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1359 results about "Air–fuel ratio" patented technology

Air–fuel ratio (AFR) is the mass ratio of air to a solid, liquid, or gaseous fuel present in a combustion process. The combustion may take place in a controlled manner such as in an internal combustion engine or industrial furnace, or may result in an explosion (e.g., a dust explosion, gas or vapour explosion or in a thermobaric weapon).

Micro-pilot injection ignition type gas engine

What is disclosed is a micro-pilot injection ignition type gas engine, whereby an air fuel ratio control in starting the engine is executed with enhanced precision, by means of introducing skip-firing intermittent operations which reflect the engine operation conditions, while an idling time span can be shortened or omitted.
The engine includes: a gas valve that opens and closes a fuel-gas passage in front of each cylinder, so as to arbitrarily control the throat area as well as the opening-closing time span of the gas valve; an engine speed detecting unit to detect the engine speed; a combustion diagnosis unit to detect an engine combustion state through a cylinder pressure distribution along elapsed time, as to each cylinder; an opening-closing control unit as to the gas valve, so as to control the intermittent opening-closing of the gas valve according to the levels of the detected engine speed as well as the cylinder pressure distribution; whereby, in starting the engine, the intermittent opening-closing of the gas-valve enables at least one skip-firing mode that brings an enhanced fuel-supply pressure-pulsation with which a relatively large amount of fuel-gas is supplied per engine cycle with firing so that the air fuel-gas ratio of each cylinder reaches a prescribed target value.

Abnormality diagnosing system for air/fuel ratio feedback control system

An air/fuel ratio control system controls the supply of fuel to an internal combustion engine to achieve a target air/fuel ratio, based on the output of an air/fuel ratio sensor. The system may determine whether there is an abnormality in the air/fuel ratio sensor based on a comparison between a change of an air/fuel ratio correction coefficient, used to drive the air/fuel ratio to the target value, and a change of the target air/fuel ratio if the target air/fuel ratio has sharply changed. Alternatively, the diagnosis operation may be performed based on a comparison between a total air/fuel ratio correction amount and a change of the air/fuel ratio detected by the air/fuel ratio sensor, a phase difference calculation between peaks of the air/fuel ratio or the air/fuel ratio correction coefficient, or by accumulating the differences between the air/fuel ratio and the target air/fuel ratio, and the differences between the air/fuel ratio correction coefficient and a reference value, and comparing the accumulated values. In addition, the system may detect a sensor abnormality based on the deviation in phase of the air/fuel ratio from the air/fuel ratio correction coefficient. These diagnosis operations can precisely and easily detect the occurrence of an abnormality in the air/fuel ratio sensor. As a result, the air/fuel ratio control system will not use an imprecise output from the sensor for air/fuel ratio control, thus achieving highly precise and highly reliable air/fuel ratio control.
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