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1640 results about "Piezoelectric actuators" patented technology

Piezoelectric Actuators. A piezoelectric actuator (piezo actuator) is a type of solid-state actuator based on the change in shape of a piezoelectric material when an electric field is applied.

Bone-conduction hearing-aid transducer having improved frequency response

A hearing-aid device and a method for transmitting sound through bone conduction are disclosed. The hearing-aid device comprises a piezoelectric-type actuator, housing and connector. The piezoelectric actuator is preferably a circular flextensional-type actuator mounted along its peripheral edge in a specifically designed circular structure of the housing. During operation, the bone-conduction transducer is placed against the mastoid area behind the ear of the patient. When the device is energized with an alternating electrical voltage, it flexes back and forth like a circular membrane sustained along its periphery and thus, vibrates as a consequence of the inverse piezoelectric effect. Due to the specific and unique designs proposed, these vibrations are directly transferred trough the human skin to the bone structure (the skull) and provide a means for the sound to be transmitted for patients with hearing malfunctions. The housing acts as a holder for the actuators, as a pre-stress application platform, and as a mass which tailors the frequency spectrum of the device. The apparatus exhibits a performance with a very flat response in the frequency spectrum 200 Hz to 10 kHz, which is a greater spectrum range than any other prior art devices disclosed for bone-conduction transduction which are typically limited to less than 4 kHz.

Electrostrictive or piezoelectric actuator device with a stroke amplifying transmission mechanism

An actuator device (2) includes a piezoelectric or electro-strictive solid state actuator element (6) that is elongated upon application of an electric voltage thereto, and a transmission mechanism (8) that amplifies the stroke displacement of the actuator element. The transmission mechanism (8) includes a plurality of rigid frame members (12), including unitary frame members (12.1, 12.2) and divided frame members (12.3), and elastically flexible joints (10) that respectively interconnect the frame members. Each one of the divided frame members (12.3) is made up of a plurality of separate parallel link rods (16). Each flexible joint (10) is made up of a plurality of individual parallel hinge members (18) that respectively connect an end of each one of the link rods (16) to the adjacent unitary frame member (12.1, 12.2). By this division of the flexible joints and of the divided frame members into parallel sub-components, the cross-sectional thickness of each individual hinge member is reduced, and thereby the bending stiffness and the outer fiber strain of the material of the hinge members is significantly reduced while providing the same total tensile strength and tensile stiffness. The link rods of each divided frame member effectively form a parallelogram linkage for moving and guiding the output members (12.1) in a parallel manner.

Piezoelectrically actuated microvalve

PCT No. PCT/EP97/06344 Sec. 371 Date May 20, 1999 Sec. 102(e) Date May 20, 1999 PCT Filed Nov. 13, 1997 PCT Pub. No. WO98/23868 PCT Pub. Date Jun. 4, 1998A microvalve has a base element provided with a passage opening, a tappet, a suspension device for guiding the tappet, and a piezoelectric actuator for actuating the tappet. The suspension device guides the tappet relative to the base element in such a way that the passage opening can be closed or opened by the tappet. The longitudinal dimensions of the piezoelectric actuator can be changed by the application of an electric voltage. Longitudinally spaced ends of the piezoelectric actuator are connected to longitudinally spaced ends of the suspension device in such a way that the suspension device provides a way for mechanical translation between the actuator and the tappet. A change in the longitudinal dimensions of the piezoelectric actuator caused by the application of an electric voltage to the piezoelectric actuator is mechanically translated by the suspension device into a movement of the tappet essentially at right angles to the longitudinal direction so that the passage opening will be opened or closed. In addition, the suspension device is secured to the base element with the aid of a hinge-like element. At least two spaced points are used to secure the suspension device to the base element.
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