 is active.
 Specifically, the penetrating rod 7 functions on the rainfall 2 to the tile support, and it is also advantageous for the rainfall 2 to smoothly perform the opening and closing movement. The penetrating rod 7 is several, that is, one, two or more; for example, if image 3 As shown, three of the penetrating rod 7 are provided.
 Among them, as a preferred, the composition component A i Including at least one of ammonia nitrogen, total nitrogen, total phosphorus, dung coliform, saline, potassium, chlorine, mercury, lead, chromium, and arsenic.
 Among them, as preferred, the following steps are also included before detecting the original organic wastewater:
 The first storage pool is provided, and the soot layer is provided on the first storage pool, and the original organic wastewater is delivered to the first storage pool.
 Among them, as a preferred, the following steps are also included as a preferred, configured.
 A third storage pool is provided, and a pipe for delivering the watering liquid to the plant is mounted on the third storage pool, and a flow meter is provided in the conduit.
 Among them, as a preferred, before the water is disposed, the following steps include the following steps: set the second storage pool to collect rain water to the second storage pool.
 Specifically, between the first storage pool and the third storage pool, the second storage pool is disposed between the second storage pool, and the valve and flow meter are provided in the pipe to facilitate rain water and the original organic wastewater. It is mixed in the third storage pool.
 Specifically, in the process of cultivating plants with organic wastewater, the contents of various substances in planting soil are required, and they should be replaced.
 The preferred embodiments of the present application and description of the techniques used in the present application are described above. Those skilled in the art will appreciate that the scope of the invention is not limited to a particular combination of the above technical features, and should also be included in the case where the inventive concept is not deprecated. Other technical solutions formed by equivalent feature of the equivalent feature. For example, the above feature is formed with a technical solution formed by a technical feature of the present application (but not limited to) having similar functions.
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