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915 results about "Time changes" patented technology

Plasma reactor apparatus with multiple gas injection zones having time-changing separate configurable gas compositions for each zone

A plasma reactor for processing a workpiece such as a semiconductor wafer has a housing defining a process chamber, a workpiece support configured to support a workpiece within the chamber during processing and comprising a plasma bias power electrode. The reactor further includes plural gas sources containing different gas species, plural process gas inlets and an array of valves capable of coupling any of said plural gas sources to any of said plural process gas inlets. The reactor also includes a controller governing said array of valves and is programmed to change the flow rates of gases through said inlets over time. A ceiling plasma source power electrode of the reactor has plural gas injection zones coupled to the respective process gas inlets. In a preferred embodiment, the plural gas sources comprise supplies containing, respectively, fluorocarbon or fluorohydrocarbon species with respectively different ratios of carbon and fluorine chemistries. They further include an oxygen or nitrogen supply and a diluent gas supply. The controller is programmed to produce flow of different process gas species or mixtures thereof through different ones of said plural gas injection zones. The controller is further programmed to change over time the species content of the gases flowing through different ones of said plural gas injection zones.

System and method for providing adaptive control of transmit power and data rate in an ad-hoc communication network

A system and method for selecting an appropriate transmit power and data rate at which a communication signal is transmitted over a link between nodes in a wireless ad-hoc communication network based on factors such as variations in path loss in the link, fading conditions, noise level estimation and overall link quality. The system and method perform the operations of computing path loss in the link based on information provided to the source node from the destination node pertaining to characteristics of a message that was transmitted by the source node and received by the destination node, determining a noise factor at the destination node, and calculating the power level and rate at which the data is transmitted over the link from the source node to the destination node based on the path loss and the noise factor. More specifically, the method calculates the power level based on the path loss, the noise factor and signal fading, and determines the rate based on the calculated power level. Furthermore, the path loss is computed dynamically as conditions of said link change over time. Accordingly, the system and method are capable of determining the proper level of transmit power and data rate for assuring that the destination node will receive the data transmitted by the source node at a reliability of at least 90%.

Fire detecting system applied to unmanned helicopter and fire detecting method thereof

The invention discloses a fire detecting system applied to an unmanned helicopter and a fire detecting method thereof. The system comprises infrared image acquiring equipment and a signal processing flow network, wherein the signal processing flow network comprises an input layer, a middle layer and an output layer; the temperature gradient operator calculation is respectively carried out in the vertical direction, the horizontal direction, the direction of plus 45 degrees and the direction of minus 45 degrees in the center of a suspected area, and a calculation result is a basis of judging fire flame; a differential algorithm adopting interframe time difference as the time change rate is carried out by a method for subtracting absolute values of adjacent interframe pixel gray values, anda calculation result is used as a basis of judging a fire high-risk point. The invention rapidly recognizes the fire flame and the fire high-risk point by a platform with low cost and high efficiencyof the unmanned helicopter through an infrared camera, early warns a fire accurately in time and has the characteristics of manoeuvrability, high efficiency and no dead angle. A fire flame and fire high-risk point detecting algorithm designed by aiming at the detection of an infrared image is efficient, simple, practical and effective.

Detection method based on group environment abnormal behavior

The invention belongs to a detection method based on a group environment abnormal behavior in the technical field of computer motion image identification and monitoring, comprising the following steps of: dividing video unit subsequences in the establishment of a detection model, extracting characteristics, establishing a sample database and establishing an Multi-HMM model; extracting the sequence of each observed value from a video sequence of the current monitoring scene in abnormal behavior detection, confirming the optimal hidden Markov chains corresponding to the sequences of the observed values, and judging and warming abnormal behaviors. By accurately and rapidly extracting the dynamic changing characteristic of a video sequence on the frequency domain along with the change of time based on the whole angle and automatically detecting abnormal behaviors under group environments in real time according to the established model, the invention achieves the accuracy rate of about 90 percent, thereby having the characteristics of accurately and rapidly extracting the behavior characteristic of the current monitored scene, being widely used for detecting the abnormal behaviors happened under the group environments, having high detection efficiency, accuracy and reliability, and the like.
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