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2988results about "Blasting" patented technology

Hollow-hole rhombic parallel cut blasting damping method

InactiveCN102914226AReduce blasting vibration velocityReduce the impactBlastingDetonatorUnderground tunnel
The invention relates to a hollow-hole rhombic parallel cut blasting damping method. Blasting tunneling is performed on the tunnel face of an underground tunnel. The construction method comprises using a down-the-hole drill to drill a hollow hole with the diameter of 90mm to 180mm at the position of the middle of the tunnel face of the tunnel; using a hammerdrill to drill a plurality of blast holes, enabling the blast holes to comprise cut holes, auxiliary holes, periphery holes and base plate holes which are expanded around the hollow hole; filling explosives and detonators, using stemming to seal the blast holes, adopting rock emulsion explosives, and using ordinary millisecond nonel detonators or high-precison millisecond nonel detonators; and detonating the explosives according to blast hole arranging orders and detonator delay time. The hollow-hole rhombic parallel cut blasting damping method has the advantages that when an urban subway underneath passes buildings at a close range in a granite stratum and old resident houses, the blast vibration speed can be effectively controlled, influences of blast vibration on the buildings and life of residents are reduced, and compared with a traditional wedge cut blasting scheme, the hollow-hole rhombic parallel cut blasting damping method enables the maximum blasting vibration speed to be reduced by 50%.

Static blasting construction method for highway tunnel

InactiveCN103234403AImprove rock breaking abilityAdaptableBlastingRock breakingStep method
The invention discloses a static blasting construction method for a high-ground-stress soft-rock highway tunnel. The method comprises the steps of establishing of a tunnel excavation mode: a three-step method is used for excavation when surrounding rock is at the V level, and an upper and down step method is used for excavation when the surrounding rock is at the IV and III levels; cut hole construction: a diamond cutting mode and a wedge cutting mode are used for cutting holes according to different levels of the surrounding rock; rock breaking through splitting of a hydraulic splitter to form an excavation free face: the hydraulic rock splitter is used for splitting rock along a cut hole after construction of the cut hole to form the excavation free face for the next step; construction of an auxiliary hole and periphery holes of an upper step; construction of an auxiliary hole and periphery holes of a lower (middle) step; static blasting and de-slagging and hole periphery trimming; and circulation operation. According to the static blasting construction method, the rock breaking capacity and the rock breaking efficiency are high, high adaptability is provided for different surrounding rock, the technology can be implemented easily, the construction is safe and reliable, and the method is particularly applicable to highway tunnels with special construction requirements.

Vibration absorbing method for cut presplitting blasting

InactiveCN102927867AReduce vibration speedReduce the maximum blasting vibration velocityBlastingDetonatorEmulsion explosive
The invention relates to a vibration absorbing method for cut presplitting blasting, which comprises the steps that blasting tunneling is performed on a face of a subway tunnel; a gadder is used to drill blastholes including presplitting blastholes, cutholes, assistance holes, periphery holes and bottom plate holes; the presplitting blastholes are a group of transversely arranged blastholes that are located 500mm-600mm above the cutholes; the presplitting blastholes adopt mixed connected kerf cartridges for explosive loading; the cutholes, the assistance holes, the periphery holes and the bottom plate holes adopt common emulsion explosive loading, and adopt millisecond nonel detonators; and the presplitting blastholes, the cutholes, the assistance holes, the periphery holes and the bottom plate holes are initiated in sequence. The vibration absorbing method has the benefits that as a presplitting surface and a presplitting crushed zone are formed above the cutholes, the vibration is reduced and absorbed in transmission paths, the vibration velocity caused by the cut blasting is reduced obviously, and blasting vibration can be controlled effectively. Compared with the traditional smooth blasting, the maximum blasting vibration velocity can be reduced by 30%, and effects on protected heritages along a line are reduced.

Non-bottom pillar deep hole falling-back type mining method

The invention relates to a non-pillar deep-hole backing-type mining method. The method is suitable for that: the digging height is between 10 and 50 m; the length of a stope is between 40 and 80 m; the width of the stope is between 7 and 9 m; the dip angle of an ore body is between 68 and 90 degrees; the height of a bottom ore removal chamber is between 2.5 and 3.5 m; the height of an upper part rock drilling chamber is between 3.4 and 3.8 m; meanwhile, an explosive charge structure, an explosion initiating sequence, stope side lacing and top plate control are determined according to the conditions of the stope, and a remote-control scraper and a remote-control crushing trolley are jointly used to treat large ore materials for ore removal. The mining method has the advantages of small mining-cutting engineering quantity, simple mining-cutting process, high rock drilling efficiency, good blasting effect, safe and efficient ore removal process, can effectively improve the wide-spacing stoping safety for underground metal mines nationwide, can upgrade the mining technical level for the underground metal mines in China, can promote the development of nationwide underground metal mine mining technology, and can reduce the dilution rate and loss rate of nationwide underground metal mine spacing stoping stopes, so as to promote the maximal recycling of metal resources.

Non-pillar sublevel caving mining method for direct loading for ore

The present invention relates to a non-pillar sublevel caving method. The non-pillar sublevel caving method which loads and transports ores directly is characterized by comprising the steps as follows: two or more dipheads are tunneled downwards at the position of an orebody near a heading side along the orebody tendency and are used as main haulageways; segmented haulageways are tunneled from the dipheads to divide the orebody into segments; a stoping drift is tunneled from the segmented haulageways; the inner end of the stoping drift is tunneled a cutting roadway and a cutting winze; a vertical upward or oblique upward cutting slot medium and deep hole is drilled at the top plate of the cutting roadway, and the cutting slot is explored and formed on the cutting winze as a free surface; a mining medium and deep hole is drilled in the whole stoping drift, and the mining medium and deep hole of the stoping drift is explored on the cutting slot as the free surface to break ores; the ores are drawn under overlying rocks at the end of the stoping drift, and the ores are loaded on a tramcar directly to be transported out; when stoping, the processed of exploring the mining medium and deep hole, ore drawing and transporting out the ores are processed in the stoping drift, and the retreating mining is circulated until the stoping drift is mined completely. The non-pillar sublevel caving mehod has low cost, high ore recovery ratio, safe production and wide application range.
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