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894 results about "Electric power distribution" patented technology

Electric power distribution is the final stage in the delivery of electric power; it carries electricity from the transmission system to individual consumers. Distribution substations connect to the transmission system and lower the transmission voltage to medium voltage ranging between 2 kV and 35 kV with the use of transformers. Primary distribution lines carry this medium voltage power to distribution transformers located near the customer's premises. Distribution transformers again lower the voltage to the utilization voltage used by lighting, industrial equipment or household appliances. Often several customers are supplied from one transformer through secondary distribution lines. Commercial and residential customers are connected to the secondary distribution lines through service drops. Customers demanding a much larger amount of power may be connected directly to the primary distribution level or the subtransmission level.

Protective device for an electrical supply facility

The present invention is directed to an electrical device configured to be disposed in an electrical distribution system between a source of electrical power and an electrical load. The electrical distribution system includes at least one line hot conductor, a line neutral conductor, and a line ground conductor. The line neutral conductor and the line ground conductor are connected to earth ground at a termination point in the electrical distribution system. The electrical load includes at least one load hot conductor, a load neutral conductor, and a load ground conductor. The device comprises a power supply coupled to the power input mechanism. The power supply comprises at least one DC voltage output terminal and a reference terminal coupled to the line ground termination element. A voltage parameter detection circuit is configured to take a first voltage reading from a first termination element of the plurality of line termination elements and a second voltage reading from a second termination element of the plurality of line termination elements to derive at least one voltage parameter therefrom. The first voltage reading and the second voltage reading are referenced to the reference terminal. The circuit interrupter is driven into the tripped state if the at least one voltage parameter does not meet a predetermined condition, the voltage parameter detection circuit being operational when the reference terminal is not at an earth ground potential.

Method and apparatus for control of an electric power distribution system in response to circuit abnormalities

InactiveUS20050251296A1Efficiently and flexibly respondImprove reconfigurabilityMechanical power/torque controlLevel controlReconfigurabilityDistribution power system
A methodology and related system apparatus is provided for using and coordinating the use of information conveyed over communications to most efficiently and flexibly respond to abnormalities to reconfigure and restore service to end customers in commodity distribution systems in a manner to enhance the reconfigurability of the distribution system, e.g. circuit reconfiguration in an electrical power distribution system. Methodology is also provided to appropriately allocate system resources of the distribution system when so desired, e.g. to prevent the potential overloading of electrical power sources. In one illustrative arrangement, the methodology is characterized by resources at each node and communications of source allocation data or messages to other nodes to request and establish an appropriate allocation of system resources. In a preferred arrangement and especially useful for larger distribution systems, “teams” of nodes are defined in the distribution system having associated switching controls with the various teams communicating amongst each other to “negotiate” or work out the most efficient and expeditious reconfiguration of the system in response to fault conditions and other circuit abnormalities.

Dual-layer optimization method for power distribution network expansion planning and light storage locating and sizing

The invention discloses a dual-layer optimization method for power distribution network expansion planning and light storage locating and sizing. The method comprises the steps of building an upper-layer optimization model for active power distribution network expansion planning: determining a target function and constraint conditions of the upper-layer model; building a lower-layer optimization model for light storage capacity configuration: determining a target function and constraint conditions of the lower-layer model; and solving the upper-layer model and the lower-layer model: executing an upper-layer model optimization method, a lower-layer model optimization method and a dual-layer optimization method. According to the method, the built dual-layer optimization models taking a distribution network enterprise and users as subjects and taking calculation of optimal economic cost as a target comprehensively analyze economic influence of light storage system access and power distribution network expansion planning on the distribution network enterprise and the users; a planning model taking annual cost expense as a target function can well assess the economy of a power distribution network; and the light storage system can be reasonably configured, so that the power purchase costs of the users are effectively reduced, the on-spot consumption of photovoltaic energy is increased, and the network loss of a power distribution system can be effectively reduced.
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