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1588results about "Digital-analogue convertors" patented technology

Arbitrary waveform generator having programmably configurable architecture

An arbitrary waveform generator (AWG) for producing an analog output current signal includes a random access memory (RAM), a programmable logic device (PLD), a programmable pattern generator, several digital-to analog converters (DACS) and a current multiplexer. The RAM store data sequences representing the analog waveform to be generated. The pattern generator read addresses the RAM causing it to sequentially read out its stored data sequence to the PLD. The PLD routes selected fields of each data sequence word to one or more of the DACs in response to timing signals provided by the pattern generator. Each DAC produces an output current of magnitude determined by its input waveform and range data. The pattern generator also signals the analog multiplexer to sum currents produced by one or more selected DACs to produce the AWG output waveform. The nature of the AWG output waveform is flexibly determined by the nature of the data sequence and the frequency at which it is read out of the RAM, the manner in which the PLD routes the data sequence to the DACs, the value of the range data supplied to each DAC, and the output pattern generated by the pattern generator. The flexible AWG architecture permits the AWG to be appropriately configured for various combinations of output waveform frequency, bandwidth and resolution requirements.

Enhanced data converters using compression and decompression

An enhancement that reduces the digital interface rate of analog-to-digital (A/D) and digital-to-analog (D/A) converters through the use of compression and decompression is described. The present invention improves A/D converters by compressing the sampled version of the A/D converter's analog input signal in real time, thereby significantly decreasing the required bit rate of the A/D converter's digital interface. Similarly, the present invention improves D/A converters by decreasing the required bit rate of the D/A converter's digital interface. D/A converters enhanced by the present invention include a decompressor that decompresses the D/A converter's compressed digital input in real time, prior to conversion to an analog output signal. The present invention's simplicity and its ability to be implemented using multiple compression and decompression elements allow its use in A/D and D/A converters with arbitrarily high sampling rates. By selecting a desired compression ratio during lossy compression, users of the present invention can precisely control the bit rate of the A/D and D/A converter's digital interface. Users of the present invention can dynamically choose the desired balance between the quality and the bit rate of A/D and D/A converters by adjusting various compression and decompression control parameters.
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