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3514 results about "Turbine rotor" patented technology

A turbine is a turbomachine with at least one moving part called a rotor assembly, which is a shaft or drum with blades attached. Moving fluid acts on the blades so that they move and impart rotational energy to the rotor.

Wind turbine

InactiveUS7042109B2Improve efficiencyCost per unit power generationWindingsWind motor controlRotational energyAir core
A wind turbine for generating electrical power from wind energy includes a turbine rotor mounted for rotation in wind, and having multiple blades for converting energy in the wind into rotational energy. A generator is coupled with said turbine rotor such that said turbine rotor drives said generator. The generator has a stationary air core armature that is located in a magnetic airgap between two generator rotor portions. The generator rotor portions have circumferential arrays of multiple alternating polarity permanent magnets attached to ferromagnetic back irons such that the permanent magnets drive magnetic flux back and forth between each rotor portion and through the stationary air core armature. The stationary air core armature has multiple phase windings of multiple individually insulated strand conductor wire that is wound with two separate portions including an active length portion and an end turn portion. The end turn portion is located outside the magnetic airgap and traverses predominately circumferentially, and the active length portion is located in the magnetic airgap and traverses predominately non-circumferentially and perpendicular to the direction of the magnetic airgap. The end turn portion has a thickness that is greater than the thickness of said active length portion in the direction of said magnetic airgap. AC voltage is induced in the multiple phase windings as the turbine rotor rotates.

High effectiveness cooled turbine vane or blade

A robust multiple-walled, multi-pass, high cooling effectiveness cooled turbine vane or blade designed for ease of manufacturability, minimizes cooling flows on highly loaded turbine rotors. The vane or blade design allows the turbine inlet temperature to increase over current technology levels while simultaneously reducing turbine cooling to low levels. A multi-wall cooling system is described, which meets the inherent conflict to maximize the flow area of the cooling passages while retaining the required section thickness to meet the structural requirements. Independent cooling circuits for the vane or blade's pressure and suction surfaces allow the cooling of the airfoil surfaces to be tailored to specific heat load distributions (that is, the pressure surface circuit is an independent forward flowing serpentine while the suction surface is an independent rearward flowing serpentine). The cooling air for the independent circuits is supplied through separate passages at the base of the vane or blade. The cooling air follows intricate passages to feed the serpentine thin outer wall passages, which incorporate pin fins, turbulators, etc. These passages, while satisfying the aero/thermal/stress requirements, are of a manufacturing configuration that may be cast with single crystal materials using conventional casting techniques.

Turbine shroud

A turbine shroud (30) of a gas turbine engine comprises a plurality of arcuate shroud segments (31) combined into an annular configuration, each shroud segment including a main body (32) defining an inner circumferential surface opposing the tips of the turbine rotor blades (11a) at a small clearance and an engagement feature including an axial wall (33a, 34a) having a prescribed circumferential length and a prescribed axial length, the turbine casing including an axial slot (51, 52) extending coaxially around the center line of the engine and configured to receive the axially extending wall of each shroud segment. A clearance defined between each circumferential end part (E) of the axial wall and an opposing inner circumferential surface of the turbine casing is greater than that defined between a circumferentially middle part (M) of the axial wall and an opposing inner circumferential surface of the turbine casing under a cool condition of the engine. A radial temperature gradient that develops in each shroud segment when the engine is warmed causes a deformation of the shroud segment such that the clearance can be made substantially uniform over the entire circumference of the shroud segment and the cooling air leakage can be minimized while minimizing thermal stress that may be caused by the thermal expansion of the shroud segment.
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